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Bio-Supermarkt: die 5 wichtigsten Bio-Onlineshops. J Homework Help. Der Bio-Supermarkt im Web und Bio-Onlineshops sind im Trend, Konsumenten kaufen immer haufiger okologisch-naturliche Produkte bequem und einfach im Netz. Essay. Utopia stellt die funf wichtigsten vor: Basic, Amore bio, Rapunzel, KaRo und bringMirBio – plus Alternativen. J Homework Help. Wichtig: Bei Bio-Onlineshops auf den Versand achten. Fredrick Turner. Bio-Supermarkte schonen im Vergleich zu konventionellen Laden die Umwelt und werden in Deutschland immer beliebter. J Homework. Unter Umweltaspekten gehort bei ihren Online-Brudern allerdings der Versand zu den Nachteilen, auch wenn die meisten Anbieter diese uber „grune“ Versandmoglichkeiten ausgleichen. Se Habla. Allerdings lassen sich leicht Lebenssituationen denken, in help denen der Onlinekauf ohne Alternative ist, auch wenn lokal zu kaufen besser ware. College Papers. Bio-Supermarkt basic bio: Bio-Onlineshop nur einen Ausschnitt des Angebots. J Homework Help. Ebenfalls online und in espanol Markten vertreten ist die bekannte Marke basic . Der Bio-Onlineshop bildet allerdings nur ein Teilsortiment aus den Filialen ab: circa 2.000 von 12.000 Produkten. Help. Man nimmt aber Anregungen von Kunden auf, Produkten in se habla den Online-Shop aufzunehmen.
Auch gibt es in j homework Munchen einen Abholshop mit 5.000 Produkten. Wie alle funf vorgestellten Bio-Supermarkte ist auch basic Bio-zertifiziert, bevorzugt dabei Erzeugnisse der Verbande wie Demeter, Bioland und Biokreis. Papers. Diese unterliegen noch strengeren Auflagen als die Mindestanforderungen der EU-Bio-Verordnung und sind daher besonders empfehlenswert. Vertrieben werden im Bio-Onlineshop die Eigenmarke Basic sowie Angebote von anderen Herstellern. J Homework. Bio-Versand; uber klimaneutrales GoGreen-Programm der DHL Versandkosten von 4,95 ˆ entfallen bei einem Bestellwert von 55 ˆ Zahlungsarten: PayPal, Vorkasse, Kreditkarte Lebensmittel, Kosmetik, Produkte fur Babys und Kinder sowie Drogerieartikel. Fredrick Turner. Bio-Supermarkt Rapunzel: Bio-Onlineshop will neue Zielgruppen ansprechen. J Homework Help. Rapunzel, Hersteller und Bio-Pionier seit 1974, gehort zu den wenigen Anbietern, die ihre Lebensmittel sowohl im Markt als auch im Bio-Onlineshop verkaufen.
80 Prozent der Rapunzel-Eigenmarke sind vegane Produkte. Pa Teacher. „Fur uns ist der Online-Shop eine Gelegenheit, neue Zielgruppen anzusprechen“, erklart Marketingleiterin Heike Kirsten. J Homework. „Denn der stationare Bio-Handel weist, insbesondere im Osten, noch starke Lucken auf.“ Der Anteil am Gesamtumsatz ist mit einem Prozent minimal, allerdings „haben wir online bessere Moglichkeiten, mit unseren Kunden zu kommunizieren, ihre Bedurfnisse zu verstehen und darauf einzugehen.“ Zum Beispiel mit Produkttests und Spezial-Aktionen. College For Money. Die Preise im Bio-Onlineshop unterscheiden sich dagegen nicht: „Auch online halten wir uns an help die UVP“, so Kirsten. Pa Teacher. Lediglich ganz wenige Merchandising-Artikel wie Geschenkkorbe werden nur online angeboten. J Homework Help. Ansonsten ist das uberwiegend auf Lebensmittel ausgerichtete Sortiment mit uber 450 Artikeln identisch. V Stojanovic Phd Thesis. Bio-Versand; uber klimaneutrales GoGreen-Programm der DHL Versandkosten von 5 ˆ entfallen bei einem Bestellwert von 75 ˆ Zahlungsarten: PayPal, Vorkasse, Lastschrift Lebensmittel, Werbeartikel und Spielwaren.
Bio-Supermarkt amorebio: reiner Bio-Onlineshop ohne Laden. Ein ahnliches Sortiment wie basic fuhrt amorebio – seit uber zwolf Jahren reiner Bio-Onlineshop fur Naturkost. Help. 5.500 Produkte werden hier und in phd thesis unternehmensfremden Naturkostgeschaften verkauft. J Homework Help. Preisunterschiede gibt es dabei nicht. College. Amorebio wird auch von Rapunzel beliefert. J Homework Help. Bio-Versand; direkt in writing college for money Nordbaden oder uber klimaneutrales GoGreen-Programm der DHL Versandkosten von 4,95 ˆ entfallen bei einem Bestellwert von 50 ˆ Zahlungsarten: Vorkasse, Lastschrift und Kreditkarte Lebensmittel (auch Fisch, Fleisch, Wurst), Non-Food, Kosmetik, Produkte fur Babys und Kinder sowie Drogerieartikel. Bio-Supermarkt BioMarkt KaRo: etablierter Laden und Bio-Onlineshop. J Homework Help. Der BioMarkt KaRo besteht seit 1999. Pa Teacher Application. Fast dieselben 3.500 Produkte wie im stationaren Schweriner Laden verkauft der Bio-Onlineshop fur Naturkost. Help. Taglich werden frische Lebensmittel, Bio-Feinkost-Produkte, ein ausgewahltes Trockensortiment, Produkte fur Babys und Kinder, Drogerieartikel sowie Kosmetik angeboten. Science Research Papers Online. Bio-Versand; uber klimaneutrales GoGreen-Programm der DHL Versandkosten von 4 ˆ entfallen bei einem Bestellwert von 75 ˆ Zahlungsarten: PayPal, Vorkasse, Nachnahme, Lastschrift, Rechnung ab 2. Help. Bestellung Lebensmittel (auch Wurst und Fleisch), Feinkost, ausgewahltes Trockensortiment, Produkte fur Babys und Kinder, Drogerieartikel sowie Kosmetik.
Bio-Supermarkt bringmirbio.de: Fairtrade-Produkte im Bio-Onlineshop via DPD. Seit 1995 im Geschaft ist bringmirbio . V Stojanovic Phd Thesis. Seit einem Jahr betreiben die Hessen den Bioladen „Paradieschen“ in help Linsengericht Altenha?lau bei Aschaffenburg. College For Money. Hauptstandbein ist ihr regionaler Lieferservice, uber ihren Online-Shop liefern sie jedoch auch uberregional. Wahrend alle anderen vorgestellten Bio-Onlineshops klimaneutral uber das GoGreen-Programm der DHL versenden, greift bringmirbio auf das ebenfalls klimaneutrale DPD zuruck. J Homework. Pluspunkte sammelt bringmirbio durch Produkte des Verbands Demeter und Fairtrade-Artikel. Fredrick Thesis. Bio-Versand; bundesweit und klimaneutral uber DPD Mindestbestellwert 25 ˆ, Versandgebuhr 4,95 ˆ, ab 60 ˆ Bestellwert versandkostenfrei Zahlungsarten: PayPal, Rechnung (Bearbeitungsgebuhr 2 ˆ), Lastschrift, Kreditkarte Lebensmittel (auch Wurst), Kosmetik, Produkte fur Babys und Kinder, Drogerieartikel, viele verschiedene (Abo-)Kisten. 7 weitere Bio-Onlineshops mit Lebensmitteln im Versand. Help. Seit ein paar Jahren liefert konsumgut ausschlie?lich Feinkost. Auch bio-feinkost-mehr.de hat sein Augenmerk auf Feinkost gelegt. For Money. biovyana verkauft Lebensmittel, Kosmetik sowie Wasch- und Reinigungsmittel. Help. natur.com ist reiner Lebensmittel-Lieferant. V Stojanovic Phd Thesis. Bei e-Biomarkt bekommen Kunden Naturkost, Lebensmittel und Kosmetik. Help. Beauty-Produkte und Lebensmittel sind der Schwerpunkt von ombio.
Das junge Startup gegessenwirdimmer.de bietet Lebensmittel und Geschenke an. V Stojanovic. Weiterlesen auf Utopia.de: Ich bin gegen das Online-Shopping, weil es zum Sterben der kleinen Laden fuhrt und damit die Stadte und Dorfer veroden, auch der personliche Kontakt VerkauferIn/KundIn geht verloren. Help. Au?erdem fordert es die Bequemlichkeit des Menschen, so dass es demnachst wohl noch mehr Dicke gibt. Writing. Eine Ausnahme sehe ich, wenn man bestimmte Produkte nicht im Laden oder nur zu unzumutbaren Bedingungen bekommen kann, oder auch, wenn Leute statt online zu shoppen, immer mit dem Auto zum Einkaufen fahren. Wir sind sehr enttauscht, dass ihr Unwahrheiten uber uns verbreitet. Wir sind auf DPD umgestiegen, da diese seit Jahren klimaneutralen Versand anbieten. J Homework. Lange vor DHL und schon immer im Preis mit inbegriffen, ganz im Gegensatz zu DHL, die sich das noch vom Kunden bezahlen lassen.
DPD sieht Umweltschutz als ganzheitliches Konzept, was nicht vom Kunden zusatzlich bezahlt werden sollte. Pa Teacher. Hier findet ihr Infos zum klimaneutralen Versand durch DPD: http://www.dpd.com/de/home/verantwortung/umwelt/klimaneutraler_versand. J Homework Help. Bitte berichtigt das so schnell wie moglich in pa teacher eurem Artikel. Help. Gru?e aus dem Linsengericht! Danke fur den Hinweis, wir haben den Fehler korrigiert. Papers. Bitte auch die Uberschrift #8220; Fairtrade-Produkte, aber Versand nicht klimaneutral#8220; andern.. danke! Ah, ubersehen, sorry! Hinweis: Kommentar wurde von User geloscht! zitat: #8222;Allerdings lassen sich leicht Lebenssituationen denken, in j homework denen der Onlinekauf ohne Alternative ist#8220; da hatte ich dann aber gern mal ein beispiel fur. Phd Thesis. das hie?e ja, dass offensichtlich menschen hunger leiden mussten, als es noch keinen online-bringdienste gab, oder sehe ich das falsch, jetzt mal etwas provokativ formuliert#8230; ich dachte bisher immer, nur politiker und unsere bundeskanzlerin benutzen das wort alternativlos ich finde alternativlos ist hirnlos! es gibt immer alternativen und es fallt mir beileibe nicht eine einzige situation ein, in j homework help der ich jemals lebensmittel uber einen bringdienst bestellen musste, ob bio oder nicht, und ich denke, das geht 99,9% aller menschen so. Pa Teacher Essays. der einzige grund fur bringdienste ist bequemlichkeit. Help. und die 0,1 prozent sind meiner meinung nach, achtung provokation, dann in se habla essay meinen augen eher die, die bio kaufen weils gerade schick ist und dann 2 mal im jahr nach thailand fliegen und in nepal trekken. J Homework. #8222;und es fallt mir beileibe nicht eine einzige situation ein, in science research papers der ich jemals lebensmittel uber einen bringdienst bestellen musste, ob bio oder nicht, und ich denke, das geht 99,9% aller menschen so#8220; Ich lebe hier in help einem Dorf mit 2000 Einwohnern, wo der letzte Lebensmittelladen -au?er Backer, Metzger vor 10 Jahren dicht gemacht hat.
Es ist vier Kilometer zum nachsten Supermarkt. Die Idee einen Laden auf Genossenschaftsbasis zu machen, entschlief schon fruh mangels Interesse. Writing For Money. Nun denke mal an j homework help die Menschen, die weder Auto noch Radl haben oder fahren konnen#8230;die werden schon demografisch immer mehr, weil alter. Se Habla. Bus wird auch immer weniger. Und man kann nicht mal sagen, da? der Online-Handel die Laden kaputt gemacht hat. Help. Das waren die Supermarkte auf der grunen Wiese. Phd Thesis. Genau die, die jetzt uber Online-Handel jammern. Help. #128521; Nichts ist so stabil, wie der Wandel. Science Papers Online. Es hat keinen Sinn, den Online-Handel zu verdammen, weil er wird alternativlos kommen, auch wenn Du ihn boykottierst. Statt Boykott braucht es gute Strategien sowie innovative Modelle und Verteil-Logistiken, damit alle davon nachhaltig profitieren, eben z.B. in help landlichen strukturschwachen Regionen. Essay. Es ziehen nun mal nicht alle in j homework help die Stadt. Phd Thesis. von den wenigen menschen auf die deine beschreibung zutrifft maria, kann ein online shop wohl kaum uberlben und die meisten supermarkte die bieten doch wieder bringdienste an. J Homework. auch ohne online. Essay. es geht mir auch nicht darum grundsatzlich jede online-plattform zu verteufeln. J Homework. es ging mir viel mehr darum deutlich zu machen, dass ich die beschreibung als alternativlos uber die ma?en dumm finde. Writing For Money. wie gesagt, es gibt bei vielen supermarkten bringdienste fur altere, gabs schon bei tante emma, alles gar nicht neu, mir ist die situation auf dem land durchaus vertraut. J Homework Help. ich lebe zwar in der stadt, hab aber 23 jahre in phd thesis einem wenige hundert seelen dorf gelebt und werde da bald wieder leben. dort gab es 2 lebensmittelgeschafte bis etwa mitte der 80er jahre der letzte zumachte. J Homework Help. im nachsten dorf gibt es bis heute einen kleinen supermarkt, das dorf hat 2000 einwohner. busse fahren zwar seltener, aber man kommt in application der regel gut hin und zuruck und im regelfall helfen sich die leute auf dem dof auch mit einer mitfahrgelenheit. J Homework Help. das geschaftsmodell onlinehandel lebt in v stojanovic phd thesis der regel aber davon, den leuten ihre handler vor ort abspenstig zu machen zugunsten grosserer einheiten. J Homework. das halte ich fur nicht erstrebenswert. Science Papers Online. ganz im gegenteil mussten wir viel starker wieder regionale versorgung starken, bauernhofe, wochenmarkte, kleine genossenschaftsladen etc. Help. ich bestelle ab und zu auch online, so ists ja nicht, aber wenns irgendwie geht sollten gerade menschen die bewusst kaufen, darauf wenns geht verzichten. und ganz wichtig#8230;. Fredrick Turner. alternativen gibt es immer! #128578; und, maria, meist sind wir uns ja eigentlich auch fast einig, nur im detail manchmal nicht :)) Der beitrag ist zwar schon etwas her aber ich hab das echte beispiel fur alternativlos: ich wohne in j homework help Alleingang, es gibt keine offentlichen Verkehrsmittel, der nachste Laden uber zwei Kilometer entfernt.
Es ist Winter, die Stra?e ist schlecht geraumt, Fu?weg gibt es nicht. Audio hab ich keines, es wurde auch die meiste Zeit rumstehen und trotzdem Geld kosten. Science Research Papers. Im Sommer alles noch mit Fahrrad und Anhanger machbar aber jetzt muss ich. J Homework. Freunde bitten mir mir zum einkaufen zu fahre, die fahren die Strecke aber doppelt weil sie mich ja erst abholen mussen. Espanol Essay. Online einkaufen und Lieferservice ist da in help jedem Fall die Kosten gunstigste und auch okologisch sinnvollste Losung denn DHL, DPD und andere Unternehmen fahren hier fast taglich vorbei so dass durch meine Bestellung die Umwelt auch nicht mehr belastet wird. Espanol. Fur mich im Winter also die einzige Alternative einkaufen zu konnen. J Homework Help. Und#8230; Ich bin kein Einzelfall! #8222;Im Sommer alles noch mit Fahrrad und Anhanger machbar aber jetzt muss ich. Writing College. Freunde bitten mir mir zum einkaufen zu fahre, die fahren die Strecke aber doppelt weil sie mich ja erst abholen mussen. Online einkaufen und Lieferservice ist da in j homework help jedem Fall die Kosten gunstigste und auch okologisch sinnvollste Losung denn #8230;#8220; Per Telefon deine Bestellungen durchgeben und mitbringen lassen spart doch zumindest die doppelten Wege, oder warum ist das #8222;alternativlos#8220;? Also wir fahren auch im Winter mit dem Rad auf der Stra?e.
2 Kilometer? Ahm #8230; 2 km mit dem Rad, ja da muss man schon das Auto bemuhen oder den Paketdienst. Espanol. #128558; Wie haben die Menschen nur fruher uberleben konnen, ohne asphaltierte Strassen, wahrscheinlich sind deshalb so viele verhungert im Winter. Heute kann man doch wenigstens umziehen an einen anderen Wohnort, mit vielleicht 100 Meter zum nachsten Laden. J Homework Help. Und Fu?weg. Oder so. Pa Teacher Essays. Ups, wie definiert Ihr denn „wichtigste“? Den aus meiner Sicht mindestens ebenso wichtigen Pionier naturkost.com (ursprunglich Viva Naturkost) lasst Ihr unerwahnt? Seit 1994 bekommt man dort einen erstklassigen Service und sicher verpackte Waren. J Homework Help. Ich erganze meinen regionalen Kauf seit vielen Jahren durch Online-Angebote, was mir zu einer hoheren Oko-Quote und geringerem Fahraufwand (auf dem Dorf) verhilft. Bilingual Education Papers. genau mit dem Anspruch die Verfugbarkeit von Bio-Lebensmitteln in help dorflichen Regionen zu erhohen, sind wir auch an den Start gegangen.
Wir wissen, dass es gerade dort teilweise noch sehr schwer ist, Produkte in v stojanovic Bio-Qualitat zu kaufen. J Homework Help. Zumindest wenn es nicht gerade Bio vom Discounter sein soll. Denn dort sind die Produkte zwar Bio, aber mit sozialer Nachhaltigkeit hat das nichts zu tun. Fredrick Turner. Bei uns kaufen Kunden direkt bei Produzenten und zahlen trotzdem nur ein Mal Versandkosten. Help. Denn wir ubernehmen den Versand der Ware. Gleichzeitig wird so die Anzahl an science papers online Gesamtpaketen reduziert.
Denn statt mehrere Pakete von vielen Handlern zu bekommen, schicken wir nur eine Sendung los. J Homework Help. David von damado. Pa Teacher. Wir sind ein junger Online Bio-Lebensmittel Marktplatz. J Homework. Bei uns kaufen Kunden bei vielen verschiedenen Herstellern tolle Bio-Produkte und zahlen trotzdem nur ein Mal Versandkosten. Fredrick Turner Thesis. So werden die Hersteller direkt unterstutzt und gleichzeitig der Komfort eines gro?en Onlineshops geboten.
Um auch jetzt schon unseren Kunden zu ermoglichen, ihren ganzen Wocheneinkauf zu erledigen, stellen wir von damado ein Vollsortiment zur Verfugung, das wir nach und nach durch Produkte ersetzen, die direkt vom Hersteller inseriert werden. Wir bieten zudem viele Filtermoglichkeiten. Help. So finden auch Allergiker und verganer ganz einfach die Produkte, die zu ihnen passen. Ich kaufe gerne bei spezialisierten shops ein, die sich auf eine oder nur ganz wenige Produktkategorien beschranken und sehr tiefes Fachwissen zu ihren Produkten haben. Problems Papers. Aufgefallen ist mir hier z.B. J Homework Help. [LINK ENTFERNT V. Writing College Papers. UTOPIA-TEAM] da gibt#8217;s zwar #8222;nur#8220; Nusse und Trockenfruchte aber bislang immer in j homework help top Qualitat und schnell geliefert, au?erdem zum Teil etwas exotischere Produkte, die man nicht uberall bekommt. Application. ich finde diese Artikel sehr Interessant und nutzlich.
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Beat the Applicant Tracking Systems (ATS): How to Survive Resume Reading Robots. By Resume Genius / September 29, 2014. Here’s an experience you’ve probably had: You write a solid resume for help, the perfect position at research, a big-name company, and send it off with an earnest cover letter. Unfortunately, besides an j homework, automated email reply, you hear absolutely nothing back. You feel crushed — you think some hiring manager on the other end actually read through the essay, entirety of your resume and concluded that you weren’t qualified for the job. But here’s the help, twist — chances are, no human has even laid eyes on your application. Problems Papers? The truth? You were probably rejected by resume reading robot called an Applicant Tracking System (ATS). You were probably rejected by resume reading robot called an Applicant Tracking System (ATS). Welcome to j homework, the 21st century. Large and even medium sized firms are using ATS to deal with the hundreds, if not thousands of applicants who are applying to writing college papers, the same positions every day.
This resume reading software allows these companies to to automate, streamline, and manage the help, hiring process. Why are companies allowing robots to make human resource decisions? Going through resumes to screen applicants is tedious work. Papers? But the ATS speeds up this process by identifying candidates whose resumes contain key experiences and j homework help, skill sets that match the qualifications employers are seeking. According to education research, a popular study conducted by search services provider Preptel, as many as 75% of the candidates don’t make it past the ATS screening.
It may seem brutal, but this screening process does the job of whittling down a cumbersome applicant pool into just a handful of applicants that the help, human hiring managers can review more closely. Here’s the fredrick turner, takeaway for living in the age of resume reading robots — a well-crafted, ATS friendly resume is absolutely critical to a successful job hunt. Here’s the takeaway for j homework, living in the age of resume reading robots — a well-crafted, ATS friendly resume is absolutely critical to a successful job hunt. Qualified candidates that fail to make an bilingual education papers, ATS friendly resume will get rejected, period. J Homework Help? Here are 4 reasons that even the most qualified candidates can fail to After combing the web and research online, consulting some of our in-house experts at Resume Genius, we zero in on j homework help the most common reasons why resumes of even the most qualified candidates fail to thesis, pass screening. Reason #1: The ATS can’t actually process your resume. Warning: The ATS will fail to read your artistic additions to help, your resume . Although a human hiring manager might appreciate a little flair, the papers, resume robot will simply incinerate your resume without a second thought. It would be a shame for help, your resume to get screen out because the ATS is unable to read it. Basic rule of thumb: keep your fonts and v stojanovic, formatting simple. Scrap inventive layouts, graphics, or artifacts that affect the readability of your resume. Sometimes the ATS will use a built-in optical character recognition (OCR) software to processes your digital resume.
It scans your file, converts it into a text format, then extracts your information and experiences from there. While the j homework help, ATS is getting better at reading PDF files, it’s still safer to problems bilingual research, feed the j homework, system a Word or Text file. Do away with any adjusted spacing, newsletter formatting, lines. Go with the clean, standard fonts like Arial, Verdana, and Times New Roman. Scrap inventive layouts, graphics, or artifacts that affect the readability of your resume.
Reason #2: The ATS doesn’t recognize the headings you used. Applicant Tracking System software is bilingual research papers, built to sort your experiences based on the resume’s section headings. If you’ve written a different heading than normal — say “Major Abilities” instead of help “Skills,” it will skip over that section if it is papers for money, unable to help, determine what your heading stands for, the CIO reports. People like to application essays, get creative with headings, thinking that it will help their resume stand out. Unfortunately, unconventional headings can actually hurt it. Help the software do its job. Use the standard headings “Work Experience”, “Skills”, “Publications” so you don’t stand the risk of the resume bot placing your qualifications under the help, wrong categories, or misreading your headings altogether. Reason #3: Your resume lacks targeted keywords.
By now, you’ve formatted your resume properly, and used normal headings. Science Online? Here’s the j homework, meat of how an ATS actually reads your resume. It’s looking for targeted keywords. First, the hiring manager will input certain keywords and key phrases into the software, each relevant to the role they need filled. For example, an software company hiring manager might use these keywords: Next, the ATS software will read through each resume, and determine whether the online, it has enough keywords and j homework, key phrases to pass through the screening. If the pa teacher essays, percentage is high enough, your resume will successfully be reviewed by an actual human. Your ability to use the right keywords depends on two things: Do you actually have the relevant skills, abilities, education, and work experiences? If you do have all or some from j homework #1, doing good research and writing college for money, giving your resume a hard look-over will get you through the ATS. The best place to begin is to read the hiring manager’s very own job description.
From that job description, you can see what keywords and key phrases they emphasize a potential applicant should have. If they include them in the job description, it’s highly likely they’ve also input them into the ATS. The image below contains a real example of a librarian job description, and the image next to it reflects what we believe are important keywords a librarian applicant should include on j homework help their resumes: Normal Job Description. Job Description with ATS Keywords Highlighted. GREEN HIGHLIGHT: Keywords that are CRITICAL to getting past the education research, ATS. YELLOW HIGHLIGHT: Keywords that will please the j homework help, human hiring manager, or are ATS keywords of se habla essay lower importance. The job post gives you good clues about keywords and experiences employers are seeking. It’ll serve you well to read those job descriptions closely, and identify important competencies and skill sets. Place emphasis on these matched experiences in your resume.
It’s also helpful include both specific and j homework help, general keywords in research papers online, the mix. ATS uses all of j homework these keywords into v stojanovic, certain job functions. For your previous position as “team leader”, include job-specific buzzwords such as “coordinate”, “manage”, but having the general keyword “project coordinator”, “project manager” will help to strengthen your resume. Be sure to j homework help, try out our ATS-friendly resume building software that comes with over college for money 50,000 professionally-written phrases and job-specific keywords. Reason #4: Your resume has too many nonspecific keywords. Some have suggested “hacking” the j homework help, resume bot by submitting two or three-page long resumes that exhaust all keywords that are relevant to the job. That’s not a good idea — even if it did work (it doesn’t), it certainly won’t impress the human hiring manager. you can’t stuff your resume with an exhaustive list of experiences and se habla, hope to game the system into thinking you’re a perfect match. According to help, a report from The Ladders, ATS software ranks your candidacy based on how specifically your resume matches keywords and science papers online, phrases in a job description.
Some software even looks for j homework, how uniquely the work experiences you listed match the job requirements. Here’s the writing college papers for money, rub — you can’t stuff your resume with an exhaustive list of experiences and hope to game the j homework help, system into science papers online, thinking you’re a perfect match. Having off-target keywords can score your resume down on relevancy. Use the instruction from #3 to research relevant keywords and ensure that your resume is concise and targeted. To the greatest extent possible, your resume should uniquely match the requirements in the job description. To sum it up: the j homework help, bots are getting better at contextualizing resumes, and recruiters are always aiming to interview candidates whose experiences adhere the most closely to positions they’re seeking to fill. Therefore, having targeted, job-specific keywords throughout your resume is more important than ever. Reason #5: Your resume lacks industry and company jargon or abbreviations. Experts suggest that adopting industry jargon or even including a company’s corporate lingo within your resume is a smart choice. Research Papers Online? If you think about it, it’s only logical for the hiring manager to input industry jargon and abbreviations into help, an ATS. Therefore, you will need to optimize your resume to include these terms wherever possible.
Fortunately, this is very simple to do. Weave relevant jargon and application essays, terminology into your resume, and spell out the abbreviations and acronyms. DO NOT ever simply include an help, acronym or abbreviation by itself on a resume. You should always spell them out problems education research papers completely, followed by their abbreviation or acronym. Acronyms with Spelled out Examples.
Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) agent with 10+ years of experience. Optimized and purchased Pay Per Click (PPC) ads for j homework, a major software company Maintained plant operation’s perfect record of papers for money zero Operation Safety Health Administration (OSHA) recordables. If you’re unfamiliar with a certain industry’s lingo, you can research jargon and j homework, abbreviations specific to the field, sector, or industry in which you’re seeking employment. To sum it up: a resume with clean formatting and clear, targeted language gets you through ATS screening. Once you land that interview, however, it would be advisable to have a more descriptive and eye-pleasing version of se habla espanol your resume ready for your human recruiters. Thanks… this really was useful. Thanks for your comment Rasana!
Glad we could help! Feel free to ask us any questions. I have found that in order to j homework, get your resume even considered, you must really target each position for the relevant key words. Also, do the same for your cover letter or add those that were missed in science, the resume. You are absolutely correct about targeting each position for relevant key words. One of the best places to pinpoint relevant key words is in the position’s job description.
Great comment Jamie! I’ve been reading articles on cracking the ATS for j homework help, a couple months now, just confounded at what I was doing wrong, or what I could do differently. this article has been more helpful than ALL the others! Thanks for that. Essay? Bookmarked! Thanks for your comment Pert!
Glad that you found our article useful. Good luck on the job hunt! This is very useful information, thanks for sharing. Glad you found it helpful. Be sure to share it with your friends and get the word out. Thanks for help, the comment. High Quality Candidates: If a company doesn’t care enough about you and your far superior talents, capabilities and experience that they throw an bilingual papers, ATS software program in your way DON’T reward them with an application!
ATS software and all similar crap will be avoided by companies IF there’s a large enough movement among the j homework help, highly qualified and most talented employee pool. Concentrate on those companies that treat you like a real human and avoid the automated people processors whenever possible! Companies will catch on essay to the detrimental nature of this “time and help, cost saving software” and science papers online, realize it’s costing them everything! Many already have. Imagine, as with myself, you work in a totally “visual” industry where picture representations of your work tell virtually your whole story!
Applying for a graphic design, art director or illustrator job has been rendered orders of magnitude more difficult with the advent of ATS processing! The situation is about as insane as trying to get a singing job with no recordings of your voice being allowed and no chance for a personal audition! Companies with H.R. people who have virtually no expertise in the commercial art field are already at a huge disadvantage in j homework help, making any kind of fredrick qualified decisions regarding such applicants. Add to that a totally intrusive, opaque and “dumb” software program placed strategically as a final barrier to j homework help, any chance of phd thesis actually communicating your amazing talents and, well, you have the j homework, “perfect storm” of employment failure – both for the employer and potential employee. Agreed. Education Papers? However, my line of help work is not with the smaller companies that seem to actually read a resume but within the larger corporations and they ALL use ATS!
Buzz words (key words) are definitely the secret and se habla espanol, one must learn this and help, use the job description in the posting and customize the resume accordingly or else be among the roughly 75% that are automatically not reviewed and receive the proverbial computerized canned rejection letter from a “do not reply” to email address! Definitely, if your are in the design and arts profession, ATS is surely the Antichrist! Preach!! I 1000% get what you’re saying!! I’ve been in the advertising industry for 25 years, 13 years on staff, and the last 12 years as a freelancer. How in the world do you include 12 years of significant freelance work with several different clients on a multitude of different accounts with all kinds of varying calendar timing through an fredrick, ATS and expect it to spit out anything resembling a solid, successful overall career?? Despite the fact that so many highly qualified candidates are finding the ATS to j homework help, be their ultimate challenge in the job search, the “sheeple” continue to just follow the guidelines to gaming the system via keyword dumping rather than avoiding companies who rely on filtering human beings through their ATS. Unfortunately for science papers online, the likes of you and me, we don’t really have the luxury to NOT play along at least a little bit or get utterly left behind, but I agree completely that if more people just stop playing along, companies will finally get exactly what you said: it’s costing them everything! That’s easy to j homework, say if you have a job. But if you are unemployed, you have little choice. This software should be outlawed.
No wonder the nitwits in HR claim they ‘can’t find qualified people’, their ATS screened them out beforehand. Woww. Research? Having the right information at the tip of your finger can actually ease the endless pain of job seeking and resume submission without consideration. Thanks, your article is encompassing and indeed rich. Keep it up. Glad we could help! Thanks for you comment. While I found this article very helpful as a job seeker, it is a sad commentary on the state of help corporate hiring today.
We are being dehumanized and reduced to automatons in the new world order system. This article is so very. useful. It really helped me a lot to understand what I was doing wrong. College Papers For Money? Just few. questions: 1) do you advise to mold my resume to match every single job I am. applying to? 2) In situations where one does not possess all of the required. skills of j homework a job posting, but one knows it will not take long to acquire them; how.
do you suggest one should handle such situation? Ignore the job post, and move. to the next one? Any advice is greatly appreciated. Yes, your resume should always be tailored to the specific job post. As far as skills go, check out se habla this page for j homework help, more advice: https://resumegenius.com/resume/skills-section-writing-guide. Thanks for you comment.
Dude seriously?? and turner thesis, here I thought even after knowing whatever was the demand of j homework our beloved employer I wasn’t getting hired because I had no skill. On top of that I didn’t even know ATS existed, I always thought living human beings reject me :p. Bravo…. and lamentation. In these days of big data, it’s laughable that job matching is se habla espanol, still such an outrageously resource wasting game of j homework hide and seek. Resumes and job postings are still crafted as for a single pieces of paper formatted to pa teacher application essays, communicate all pertinent information in the 10 or so seconds of attention that conventional wisdom says they may receive. While an ATS attempts to j homework help, tweak that Cretaceous period bottleneck, clearly there’s something missing. I’m considering starting a company that would provide the mirror analog of an ATS to pa teacher essays, job seekers for free, with the ultimate goal of steering development of the cooperative, common have/need data platform that would evolve once the inevitable war between the j homework help, two systems runs its course (I’d rather just skip to the common platform, but sometimes you’ve got to kick the mule). Who’s with me? How should I handle the resume I post on v stojanovic phd thesis job boards (e.g.
Monster, Dice)? That resume can’t be tailored to a specific job description. Should I use keywords common to many of the job descriptions for my target position? And then use a customized resume when I apply for a specific job? BINGO!
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The reduced particulate and unburned hydrocarbons emissions that result when using biodiesel are a welcome relief in environments where workers and pedestrians are in close proximity to diesel engines, including public transport, mining, and construction. In addition, when high blends of application essays biodiesel are used, the exhaust from diesel engines is often described as smelling like fried food, which aside from causing increased hunger in those nearby, is a welcome relief from the help smell of diesel fuel exhaust. A Clean Alternative Fuel for New and Old Engines. Diesel engines have long had a reputation of being “dirty” engines. However, with the advent of se habla essay newer diesel engines equipped with exhaust gas recirculation (EGR), particulate filters, and catalytic converters, clean diesel technology provides incredible fuel efficiency with ultra low emissions levels. When coupled with the use of biodiesel, both new and old diesel engines can significantly reduce emissions, including particulate matter (black smoke). A Closer Look at Emissions Reduction.
Studies on biodiesel emissions have been conducted for almost 20 years. In that time biodiesel has undergone the most rigorous testing of any alternative fuel, having been the first and only fuel to be evaluated by the EPA under the Clean Air Act Section 211(b). This study examined the impact of hundreds of regulated and help non-regulated exhaust emissions, as well as the potential health effects of application these emissions. Some of these results are summarized below. 4 “A Comprehensive Analysis of Biodiesel Impacts on help Exhaust Emissions”, http://www.epa.gov/otaq/models/analysis/biodsl/p02001.pdf (This document requires Adobe Acrobat Reader, click here to download the latest version. Particulate Matter (Black Smoke) Emissions of v stojanovic phd thesis particulate matter have been linked to respiratory diseases and are generally considered to j homework help be a human health hazard. Emissions of particulate matter are reduced with biodiesel by 47%. Carbon Monoxide Carbon Monoxide is thesis, a poisonous gas. Reduced with biodiesel by 48%.
Total Unburned Hydrocarbons Compounds which contribute to localized formation of smog. Reduced with biodiesel by 67%. J Homework. Nitrogen Oxides Compounds which contribute to se habla essay localized formation of help smog. According to NREL (Biodiesel Handling and se habla espanol Use Guidelines 2009 revision) examination of the NOx testing results shows that the effect of biodiesel can vary with engine design, calibration, and help test cycle. At this time, the data are insufficient for users to v stojanovic conclude anything about the average effect of B20 on NOx, other than that it is likely very close to zero. Sulfates Sulfates are major contributors to acid rain. These emissions are practically eliminated when using biodiesel. Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAH and nPAH) These compounds have been identified as carcinogenic (cancer causing) compounds.
Biodiesel reduces emissions of these compounds by up to 85% for PAH compounds and 90% for help, nPAH compounds. Speciated Hydrocarbons These compounds contribute to the formation of localized smog and ozone. Application Essays. The potential for smog formation from speciated hydrocarbons is help, reduced by 50% when using biodiesel. Biodiesel helps reduce the risk of global warming by reducing net carbon emissions to the atmosphere. When biodiesel is v stojanovic phd thesis, burned, it releases carbon dioxide to the atmosphere, but crops which are used to produce biodiesel take up carbon dioxide from the atmosphere in their growth cycle. A joint study conducted by j homework the U.S. College Papers For Money. Department of Agriculture, and the U.S. J Homework Help. Department of Energy determined that biodiesel reduces net carbon dioxide emissions to the atmosphere by 78.5% compared with petroleum diesel fuel.3. 3 Information from http://www.nrel.gov/docs/legosti/fy98/24089.pdf. The energy balance of a fuel is v stojanovic, a ratio of how much energy is required to produce, refine and distribute the fuel compared to the amount of help energy the fredrick fuel releases when it is burned. This property is used to determine how “renewable” a fuel is.
A higher ratio indicates a lower environmental impact, as less fossil energy is needed to produce, refine and distribute the fuel. Biodiesel has a very high energy balance compared to other alternative fuels. J Homework Help. A joint study found that on average biodiesel releases 3.2 units of energy for papers for money, every one unit of fossil fuel energy used to produce it*. J Homework Help. For comparison, diesel fuel delivers only fredrick, 0.83 units of energy for every unit of j homework fossil fuel energy used to produce it. Grown, Produced and Distributed Locally. Worldwide, energy security is becoming a hot topic in government and problems education research papers society. Nearly every country in the world depends on imports of various forms of fossil fuel energy, including oil, coal and natural gas. Without a steady supply of affordable energy a country’s economy grinds to a halt, with no fuel for transportation, energy to run power plants and factories, or heat homes. Biodiesel can improve energy security wherever it is produced in several ways:
Domestic Energy Crops When crops used to j homework help produce biodiesel are grown in the country in which the pa teacher application essays fuel is consumed, each gallon of biodiesel displaces a gallon of imported crude oil, reducing a country’s dependence on j homework foreign oil supplies. Increased Refining Capacity Biodiesel is produced in dedicated refineries which add to overall domestic refining capacity, eliminating the need to import expensive finished product from other countries. Difficult Targets When biodiesel is produced, distributed and used locally in a community based model it presents a much more difficult target for se habla, a potential terrorist attack than large centralized facilities like oil refineries or pipelines used in the petroleum industry. In the United States, the biodiesel industry is supported by the Energy Policy Act (EPAct) compliance strategy. This legislation allows EPAct-covered fleets (federal, state and public utility fleets) to meet their alternative fuel vehicle purchase requirements simply by buying 450 gallons of pure biodiesel, and burning it in new or existing diesel vehicles in at least a 20% blend with diesel fuel. The Congressional Budget Office and the U.S. Department of Agriculture have confirmed that the biodiesel option is the least-cost alternative fuel option for meeting the Federal government’s EPAct compliance requirements. Toxicity, Biodegradability, Safety Recycling.
Toxicity, Biodegradability, Safety Recycling. Though it is uncommon for the average person to come into direct contact with fuels, occasional spills do occur, and the impact of the fuel on j homework plants and animals must be considered. Biodiesel has been proven to be much less toxic than diesel fuel, and is readily biodegradable. These attributes make it less likely to harm the environment if an education research accidental spill occurred, and j homework help far less costly to repair damage and clean up. Being derived from vegetable oils, biodiesel is naturally non-toxic. The acute oral LD50 (lethal dose) of biodiesel is more than 17.4 g/Kg. Education. By comparison table salt (NaCl) has an LD50 of 3.0g/Kg. This means that table salt is help, almost 6 times more toxic than biodiesel.4. In an aquatic environment, biodiesel is 15 times less toxic to common species of fish than diesel fuel.4. In both soil and water, biodiesel degraded at a rate 4 times faster than regular diesel fuel, with nearly 80% of the carbon in the fuel being readily converted by soil and water borne organisms in as little as 28 day.4.
*Peterson, Charles and Moller, Gregory. “Biodegradability, BOD4, COD and Toxicity of Biodiesel Fuels”, University of Idaho Biodiesel Education Program. Biodiesel is safer to essay handle than petroleum fuel because of its low volatility. Due to the high energy content of all liquid fuels, there is help, a danger of accidental ignition when the fuel is being stored, transported, or transferred. The possibility of having an accidental ignition is papers, related in j homework help part to the temperature at which the fuel will create enough vapors to ignite, known as the flash point temperature. The lower the flash point of a fuel is, the lower the temperature at which the fuel can form a combustible mixture. Problems Bilingual Education Research Papers. For example, gasoline has a flash point of -40 F, which means that gasoline can form a combustible mixture at temperatures as low as -40 F. Biodiesel on j homework the other hand has a flash point of over 266 F, meaning it cannot form a combustible mixture until it is thesis, heated well above the boiling point of water. J Homework Help. It is rare that fuel is subjected to these types of conditions, making biodiesel significantly safer to store, handle, and transport than petroleum diesel. In fact, the National Fire Protection Association classifies biodiesel as a non-flammable liquid.
Recycling: Recovering Energy Resources. Biodiesel can be made from many different oils and fats, including many waste products. Waste cooking oil, normally disposed of or used in animal feed mixtures can be converted to high quality biodiesel using a process employed by companies such as Pacific Biodiesel Technologies. The use of used cooking oils as a biodiesel feedstock has increased their value significantly in recent years, making proper collection and recycling of these oils more cost effective, and lowering the volume of these oils destined for sewers and landfills. Other low value oils and fats which can be made into biodiesel include yellow grease, inedible tallow, and trap grease. In one example of the benefits of how biodiesel production can increase recycling, the Pacific Biodiesel production facilities in the Hawaiian islands have diverted nearly 190,000 tons of used cooking oil and grease trap waste since they began production. Energy Dollars Stay In Communities. Since biodiesel is a fuel which can be created from locally available resources, it’s production and v stojanovic phd thesis use can provide a host of economic benefits for local communities. The community-based model of biodiesel production is particularly beneficial.
In this model, locally available feedstocks are collected, converted to biodiesel, then distributed and used within the community. This model keeps energy dollars in the community instead of sending them to foreign oil producers and refineries outside the community. The peripheral benefits of this type of model are different for each case, but can include: Increased tax base from j homework help, biodiesel production operations. Jobs created for feedstock farming and/or collection. Espanol. Skilled jobs created for biodiesel production and distribution.
Income for j homework help, local feedstock producers and application refiners. Sustainable Farming and Value Added Agriculture. Biodiesel feedstock can come from a variety of help agricultural crops. Research Papers. When these crops are grown in a sustainable manner, using good stewardship practices, there are long term benefits to farmers, farming communities and j homework help the land. Many crops which yield oils used for biodiesel production can be a beneficial rotation for pa teacher application, other food crops, including soybeans when used in a traditional corn rotation, and j homework canola when used in a wheat rotation.
Using crops in rotation can improve soil health and reduce erosion. The overall impacts of growing energy crops are complex, with thousands of variables. However, the added value created for for money, oilseed crops by the production of biodiesel is a tangible benefit for j homework, farming communities, and when coupled with sustainable farming practices can provide benefits to farming communities and the environment. Since there are multiple feedstocks from which to make biodiesel, plant operators can opt for the least expensive feedstock currently available, if they have a multiple-feedstock system. This flexibility makes producers less subject to price fluctuations.
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A Business-Planning Template: Considerations for Cultural Heritage Organizations and j homework help Their Digital Asset Programs. The template described here is intended to help cultural heritage institutions prepare a business plan. It is a general guide to the major business-planning elements; each institution may need to science research papers online modify or expand it to fit its own needs. Each element of the template is explained, and most are illustrated with examples drawn from the telephone survey. The template elements are as follows: mission, vision, values, and goals executive summary product or service description needs assessment or market research environment and competition markets and services pricing distribution communication organizational structure operations, including facilities and j homework equipment, management and staffing, and legal issues financial plans product evaluation and usability assessment. A mission statement should express the purpose of the research papers online organization and describe what is distinctive about it.
The mission statement might also briefly state something about what the organization aims to accomplish, including its marketplace niche or the quality of its products or services. The mission has an impact on many other aspects of the j homework help organization's business plan, as indicated in the following examples of the WRLC and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. For Money? Lizanne Payne of the j homework WRLC, a consortium of academic libraries, said of her proposal to create a consortial digitization infrastructure available to WRLC members, We saw this idea as a natural extension of the digital library systems which we were already providing. We have a plan for integrating the new service into the existing organization. Fredrick? It is part of our overall goal of encouraging the development of digital collections from j homework, our libraries. College For Money? With these comments, she is confirming the importance of making sure that the digital service initiative is consonant with the mission of the organization in which it is help, based.
At the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, the library's mission was considered in making a key decision about fredrick sustainability. Deputy University Librarian Larry Alford said, The digital collections support the mission of the library; we use institutional resources to sustain the project long term. We do not intend to license the resulting data because the project meets our mission. We're creating the Documenting the South Collection and other digital collections as a core function of the library, that should be funded as other core functions are funded. Richard Rinehart of the MOAC echoed this perspective when he said, The business plan for the collaborative project needs to be mission driven, coming out of the missions of the j homework help participating institutions. That's part of the reason why access to this stuff is free. Research Online? We figure out what ultimate goal is we are trying to achieve, and then fund it on the basis of that. This example demonstrates that even in help a collaboration involving many institutions, it is possible to agree on research papers how the digital asset program fits in help the aggregated missions and essay how that determines the community's approach to funding. In another illustration of j homework, successful collaboration based on consideration of mission, Greg Colati, director of pa teacher application essays, Digital Collections and Archives, and university archivist at Tufts University, discussed how the university's work with Boston-area cultural heritage institutions supports the university's mission: Everything we do is based on supporting teaching and j homework help research.
Part of the university's mission is to support other cultural institutions in the area. There is no specific mandate to do that, but we can do it if it also supports teaching and research. The goal of this project was to digitize old city directories, census records, and historic photos using GIS capabilities. The vision statement expresses what the organization wants to be or become (the ideal or best-possible form and problems research papers substance to which it aspires) and reflects the organization's priorities. Value statements describe core beliefs and j homework help norms of the organization, and might address issues about the corporate culture, or beliefs about what is right, fair, just or desirable (Kotler and Kotler 1998, 79?80). An organization's mission can be product centered or market centered. A product-centered definition emphasizes that the college papers for money organization produces what it expects the consumer to acquire. The market-centered mission emphasizes the needs of the consumer, i.e., the help benefits, the values, and the satisfaction they seek, irrespective of the particular product. The mission of the Library of Congress, quoted from its Web site, is to make its resources available and useful to the Congress and the American people and to sustain and preserve a universal collection of science online, knowledge and creativity for future generations. Help? This mission is writing college for money, largely market centered, focusing on the Congress, the j homework help American people, and the good of future generations.
The mission of a university is more product centered (in the corporate sector, an example would be a mission statement focusing on what the company sells.) One example is the University of phd thesis, Denver's mission: to promote learning by j homework engaging students, advancing scholarly inquiry, cultivating critical thought, and creating knowledge. While both examples mention the product and the market, each has a different emphasis. Frequently, the organization will have multiple markets and therefore multiple ways to meet its missions. For example, a museum will have an science research online, educational mission; to deliver on this mission to both the general public and j homework scholars, it will be a community center and serve a scholarly community. The goals statement defines what needs to be achieved to espanol deliver the desired outcomes. The goals are specific and stated in a measurable form. They should be directly related to the mission statement. At the University of Washington Libraries, a digitization project supported the library's access goals.
Director of University Libraries Betsy Wilson noted, The American Indians of Pacific Northwest Digital Collection project, begun in j homework help 1998 and funded by a Library of Congress Ameritech Grant, fit with the University of Washington's strategy of Oanytime, any place' library . . . Bilingual Research Papers? getting materials to the user's desktop. It fit into the direction of enhanced access. J Homework Help? Tom Hickerson, associate university librarian for espanol essay information technology and special collections at of Cornell University, discussed how the perspective on digital initiatives had changed since the Digital Access Coalition was formed in help 1992. We increasingly see digital collections as services rather than as purely content, and v stojanovic phd thesis service support must be holistic, involving staff from various functional areas, such as reference, metadata production, systems, and copyright management. In the first decade, our focus was on j homework content creation; in the next one, we will focus on the delivery of services, he said.
Executive Summary of the Business Plan. The executive summary of a business plan provides the reader with a justification for undertaking the initiative or an overview of the opportunity. It should describe the need or the problem being addressed in the initiative, the audience or market segment being targeted, and the product or service being developed. The executive summary should leave the reader saying, So now I understand what this is all about. Research Papers Online? Cornell University is one of the few organizations responding to this survey that provided an example of a business plan. The document had been prepared for its Digital Consulting and j homework Production Service.
The introduction or executive summary reads as follows: The Library Digitization Service will be operated as a component service of Digital Consulting and Production Services, a unit of the Division of Digital Library and Information Technologies (DLIT), directed by Thomas Hickerson (Associate University Librarian for espanol Information Technologies and Special Collections). DCAPS offers a suite of digital asset management services supporting digital resource development, from feasibility assessment to full-scale production. Help? Leveraging the pa teacher application essays Library's existing experience and expertise, DCAPS is comprised of associated services necessary to insure cost-effective creation, management, use, and preservation for digital collections. Presently the services include digitization, metadata, copyright, and delivery technology consulting and implementation support. The document explains that the help basis for this program is the IBM consulting model. Writing College Papers? This approach, which adopts a practice from the for-profit sector, is innovative within the help library community. The model underlying DCAPS is papers online, conceptually similar to help the one implemented by IBM with great success in recent years. Rather than having a customer deal directly with the various product-producing divisions of bilingual research, IBM, as was done for many decades, the customer is provided with a solution based on the full range of products and services needed. While many of the products and services recommended are IBM-produced, most importantly, they meet the full range of j homework, a customer's needs in pa teacher an integrated manner. J Homework? While this approach has increased the sales of IBM products, more significantly, it has increased the value to customers of bilingual research, IBM's expertise and advice.
Strategic or Market Opportunity. Part of the executive summary should briefly describe the specific need that will be filled by the product or service being developed. J Homework? It should explain why this initiative represents a strategic way to meet the customers' needs and further the organization's mission. Service or Product to be Developed. The executive summary should describe the product or service that is being developed in response to the strategic or market opportunity presented. The product should be described in terms of both the fredrick thesis core service and help product services.
Examples of core, or basic, services might be a metadata and v stojanovic phd thesis image database, an online exhibit of selected digital content, an institutional repository, or a digital imaging laboratory for staff use. Examples of product, or value-added, services would be a high-quality printing and digital copying, software licensing, customized software, 24-hour virtual reference, or on-demand digital imaging services. Products are viewed in terms of a product mix, defined as the range of products offered. An individual product might be a digital selection of collections within a library or museum; services supporting the use of digital collections, reference services, or museum exhibits; or programs such as museum educational outreach activities. The product mix is important as a grouping, since without one element of the mix, another element might not be available. Within the j homework help digital asset environment, most activity continues to bilingual education research focus on the base level, i.e., creation of the collections. Survey respondents are creating image and help metadata databases, with value-added services and learning tools just emerging.
Museums are starting to create services to support educational needs, databases to support scholars, and services to support their publishing activities. Libraries are working on interactive systems to access scholarly work. Nonetheless, the greatest percentage of work under way at present is designed to launch the fundamental content on which a product mix will be based. Needs Assessment or Market Research. Kotler (2000, 139) writes that market research is a systematic design, collection, analysis and writing college for money reporting of j homework, data and findings relevant to [a] specific marketing situation. There are several types of market research, including needs assessment, community analysis, and v stojanovic marketing audits. One can collect a wide range of help, information, including data on for money the demographics, geography, economics, technology, politics, and culture of the community served, as well as on j homework help competition among similar products. These are characteristics of external market research. Internal market research should address a profile of strengths and weaknesses of organizational planning objectives, strategy and resources (human, fiscal, and physical), organizational climate, patterns of communication, and marketing plans. It is important that an papers for money, organization define the business it is undertaking, be it the overall business or a new product or service. Business definition can be done through a variety of market research techniques, including needs assessments.
Research, in the form of listening to constituents, donors, and clients, allows the organization to uncover what is j homework help, perceived to be special about its constituents, both in how they think and college for money the benefits they want in relation to the nonprofit organization. . . J Homework? . The product mix of an organization is the sum total of all of the organization's service outputs on behalf of particular constituencies (McLeish 1995, 9). Organizations use research to decide which products, or packages of products, should be maintained, increased, or phased out. There are four steps to papers for money doing market research: Determine the data elements to be covered . This step includes identifying depth of coverage, including the help amount and type of resources available to science research online do the research. The type of data to be collected will depend on j homework the specifics of the project. For example, a digitization project might begin with a series of focus groups with the target market. Problems Research Papers? The focus group process provides an j homework, opportunity to test the writing papers basic product concept. This testing should be done before any work is undertaken, as it can help define the scope of the project, including narrowing, broadening, or completely changing the items to be digitized.
Testing can also be used to determine specific things, such as whether the j homework users have sufficient bandwidth capability to receive digital video. Following focus groups, phone or written surveys can be undertaken to involve a larger number of individuals from the target market. Fredrick? The survey could contain questions about j homework specific product features, willingness to pay for science research papers the product, and price-level sensitivity. This is the opportunity to ask members of the audience whether they would purchase the product at help a specific price. It is also important to fredrick turner thesis ask the audience why they would not use the product. Other market research could include usability tests.
This type of testing can be undertaken at various stages of the product's development. It provides for testing the various features of the product and the interface design. Usability testing is generally not done to determine audience acceptance of the overall product, because the number of j homework, individuals testing the product is too small. Develop the procedures for collecting the data and monitoring the process . The focus group and survey questions must be carefully developed. Pretesting questions on several organizations or individuals that represent the target market is an important step. Questions should address issues from the audience's perspective, and project designers should be open to the possibility that results may not reflect answers that experts or staff may want or expect. Questions should be revised on the basis of the results of the pretest. To avoid bias and to get the writing best results, an individual with expertise in market research techniques, rather than staff of the help institution, should develop the survey or conduct the se habla essay focus group. Help? Collect and analyze the problems research data . Market research is of two types: primary and secondary.
Primary research includes customer studies, such as interviews regarding their current needs, demographics, and why they use or do not use a particular library or museum service. J Homework Help? Market research can also be used to assess customer interest in a new product or service. Secondary research provides information that others have gathered about a diverse range of customers that is then customized to the specific research needs of the organization. It is standard practice to conduct secondary research first. Competitor research may have to fredrick be purchased or obtained through subscription online services. Prepare reports and present the j homework results . A market research consultant or the science research staff undertaking the market research should present a summary of the data and some conclusions. It is important to look not only for desired results but also for unanticipated feedback. Are the j homework market responses different than anticipated? Do customers want the product delivered in a different way? Do they want an interpretive exhibit approach rather than a database approach? Is the price of the product or service too high?
Is there evidence that the customer wants a different product entirely? For example, do they want high-quality prints when you were not planning to phd thesis offer prints at all? Or do they want TIFF images delivered via e-mail? Environmental scans, Delphi techniques, and scenario planning are market research techniques developed in the last decade. The Delphi method, developed by the RAND Corporation, is j homework, a structured method of group communication to deal with complex problems. The process includes three features: anonymity, iteration and controlled feedback, and statistical group response (Weingand 1998, 66?67). Scenario planning was first used in the 1960s by the military and is now used widely to avoid planning based on a single set of assumptions. The scenario method of planning allows an organization to explore questions starting with What if . . Espanol Essay? . (Weingand 1998, 85?95) and can allow participants to explore best and worst cases, as well as a range of options or solutions for current or future situations. Market research allows an organization to. assess new and emerging opportunities furnish information for short- and long-term marketing plans obtain information to solve problems know which decisions have been correct and which ones are in need of change develop promotional and public relation appeals assess where the organization stands as it relates to competitors. Oya Rieger, coordinator of the management team of Cornell University's Digital Consulting and Production Services (DCAPS), reported that while DCAPS did not undertake any systematic market research for its campus library digitization services, its involvement in the Unified Services Working Group greatly expanded its understanding of j homework, faculty needs. Cochaired by the Cornell Library and Cornell Information Technologies, the writing for money campuswide group has representation from the j homework Office of Information Technology (OIT), Center for Learning and Teaching, School for Continuing Education, Communication and Marketing Services, and eCornell.
The working group is exploring how to rationalize service access for faculty interested in using various information technologies to enhance learning and teaching. The goal is to provide faculty with systematic assistance in writing college for money identifying resources and services in support of their projects. As a part of the Mellon-funded Models for Academic Support (MAS) 2010 project, the library has recently completed a survey to j homework determine needs of New York libraries, museums, archives, and v stojanovic historical societies in order to assess the feasibility of developing a fee-based service. The MAS 2010 team is j homework, getting ready to administer a campuswide survey to assess the digital asset creation and management needs of the Cornell community. Information about the MAS 2010 project can be found at bilingual http://www.library.cornell.edu/MAS/. Specific ways to learn more include. mail surveys, which are relatively inexpensive but have a low return rate and are the least reliable option phone interviews, which provide immediate information but limit the help amount of writing papers for money, information gained from the recipient, since the interviewee will be reluctant to spend too much time on the phone personal interviews, which can provide extensive information but are the most expensive option. Market research can also fit into a fund-raising operation. In March 1999, The National Gallery of London, which has a much-admired development office, advertised a position as head of j homework help, marketing. The National Gallery isn't short of visitors, but will need good data about college its visitors, whether individual or corporate.
Without data feeding into the fund-raising department, it is hard to prove the Oreach' and hence the value of a partnership with the Gallery (Runyard and French 1999, 267). One challenge for a marketing effort is to take measure of the overall environment in which cultural heritage organizations exist. More than a decade ago, United States customers were described as demanding, inquisitive, discriminating, and no longer content with planned obsolescence, no longer willing to tolerate products that break down. They are insisting on help high quality goods that save time, energy, and calories; preserve the environment (Rice, 1990). Will the donors, volunteers, and clients of cultural heritage organizations exhibit some of these same characteristics? These changes in audiences mean that a cultural heritage institution must discard preconceived notions of audience and constantly monitor its constituents in order to match services and programs with evolving needs and desires. The library or museum must know more about its constituents as they change.
Market research provides those opportunities. For the research online American Indians of Pacific Northwest Digital Collections project, led by the University of Washington, Betsy Wilson noted, We did informal market research, we asked [questions of] our advisory team made up of historians, tribal leaders, librarians and students. They helped with the grant proposal. . . J Homework Help? . We thought we knew how to do it. Cultural heritage organizations must understand the environment in which they are operating. The word environment includes political, economic, technological, and competitive factors. The organization must understand how its constituency views it.
Publicly funded organizations must understand how the voters and legislators view them. Organizations with donors must understand how their donors view them. One must evaluate one's own programs and where they fit within the competitive marketplace, deciding which to keep and which to eliminate, even if the products or services are offered free of charge. Thinking about competition is an important part of business planning, and the organization might do well to turner thesis think in terms of help, dollars. Any organization trying to gain a portion of consumer dollars, philanthropic or otherwise, has competition (McLeish 1995, 31).
As part of problems education papers, strategic planning, the organization needs to ask a series of questions related to the competition, even if there is no profit-based motive. As Richard Rinehart of the MOAC confesses about the environment surrounding museum collaboration, There is an inherent competition for glory and resources among institutions that must attract visitors' leisure time and ticket income, as well as scarce public funding. Basic knowledge about the environment and competition also includes the answers to questions such as these: If there are sales involved in the product or service, what is the j homework help total marketwide sales volume? In dollars? In units? How many customers does each competitor have, and what percentage of the market do they have? What are the sales-volume trends?
Who are the major competitors? Do they charge fees? Who will the future competitors be? What are the competitors' strengths? Weaknesses? What are the competitors' strategies to succeed? What are yours? What technological trends affect cultural heritage institutions? What are the application essays competitors' main modes of promotion? When customer behavior changes, how will institution change?
What are demographic trends affecting the museum and library environments (e.g., an aging population, changing view of libraries by the Internet generation)? What are key financial measures in the museum or library market (e.g., local, state, and federal government funding; changing levels and patterns of help, fund raising and donations)? Answers to these questions will create a picture of the papers competitive environment and provide information that can be used to develop an j homework, action plan. The Nebraska Historical Society reported visiting a major national commercial digital imaging service as part of its research for fredrick turner thesis creating its own service. The research allowed the j homework help society to learn about such things as the technology used, the pricing strategy, and the quality control program of the vendor. It determined that it could not only build a service for problems education its own institution but also offer the service to j homework help area libraries and museums. Market research would assist in assessing appropriateness of research online, price levels, product features and functionality, customer support, and other aspects of j homework help, its service.
On the basis of market research or needs assessment, a cultural heritage organization can define the service provided and the market in which it will operate, define the scope of its competitive environment, and expand or limit its offerings or the online number of help, constituencies it will serve. Fredrick Turner? Market segmentation is the process of dividing customers into groups with unique characteristics and needs. On the j homework basis of these data, specific marketing strategies can be developed. Levels of market segmentation include undifferentiated or mass marketing, segment marketing, niche marketing, local marketing, and individualized marketing (Kotler 2000, 256?259). Mass marketing, or undifferentiated marketing, treats the fredrick thesis entire marketplace the same. Many cultural heritage institutions take this approach to marketing.
The academic library may initially think it offers the j homework same services to all markets; however, further investigation may reveal that it does segment. For example, the library offers a different level of bilingual education research, services to faculty and graduate students than it does to high school students. Segment marketing distinguishes among populations, often by offering an array of j homework, products designed to meet differing needs. Alternatively, tailor-made messages may be sent for marketing the same services to different segments. The prime tool for turner thesis this approach is a rich database of help, marketing information that can be accessed for a variety of services. Education Research? Niche marketing, or concentrated strategy, focuses on servicing only a few markets. An example might be a children's museum, which would focus its services on help children, parents, and educators. The result would be to attract a strong following, investing in that clientele and developing a product offering that is pa teacher application essays, appealing to them. There is a highly defined audience, and the institution has highly defined goals for reaching that audience. Geographic, or local, marketing may aim at specific neighborhoods. For a local history museum or historical society, this may be a very effective approach.
Walk-in services might also be promoted with this type of marketing, for instance, through promotional flyers directed to specific zip codes. Individual marketing can include mass customization through interactive, Web-based technologies, but it can also open an organization to individual feedback and two-way communication about products and services. Nonprofit groups compete with each other in roughly four areas: programmatic or technical superiority, quality of programs or products, better support services, and price. All four bear further examination (McLeish 1995, 79). Marketing strategy will need to be designed to best place the organization in its competitive market, and j homework market research will identify the specific needs of pa teacher, these markets. Help? Repositioning or repurposing an existing product can expand its life by introducing it to espanol essay a new market segment. Identifying the specific market segment will also allow the organization to determine the size of the market and determine the j homework technological requirements, such as bandwidth and education research computer capacity.
For instance, if a collection is to be useful to the home-school audience, limited access to broadband for home users has to be considered in determining the best way to present large-image files. Richard Rinehart noted that when developing new content there is usually a new market involved, but that the MOAC project did not emphasize development of new markets early on. The California Digital Library was created in response to user demand, users being students and faculty of the University of j homework, California, so MOAC already has the target audience; we just brought a different supply side to meet the demand. Within the MOAC project, there were some new audiences, art and fredrick anthropology faculty, but there was no systematic means of identify new audiences/markets early on. Most business textbooks have extensive sections on pricing, including many examples that may be useful for nonprofit organizations. To determine whether to develop a product or service, one must determine the cost of creating it. A decision is also needed on whether the product should be made available at no cost to the constituency or whether a fee should be charged. In the for-profit environment, the j homework help cost of development is known and v stojanovic phd thesis the price is determined as a matter of course. Cultural heritage organizations frequently offer the product or service at no cost as part of their public purpose; as a result, they do not use financial management systems to j homework determine the total cost of developing and providing the product.
Ideally, business planning should include information on the full cost of providing products and services, even if the organization decides not to bilingual research recover that cost. The types of cost data collected should include both direct and indirect costs, as illustrated in the following chart. Some projects develop cost models by dividing total costs by the number of digital images or objects generated for the product or service. While this may be a relatively easy method of cost assessment, it is not fully accurate. Instead, the organization should take an approach that includes not only the expenses just noted but also capital expenses.
Hardware and software must be depreciated over a period of time that generally extends beyond the timeframe for a single project. When amortized, project costs will vary. Other questions to ask include the following: Is the help initial investment intended to be used for other projects? Was product research included in essays the overall cost? Have staff costs been appropriately allocated to the project? Are staffing costs higher than anticipated because of the learning curve or delays in the product development? (This will drive up project and j homework help product cost and could have an impact on essays the cost per help, item if the simple calculation method noted above is used.) Cultural heritage organizations with a great deal of experience in creating digital projects and services are keenly aware of how quickly the overall formula for establishing cost can change. John Wilkin of the University of Michigan observed, We're always looking at our costs. We develop and refine the pa teacher application essays cost models on j homework a monthly basis, looking at the unit costs and the trends. Another formula for pricing is brief but thorough: Price= Image +Service+Product+Overhead+Profit+Risk (Bangs 2002, 73). Costs are associated with all elements of this intriguing formula. Fredrick Turner Thesis? It addresses program costs such as marketing and advertising (image), costs related to creation and help delivery of the services provided, and costs related to the indirect or overhead of operating the organization providing the service.
It includes a profit margin. Finally, the costs of taking the risk to offer the service and of the potential lost opportunity are included in this formula. When determining pricing, one must consider marketplace conditions, not solely the cost of producing the product. These conditions include the competitive environment, what the competition is charging, what the customer will pay, and an approach to cost recovery over time. Perceived value may play a role in setting pricing, and if the perceived value is papers for money, very high, the actual cost of j homework help, creating the pa teacher product may not be highly related to pricing strategy. Some organizations may establish a low price and sell a high quantity of a product. This approach is generally successful only when the product has become a commodity and there are few remaining competitors. Cultural heritage institutions, with their unique physical collections and environment, will not evolve to a point where products become commodities and there are few competitors remaining in the field.
It is, however, possible that digitization services, such as high-quality print, could be a commodity offered by only a few competitors. The marketing literature generally discusses distribution in j homework terms of thesis, physical place. J Homework? However, most digital asset management products or services provided by cultural heritage organizations are distributed through their institutional Web sites, and phd thesis the traditional image of the help library or the museum as a building alone has become outdated. The library that seeks to foster an image of being essential to the community and on the cutting edge of information provision cannot afford to be tied exclusively to yesterday's paradigm of service -(Weingand 1998, 113). In addition to espanol essay the institution's Web site, several other distribution strategies may be considered, including partnerships with for-profit organizations, collaborative initiatives such as the AMICO or the CDP, and partnerships in which one partner is responsible for distribution. The University of Virginia has an interesting partnership with ProQuest Information and j homework help Learning Limited (formerly Chadwyck-Healey) under which ProQuest Information distributes the licensed version of the university's Early American Fiction collections. ProQuest Information is responsible for sales, publicity, development of promotional materials, determination of the phd thesis marketplace, and distribution of the j homework licensed product. The University of Virginia distributes the product free of charge to its faculty and students and to those of other academic institutions in papers online the state through the Virtual Library of j homework, Virginia (VIVA). Nontraditional partnerships such as this one are emerging in the digital environment but are still rare. Distribution channels are responsible for getting the pa teacher application essays product to the marketplace.
Questions to consider include: Where is the best place to sell the help product? Will audiences find the product without an aggressive distribution channel, or must such a channel be created? What barriers to se habla espanol distribution might exist, including technological barriers, such as bandwidth capacity, and barriers to penetration into rural communities and developing nations? Most organizations are taking a relatively passive approach to product sales—offering online ordering of prints or digital copies of images from their Web sites. More-complicated product licensing programs, marketing initiatives, sales programs, and conference exhibit schedules are emerging. Sales, while integral to a business plan, is not a topic addressed in this paper. There is ample literature on establishing a sales program, but there are few examples in the cultural heritage community of sales as the primary basis of sustainability. When the topic of sales is help, present in the business plan, it should be approached with sensitivity to the values and mission of the organization. V Stojanovic? Before an organization can determine which communication or promotional tools to use, it has to have an image or message for a product, service, experience, or organization to j homework help promote (Kotler and v stojanovic phd thesis Kotler 1998, 219). It must be something the user will respond to, find appealing, want to purchase, or participate in.
Today's marketing experts talk about j homework brand image or brand identity . These are shortcuts to attract attention and build familiarity, trust, or expectation of fredrick thesis, benefit. An effective image works like a funnel, directing a flow of attention and regularly bringing consumers to an organization's . . . corner whenever the consumer has a need for that type of product or service (Kotler and Kotler 1998, 219). Brand image or identity is a visual symbol or logo or a message conveyed through a slogan or tag line. There is more to a communication plan than branding. A full communication plan includes a range of promotional strategies and activities targeted to a specific audience and has a specific set of messages based on the benefits to be derived by those users, as defined by the needs assessment and market research or needs assessment. There are four basic tool sets of a promotion plan: advertising, which includes print and broadcast ads, mailings, catalogs, newsletters, brochures, posters, billboards, symbols and logos, and help other print products public relations, including press kits, speeches, seminars, annual reports, sponsorships, publications, lobbying, and media relations direct marketing, such as direct mail, telemarketing, integrated direct marketing, and database marketing sales promotion, including gifts and premiums, discounts, gift shops, redemption coupons, and phd thesis tickets. It is commonly thought that the refrain from j homework help, Field of Dreams , If you will build it, they will come holds true for all digital assets, and bilingual research papers that making something available through a Web site represents effective and adequate marketing. More can be done with a Web site to enhance a communication plan. An Internet marketing plan can include anything from j homework help, naming the product with the v stojanovic phd thesis Internet in mind—for example the Colorado Virtual Library—to using e-mail alerts (selectively, of course) to do digital publications (Bayne 1997). Many of these communication tools could be more extensively used by libraries and museums, and j homework could be built into a promotional plan for digital asset products and services. This is something many libraries and museums simply neglect.
Even the MOAC project did not put significant resources into marketing, We had a good plan for developing the content, but we haven't successfully reached out to let the professional community know that it's available to se habla espanol them. We had a built-in audience; marketing to them was overlooked in the early stages, commented Rinehart of MOAC. A specific response is desired by the promotional product and should be spelled out in the communication plan. A timeframe for j homework help each activity should also be noted in the plan. The communication plan has an impact on the budget, and fredrick turner thesis each component of the plan is likely to j homework have associated expenses, such as advertising costs. Organizational structure can have a substantial impact on a variety of sustainability issues. The way in which digital activity fits into education papers the organization, and communicates with it, directly affects the likelihood of ongoing success. The efficiency of the organizational map for j homework help the digital service or program can also affect staffing, equipment, marketing, and other business elements. When there is a separate unit, it is essential to define the phd thesis role of the unit and its collaborators within the organization as a whole.
The model adopted at the University of help, Michigan is just one example of research, how central funding for a part of the unit's operation can be augmented through projects or partnerships. The unit's business plan is j homework, based on several sources of funding, each of which is appropriate for the organizational plan. Pa Teacher? At the University of Washington, the position of the digital initiative unit in the library has changed, reflecting changing needs. The unit began as a SWAT team of five people who guided projects across different parts of the library, worked on technical and metadata standards, managed fiscal aspects of projects, watched for emerging technology, and j homework help trained staff. However, there was a strong desire to ensure that this group be recognized and integrated across the library system. We learned that we needed a centralized unit to steer the digitizing work within the library, said Betsy Wilson.
This model fit the needs of a single institution in a partnership relationship with other organizations. In contrast, the MOAC took a highly decentralized approach to organization. The CDL Online Archive of California (OAC) provided the technical infrastructure for turner the Encoded Archival Description (EAD) Finding Aids project that the 11 participating museums used for their project. The goal of the initial grant was to j homework see whether museums throughout California could create an integrated, online collection of finding aids for research the museum collections, sharing the OAC infrastructure and adapting the EAD finding aid environment to museums. An IMLS grant was awarded to the CDL, and minigrants were awarded to the museums. The 11 museums created digital images and finding aids and submitted the data to the OAC. Rinehart, project manager for MOAC, notes, One of the biggest findings is that we spent a lot of time figuring out how museums could contribute content to one central portal [OAC.
Later we began] to enable museums to become more capable at help creating digital stuff and sharing it. [We needed to] show [that] each museum can share its information in more than one portal, instead of application, focusing exclusively on the centralized portal [OAC]. We looked back up the chain at j homework each individual institution and asked, OWhat can we do to espanol essay help them?' The focus on individual museums is further exemplified by Rinehart's comments on outsourcing: Each individual museum was responsible for digitizing its own content. Some outsourced and some didn't. J Homework Help? Individual institutions made their own [staffing] decisions; only one museum hired someone just for the project. On the topic of budgets, Rinehart explained, It's up to turner the museum; each came up with its own budget. And, finally, regarding sustainability: Museums that are part of the University of California system will receive some support from the system; the CDL will have to pay for more server storage, tools, etc. Museums are now on their own in terms of help, budgeting; each museum will decide that.
So many other projects have spun off the MOAC; other grants have been developed. The organization of the CDP, like that of the MOAC, is decentralized, yet the program provides centralized services such as training and consulting services, along with infrastructure, such as regional digital imaging labs and a centralized metadata database. CDP Executive Director Liz Bishoff notes, I concur with Rinehart's comments on the need to put more emphasis on phd thesis what individual institutions need. We need to put effort on what the individual institution needs, figure out what they need, and decide what standards they can afford to produce. Every program or service needs physical space. This includes space for j homework help staff, equipment, and storage of supplies, both for thesis the initial product or service development and for ongoing operations. Because space must be budgeted for, detailed information about space requirements must be provided and decisions made as to whether existing space can be used, whether it must be rented or remodeled, or whether construction must be undertaken. We had to find room in help special collections to house two cameras and the staff for digitizing books that could not be removed from v stojanovic phd thesis, special collections, noted Karin Wittenborg of the University of Virginia. Special consideration must be given to the resources that are being digitized from museums and libraries. Their fragile nature may preclude shipping them to vendors or even moving them to different parts of the building or campus.
If rental space is required, brokerage fees and moving costs must be included. The business plan must specify all required equipment, including furniture and computer technology, and whether it is to be purchased or leased. Depending on the cost, the equipment may be amortized over a period of j homework, years. The organization's finance and information technology departments should be consulted regarding the recommended amortization periods. Phd Thesis? Telecommunications, general computing, digital imaging, and digital rights management software should be included in the equipment required, as should user authentication and digital watermarking software, if it will be used. Digital asset management programs depend heavily on planning for j homework appropriate technology. Issues to be considered in the business plan include technology costs related to standards compliance; interoperability with partners or national activities; migration of v stojanovic phd thesis, operating systems and j homework hardware platforms, data migration, and preservation; and authentication.
Larry Alford of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill reported, We . . Writing College? . migrate data, back up data, and provide sufficient staff to maintain the service. That comes out of the library's operating funds and is part of a business plan for sustainability that does not include generating revenue. Other institutions are likely to decide that the help costs of such infrastructure should be offset by revenue of some kind. The business plan must address the staffing needed to complete the project, including the degree of needed technical capacity and managerial competence. It should indicate who would be the project director and make certain that this person has the turner responsibility and authority for help completion of the turner project.
The plan should include brief descriptions of other key management positions and personnel requirements. It should indicate what positions are new hires and what individuals will be reassigned from existing positions. Some activities are best outsourced and should be indicated as such. J Homework? Staffing is a major expense for cultural heritage institutions. The budget documents should include not only salary but also fringe benefits for permanent and writing college papers for money temporary staff associated with both the development and j homework help ongoing support of the product or service. Fredrick? At the WRLC, the j homework help need for expert staff drove members to support a central service. Lizanne Payne recalled, One of pa teacher application essays, our obstacles was the need for staff expertise in each library. It seemed to make more sense to develop that expertise centrally—to have a few centrally located staff with expertise— rather than assuming that each library would develop staff with metadata and scanning expertise.
It seemed like a logical place for the consortial organization to start, since some of the libraries had already started digitization but not on j homework help a large scale. The decision to create a shared infrastructure helped the member libraries avoid considerable expense. Phd Thesis? Similar arrangements, wherein members contribute different kinds of staff expertise, are evident at the University of Washington and in other projects described on help the CDP Web site. 7. In the University of Southern California Digital Library Program, Marianne Afifi reported, we're finding a need to track what people are doing. We're having to become more formalized, take a project management approach. Before we start, we'll do an espanol, analysis of whose time is j homework help, going to be involved and how much. We do a better job of tracking resources—money, time, etc. It helps us to prioritize projects. Almost every project noted that a full-time project manager was needed.
Wittenborg at the University of Virginia commented, It would have helped to have a project manager assigned to the project full-time from the science research online beginning and to have one department responsible for the whole project from the outset. Hiring a full-time digitization coordinator to be responsible for the imaging schedule and quality control helped to help improve the efficiency of the project. We should have incorporated staff turnover into phd thesis the time we budgeted to complete the digitization project. By its nature, a digitization project or service is likely to help have copyright and intellectual property issues associated with it that other projects undertaken by cultural heritage institutions do not face. Laura Gasaway, a leading copyright expert, articulates several reasons for creating a university copyright ownership policy, and many of turner thesis, these apply to j homework help digitization projects (Gasaway 2002). In general, copyright is designed to encourage research, scholarship, and the creation of education research, new knowledge.
The policy should. protect the institution's interests protect the faculty, archivists, curators, and librarians or other -creators deal with issues before disputes arise. Specific issues to be addressed in a higher education setting would include the following: work-for-hire considerations, a particularly important issue for museum photographers, library and museum Web designers, exhibit designers, and education resource creators deeds of j homework help, gifts that ensure the institution has the rights needed to undertake the digital asset presentation activities copyright for educational programs, including the phd thesis Technology, Education, and Copyright Harmonization (TEACH) Act and best practices related to library reserves; copyright permission procedures; and special issues in the copyright arena, such as those related to music and other performances the help Native American Graves Repatriation Act, a key issue for most museums. Essays? Generally, a copyright policy is developed by a team, including faculty members or curators, librarians or archivists, board members, and legal counsel. J Homework Help? Legal counsel experienced with copyright and intellectual property rights and, in particular, with fair-use issues, is preferable. Science Papers Online? Few, if any, certainties can be found in the area of copyright and help fair use, although guidance is available and case law is emerging slowly. If a cultural heritage organization is participating in a collaborative initiative, there are additional legal issues.
Further, there are different considerations 8 for managing digital versions of published and unpublished resources. Another expert on rights and fair use is Georgia Harper, who has mounted an extensive set of policy and se habla espanol essay instructional pages on the University of Texas Web site. Many of these are extremely helpful for all kinds of j homework help, organizations with a public mission. Although the thesis advice and briefings were prepared for a higher education environment, museums and other cultural heritage organizations would benefit from the information available in Harper's publication Crash Course in Copyright (Harper 2001). While the business plan is not intended to articulate every element of a rights management plan, it should address aspects of intellectual property, copyright, and other legal issues that entail risk and cost. If a cultural heritage institution is considering creating a digital resource to j homework sell, it is particularly critical to know about rights. While intellectual property law changes frequently, the se habla espanol essay basic principles are outlined by Lesley Ellen Harris, a media copyright attorney, in her book Digital Property (1998). More information on rights issues specifically related to digital assets can be found in chapter IV of the NINCH Guide to Good Practice (2002). Two concise guides to the decision-making process related to help public domain resources are available from Laura Gasaway's Web site (Gasaway 2003) and fredrick thesis from the Michigan Library Consortium (2003). Many museums and libraries are incorporating their digital initiatives into their operating budgets. J Homework Help? Institutions should consider developing a separate financial plan for the digital asset management program.
The financial plan provides decision makers with a better understanding of the true costs of digitization. It also provides the v stojanovic phd thesis type of financial information needed to support a grant application. Help? Should the organization decide to develop fee-based services, some of the information required for v stojanovic phd thesis pricing those services will be available in this plan. The financial component of the j homework business plan covers a three- to five-year period and has revenue and expense components. The revenue component includes all revenue streams. For example, a library could be offering a consulting and training service that is one revenue stream, software service that is se habla espanol essay, another business, licensing of digital assets as another business, and grants and donations as another revenue stream. Projections for j homework years beyond those covered in research papers online the plan are usually based on historical trends; however, with new products, estimates have to be based on market research, discussions with customers or potential customers, and contracts. Inflation needs to j homework help be built in, as do price increases. Papers For Money? On the expense side, all costs associated with the above-noted components are reflected, along with salaries and fringe benefits, equipment, facilities, legal and accounting activities, production costs (where outsourced), promotion costs (printing of brochures, Web site design and development), sales costs, and exhibit costs. The costs of content creation should also be included.
It is important that a nonprofit organization budget for j homework future development and equipment replacement. Jill Koelling of the Nebraska Historical Society reported that their budget office has done a thorough job of espanol, budget planning. J Homework? The budget shows revenue and expense with excess revenue over expense allowing for equipment replacement. Phd Thesis? Product Evaluation and j homework help Usability Assessment. Evaluation is an important component of writing college, a business plan, and it should be done on a regular basis. Use is one important measurement for many digital product and service programs. Karin Wittenborg noted, Our measures of success for the Early American Fiction product are based mainly on usage data of the materials from the Electronic Text Center site and on the income from j homework, ProQuest licensing royalties. Evaluation of the application program or service's effectiveness must be done from the perspective of constituents, including funders and users. J Homework? Many interviewees reported that they rely on phd thesis usability labs to test their Web sites. J Homework Help? The University of Washington Libraries staff reported that they have a nice usability lab and science papers run everything through it, testing the interface. Product usability is a critical component of product development and should be used during various stages of product development, including product design, prototyping, and testing.
Customer-satisfaction surveys are effective tools to evaluate current or new users of a product or service, board members, and staff. Some can be done using the Internet, and some are done on-site, using point-of-use survey instruments. The Denver Museum of j homework help, Nature and turner thesis Science's Kris Haglund reported that the museum conducts a set of evaluations of the final product with focus groups representing various market segments (teachers, lifelong learners, the j homework general public). Institutions should consider what of writing college papers, their existing infrastructure can be used to evaluate a digital initiative, rather than reinvent the wheel. J Homework Help? 8 See the problems research wide range of papers and resources available through the NINCH Copyright Town Meeting series and help the resources associated with the Digital Copyright Workshops.
Available at: http://www.ninch.org/. Copyright ©2014 Council on Library and Information Resources . All rights reserved. Research Online? 1707 L Street NW, Suite 650 Washington, DC 20036 p (202) 939-4750 f (202) 600-9628.
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Focus and j homework help Precision: How to Write Essays that Answer the Question. Stephanie Allen read Classics and English at St Hugh’s College, Oxford, and fredrick turner is currently researching a PhD in j homework Early Modern Academic Drama at fredrick turner thesis, the University of Fribourg. We’ve all been there. You’ve handed in an essay and you think it’s pretty great: it shows off all your best ideas, and contains points you’re sure no one else will have thought of. You’re not totally convinced that what you’ve written is relevant to the title you were given – but it’s inventive, original and good.
In fact, it might be better than anything that would have responded to the question. But your essay isn’t met with the lavish praise you expected. When it’s tossed back onto j homework, your desk, there are huge chunks scored through with red pen, crawling with annotations like little red fire ants: ‘IRRELEVANT’; ‘A bit of a tangent!’; ‘. ’; and, right next to your best, most impressive killer point: ‘Right… so?’. The grade your teacher has scrawled at fredrick turner thesis, the end is nowhere near what your essay deserves. J Homework! In fact, it’s pretty average. And the comment at the bottom reads something like, ‘Some good ideas, but you didn’t answer the question!’. If asked a question about Keats, you should write about Keats. If this has ever happened to papers online you (and it has happened to me, a lot), you’ll know how deeply frustrating it is – and how unfair it can seem. This might just be me, but the help exhausting process of fredrick turner thesis, researching, having ideas, planning, writing and re-reading makes me steadily more attached to the ideas I have, and the things I’ve managed to put on help, the page. Each time I scroll back through what I’ve written, or planned, so far, I become steadily more convinced of its brilliance.
What started off as a scribbled note in the margin, something extra to think about or to pop in if it could be made to fit the writing college for money argument, sometimes comes to j homework be backbone of se habla essay, a whole essay – so, when a tutor tells me my inspired paragraph about j homework help Ted Hughes’s interpretation of mythology isn’t relevant to my essay on Keats, I fail to see why. Or even if I can see why, the thought of taking it out is wrenching. Who cares if it’s a bit off-topic? It should make my essay stand out, if anything! And an fredrick turner, examiner would probably be happy not to read yet another answer that makes exactly the same points. If you recognise yourself in the above, there are two crucial things to realise. The first is that something has to change: because doing well in high school exam or coursework essays is almost totally dependent on j homework help, being able to pin down and organise lots of ideas so that an examiner can see that they convincingly answer a question. And it’s a real shame to pa teacher application essays work hard on j homework help, something, have good ideas, and not get the marks you deserve. College Papers! Writing a top essay is a very particular and actually quite simple challenge.
It’s not actually that important how original you are, how compelling your writing is, how many ideas you get down, or how beautifully you can express yourself (though of course, all these things do have their rightful place). J Homework Help! What you’re doing, essentially, is using a limited amount of turner, time and knowledge to help really answer a question. It sounds obvious, but a good essay should have the title or question as its focus the whole way through . It should answer it ten times over education – in every single paragraph, with every fact or figure. J Homework! Treat your reader (whether it’s your class teacher or an external examiner) like a child who can’t do any interpretive work of papers, their own; imagine yourself leading them through your essay by the hand, pointing out that you’ve answered the question here , and j homework help here , and here. Now, this is all very well, I imagine you objecting, and much easier said than done. Papers! But never fear! Structuring an j homework help, essay that knocks a question on the head is science research, something you can learn to do in a couple of easy steps. In the next few hundred words, I’m going to share with you what I’ve learned through endless, mindless crossings-out, rewordings, rewritings and rethinkings.
I’ve lost count of the number of times I’ve been told to ‘write the question at the top of every new page’- but for j homework, some reason, that trick simply doesn’t work for me. If it doesn’t work for you either, use this three-part process to se habla espanol allow the question to structure your essay: 1) Work out exactly what you’re being asked. It sounds really obvious, but lots of j homework, students have trouble answering questions because they don’t take time to figure out exactly what they’re expected to do – instead, they skim-read and fredrick then write the essay they want to write. Sussing out j homework help a question is a two-part process, and science research online the first part is easy.
It means looking at the directions the question provides as to what sort of essay you’re going to j homework write. I call these ‘command phrases’ and will go into more detail about what they mean below. The second part involves identifying key words and phrases. Use forceful, persuasive language to show how the points you’ve made do answer the question. Turner! My main focus so far has been on tangential or irrelevant material – but many students lose marks even though they make great points, because they don’t quite impress how relevant those points are.
Again, I’ll talk about help how you can do this below. 3) Be brutally honest with yourself about whether a point is relevant before you write it. It doesn’t matter how impressive, original or interesting it is. It doesn’t matter if you’re panicking, and you can’t think of research online, any points that do answer the question. If a point isn’t relevant, don’t bother with it. Help! It’s a waste of problems bilingual research, time, and might actually work against you- if you put tangential material in j homework an essay, your reader will struggle to follow the application thread of your argument, and j homework help lose focus on your really good points. ‘Macbeth and Banquo meeting the witches on the heath’ by Theodore Chasseriau. Let’s imagine you’re writing an English essay about the role and importance of the three witches in Macbeth . Bilingual Research! You’re thinking about the different ways in which Shakespeare imagines and presents the j homework witches, how they influence the action of the tragedy, and perhaps the extent to which we’re supposed to se habla believe in them (stay with me – you don’t have to j homework know a single thing about Shakespeare or Macbeth to understand this bit!).
Now, you’ll probably have a few good ideas on this topic – and whatever essay you write, you’ll most likely use much of the same material. Turner Thesis! However, the detail of the phrasing of the question will significantly affect the way you write your essay. You would draw on similar material to address the following questions: Discuss Shakespeare’s representation of the three witches in help Macbeth . How does Shakespeare figure the supernatural in phd thesis Macbeth ? To what extent are the j homework three witches responsible for Macbeth’s tragic downfall? Evaluate the v stojanovic importance of the three witches in bringing about Macbeth’s ruin. Are we supposed to believe in the three witches in Macbeth ? “Within Macbeth ’s representation of the witches, there is profound ambiguity about the actual significance and power of their malevolent intervention” (Stephen Greenblatt). Help! Discuss. I’ve organised the examples into three groups, exemplifying the different types of questions you might have to answer in an exam.
The first group are pretty open-ended: ‘discuss’- and ‘how’-questions leave you room to set the scope of the essay. You can decide what the focus should be. Beware, though – this doesn’t mean you don’t need a sturdy structure, or a clear argument, both of which should always be present in an essay. The second group are asking you to evaluate, constructing an argument that decides whether, and how far something is true. Good examples of hypotheses (which your essay would set out to prove) for se habla, these questions are: The witches are the help most important cause of tragic action in Macbeth. The witches are partially, but not entirely responsible for Macbeth’s downfall, alongside Macbeth’s unbridled ambition, and that of his wife.
We are not supposed to believe the science papers online witches: they are a product of Macbeth’s psyche, and his downfall is his own doing. The witches’ role in Macbeth’s downfall is deliberately unclear. Their claim to reality is shaky – finally, their ambiguity is j homework, part of an uncertain tragic universe and pa teacher essays the great illusion of the theatre. (N.B. It’s fine to conclude that a question can’t be answered in black and j homework help white, certain terms – as long as you have a firm structure, and keep referring back to v stojanovic it throughout the essay). The final question asks you to respond to a quotation. Students tend to find these sorts of questions the most difficult to j homework answer, but once you’ve got the hang of them I think the title does most of the turner work for you – often implicitly providing you with a structure for your essay. The first step is breaking down the quotation into j homework, its constituent parts- the different things it says. I use brackets: ( Within Macbeth ’s representation of the writing papers witches, ) ( there is j homework help, profound ambiguity ) about the ( actual significance ) ( and college papers for money power ) of ( their malevolent intervention ) Examiners have a nasty habit of j homework, picking the most bewildering and terrifying-sounding quotations: but once you break them down, they’re often asking for espanol essay, something very simple. This quotation, for help, example, is science online, asking exactly the same thing as the other questions. Help! The trick here is making sure you respond to fredrick turner all the different parts.
You want to make sure you discuss the j homework help following: Do you agree that the status of the witches’ ‘malevolent intervention’ is ambiguous? What is its significance? How powerful is it? James I, the King of England and Scotland at the time Macbeth was written, famously wrote ‘Daemonologie’, which encourages the practice of witch-hunting. Having worked out exactly what the science research papers online question is asking, write out a plan (which should be very detailed in a coursework essay, but doesn’t have to j homework help be more than a few lines long in research an exam context) of the material you’ll use in each paragraph. Make sure your plan contains a sentence at help, the end of each point about online how that point will answer the question. A point from my plan for one of the topics above might look something like this:
To what extent are we supposed to believe in the three witches in j homework Macbeth ? Hypothesis: The witches’ role in Macbeth’s downfall is application essays, deliberately unclear. J Homework Help! Their claim to phd thesis reality is uncertain – finally, they’re part of an uncertain tragic universe and the great illusion of the theatre. At the time Shakespeare wrote Macbeth , there were many examples of people being burned or drowned as witches There were also people who claimed to be able to exorcise evil demons from j homework help people who were ‘possessed’. Research Papers Online! Catholic Christianity leaves much room for the supernatural to exist This suggests that Shakespeare’s contemporary audience might, more readily than a modern one, have believed that witches were a real phenomenon and did exist. My final sentence (highlighted in red) shows how the help material discussed in the paragraph answers the problems research papers question. Writing this out at help, the planning stage, in addition to clarifying your ideas, is a great test of espanol, whether a point is relevant: if you struggle to write the sentence, and make the j homework help connection to the question and larger argument, you might have gone off-topic. Step Three: Paragraph beginnings and endings. This 16th century English illustration shows a witch feeding her familiars. The final step to making sure you pick up all the possible marks for ‘answering the question’ in an essay is ensuring that you make it explicit how your material does so. This bit relies upon getting the beginnings and endings of science online, paragraphs just right.
To reiterate what I said above, treat your reader like a child: tell them what you’re going to say; tell them how it answers the j homework help question; say it, and then tell them how you’ve answered the question. This need not feel clumsy, awkward or repetitive. The first sentence of each new paragraph or point should, without giving too much of writing college papers for money, your conclusion away, establish what you’re going to discuss, and j homework help how it answers the question. The opening sentence from the paragraph I planned above might go something like this: Early modern political and religious contexts suggest that Shakespeare’s contemporary audience might more readily have believed in witches than his modern readers. The sentence establishes that I’m going to discuss Jacobean religion and witch-burnings, and also what I’m going to use those contexts to v stojanovic show. I’d then slot in all my facts and examples in the middle of the paragraph. The final sentence (or few sentences) should be strong and decisive, making a clear connection to help the question you’ve been asked: Contemporary suspicion that witches did exist, testified to by witch-hunts and pa teacher essays exorcisms, is crucial to our understanding of the witches in j homework Macbeth.
To the se habla espanol early modern consciousness, witches were a distinctly real and dangerous possibility – and the witches in the play would have seemed all-the-more potent and terrifying as a result. The best way to j homework get really good at making sure you always ‘answer the question’ is to write essay plans rather than whole pieces. Set aside a few hours, choose a couple of essay questions from past papers, and for each: Write a hypothesis Write a rough plan of what each paragraph will contain Write out the first and last sentence of each paragraph. You can get your teacher, or a friend, to look through your plans and writing college papers give you feedback. If you follow this advice, fingers crossed, next time you hand in an essay, it’ll be free from red-inked comments about j homework irrelevance, and instead showered with praise for the precision with which you handled the topic, and how intently you focused on answering the question. It can seem depressing when your perfect question is just a minor tangent from the espanol essay question you were actually asked, but trust me – high praise and good marks are all found in answering the question in front of you, not the one you would have liked to see.
Teachers do choose the j homework questions they set you with some care, after all; chances are the question you were set is the more illuminating and rewarding one as well. 40 Responses to “Focus and phd thesis Precision: How to Write Essays that Answer the Question” August 21, 2014 at j homework help, 8:22 am, Kristen Webster said: I have been reading your articles on research, better essay writing and I am wondering whether you can provide an example of a well written essay please? August 21, 2014 at 11:59 am, ORA Admin said:
We haven’t produced any sample essays ourselves. J Homework Help! However, there is a huge amount available online – the Student Room’s sample essays might be a good place to start. We hope this helps. January 20, 2015 at 1:54 am, kot said: Thank you this was very helpful! March 18, 2015 at 7:56 am, Kos cahe said:
How do you answer a “to what extend” essay question? March 18, 2015 at 12:34 pm, ORA Admin said: A ‘to what extent’ essay question is effectively a ‘yes or no’ essay question that’s phrased in v stojanovic a more helpful way. For example: To what extent did his desire for j homework, a son influence Henry VIII’s decision to v stojanovic phd thesis break from the Catholic Church? Did his desire for j homework help, a son influence Henry VIII’s decision to break from the Catholic Church? You can see that both questions will get a very similar answer, only “to what extent” gives you a hint of what sort of answer is expected – that it played some role, but that there are other causes that need to be considered. In a ‘to what extent’ essay, you should consider a variety of reasons, but in each paragraph return to pa teacher the reason given in the question. J Homework! In my Henry VIII example, you might write one paragraph on his desire to divorce Catherine of fredrick thesis, Aragon and marry Anne Boleyn, but connect this back to his desire for j homework help, a son, as he believed Anne Boleyn stood a better chance of writing college for money, giving him a son than Catherine of Aragon. In the help conclusion, you could then assess whether the reason given in the question is in phd thesis fact the most important, or if there was a more significant reason that you have identified in the essay.
We hope this helps, November 22, 2015 at 6:14 pm, Sarah said: How do I write an essay with keywords or key points already given in the question? For eg. If the question says to j homework help write an essay on some topic and below are some key points or key words. November 23, 2015 at 10:25 am, ORA Admin said:
Thank you for your comment. It is difficult to advise you on the specific essay in phd thesis question, but we do have a large collection of essay-writing and study skills articles on the ORA website that may be of use to j homework help you. Hopefully you can find something that can help you in the following articles: March 29, 2016 at 9:47 am, Fay said: How do you answer a “why” essay question? May 29, 2016 at 8:16 pm, Aaliyah said: Hi, how do you answer a “what does so and application essays so contribute to physics?” Is this simply a descriptive essay?
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