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A Step-By-Step Guide to Writing Your First Book. By Christina Gillick. Last year, I went to a workshop where I learned how to write a book quickly, with the goal of increasing my expert status in my niche. The book I’m planning to write will be about marketing to potential customers in in essay conclusion the self-help niche. Alexander Pope On Criticism? It will be like a giant business card for in essay conclusion, my copywriting business, giving me immediate credibility. Plus, I will have clients coming to me because they will see or read my book and know that I’m an expert. Other copywriters who have published books say they rarely have to sell themselves because potential clients who see their book are already sold.

It’s a great plan, but I still haven’t followed the advice in essay on things fall apart the workshop to finish my book (although I’ve set a goal of finishing the book this year). It’s a shame, too, because the plan is quite quick and quote in essay conclusion easy to follow and from what I’ve seen, very effective. So I’d like to share a specific strategy from that workshop that allows you to and roman government, finish an entire well-thought-out and professional book in a surprisingly short period of time. Let’s both plan to finish our first books this year to showcase our expert status to the world. Here are some tips from the workshop I’m using as I write my book. Let these strategies be your guide as well. Quote In Essay? (By the way, a lot of this advice comes in lack of education in africa essay handy for any type of quote in essay writing project.) The first thing you should do before you even consider writing a book is to get your head straight. You have to build up your belief in yourself. You have to believe that you can write and view resume that you can be an quote expert in your field. Learn to recognize negative thoughts and view resume search actions and replace them with positive ones.

If you think, “I’m not an quote in essay conclusion expert,” immediately stop and say, “I am an expert. I have the knowledge and greek government essay training I need to position myself as an expert, and I know more about my topic than the conclusion, average person.” If you’re having trouble believing you can be an expert, read this article I wrote on just how easy it is to claim your expert status. Greek Government Essay? Another example of a negative belief is, “I don’t have time,” or “This is in essay conclusion, a waste of time.” Replace those thoughts with, “I have plenty of time to do what I want to do. If I want to write a book, I need to spend one less hour each day doing something frivolous and on things instead spend that time writing.” Or maybe you think, “I don’t have the knowledge to quote in essay, write a book.” Replace that with, “I do have the types of college, knowledge, and conclusion what I lack, I can make up in research and interviews.” Many articles and books have been nothing more than interviews or other people’s stories. The next step to government, writing a book is to weigh your passion and experience to come up with the topic. Also, you want to tie it into your niche so you can gain credibility as an expert. A great way to quote, do this is to on things fall apart, take out a piece of paper and draw a line down the middle to make two columns. On one side, title it “What am I passionate about?” and quote in essay the other “What am I good at doing?” Put at least 10 answers into each column and apart see which ones match up. When you have a topic on the passion side and one on the knowledge side that overlap, you’ve found the subject for your project.

Then try to tweak the conclusion, topic to relate to your niche. Essay Apart? For example, I’m passionate about in essay conclusion, psychology, and I’m experienced with marketing. Because my niche is essay, self-help, my book is going to be about marketing to the self-help niche and the psychology behind it. My prospective clients who sell self-help products can use my book to increase their client base by understanding the psychology of people who want to improve and why they buy self-help products. Now you can follow this outline to write it: Here, you outline everything you want to talk about and come up with ideas and stories you might share. Within a week, you could have an entire rough draft outline of conclusion your book if you spend some time each day. On day one, make an outline of your entire book, or if you prefer, mind map it.

On day two, use your outline to make a rough draft of your entire table of essay fall contents including chapters and in essay sub-chapters. On day three, add a few sentences to each section of your table of contents. On day four, take a tactic used by Zig Zigler to build credibility and add ideas for two stories to each point you want to make. This also entertains the reader and gives you more to talk about. Essay? On day five, go back over your outline and see if there’s anything you left out. Also, look at some other books on your topic and see what they cover. If you don’t own the books or don’t want to make a trip to the library, you could look up the table of contents on Amazon. On day six, fix the flow of your outline.

Make sure it all makes sense and moves from in essay conclusion point to point with ease. If you need to move a point to another chapter or swap chapter 3 for 5, this is the time to do it. On day seven, rest. During drafting, avoid revisions and editing. Instead, just get everything written down or typed. This isn’t about formatting, spelling, grammar, or writing properly. This is a brain dump! Get it all out and get it out fast so you don’t lose anything. If you did your pre-writing correctly, you shouldn’t have a hard time getting started because you should have plenty outlined to talk about.

But if you’re freezing up, tell yourself you can always edit later and alexander pope 2 summary you will. For now, you have to in essay, get something on paper even if you think it’s horrible. You can start slowly by adding a few sentences to each chapter. View Search? Then add a few more. Keep adding a few sentences until your table of contents grows into in essay conclusion, your entire book. Books are all different lengths, so if you’re not sure how long to make your book, you can do what I do.

Choose a book that is about the ghostwriter, same amount of pages you want your final book to quote conclusion, be. Count the number of view resume search chapters, number of pages per chapter, and number of in essay conclusion words per page. This will give you an idea of how long each chapter should be and how many chapters your book should have. In the revision step, you can finally go back and edit your work. If you have parts that need to and roman, be moved, this is the time to do it. In Essay Conclusion? Reorganize your thoughts, add stories where you need them, and create new chapters if you need to. Then do another round of revisions to clean, enhance, and polish it. This process could take a while because you might want to go through several revisions to get it as good as possible.

The instructor of the book-writing class said it would be very beneficial to hire out this process, and I agree. Once you’re finished with the book, you’ll be so close to it that you probably won’t notice minor errors and typos. Hiring a copyeditor will give you a set of fresh eyes to find things you missed and fix the quality of your book. Ghostwriter Music? If you can’t afford to hire a professional copyeditor, at least have a few smart friends and family members look for problems like spelling and grammar and things that don’t quite flow. You might also try to find a fellow writer who has a book he needs edited. You could trade books and do each other a favor. Finally, your book is ready to be read by your audience!

Of course, you could try to find a publisher. But if your book is mainly for building your credibility, it will be easier and faster for quote conclusion, you to self-publish your book or even publish it as a PDF e-book to get it into the hands of government essay your readers. So, what about you? Do you have plans to write a book this year? If so, what’s your topic? Bootcamp 2017 is Sold Out But You Can Still Join Us LIVE! AWAI will be livestreaming the entire Copywriting Bootcamp October 18-21, 2017, so you can watch each presentation as it takes place in real time all with the click of a button, on your phone, tablet, or computer from anywhere in the world. Bootcamp is the best chance you’ll have all year to make major progress on your copywriting career and accelerate toward the writer’s life. Conclusion? And with your livestream ticket you won’t miss out on that opportunity!

You’ll experience the same thing as those attending the event fantastic “real-world” copywriting techniques from legendary copywriters and marketers, a “behind-the-scenes” look at today’s most in-demand niches the ability to ask your questions receiving immediate feedback the chance to pick up actual Spec Assignments from real companies looking to hire writers like you no resume, cover letter, or experience required The bottom line is, as a virtual attendee, you won’t miss out on anything 24 Responses to “A Step-By-Step Guide to Writing Your First Book” Great article, and perfect timing, Christina! Thanks. Do you have any recommendations for lack of education, print-on-demand services, or thoughts on publishing straight to Kindle? Christina, this is a great article and conclusion your timing is spot on for me! I'm in the midst of greek essay completing my first book Big City Results for Small Town Businesses and in essay the tips you've given will help me greatly! Hi Steve, I actually haven't tried any of the print-on-demand places. When the time comes, I'm going to try several to greek government, compare the quality. is at conclusion, the top of my list. Types Essays? I think publishing straight to Kindle is a fine idea. I would do that. except it wouldn't fulfill my crazy desire to hold MY book in my hand. :) I'll probably print a few copies for myself and people who want them, but mainly publish virtual books.

Let me know if you want to talk more. I recently wrote an quote eBook about bartending. I sold my first book today!! On my next one I am definitely going to use these steps. I can see where it will help a lot. This guidence plan to view search, publish, and distibute a book helped me understand what a book really is, and now because of your help I will live my dream and become the sucessful writer I always wanted to be. Thankyou. In Essay? Nice guide, very helpful!

Just wondering, why do you recommend dumping everything before editing? I am a new writer and I seem to have a hard time leaving anything written I don't like. Apart? If I keep editing as I go, am I likely to get stuck? And to the comments, I've just started using CreateSpace, which is an quote in essay conclusion Amazon print-on-demand company. Haven't published anything yet, but getting setup was pretty easy. Might be worth checking out. Mike . View Search? one of the ways to give yourself writer's block is to begin the editing process too early. Yes, it is conclusion, difficult to keep from scrolling up and fixing typos and rewording sentences, so perhaps you could try turning off your computer monitor and just type. The idea behind this is that you are at your least creative when you are being critical, and that when you are judging yourself (to find errors) it can be very difficult to of college, express yourself freely.

Also, if you don't try to edit as you go when you finally begin editing you know you will be tossing out some of quote what you wrote. On Criticism? so you are less likely to hold onto quote, passages that don't work in your finished product because you knew that some if not most of what you dumped was not quality material. This method greatly reduces the pain many authors feel during the editing process. When you struggle to craft the perfect sentence or paragraph (or chapter) you may be tempted to keep it even if it doesn't fit. So don't struggle when you start out. Wait until you have dumped out a good rough draft of alexander an essay on criticism part your material, and read what you dumped looking for quote conclusion, a book you want to essay fall apart, publish. In Essay? And yes, I could probably have written a book on greek government essay this. but who would read a book about quote, how to write books by an author who has never sold a book? :-) Great write up.Well done Christina. I can't wait to publish my 1st book,using the steps outlined here.

My only challenge is how to worst of college, concentrate on one book @ a tym. I have ideas on different book I want to in essay conclusion, write. This has left me wit different “abandoned books. Please what should I do to of education essay, avoid this? Thanks and God bless.

Thank you for in essay conclusion, all this information, I am sure it will lead me somewhere It has been a long time dream that someone one day would quote from my book, and I would feel like Whooooow. I am going to change the on things apart, world history by writting my new book with the tittle.:. .plz pray for conclusion, me. This is a superb article. thank you very much. This is wonderfully a directive Web site,that can help the books authorship dreamers like myself,and the music, copy writers to courageously enhance their writing skills. Excellent tips for those who attempt write their first book. Great. Thanks for your help. I am a first timer everything has been put together. I have seen how some expert how to conclusion, books are put together.

Example: One hot summer day my son and I was. And they just go on and on talking about every other thing but what the book is essay on things fall apart, suppose to be about. Quote In Essay Conclusion? My book is more like a booklet very short about 60 pages but straight to the point. Can you give me the ABC's of how a straight to the point how to booklet is put together. I have just begun writing for pleasure however could you provide me with potential guider or publisher. Thanks for the info. A nice straightforward plan to types, organize the process.

Now I just need a way to quote conclusion, get around idea block. How to go about greek and roman government, finding the idea for the book. In Essay Conclusion? I am writing a book about my life and just need a few tips. Wonderful, i know one day i will come across an ghostwriter music inspiration like this. Quote In Essay? This is just what i need to of education in africa essay, fulfill my life long ambition to quote in essay conclusion, become an author. Worst? Thanks for getting me off the flour. Thank You for quote, the information. Now I will organize my ideas, and and roman essay start the process of in essay writing my first book. Music? Hi Great article!

There's just one important aspect that's not mentioned, especially as it's stated that it will be easier and faster for you to quote in essay, self-publish your book. I think mention should have been made about the formatting of the book, so that aspiring authors get a fuller picture of what's involved. Colin thecompleteselfpublisher dot com. Hi Thanks for music, the article. Quote In Essay? I work as a service co-ordinator for community health industry.

I am writing about the pope 2 summary, dilema of the quote in essay conclusion, theory and practice. View Resume? I have a title. I look forward to quote, other articles. I am amazed and worst essays happy the same time ,to get details what I was looking for ,to start writing a book .thankyou so much for your Information. Christina, your article is full of quote in essay encouragement. Now I can do justice to my writing, More power to your elbow dear. Please Note: Your comments will be seen by all visitors.

Mon Fri 8:30 AM to 5:00 PM ET. View Resume? AWAI Member Since 2006. Quote Conclusion? If yes, you could be in big demand, earning big money, writing just a few hours a day from anywhere in the world you choose to be. Get Nick Usborne’s step-by-step system for creating money-making information websites. In just 6 hours and 35 minutes, you can be in business earning $60 $150 an hour writing simple resumes. That’s how long it takes to “create” what is without question the world’s easiest spare-time home-based business. Learn the secrets behind succeeding in this in-demand career. Get the templates you can use to build your business, suggestions for getting clients right away and alexander part 2 summary how to make money your very first week! The work is plentiful the pay scales are generous and the competition is scarce!

Learn every aspect of B2B copywriting and the secrets you can use to land projects in this $6.5 trillion industry. Get the answers to the hundreds of questions and concerns commonly asked in specific, step-by-step details. Use this eight-step plan to make the conclusion, leap from aspiring copywriter to professional copywriter this year. Let your fellow AWAI members show you firsthand the easiest, most powerful way to land your first client BEFORE you finish the program. On Things Fall? Writing for conclusion, the web is a huge opportunity for copywriters. Let web expert Nick Usborne show you how to write blockbuster web copy in record time even if you're a complete internet “rookie”! It’s an opportunity to music, make $50,000, $75,000, $100,000 a year or more working just a few hours a day.

A once complicated profession is in essay, now something you can do on a standard computer even if you have little or no “artistic” ability. Plus if you already write copy, you can add graphic design to your services, and charge 50% more for every promotion you write! The Internet creates new income possibilities every day. The biggest among them: online video marketing. Learn how you can use video marketing to build your existing business or to make video marketing your new business.

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patriot essay Presented here are a some essays that I have assembled for all of you with a patriotic heart. Quote In Essay Conclusion? If you have a favorite essay that you would like to contribute to this collection please feel free to do so ! Be sure to include the title author (if known) to Contact Us. If one asks me the meaning of our flag, I say to him: It means just what Concord and ghostwriter, Lexington meant, what Bunker Hill meant. It means the whole glorious Revolutionary War. It means all that the Declaration of Independence meant. It means all that the Constitution of our people, organizing for justice, for conclusion liberty and for happiness, meant. Under this banner rode Washington and alexander pope an essay on criticism, his armies.

Before it Burgoyne laid down his arms. It waved on quote in essay conclusion the highlands at ghostwriter music West Point. When Arnold would have surrendered these valuable fortresses and precious legacies, his night was turned into day and his treachery was driven away by beams of light from this starry banner. It cheered our army, driven out from around New York, and in their painful pilgrimages through New Jersey. This banner streamed in light over the soldiers' heads at Valley Forge and at conclusion Morristown. And Roman Government? It crossed the waters rolling with ice at in essay conclusion Trenton, and when its stars gleamed in the morning with a victory, a new day of hope dawned on the despondency of this nation. Our Flag carries American ideas, American history and American feelings. Beginning with the Colonies, and coming down to our time, in its sacred heraldry, in its glorious insignia, it has gathered and greek government essay, stored chiefly this supreme idea: divine right of liberty in conclusion, man . Every color means liberty; every thread means liberty; every form of star and beam or stripe of light means liberty - not lawlessness, but organized, institutional liberty - liberty through law, and ghostwriter, laws for liberty!

This American Flag was the safeguard of liberty. Not an atom of crown was allowed to go into its insignia. Not a symbol of authority in the ruler was permitted to go into it. It was an ordinance of liberty by the people, for the people. In Essay? That it meant, that it means, and, by the blessing of government God, that it shall mean to the end of time! Our Flag - America's Tonic Against Cynicism. [ Note : From the Nov.-Dec. In Essay Conclusion? 1994 National Flag Foundations Standard Bearer Magazine.

This article remains the copyrighted material of the worst types essays, National Flag Foundation and is presented here by permission.] As Vice President and as a Senator and quote in essay, member of Congress before that, I have visited dozens of foreign countries. Believe me when I say I have seen lots of flags. Every country in the world flies flags on ceremonial occasions, such as the arrival of dignitaries on official trips. But something sets Americans apart. Alexander Pope An Essay On Criticism? We don't just put out the conclusion, flag for important visitors, or on solemn occasions, and then put it away. Ordinary Americans, by the millions, revere our flag and display it every day. We fly it from tall poles in front of our businesses, from short poles in our front yards, from on things apart, balcony railings in our condominium complexes.

We pin the in essay conclusion, flag on our jacket lapels and paste it to the windows of our cars and trucks. As soon as our toddlers can hold a little stick in essay on things apart, their tiny fists, we give them Old Glory to wave at the Fourth of July parade. And at quote in essay conclusion life's end, we drape the caskets of our fallen patriots with the Stars and Stripes. This proud display of, and devotion to, the symbol of our nation is uniquely American. It is how we reaffirm the fact that we are indeed one nation and that whatever our other differences, there are core values Americans hold in common: a belief in the dignity of the individual, a love of liberty, and a commitment to in africa, government of, for, and by the people. By displaying the flag, we express our gratitude to the generations past who fought and died for this country, and we remind ourselves of our obligation to preserve for generations to come the freedom that others won for us. One of the priviledges enjoyed by those of us in public life is to be greeted by quote in essay flags most everywhere we go.

This simple expression of patriotism is often a welcome relief from the cynicism of elites in our nation's capital who are too sophisticated to be caught waving a flag. My aquaintances in the major media might find this hard to believe, but there's nothing like seeing proud faces of youngsters reciting the Pledge of Allegiance to remind you of the high ideals that first led you to seek elected office. I realize that the temper of our times is increasingly cynical, that Americans in growing numbers raise a skeptical eyebrow upon hearing the words high ideals and elected office in the same breath. If you read the same newspaper stores I do, then you have seen the public opinion polls showing in part, what low repute we now hold the major branches of government. I must admit there are days when I understand those feelings. It's easy to look at the discrepancy between what officials say and what they do, and to become cynical as a result. However, I don't believe Americans will ever become entirely cynical -- as long as they keep flying the flag.

As a symbol of our republic and in essay, its institutions, our link to this country's past and to its future, the flag helps us keep in mind that the Founding Fathers created a durable and admirable system of government. The founders didn't pretend to guarantee that only honorable men and ghostwriter music, women would hold office. In fact, they assumed the opposite -- and created a system of quote checks and alexander on criticism 2 summary, balances as insurance against the imperfect politicians they knew would always exist. In other parts of the world, people tend to find Americans' love of the flag overly sentimental. I believe that our system of government, for quote in essay conclusion all its occasional flaws, is still the finest in the world. Far from being sentimental, we have very good reason to show our appreciation anew every day. This country was not built by men who relied on somebody else to take care of fall them. In Essay Conclusion? It was built by men who relied on themselves, who dared to shape their own lives, who had enough courage to blaze new trails with enough confidence in themselves to take the necessary risks. This self-reliance is our American legacy.

It is the secret of worst of college that something which stamped Americans as Americans. Some call it individual initiative, others backbone. But whatever it is called, it is conclusion a precious ingredient in our national character, one which we must not lose. The time has come for us to view resume search, re-establish the rights for which we stand, to quote in essay conclusion, re-assert our inalienable rights to human dignity, self-respect, self-relianceto be again the on things apart, kind of people who once made America great. Such a crusade for renewed independence will require a succession of inspired leaders, leaders in spirit and in conclusion, knowledge of the apart, problem, not just men with political power, but men who are militantly for quote in essay conclusion the distinctive way of lack life that was America. We are likely to find such leaders only among those that promote self-reliance and quote in essay conclusion, who practice it with strict devotion and understanding. No man thinks more highly than I do of the patriotism, as well as abilities, of the very worthy gentlemen who have just addressed the House. But different men often see the same subject in different lights; and, therefore, I hope it will not be thought disrespectful to those gentlemen if, entertaining as I do opinions of a character very opposite to theirs, I shall speak forth my sentiments freely and without reserve. This is no time for ceremony. The question before the House is one of awful moment to this country.

For my own part, I consider it as nothing less than a question of freedom or slavery; and in proportion to greek and roman essay, the magnitude of the subject ought to be the freedom of the debate. It is only in this way that we can hope to arrive at truth, and fulfill the great responsibility which we hold to God and our country. Should I keep back my opinions at such a time, through fear of giving offense, I should consider myself as guilty of treason towards my country, and of an in essay conclusion act of disloyalty toward the Majesty of Heaven, which I revere above all earthly kings. Mr. President, it is view resume search natural to man to indulge in the illusions of hope. We are apt to shut our eyes against a painful truth, and listen to the song of that siren till she transforms us into beasts.

Is this the part of wise men, engaged in a great and arduous struggle for liberty? Are we disposed to be of the number of those who, having eyes, see not, and, having ears, hear not, the conclusion, things which so nearly concern their temporal salvation? For my part, whatever anguish of spirit it may cost, I am willing to know the whole truth; to know the worst, and to lack in africa, provide for it. I have but one lamp by which my feet are guided, and that is the lamp of experience. I know of no way of judging of the future but by the past. And judging by the past, I wish to know what there has been in the conduct of the British ministry for the last ten years to justify those hopes with which gentlemen have been pleased to solace themselves and quote, the House.

Is it that insidious smile with which our petition has been lately received? Trust it not, sir; it will prove a snare to your feet. Suffer not yourselves to be betrayed with a kiss. Ask yourselves how this gracious reception of our petition comports with those warlike preparations which cover our waters and darken our land. Are fleets and armies necessary to a work of love and reconciliation? Have we shown ourselves so unwilling to be reconciled that force must be called in to win back our love? Let us not deceive ourselves, sir. Ghostwriter? These are the implements of war and quote conclusion, subjugation; the last arguments to of education in africa, which kings resort. I ask gentlemen, sir, what means this martial array, if its purpose be not to force us to quote in essay, submission? Can gentlemen assign any other possible motive for it? Has Great Britain any enemy, in this quarter of the world, to on things apart, call for all this accumulation of navies and armies?

No, sir, she has none. They are meant for us: they can be meant for no other. They are sent over to quote, bind and in africa essay, rivet upon us those chains which the British ministry have been so long forging. And what have we to oppose to them? Shall we try argument? Sir, we have been trying that for the last ten years. Have we anything new to quote in essay conclusion, offer upon the subject? Nothing.

We have held the subject up in every light of ghostwriter music which it is capable; but it has been all in quote in essay conclusion, vain. Shall we resort to entreaty and humble supplication? What terms shall we find which have not been already exhausted? Let us not, I beseech you, sir, deceive ourselves. Sir, we have done everything that could be done to avert the storm which is pope an essay 2 summary now coming on. We have petitioned; we have remonstrated; we have supplicated; we have prostrated ourselves before the throne, and have implored its interposition to arrest the conclusion, tyrannical hands of the ministry and Parliament. Our petitions have been slighted; our remonstrances have produced additional violence and insult; our supplications have been disregarded; and we have been spurned, with contempt, from the foot of the throne! In vain, after these things, may we indulge the fond hope of peace and reconciliation. Greek Government? There is no longer any room for hope. If we wish to in essay conclusion, be free -- if we mean to preserve inviolate those inestimable privileges for which we have been so long contending -- if we mean not basely to abandon the noble struggle in ghostwriter, which we have been so long engaged, and which we have pledged ourselves never to abandon until the glorious object of our contest shall be obtained -- we must fight!

I repeat it, sir, we must fight! An appeal to quote in essay conclusion, arms and to the God of hosts is all that is types of college essays left us! They tell us, sir, that we are weak; unable to cope with so formidable an adversary. But when shall we be stronger? Will it be the next week, or the next year?

Will it be when we are totally disarmed, and when a British guard shall be stationed in every house? Shall we gather strength but irresolution and in essay conclusion, inaction? Shall we acquire the means of effectual resistance by lying supinely on our backs and hugging the delusive phantom of worst hope, until our enemies shall have bound us hand and in essay conclusion, foot? Sir, we are not weak if we make a proper use of those means which the God of nature hath placed in our power. The millions of people, armed in the holy cause of liberty, and in such a country as that which we possess, are invincible by an essay on criticism any force which our enemy can send against quote conclusion, us.

Besides, sir, we shall not fight our battles alone. There is essay a just God who presides over the destinies of nations, and who will raise up friends to fight our battles for us. The battle, sir, is quote not to alexander an essay on criticism, the strong alone; it is to the vigilant, the active, the brave. Besides, sir, we have no election. If we were base enough to desire it, it is now too late to retire from the contest. In Essay Conclusion? There is no retreat but in submission and greek and roman government essay, slavery! Our chains are forged! Their clanking may be heard on the plains of Boston! The war is inevitable -- and let it come! I repeat it, sir, let it come. It is in vain, sir, to extenuate the matter.

Gentlemen may cry, Peace, Peace -- but there is no peace. Conclusion? The war is actually begun! The next gale that sweeps from the alexander an essay on criticism, north will bring to in essay conclusion, our ears the clash of resounding arms! Our brethren are already in the field! Why stand we here idle? What is ghostwriter it that gentlemen wish?

What would they have? Is life so dear, or peace so sweet, as to be purchased at the price of chains and slavery? Forbid it, Almighty God! I know not what course others may take but as for me; give me liberty or give me death. On the night of Good Friday, 1865, he left us to join a blessed procession, in quote conclusion, neither doubt nor fear, but his soul does indeed go marching on. For this was the Bible-reading lad come out of types of college wilderness, following a prairie star, filled with wonder at the world and its Maker, who all his life, boy and in essay conclusion, man, not only knew the Twenty-third Psalm but, more importantly, knew the view resume search, Shepherd. Now it seems possible that we shall never see his like again. This is a sobering thought, but it should be a kindling one, for quote in essay upon us now, as a people and a party, has been laid perhaps the types of college, greatest responsibility any nation was ever asked to quote, shoulder, yet certainly not greater than we can bear. Our days are no longer than were Lincoln's, our nights are no darker, and if there is any difference between his time and lack of education in africa essay, this it lies in the tremendous advantage that is ours, that he stood so tall before us.

In such a time and at such a moment we surely can say then, from quote in essay, hopeful, brimful hearts: We are standing, Father Abraham, devoted millions strong, firm in the faith that was yours and is ours, secure in the conviction bequeathed by you to us that right does make might and that if we but dare to do our duty as we understand it, we shall not only on things, survive. --we shall prevail. What's a flag? What's the love of country for which it stands? Maybe it begins with love of the land itself. Quote In Essay? It is the fog rolling in with the tide at essay on things Eastport, or through the Golden Gate and among the towers of San Francisco. It is the quote in essay, sun coming up behind the greek government, White Mountains, over the Green, throwing a shining glory on Lake Champlain and above the Adirondacks. It is the storied Mississippi rolling swift and muddy past St. Louis, rolling past Cairo, pouring down past the conclusion, levees of New Orleans. It is lazy noontide in the pines of Carolina, it is a sea of wheat rippling in Western Kansas, it is the San Francisco peaks far north across the alexander an essay 2 summary, glowing nakedness of Arizona, it is the Grand Canyon and a little stream coming down out of a New England ridge, in which are trout.

It is men at in essay work. It is the storm-tossed fishermen coming into Gloucester and Provincetown and Astoria. It is the farmer riding his great machine in the dust of harvest, the essay apart, dairyman going to the barn before sunrise, the in essay, lineman mending the broken wire, the miner drilling for the blast. It is the servants of of education in africa essay fire in the murky splendor of Pittsburgh, between the Allegheny and quote conclusion, the Monongahela, the trucks rumbling through the night, the locomotive engineer bringing the train in on time, the pilot in the clouds, the riveter running along the beam a hundred feet in the air. It is the clerk in the office, the housewife doing the dishes and sending the music, children off to school. It is the teacher, doctor and parson tending and quote in essay, helping, body and soul, for small reward. It is small things remembered, the little corners of the greek and roman essay, land, the houses, the people that each one loves. We love our country because there was a little tree on a hill, and grass thereon, and a sweet valley below; because the hurdy-gurdy man came along on a sunny morning in a city street; because a beach or a farm or a lane or a house that might not seem much to others were once, for each of us, made magic. It is voices that are remembered only, no longer heard. It is parents, friends, the lazy chat of street and store and office, and the ease of mind that makes life tranquil.

It is in essay conclusion Summer and Winter, rain and sun and storms. These are flesh of lack of education in africa our flesh, bone of our bone, blood of our blood, a lasting part of what we are, each of quote in essay us and all of us together. It is stories told. It is the Pilgrims dying in their first dreadful Winter. It is the minute man standing his ground at Concord Bridge, and dying there. Essay On Things? It is the army in rags, sick, freezing, starving at Valley Forge. It is the quote in essay, wagons and the men on foot going westward over Cumberland Gap, floating down the great rivers, rolling over the great plains. Worst Types Essays? It is the settler hacking fiercely at the primeval forest on his new, his own lands.

It is Thoreau at Walden Pond, Lincoln at Cooper Union, and Lee riding home from Appomattox. It is corruption and disgrace, answered always by conclusion men who would not let the search, flag lie in in essay conclusion, the dust, who have stood up in every generation to fight for the old ideals and alexander pope on criticism part, the old rights, at quote in essay risk of ruin or of life itself. It is a great multitude of people on pilgrimage, common and ordinary people, charged with the usual human failings, yet filled with such a hope as never caught the ghostwriter, imaginations and quote conclusion, the hearts of any nation on types of college essays earth before. The hope of liberty. In Essay? The hope of justice. The hope of a land in which a man can stand straight, without fear, without rancor. The land and the people and the flag, the land a continent, the people of every race, the of college essays, flag a symbol of what humanity may aspire to when the wars are over and the barriers are down: to in essay conclusion, these each generation must be dedicated and consecrated anew, to defend with life itself, if need be, but, above all, in friendliness, in hope, in courage, to live for. I am an American: That's the way we put it, simply, without any swagger, without any brag, in those four plain words. We speak them softly, just to ourselves. We roll them on the tongue, touching every syllable, getting the feel of them, the enduring flavor. We speak them humbly, thankfully, reverently: I am an American.

They are more than words, really. An Essay On Criticism Part? They are the sum of the lives of a vast multitude of men and women and wide-eyed children. They are a manifesto to mankind; speak those four words anywhere in quote conclusion, the world -- yes, anywhere -- and resume search, those who hear will recognize their meaning. They are a pledge. A pledge that stems from a document which says: When in the course of human events, and quote in essay conclusion, goes on from there. A pledge to those who dreamed that dream before it was set to paper, to those who have lived it since, and died for it.

Those words are a covenant with a great host of plain Americans, Americans who put their share of meaning into search them. Listen, and you can hear the voices echoing through them, words that sprang white-hot from bloody lips, scornful lips, lips a tremble with human pity: Don't give up the ship! Fight her till she dies. Damn the torpedoes! Go ahead! . . Quote Conclusion? . Do you want to essay fall apart, live forever? . Quote Conclusion? . . Ghostwriter? Don't cheer, boys; the poor devils are dying.

Laughing words, June-warm words, words cold as January ice: Root, hog, or die. .. I've come from Alabama with my banjo. . . Pike's Peak or bust! . . . Busted, by in essay God! . . . When you say that, smile. Wait till you see the whites of their eyes. With malice toward none, with charity for all, with firmness in the right. I am not a Virginian, but an American. You can hear men in assembly summoned, there in Philadelphia, hear the scratch of their quills as they wrote words for the hour and produced a document for the ages. You can hear them demanding guarantees for which they suffered through the hell of essay war, hear a Yankee voice intoning the text of ten brief amendments. You can hear the quote, slow cadences of alexander on criticism 2 summary a gaunt and weary man at conclusion Gettysburg, dedicating not a cemetery, but a nation. You can hear those echoes as you walk along the lack of education essay, streets, hear them in the rumble of traffic; you can hear them as you stand at the lathe, in the roaring factory; hear them in the clack of train wheels, in the drumming throb of the air liner; hear them in the corn fields and in the big woods and in the mine pits and in essay, the oil fields. But they aren't words any longer; they're a way of life, a pattern of living. They're the dawn that brings another day in which to get on the job.

They're the noon whistle, with a chance to get the kinks out of your back, to get a bowl of soup, a plate of beans, a cup of coffee into your belly. They're evening, with another day's work done; supper with the wife and kids; a movie, or the worst, radio, or the newspaper or a magazine -- and no Gestapo snooping at the door and threatening to kick your teeth in. They are a pattern of life as lived by a free people, freedom that has its roots in rights and obligations: The right to go to a church with a cross or a star or a dome or a steeple, or not to go to any church at all; and the obligation to respect others in conclusion, that same right. The right to harangue on a street corner, to an essay part 2 summary, hire a hall and shout your opinions till your tonsils are worn to a frazzle; and the obligation to quote conclusion, curb your tongue now and ghostwriter, then. The right to go to school, to learn a trade, to quote in essay conclusion, enter a profession, to earn an honest living; and the obligation to view search, do an honest day's work. The right to put your side of the argument in the hands of a jury; and the obligation to abide by in essay conclusion the laws that you and your delegates have written in the statute books. The right to choose who shall run our government for us, the right to a secret vote that counts just as much as the next fellow's in the final tally; and the obligation to resume search, use that right, and quote in essay, guard it and keep it clean.

The right to essay on things fall, hope, to dream, to pray; the obligation to serve. These are some of the meanings of those four words, meanings we don't often stop to tally up or even list. Only in the stillness of a moonless night, or in conclusion, the quiet of a Sunday afternoon, or in view resume search, the thin dawn of a new day, when our world is close about us, do they rise up in our memories and stir in our sentient hearts. Only then? That is not wholly so -- not today! For today we are drilling holes and driving rivets, shaping barrels and loading shells, fitting wings and welding hulls, And we are remembering Wake Island, and Bataan, and Corregidor, and Hong Kong and Singapore and Batavia; We are remembering Warsaw and Rotterdam and Rouen and Coventry. Remembering, and muttering with each rivet driven home: There's another one for quote remembrance! They're plain words, those four.

Simple words. You could write them on your thumbnail, if you chose, Or you could sweep them all across the sky, horizon to horizon. You could grave them on stone, you could carve them on the mountain ranges. You could sing them, to the tune of ghostwriter music Yankee Doodle. But you needn't. You needn't do any of those things, For those words are graven in the hearts of 130,000,00 people, they are familiar to 130,000,000 tongues, every sound and every syllable. But when we speak them we speak them softly, proudly, gratefully: I am an conclusion American. We do honor to the stars and stripes as the emblem of our country and the symbol of alexander pope an essay all that our patriotism means. We identify the flag with almost everything we hold dear on earth.

It represents our peace and security, our civil and political liberty, our freedom of religious worship, our family, our friends, our home. We see it in the great multitude of blessings, of rights and privileges that make up our country. But when we look at in essay our flag and behold it emblazoned with all our rights, we must remember that it is equally a symbol of our duties. Every glory that we associate with it is the worst of college essays, result of duty done. A yearly contemplation of our flag strengthens and purifies the quote in essay, national conscience. In response to a request from England for a description of Col. George Washington, his aide-de-camp, John Francis Mercer, wrote: He may be described as being as straight as an Indian, measuring six feet two inches in his stockings and weighing 175 pounds when he took his seat in the House of in africa essay Burgesses in 1759. In Essay Conclusion? His frame is padded with well developed muscles, indicating great strength. His bones and joints are large, as are his feet and hands.

He is greek government wide shouldered, but has not a deep or round chest; is neat waisted, but is broad across the hips, and has rather long legs and arms. His head is well shaped though not large, but is gracefully poised on a superb neck. Quote In Essay? A large and straight rather than a prominent nose; blue-gray eyes which are widely separated and overhung by a heavy brow. His face is view search long rather than broad, with high round cheek bones, and terminates in a good firm chin. Quote In Essay Conclusion? He has a clear though rather colorless pale skin, which burns with the sun. A pleasing, benevolent, though a commanding countenance, dark brown hair, which he wears in a cue. His mouth is essays large and generally firmly closed, but which from time to time discloscs some defective teeth. In Essay? His features are regular and placid, though fiexible and expressivc of deep feeling when moved by emotion.

What strange doubts assail this timid generation of today as it beholds the on things fall apart, challenges to both liberty and equality. We seem beset with fear not faith, with doubt not confidence, with compromise not conviction, with dismay not dedication. We are drenched with the literature of fear and doubt. Survival has become the quote, main theme. The fall-out shelter from which the stars of ghostwriter hope and courage cannot be seen has become the symbol of our fears and misgivings. Are we to become fearful, unworthy legatees in a blessed, united land where the earth is fertile to our every need, where the skills and quote conclusion, ingenuity of alexander on criticism part men are boundless, where the burdens are bearable, where decent living is within the reach of all, and where the genius to produce is unlimited?

Perhaps we have lost our sense of continuity? Perhaps we have forgotten that we move in that same endless stream which began with our forefathers and quote in essay, which will flow on and on to embrace our children and our children's children. If we have, there will have gone with it that sense of individual responsibility which is the last best hope that a nation conceived in liberty and types of college essays, dedicated to equality can long endure. Comes then the reminder from the quote in essay conclusion, man from Illinois. Men died here and men are sleeping here who fought under a July sun that the nation might endure, united, free, tolerant, and greek essay, devoted to equality.

The task was unfinished. Quote In Essay Conclusion? It is essay on things never quite finished. I was born an American; I live an American; I shall die an American; and I intend to perform the duties incumbent upon me in that character to the end of my career. I mean to do this with absolute disregard of personal consequences. What are the personal consequences? What is the individual man, with all the good or evil that may betide him, in comparison with the in essay, good or evil which may befall a great country, and in the midst of music great transactions which concern that country's fate? Let the quote in essay, consequences be what they will, I am careless. No man can suffer too much, and no man can fall too soon, if he suffer, or if he fall, in ghostwriter, the defense of the liberties and constitution of his country. Daniel Webster Speaks at Bunker Hill. The first time I ever saw Mr.

Webster was on the 17th of June, 1825, at the laying of the corner-stone of the quote, Bunker Hill Monument. I shall never forget his appearance as he strode across the open area, encircled by some fifty thousand personsmen and women, waiting for the Orator of the Day, nor the shout that simultaneously burst forth, as he was recognized, carrying up to the skies the name of Webster! Webster! Webster! It was one of those lovely days in June, when the sun is music bright, the air clear, and the breath of nature so sweet and quote in essay, pure as to on things apart, fill every bosom with a grateful joy in the mere consciousness of existence. There were present long files of soldiers in their holiday attire; there were many associations, with their mottoed banners; there were lodges and grand lodges, in white aprons and conclusion, blue scarfs; there were miles of citizens from the towns and the country round about; there were two hundred gray-haired men, remnants of the days of the Revolution. Mr. Webster was in the very zenith of his fame and pope on criticism, of his powers. There was a grandeur in his form, an intelligence in his deep dark eye, a loftiness in his expansive brow, a significance in his arched lip, altogether beyond those of any other human being I ever saw. And these, on the occasion to which I allude, had their full expression and interpretation.

When he came to address the quote in essay conclusion, few scarred and time-worn veterans, some forty in number, who had shared in the bloody scene which all had now gathered to commemorate, he paused a moment, and, as he uttered the words Venerable men, his voice trembled, and I could see a cloud pass over the sea of faces that turned upon the speaker. He said: Our poor work may perish, but thine shall endure: this monument may moulder away, the solid ground it rests upon may sink down to the level of the sea; but thy memory shall not fail. Wherever among men a heart shall be found that beats to the transports of patriotism and liberty, its aspirations shall claim kindred with thy spirit! I have never seen such an effect, from ghostwriter, a single passage. Lifted as by inspiration, every breast seemed now to expand, every gaze to turn above, every face to beam with a holy yet exulting enthusiasm.

It was the omnipotence of eloquence, which, like the agitated sea, carries a host upon its waves, sinking and swelling with its irresistible undulations.

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The 2009 H1N1 Pandemic: Summary Highlights, April 2009-April 2010. Updated: June 16, 2010. This document summarizes key events of the 2009 H1N1 pandemic and CDCs response activities for historical purposes. This document is a summary; it is not a comprehensive account of in essay, all CDC actions and activities nor is it intended to represent response efforts by other agencies and partners. The 2009 H1N1 influenza (flu) pandemic occurred against a backdrop of view resume, pandemic response planning at all levels of quote, government including years of search, developing, refining and regularly exercising response plans at the international, federal, state, local, and community levels.

At the time, experts believed that avian influenza A (H5N1) viruses posed the greatest pandemic threat. H5N1 viruses were endemic in poultry in in essay conclusion parts of the world and were infecting people sporadically, often with deadly results. Given that reality, pandemic preparedness efforts were largely based on and roman government essay a scenario of quote in essay conclusion, severe human illness caused by an H5N1 virus. Despite differences in planning scenarios and the actual 2009 H1N1 pandemic, many of the systems established through pandemic planning were used and useful for the 2009 H1N1 pandemic response. CDCs response to the 2009 H1N1 pandemic response was complex, multi-faceted and long-term, lasting more than a year. This document seeks to document for the public the key events of the pandemic as they unfolded and CDCs response.

The following is worst types essays, a summary narrative of highlighted CDC-related events from the 2009 H1N1 pandemic. 2009 H1N1 was first detected in the United States in April 2009. This virus was a unique combination of influenza virus genes never previously identified in either animals or people. The virus genes were a combination of genes most closely related to quote in essay, North American swine-lineage H1N1 and Eurasian lineage swine-origin H1N1 influenza viruses. Because of this, initial reports referred to the virus as a swine origin influenza virus. However, investigations of initial human cases did not identify exposures to pigs and quickly it became apparent that this new virus was circulating among humans and not among U.S. pig herds. Infection with this new influenza A virus (then referred to as swine origin influenza A virus) was first detected in a 10-year-old patient in alexander 2 summary California on April 15, 2009, who was tested for influenza as part of a clinical study. Quote. Laboratory testing at CDC confirmed that this virus was new to humans. Two days later, CDC laboratory testing confirmed a second infection with this virus in resume search another patient, an 8-year-old living in California about 130 miles away from the first patient who was tested as part of an influenza surveillance project. Conclusion. There was no known connection between the two patients. Laboratory analysis at resume, CDC determined that the viruses obtained from these two patients were very similar to each other, and different from any other influenza viruses previously seen either in in essay humans or animals.

Testing showed that these two viruses were resistant to the two antiviral drugs amantadine and rimantadine, but susceptible to ghostwriter, the antiviral drugs oseltamivir and zanamivir. CDC began an in essay conclusion, immediate investigation into the situation in coordination with state and local animal and lack in africa essay human health officials in California. The cases of 2009 H1N1 flu in California occurred in the context of sporadic reports of human infection with North American-lineage swine influenza viruses in the United States, most often associated with close contact with infected pigs. (During December 2005 January 2009, 12 cases of human infection with swine influenza were reported; five of quote in essay, these 12 cases occurred in patients who had direct exposure to pigs, six patients reported being near pigs, and the source of infection in one case was unknown). Human-to-human spread swine influenza viruses had been rarely documented and greek and roman government had not been known to result in widespread community outbreaks among people. Quote In Essay Conclusion. In mid-April of alexander pope an essay on criticism 2 summary, 2009, however, the detection of two patients infected with swine origin flu viruses 130 miles apart, raised concern that a novel swine-origin influenza virus had made its way into quote in essay conclusion, the human population and was spreading among people. CDC remained in close contact with the international health community as the outbreak unfolded and on April 18, 2009, under the of education International Health Regulations (IHR) the United States International Health Regulations Program reported the 2009 H1N1 influenza cases to the World Health Organization (WHO). The cases also were reported to the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO), Canada and quote conclusion Mexico, as part of the Security and Prosperity Partnership of North America. CDC worked closely with state and local animal and apart human health officials on epidemiological investigations by tracing contacts of both patients to quote in essay conclusion, try to determine the source of their infection and by examining whether there was any link between the patients and pigs. Surveillance also was enhanced to try to detect additional cases of human illness with this virus. Alexander Pope 2 Summary. Based on the geographic location of the first cases, lack of contact between these cases and quote in essay swine, and data collected through contact tracing and laboratory testing, CDC epidemiologists suspected that human-to-human transmission of this virus had taken place. In an article entitled Swine Influenza A (H1N1) Infection in Two Children --- Southern California, March-April 2009 published on April 21, 2009 in the Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR), CDC described the cases and worst types essays requested that state public health laboratories send to CDC all influenza A specimens that could not be subtyped.

That same day CDC responded to media inquiries related to the MMWR from quote in essay medical reporters. Within a day, three additional samples of this new virus were identified in San Diego County and Imperial County California hospitals and ghostwriter sent to CDC for further testing. CDC laboratory testing confirmed that these samples also were positive for the virus that would come to be called 2009 H1N1.. By April 21, 2009, CDC had begun working to develop a virus that could be used to make vaccine to protect against quote in essay this new virus (called a candidate vaccine virus). There are many steps involved with producing a vaccine the pope 2 summary first step is getting a good high yield vaccine virus. A high-yield vaccine virus is a sample of the virus that is used to grow the virus in mass quantities in chicken eggs. Once the virus is grown in mass quantities, the virus particles are then purified to make vaccine. In Essay Conclusion. Recognizing that 2009 H1N1 was a new flu virus and, like all flu viruses, unpredictable - CDC simultaneously pursued multiple scientific methods to government, create a high-yield virus.

A virus isolated at CDC, (called A/California/07/2009) was eventually chosen to be the vaccine virus used to make vaccine. CDC sent the vaccine virus to vaccine manufacturing companies so that they could begin vaccine production, in the event that the in essay conclusion U.S. government should decide a vaccine was necessary. CDC activated its Emergency Operations Center (EOC) on lack of education in africa essay April 22, 2009, to coordinate the response to quote, this emerging public health threat. Response activities were organized into a team structure according to view resume, the National Incident Management System (NIMS)These teams had different areas of focus including but not limited to: surveillance, laboratory issues, communications, at-risk populations, antiviral medications, vaccine, and travelers health issues. As the outbreak unfolded, team structures and staffing were periodically assessed for functionality and utility. On April 23, 2009, samples submitted by quote conclusion Texas revealed two additional cases of human infections with 2009 H1N1, transforming the investigation into a multistate outbreak and worst types essays response. Quote In Essay. At the same time, CDC was testing 14 samples from Mexico, some of which had been collected from patients who were ill before the ghostwriter music first 2 U.S. (California) patients. Results from seven of the samples were positive for quote in essay conclusion, 2009 H1N1 and similar findings were reported for greek essay, specimens submitted by quote in essay conclusion Mexico to Canada. It had now become clear that cases were occurring in multiple countries and human to human spread of the virus appeared to be ongoing. Greek And Roman. That same day CDC held the first formal full press briefing to inform the conclusion media and guide the public and health care response to the rapidly evolving situation. And Roman. CDC held nearly 60 press briefings during the 2009 H1N1 response.

On April 24, 2009, CDC uploaded complete gene sequences of the 2009 H1N1 virus to a publicly-accessible international influenza database, which enabled scientists around the world to use the sequences for public health research and for comparison against in essay conclusion influenza viruses collected elsewhere, and ghostwriter music an updated report on the outbreak was published online in the MMWR. World Braces for Possible Pandemic. On Saturday, April 25, 2009, under the rules of the International Health Regulations, the Director-General of quote conclusion, WHO declared the lack 2009 H1N1 outbreak a Public Health Emergency of International Concern and recommended that countries intensify surveillance for unusual outbreaks of influenza-like illness and severe pneumonia. Also on April 25, 2009, New York City officials reported an investigation into a cluster of in essay, influenza-like illness in a high school, and CDC testing confirmed two cases of 2009 H1N1 influenza infection in Kansas, and another case in Ohio shortly after. On April 26, 2009, the United States Government determined that a public health emergency existed nationwide; CDCs Strategic National Stockpile (SNS) began releasing 25% of the supplies in lack in africa essay the stockpile that could be used to quote in essay, protect and treat influenza. This included 11 million regimens of antiviral drugs, and personal protective equipment including over 39 million respiratory protection devices (masks and fall respirators), gowns, gloves and quote in essay face shields, to states (allocations were based on each states population).

As part of the lack of education nations pre-pandemic planning efforts, by in essay conclusion April 2009 the Federal Government had purchased 50 million treatment courses of antiviral drugs oseltamivir and ghostwriter music zanamivir for the SNS, and states had purchased 23 million antiviral regimens. After the determination of the public health emergency, FDA also took action to expand possible usage of antiviral drugs oseltamivir and quote conclusion zanamivir by issuing Emergency Use Authorizations (EUAs). The EUAs allowed for use of the products in a manner different from search what they were FDA-approved for. This included allowing for off-label use of: oseltamivir to treat children younger than 1 year of age and to help prevent influenza in children 3 months to 1 year of age, and; oseltamivir and zanamivir to treat patients who are symptomatic for more than two days before initiation of treatment, or who had complicated illness requiring hospitalization. On April 27, the WHO Director-General raised the level of influenza pandemic alert from phase 3 to phase 4, based primarily on epidemiological data demonstrating human-to-human transmission and the ability of the quote virus to cause community-level outbreaks.

Based on worst of college reports of widespread influenza-like-illness and many severe illnesses and deaths in Mexico, CDC issued a travel health warning recommending that United States travelers postpone all non-essential travel to Mexico. As in past influenza seasons, CDC urged the public and especially those people at in essay conclusion, highest risk of influenza-related complications, to protect themselves by taking antiviral drugs early in their illness when recommended by their doctor; CDC also advised that everyone take every day preventive actions like covering coughs and view resume search sneezes and staying home from work and school when ill to help reduce the spread of illness. On April 29, 2009 WHO raised the influenza pandemic alert from phase 4 to quote in essay, phase 5, signaling that a pandemic was imminent, and requested that all countries immediately activate their pandemic preparedness plans and be on ghostwriter high alert for unusual outbreaks of influenza-like illness and severe pneumonia. Quote In Essay. The U.S. Government was already implementing its pandemic response plan. Greek And Roman Government. CDC continued to post and update guidance for states, clinicians, laboratories, schools, partners and the public on topics ranging from the non-pharmaceutical measures communities could take to limit spread of disease, to how to evaluate a patient for quote conclusion, possible infection with 2009 H1N1 influenza, to how to care for children who might be sick with 2009 H1N1 influenza. On April 30, 2009, CDC issued an MMWR Dispatch describing the initial outbreak of 2009 H1N1 influenza in Mexico. Findings in Mexico indicated that transmission in Mexico involved person-to-person spread with multiple generations of transmission. CDC also issued an MMWR Dispatch on the outbreak of 2009 H1N1 influenza infection in a high school in New York City, that was, at the time, the largest reported cluster of view, 2009 H1N1 cases in the United States.

The Dispatch suggested that the high school age students had respiratory and fever symptoms similar to those caused by a seasonal flu, but in addition, about half had diarrhea, which is quote in essay conclusion, more than expected with seasonal flu. Lack Essay. As the details of the outbreak unfolded, the Federal response continued in high gear. Also on April 30, 2009, HHS announced that the Federal government would purchase an additional 13 million treatment courses of antiviral drugs to help fight influenza. The additional treatment courses would be added to the SNS. As the outbreak spread, CDC began receiving reports of quote in essay, school closures and essays implementation of community-level social distancing measures meant to slow the quote in essay conclusion spread of disease. School administrators and public health officials were following their pandemic plans and doing everything they could to lack of education in africa, slow the spread of illness. (Social distancing measures are meant to increase distance between people. Measures include staying home when ill unless to seek medical care, avoiding large gatherings, telecommuting, and implementing school closures). CDC Laboratories Bolster Nations Testing Capacity. While initial efforts were underway to develop a safe and effective vaccine to in essay, protect people against 2009 H1N1, work also was being done at CDC to help laboratories supporting health care professionals to more quickly identify the 2009 H1N1 virus in samples from patients. The real-time PCR test developed by ghostwriter CDC was cleared for in essay conclusion, use by diagnostic laboratories by ghostwriter music FDA under an Emergency Use Authorization (EUA) on April 28, 2009, less than two weeks after identification of the new pandemic virus.

Prior to in essay, the availability of this EUA, public health laboratories had been able to lack, identify whether influenza A viruses were seasonal influenza viruses or were a novel strain, but the new diagnostic kits allowed labs to confirm a virus as 2009 H1N1. On May 1, 2009, CDC test kits began shipping to domestic and international public health laboratories. (Each test kit contained reagents to test 1,000 clinical specimens). From May 1 through September 1, 2009, more than 1,000 kits were shipped to 120 domestic and 250 international laboratories in 140 countries. Once labs had the test kits and verified that their testing was running properly, they were able to quote in essay, identify new cases more quickly than before and on things fall no longer needed to send samples to CDC for lab confirmation. The transition away from CDC lab confirmation testing didnt happen overnight though - between April 23 and May 31, 2009, CDC influenza laboratory analyzed about 5,000 influenza virus samples, five times the number that were processed in a similar timeframe in 2008, and more than during any previous influenza season. Quote Conclusion. By May 18, 2009, 40 states had been validated to conduct their own 2009 H1N1 testing, with eight states having multiple laboratories able to do their own testing. CDC alerted the public that the expansion in testing capacity would likely result in a jump in the number of 2009 H1N1 cases, but that this would actually present a more accurate picture of the true scope of 2009 H1N1 influenza in the United States. By May 1, 2009, CDC had identified some interesting things about the 2009 H1N1 virus. Researchers had confirmed earlier testing that the 2009 H1N1 influenza virus was a quadruple-reassortant virus, meaning that it contained virus genes that originated from four different influenza virus sources. Some of the gene segments originated from North American swine influenza viruses, some gene segments originated from North American avian influenza viruses, one gene segment originated from a human influenza virus, and two gene segments were normally found in swine influenza viruses from Asia and in lack of education in africa essay Europe. Quote In Essay. Testing of a number of the virus samples submitted to CDC showed that they were very similar, which means they likely originated from the same source.

Laboratory testing showed that the 2009 H1N1 influenza virus did not have any 1918-like markers that had been associated with increased risk of severe disease. Testing also did not find genetic markers that were previously associated with high death rates in people infected with the avian influenza A (H5N1) virus in other countries.. On May 4, 2009, CDC shifted from reporting confirmed cases of 2009 H1N1 to reporting both confirmed and probable cases of 2009 H1N1. At that point, more than 98% of probable flu virus samples were testing positive for 2009 H1N1, indicating the ever-growing scale of the outbreak. On Things. Probable cases were reported to in essay, CDC by state health departments and occurred in essays people who tested positive for influenza A and negative for seasonal influenza A(H1N1) and A(H3N2) subtypes at their state health department laboratory, but whose samples had not had confirmatory testing for the 2009 H1N1 influenza virus. CDC Shares Personnel, Guidance, Early Results of quote in essay conclusion, Studies. CDC deployed a large number of staff to the field to support the outbreak response; by May 1, 2009, 50 staff people were deployed, and that number climbed to more than 100 by May 11, 2009, before gradually declining as field teams returned from on things apart deployment to complete studies, analyze collected data, and in essay conclusion help inform policy decisions for the prevention and control of 2009 H1N1 influenza. Over the course of the outbreak, more than 3,300 people from of education in africa essay throughout CDC would support the response. On May 6, 2009, CDC distributed recommendations for the use of quote in essay conclusion, influenza antiviral medicines to provide guidance for clinicians in view search prescribing antiviral medicines for treatment and prevention (chemoprophylaxis) of 2009 H1N1 influenza. CDC recommended that testing and antiviral treatment be prioritized for people with severe respiratory illness and people at high risk of complications from seasonal influenza.

This included children younger than 5 years old, pregnant women, people with chronic medical conditions, and people 65 years and older. On May 8, 2009, CDC issued an MMWR updating the situations in Mexico, the conclusion United States, and worldwide, and on on things fall apart May 15, 2009, CDCs Travel Health Warning recommending against conclusion non-essential travel to Mexico, in effect since April 27, 2009, was downgraded to a Travel Health Precaution for Mexico. By this point in the outbreak, about half of all influenza viruses being detected through laboratory surveillance were 2009 H1N1 viruses, with the other half being regular seasonal influenza viruses, including seasonal influenza A H1N1, influenza A H3N2 and type B viruses. Surveillance reports indicated that the largest number of 2009 H1N1 influenza confirmed and an essay on criticism part 2 summary probable cases (about 57% of cases) were occurring among people between 5 years and 24 years of age, and 41% of the hospitalizations were occurring among older children and young adults. The highest rates of hospitalization were among children younger than 5 years of age; the next highest hospitalization rate was in people 5 years to 24 years of quote conclusion, age.

Based on data from previous influenza pandemics and seasonal influenza, pregnant women had been recognized as a high-risk group early in the outbreak. Early data on greek and roman 2009 H1N1 illness among pregnant women was reported in an article published as an MMWR Dispatch on May 12, 2009. Quote In Essay Conclusion. This article emphasized the importance of empiric treatment (treatment without confirmatory testing) of pregnant women suspected to have 2009 H1N1. People with other previously recognized medical conditions that placed them at music, high risk of complications from seasonal influenza also appeared to be at increased risk of complications from 2009 H1N1 influenza. In this report, seventy-one percent (71%) of in essay, hospitalized patients had one or more underlying chronic medical conditions. Reported deaths had occurred in people ranging in age from 22 months old to 57 years old. Also, only 13% of hospitalizations had occurred in view resume search people 50 years and older, and there were few cases and no deaths in people older than 65 years, which was unusual when compared with seasonal flu.

Early results of an quote in essay conclusion, antibody study conducted by resume CDC indicated that children had no existing cross-reactive antibody to the 2009 H1N1 influenza virus, while about one-third of adults older than 60 years of age had cross-reactive antibody against the 2009 H1N1 flu virus. One possible explanation for this pre-existing antibody in older adults was that they may have had previous exposure, either through infection or vaccination, to quote, an influenza A H1N1 virus that was more closely related to the 2009 H1N1 flu virus than contemporary seasonal influenza A (H1N1) viruses are. Data from a similar study suggested that seasonal influenza vaccine would not provide any significant protection against view resume search 2009 H1N1 influenza virus. On June 11, 2009, WHO signaled that a global pandemic of 2009 H1N1 influenza was underway by further raising the in essay worldwide pandemic alert level to Phase 6 . That day, CDC held its first press conference with the an essay part new CDC Director Thomas Frieden, MD, MPH. The press conference had a total of in essay conclusion, 2,355 participants. At the time, more than 70 countries had reported cases of 2009 H1N1 infection, and community level outbreaks of 2009 H1N1 were ongoing in and roman essay multiple parts of the world. The WHO decision to raise the pandemic alert level to Phase 6 was a reflection of in essay conclusion, spread of the virus in other parts of the world and pope an essay on criticism not a reflection of any change in quote in essay conclusion the 2009 H1N1 influenza virus or associated illness.

To date, most people in the United States who had become ill with 2009 H1N1 influenza had not become seriously ill and had recovered without hospitalization. After the WHO declaration of a pandemic on June 11, the 2009 H1N1 virus continued to spread and the number of countries reporting cases of 2009 H1N1 nearly doubled from mid-June 2009 to worst of college essays, early July 2009. Significant levels of 2009 H1N1 illness continued, with localized and in some cases intense outbreaks occurring. By June 19, 2009, all 50 states in the United States, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, and the U.S. Virgin Islands had reported cases of 2009 H1N1 infection.

The United States continued to report the largest number of 2009 H1N1 cases of any country worldwide, although most people who became ill recovered without requiring medical treatment. By late June more than 30 summer camps in the U.S. had reported outbreaks of 2009 H1N1 influenza illness, and CDC released guidance for conclusion, day and ghostwriter music residential camps to reduce the spread of influenza. Quote Conclusion. At the pope an essay June 25, 2009 Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices Meeting, CDC estimated that at least 1 million cases of in essay conclusion, 2009 H1N1 influenza had occurred in the United States. In early July, 2009, three 2009 H1N1 influenza viruses that were resistant to ghostwriter music, the antiviral drug oseltamivir were detected in three countries. In Essay Conclusion. (Antiviral resistance is pope an essay part, when a virus changes in such a way that the antiviral drug is less effective in treating or preventing illnesses caused by the virus.) CDC and WHO partners continued to conduct surveillance for antiviral resistance, although instances of antiviral resistance continued to be detected very rarely. Also in July 2009, CDC reported findings in the MMWR that indicated a striking prevalence of obesity in intensive care patients who were confirmed to have 2009 H1N1 influenza. In Essay Conclusion. Throughout the pandemic, CDC would continue to examine the of college essays relationship between 2009 H1N1 influenza, obesity, severe disease and other underlying risk factors. CDC continued to work with the Council of State and Territorial Epidemiologists (CSTE) to enhance surveillance for 2009 H1N1 influenza.

As 2009 H1N1 cases continued to occur through the spring and summer, the task of in essay conclusion, counting cases became increasingly difficult. On May 12, 2009, CDC transitioned from reporting individual confirmed and probable cases of 2009 H1N1 influenza to reporting aggregate counts of 2009 H1N1 lab confirmed and probable cases, hospitalizations and deaths with the launch of an aggregate reporting web site. Once the numbers of essay on things apart, cases increased beyond the point where counting of individual cases was practical, on July 23, 2009, CDC reported the number of 2009 cases for the last time. Reporting of 2009 H1N1 hospitalizations and deaths continued. In addition, CDC continued using its traditional surveillance systems to in essay, track the progress of the alexander an essay part 2009 H1N1 influenza outbreak. Traditional surveillance systems do not count individual cases, but instead monitor activity levels and virus characteristics through a nationwide surveillance system. CDC worked closely with countries in the Southern Hemisphere to monitor and enhance surveillance for conclusion, influenza viruses throughout the summer months.

The Southern Hemispheres influenza season began in May 2009 and countries there reported that 2009 H1N1 virus was spreading and causing illness along with regular seasonal influenza viruses. After mid-July, disease activity in essay on things fall most countries decreased, and by November, temperate regions of the Southern Hemisphere were reporting very little 2009 H1N1 disease activity. Quote Conclusion. In general, the experience of the Southern Hemisphere with the 2009 H1N1 virus was similar to what is usually seen during a regular influenza season and did not seem to excessively impact the health care systems in the Southern Hemisphere. Also, surveillance systems did not find significant changes in worst essays the 2009 H1N1 influenza viruses circulating in the Southern Hemisphere as compared to viruses isolated from people in the Northern Hemisphere. These findings provided the U.S. with valuable clues related to what the conclusion 2009-2010 influenza season in the United States might be like. Worst. Importantly, the lack of significant changes in the virus indicated that the 2009 H1N1 vaccine being manufactured would closely match the currently circulating 2009 H1N1 viruses and likely provide people with good protection against 2009 H1N1 influenza. 2009 H1N1 influenza summer activity peaked in quote the United States during May and essay fall apart June and declined during July and early August. However, levels of quote in essay, influenza activity would remain above normal throughout the summer months with localized outbreaks. During the last two weeks of August, 2009 H1N1 influenza activity again began to increase United States. In August 2009, CDC reported an additional two instances of oseltamivir-resistant virus infection in two immunosuppressed patients in Seattle, Washington. Later, in mid-September, CDC reported two additional cases of oseltamivir-resistant 2009 H1N1 influenza in two summer campers in North Carolina.

CDC and partners continued to carefully track 2009 H1N1 influenza antiviral resistance. As of June 2010 the 2009 H1N1 virus remains susceptible to the antiviral drugs oseltamivir and zanamivir, with rare exception. Cases of antiviral resistance are carefully tracked and updated numbers are posted each week as part of the CDC publication FluView. In late August, CDC began working with the commercial supply chain (manufacturers, distributors, retailers) for certain influenza countermeasures to of education essay, monitor national inventory levels of critical supplies (antivirals and respiratory protective equipment) on a weekly basis. In Essay. This visibility provided important data to greek, guide SNS decision-making leading to the release of quote in essay conclusion, additional SNS countermeasures. FDA and the manufacturer of the antiviral drug Tamiflu (oseltamivir) recognized that commercial and stockpiled supplies of Tamiflu oral suspension (liquid formulation meant for children) were limited in October 2009. CDC worked with partners to reach pharmacists with background information, updates on antiviral drug supplies, and instructions on how to essay fall, compound oral suspension from Tamiflu capsules meant for adults (Compounding is the mixing of drugs by quote conclusion a health care professional to fit the unique needs of the patient).

CDC also provided instructions for parents and caregivers on view resume search how to make a medicine mixture for their child using adult Tamiflu capsules and thick, sweetened liquid. CDC also analyzed related surveillance data and quote conclusion based on the analysis over 500,000 bottles of pediatric oral suspension were distributed from the CDC SNS to on things apart, states to fill production gaps and meet the increasing demand for the formulation. On October 23rd, 2009, FDA issued an Emergency Use Authorization (EUA) for quote conclusion, Peramivir IV. Peramivir IV is an investigational intravenous antiviral drug used to treat people who have been hospitalized due to severe flu illness. This drug was held in the Strategic National Stockpile (SNS) and distributed by government essay CDC under an EUA. Licensed clinicians were able to request this product through the in essay conclusion CDC website electronic request system, and product was delivered directly to hospital facilities. Also in ghostwriter music October, HHS authorized the release of an additional 59.5 million N95 respirators. CDC closed out reports of 2009 H1N1 hospitalizations and deaths for the 2008-09 season in late August. Quote In Essay. On August 30, 2009, reporting modifications were implemented to allow states to pope on criticism, report hospitalizations and deaths associated with any influenza or to report hospitalizations and deaths using a pneumonia and quote in essay influenza syndromic case definition through the Aggregate Hospitalizations and Deaths Reporting Activity (AHDRA). This change in reporting was implemented in order to provide a fuller picture of the burden of serious flu illness and deaths during the pandemic. Music. The new reporting season for the 2009-2010 flu season began on August 30, 2009, and quote in essay the first new numbers for the 2009-2010 season were reported in search the September 11, 2009 issue of FluView.

Over the course of the pandemic, CDC refined and revised its surveillance methods, eventually developing a methodology based on surveillance data to in essay, estimate the range of 2009 H1N1 cases, hospitalizations and deaths in the United States. CDC released its first official estimates for 2009 H1N1 cases, hospitalizations and 2 summary deaths on November 12, 2009, and quote in essay conclusion updated these on December 10, 2009, January 15, 2010, February 12, 2010, March 12, 2010, April 19, 2010 and for view, the final time on May 14, 2010. The emergence and spread of the 2009 H1N1 virus resulted in extraordinary influenza-like illness activity in the United States throughout the summer and fall months of 2009. During this period, influenza activity reached its highest level in the reporting week ending October 24, 2009, with 49 of 50 states reporting geographically widespread disease. A cornerstone of the U.S. Government response to the 2009 H1N1 pandemic was the launch of the national influenza 2009 H1N1 vaccination campaign that began in quote in essay conclusion October. Much activity led up to view resume, the launch of the vaccination campaign. Starting in early June 2009, weekly calls were held to provide state and local planners with vaccine-related updates, and on July 8, 2009, CDC issued guidance for state and local public health departments to assist them in planning for the 2009 H1N1 influenza vaccination campaign. Quote In Essay Conclusion. On July 9, 2009, the ghostwriter music Department of Health and Human Services, the quote in essay Department of of education essay, Homeland Security, the conclusion Department of Education, and the White House held an influenza preparedness summit for federal, state, local and tribal officials to discuss existing pandemic plans, lessons learned, and worst types essays preparedness priorities. At the summit, the quote Federal government announced the availability of $350 million in supplemental funding for use by state, local and greek territorial health departments to bolster their response activities to the 2009 H1N1 influenza pandemic and strongly encouraged state, tribal and local partners to be ready to begin a 2009 H1N1 influenza immunization program by mid-October 2009.

The 2009 National Influenza Vaccine Summit, a partnership of public and private stakeholders committed to achieving the Healthy People 2010 goals for influenza vaccine, convened on conclusion June 29. During the 2009 Summit, attendees were provided updates by experts in several professional fields, including private medicine, public health, health communication, vaccine manufacturing, vaccine distribution, and vaccine-related policy. CDC has been a cosponsor of this event, along with the American Medical Association, since 2001. In preparation for the 2009 H1N1 influenza immunization program, on July 22, 2009, the National Institutes of Health (NIH) announced the start of a series of clinical trials to of education essay, test pilot lots of two manufacturers versions of conclusion, 2009 H1N1 influenza vaccine in healthy people, as well as people with underlying health conditions like asthma and HIV. Preliminary results from the clinical trials were announced publicly. On July 23, 2009, FDAs Vaccines and Related Biological Advisory Committee indicated support of FDAs proposed plan to license monovalent 2009 H1N1 vaccines via a strain change pathway, similar to how seasonal influenza vaccines are licensed. View Resume. This meant the 2009 H1N1 vaccine would be made in in essay the same way using the same standards already in place for seasonal vaccines; it also allowed licensure to proceed more quickly since it did not require immunogenicity data or additional safety (except for the live attenuated vaccine) data for licensure. On July 29, 2009, the Advisory Committee for Immunization Practices (ACIP) met to make recommendations for of college essays, 2009 H1N1 vaccine. The ACIP recommended that as many people as possible receive 2009 H1N1 vaccine as quickly as possible. Certain groups of people were targeted to receive initially limited supplies of the 2009 H1N1 vaccine based on epidemiologic and virologic data indicating they were at in essay conclusion, higher risk for infection or for severe influenza complications.

The initial target groups for vaccination were estimated to consist of about 159 million people and included: pregnant women, people who live with or care for types of college, infants younger than 6 months of quote conclusion, age, health care and emergency medical services personnel, infants 6 months through young adults 24 years of age, and music adults 25 through 64 years of age who are at higher risk for 2009 H1N1 complications because of chronic health disorders or compromised immune systems. Quote In Essay. The ACIP also recommended that local public health authorities and health care practitioners have flexibility to determine at the local level how quickly and when to expand vaccination to other groups because vaccine availability and demand would likely vary by area. CDC convened three public engagement sessions in view resume search mid-August in ten regions of the United States with the purpose of quote in essay conclusion, soliciting citizen input into greek and roman government essay, vaccination planning. In Essay Conclusion. The public provided opinions to CDC regarding how vaccine should be provided in the U.S., and the information that was collected helped to inform how 2009 H1N1 vaccine was distributed after it was manufactured. Ultimately, it was decided that vaccine should be distributed as soon as it was ready so that people could be protected against influenza as soon as possible, versus waiting to alexander 2 summary, distribute vaccine until large quantities were prepared. In late August, CDC published a study in the MMWR that summarized an investigation of laboratory-confirmed cases of 2009 H1N1 influenza identified during April 24-July 25, 2009 in Chicago, Illinois. The study found that the overall attack rate was highest among children aged 5-14 years (147 per 100,000 population), which was 14 times higher than for in essay, adults older than 60 years of age. A total of 205 (13%) patients were hospitalized, with the highest rate observed among children aged 0-4 years (25 per 100,000), followed by view resume search children aged 5-14 years (11 per 100,000). These findings would also provide input into vaccination strategy. By the end of August 2009, prototype vaccines to quote conclusion, prevent 2009 H1N1 virus had been developed but were not yet licensed.

Production of the on things enormous quantities of vaccine necessary to protect the entire U.S. population was underway. CDC expanded its contract for the childhood Vaccine for Children program in the United States (McKesson Specialty Distribution), to provide centralized distribution of 2009 H1N1 vaccine. Available vaccine supplies were allocated to quote in essay conclusion, states proportional to their total populations and shipped to public and private provider vaccination sites based on orders placed by the states. Participating providers were asked to sign a Provider Agreement assuring they intended to meet state requirements for administering vaccine. On September 3, 2009, CDC published in the MMWR a study that had analyzed data related to 2009 H1N1 influenza pediatric deaths reported to CDC from April to August, 2009.

Data showed that as of August 8, 2009, 477 deaths with laboratory confirmed 2009 H1N1 flu in search the United States had been reported to CDC, including 36 children younger than 18 years of age. Sixty-seven percent (67%) of children who died with 2009 H1N1 influenza had at least one high-risk medical condition. Conclusion. CDC continued to urge parents to worst types, recognize 2009 H1N1 in in essay conclusion their children early and to view search, seek medical attention when needed. Quote. CDC also reiterated that all children 6 months or older and caregivers of children younger than 6 months should receive the 2009 H1N1 vaccine when it became available. On September 10, 2009, the HHS Secretary and CDC Director joined the National Foundation for Infectious Diseases (NFID) in view resume a news conference to stress vigilance against seasonal influenza in an unusual season and urged Americans to get their seasonal flu vaccine early. In addition to NFID, HHS and CDC, the news conference was held in collaboration with the quote in essay American Medical Association (AMA), American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP), American College of Physicians (ACP), AARP, and the National Influenza Vaccine Summit.

On September 15, 2009, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) announced its approval of four 2009 H1N1 influenza vaccines, and later, on November 16, FDA announced its approval of a fifth 2009 H1N1 vaccine to protect against alexander an essay on criticism 2 summary the 2009 H1N1 flu virus. The NIH announced on September 21, 2009, that early results from conclusion clinical trials of 2009 H1N1 influenza vaccine in music children looked promising. Preliminary analysis indicated that the vaccines were safe, and that only one dose of 2009 H1N1 vaccine for the majority of 10 to 17 year olds would be needed to generate a sufficient immune response to be protective against 2009 H1N1 influenza virus, but younger children generally had a less robust early response to the vaccine. CDC recommended that children younger than 10 years receive two doses of 2009 H1N1 influenza vaccine. Results of trials conducted among adults were later published in December, and the data indicated that the immune response among vaccinated adults was excellent. In Essay Conclusion. The safety data from these trials also indicated that vaccine side effects were similar to those seen with the seasonal flu vaccines. On September 30, 2009, states were able to place their first orders for the 2009 H1N1 vaccine; forty-seven states placed orders on that day, and by October 9, 2009, all states and the District of Columbia had placed orders for essay apart, vaccine. The first doses were administered on October 5, 2009. Because initial supplies of vaccine were limited, most state and local health departments requested that vaccine be given only to those in quote in essay conclusion the initial target groups, and many restricted use to those in sub prioritization groups that had also been outlined by ACIP.

The first six weeks after vaccines were initially released where characterized by high demand for vaccine and limited availability. On October 23, the ACIP discussed pandemic vaccine issues, including suitability of the initial target groups developed in ghostwriter July 2009, and concluded that the conclusion July guidance remained appropriate. The ACIP continued to emphasize the role of local decision-making in view resume search determining when to begin offering vaccine to quote in essay conclusion, persons outside initial target groups. As vaccine supply increased, by late November and early December most states had begun easing restrictions for 2009 H1N1 vaccine use, and by late December vaccination had been opened up to anyone who wanted it. Also beginning in December 2009, the HHS Center for Faith-Based Neighborhood Partnerships partnered with the HHS Regional Offices to host eleven teleconferences to worst, engage community and faith-based organizations in the 2009 H1N1 flu response. Since most states were easing vaccination restrictions, these calls presented an opportunity to remind key partners that they should check with their local health departments to determine availability of vaccine.

By the week of December 22, distribution of quote in essay conclusion, 2009 H1N1 vaccine had been opened up to retail pharmacies so that they could place orders for vaccine directly, thereby expanding the reach and availability of vaccine. In December 2009, CDC published in the MMWR preliminary safety results for the 2009 H1N1 vaccines from the first months of reports received through the U.S. Pope An Essay Part 2 Summary. Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System (VAERS), a national voluntary reporting surveillance system and data from the Vaccine Safety Datalink. Results indicated that the quote conclusion vast majority (95%) of adverse events reported to VAERS after receipt of the fall 2009 H1N1 vaccine were not serious (e.g., soreness at the vaccine injection site). Quote. Of the 3,783 reports, 204 (5%) were reports that involved what would be coded as serious health events (defined as life threatening or resulting in on things apart death, major disability, abnormal conditions at birth, hospitalization, or extension of an existing hospitalization). The percentage of reports involving what would be considered serious health events was not substantially different between 2009 H1N1 and conclusion seasonal influenza vaccines.

The 2009 H1N1 influenza vaccine was manufactured in several formulations, using the same manufacturers and the same manufacturing practices used to worst of college, produce seasonal influenza vaccine. Monitoring the safety of the flu vaccine continues to be a top priority. Conclusion. CDC and the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) worked with other agencies to establish and enhance existing surveillance systems to rapidly detect any unexpected adverse events among persons who are vaccinated and to adjust the essay vaccination program, if necessary, to conclusion, minimize risks and maximize benefits from worst types of college essays vaccination. Two important systems used to monitor vaccine safety that have been active for quote in essay conclusion, 20 years, are the alexander an essay part 2 summary Vaccine Adverse Events Reporting System (VAERS), jointly operated between CDC and FDA, and the Vaccine Safety Datalink (VSD) , a collaborative project between the CDC and eight managed care organizations covering more than nine million members(about 3% of the US population). These systems are designed to determine whether adverse events are occurring among vaccinated persons at a greater rate than what would be expected.

CDC worked with FDA and other partners to strengthen these vaccine safety monitoring systems and develop new ways to conclusion, monitor vaccine safety. In addition, based on and roman government the recommendation of the in essay National Vaccine Advisory Committee (NVAC), HHS established the H1N1 Vaccine Safety Risk Assessment Working Group to review 2009 H1N1 vaccine safety data as it accumulates. This working group of resume search, outside experts conducts regular, rapid reviews of available data from the federal safety monitoring systems and presents them to NVAC and quote federal leadership for appropriate policy action and follow-up. Also in December 2009, HHS joined with the Ad Council to launch a new nationwide Public Service Announcements campaign called Together We Can Fight the Flu that encouraged Americans to alexander pope an essay 2 summary, get vaccinated against the 2009 H1N1 virus. The week of December 18, 2009 marked the first 100 million doses of 2009 H1N1 vaccine available for ordering. The year 2010 began with the National Influenza Vaccination Week (NIVW). NIVW is quote in essay conclusion, a national observance that was established to highlight the greek and roman essay importance of continuing influenza vaccination after the holiday season into quote conclusion, January and beyond. The President of the United States proclaimed the week of lack of education in africa essay, January 10-16, 2010, National Influenza Vaccination Week, and quote encouraged all Americans to observe the week by and roman government essay getting the 2009 H1N1 flu vaccine and by asking their families, friends and coworkers to do the same. CDC and quote conclusion HHS - in conjunction with the states and many other partners, both public and private - launched a comprehensive NIVW campaign with the objective of raising vaccination awareness, providing educational opportunities, free resources, as well as vaccination clinics. Essay On Things Fall. Every year, certain days during NIVW are designated to highlight the quote importance for certain groups; this years Week was dedicated to highlighting the importance of vaccination for the general public and health care workers, people with chronic health conditions that put them at high risk of serious influenza-related complications, children, pregnant women, and in africa essay caregivers of infants less than 6 months old, young adults 19 through 24 years old, and quote conclusion people 65 years and older. In Africa Essay. For example, the events on Tuesday, January 12 centered on people with chronic medical conditions that put them at higher risk of serious influenza-related complications.

National activities included a webinar attended by approximately 1,000 participants. This joint effort was hosted by HHS, CDC, the in essay conclusion American Cancer Society, the American Diabetes Association, and the American Lung Association. In addition, Secretary Sebelius participated in two press conference calls announcing new public service announcements (PSAs) tailored to African American and Native American audiences. The Director of the Indian Health Service joined the essay Secretary in stressing the importance and benefits of vaccination. On January 15, 2010, CDC published an article in the MMWR on influenza A (H1N1) 2009 monovalent vaccination coverage in the United States between October and December 2009. Results of the quote study indicated that efforts to get available vaccine to target groups had largely succeeded.

Early on during the 3-month period, 85% of available vaccine reached people within those initial target populations. By the end of December, with many programs expanding their vaccine efforts to all populations, 74% of all vaccine given during the program had gone to view resume, people in quote the initial priority groups. On February 18, 2010, the World Health Organization (WHO) published recommendations for the composition of alexander pope an essay, influenza virus vaccines for the upcoming season in in essay conclusion the Northern Hemisphere (November 2010-April 2011). The WHO recommended a trivalent (three component) vaccine including a 2009 H1N1-like pandemic virus. In February of 2010, the greek government essay components of the 2010-2011 influenza vaccine were announced. The 2010-2011 flu vaccine will protect against a 2009 H1N1-like virus in addition to an influenza A H3N2 virus and an influenza B virus.

The United States experienced its second wave of in essay, 2009 H1N1 activity in the fall with activity peaking during the second week in worst of college essays October. In Essay Conclusion. After that, activity declined quickly to below baseline levels in January, but persisted for several more months at lower levels. However, by May, influenza activity levels in the United States were low across key flu indicators. Reporting for the 2009-2010 influenza season was finalized on alexander pope part 2 summary May 28, 2010. Even as flu activity reached normal summer-time levels in the U.S., CDC continued to recommend influenza vaccination, particularly for high risk persons, because of reports of ongoing sporadic cases of quote in essay conclusion, 2009 H1N1, ongoing spread of 2009 H1N1 in the Southern Hemisphere and music the possibility that 2009 H1N1 viruses might circulate early during the upcoming flu season. CDC Communication Activities During the 2009 H1N1 Pandemic. The CDC response to the 2009 H1N1 pandemic was led by science and continually evolved to conclusion, meet the apart nations needs as events unfolded and as more information became available. However, a consistent underlying communications strategy underscored the entire CDC response.

The strategy is based on the emergency risk communications principles of quickly, proactively and in essay transparently communicating accurate information to essay apart, the public and to partners. Quote Conclusion. This strategy included CDC clearly stating its goals and actions in response to lack in africa, the evolving situation and acknowledging what was not known, as well as what was known. Another important part of the strategy was CDC setting the expectation that information and advice would change rapidly as the in essay situation evolved. From the earliest days of the pandemic, CDC regularly articulated its goals to reduce transmission and illness severity, and greek provide information to help health care providers, public health officials and the public address the challenges posed by the new virus. Throughout the response, in an effort to provide the most helpful information in the most effective ways possible, CDC drew on existing knowledge but also worked with partners to conduct ongoing scientific research and evaluation of peoples knowledge, attitudes and practices related to a number of topics including 2009 H1N1 flu, infection control guidance, and vaccine. Especially during the quote in essay early days of the outbreak, the release of ghostwriter, information from CDC and exchange of information with partners was conducted on in essay a 24-hour cycle. This included frequent updates to media and the public, the consistent use of a core group of spokespersons, daily information outreach to partners, and rapid establishment and ongoing maintenance of an extensive Web site dedicated specifically to essay, the emergency response for 2009 H1N1 flu. Quote In Essay Conclusion. The goal was not only to be as transparent as possible in all activities related to managing the public health response, but also to maintain credibility and continue to be a trusted source of information for the public and for view resume, partners. Beginning early in the response and continuing throughout the quote year and into 2010, special care was taken to keep state and local public health partners informed of ghostwriter, CDCs activities. Key messages were regularly provided to help maintain consistent, clear communication across the response. Special care also was taken to regularly collect feedback from state and local public health partners to help ensure that CDC recommendations were finely tuned to what was happening in the field.

Regularly scheduled conference calls with the Association of in essay conclusion, State and Territorial Health Officials, the National Association of City and County Health Officials, and the National Public Health Information Coalition proved to be an effective way to share information. An Essay On Criticism 2 Summary. In addition, on April 24, 2009, CDC held the first of quote, more than 30 Clinician Outreach and Communication Activity (COCA) calls presented on a variety of and roman government, 2009 H1N1-related topics. COCA is in essay conclusion, designed to reach a diverse group of essay, health care providers and provide a system through which clinicians can communicate their educational needs to CDC and quote conclusion receive answers to questions about related emerging diseases. At the peak of the 2009 H1N1 response, COCA had more than 41,100 listserv subscribers. CDC also worked hard to keep the policy community informed. CDC provided responses to congressional requests for information and briefings on 2009 H1N1-related issues, and also provided email and web-based informational updates as the pandemic unfolded.

In all, CDC participated in 14 hearings, provided technical assistance in another 12 hearings, issued over in africa three dozen 2009 H1N1 newsletters to quote, policymakers, arranged for over 40 congressional briefings or speaking engagements and apart fielded over 350 congressional inquiries during the pandemic. There was a concerted effort to quote conclusion, get information out as soon as possible and to keep the public and partners aware of developments as they unfolded, even as guidance was changing quickly. For example, when relatively few cases of human infection with this virus were lab confirmed and severity of the pandemic was not known, on April 28, 2009, CDC posted guidance for schools and advised that they close if they had a suspected or actual case of the alexander an essay on criticism part flu in order to lessen the risk of spreading 2009 H1N1 into their communities. As more information became available suggesting a lower risk of severe illness and in essay conclusion death from alexander pope an essay 2009 H1N1, six days later the in essay conclusion recommendation was changed to recommend against school closure for community mitigation purposes. The development of CDC guidance is an example of the collaborative communication and sharing of information that took place between CDC, HHS, other federal agencies, and external partners. Development of appropriate guidance often relied on CDC communication with many external partners several times a week, with the ghostwriter goal of achieving consensus on quote conclusion what the best practice would be given the best science currently available. For example, CDC worked with representatives from a number of organizations including but not limited to Council of State and Territorial Epidemiologists (CSTE), National Association of County and essay City Health Officials (NAACHO), American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP), American Academy of Family Physicians (AAFP), American College of quote, Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG), Association of State and Territorial Health Officials (ASTHO), American College of alexander an essay 2 summary, Physicians (ACP), Infectious Diseases Society of quote, America (ISDA), American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP), Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and World Health Organization (WHO), during the development of guidance related to alexander on criticism 2 summary, everything from in essay surveillance systems to the appropriate use of antiviral drugs during the on things apart pandemic. On the topic of vaccination, these discussions helped inform decision-making by the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP).

Apart from ongoing collaboration between CDC and its external partners, the communications response for 2009 H1N1 flu also was characterized by ongoing, close coordination between CDCs communicators and its scientists to ensure that messages stayed scientifically accurate. Also, CDC communicators took time to regularly analyze feedback from a variety of external sources, including polls and surveys, in in essay conclusion order to ensure that CDC's messages were clear. CDC provided a steady stream of information to audiences across the spectrum: from the public to pharmacists to laboratorians to international partners and countries around the globe. Information provided by CDC reached a myriad of audiences through a variety of channels including but not limited to: a 24-hour information hotline, press briefings for the media, dissemination through health alert networks, daily postings (including video and audio podcasts) to resume, the CDC 2009 H1N1 web site, regular updates on in essay conclusion Facebook and Twitter, and further outreach by partners and partner organizations to their own audiences, just to name a few channels. For example, in November 2009, CDC kicked off a national travelers health public awareness campaign and urged travelers to plan ahead and stay informed about lack of education in africa, what to do if they got sick while they were away from conclusion home. The campaign used a variety of media, including informational posters distributed at essay apart, over 300 ports of entry in the United States, national radio and print advertising, and social media and online outreach, which culminated in quote in essay conclusion over 80 million exposures. CDC also coordinated with HHS and the web site and worst types of college essays posted communication toolkits for the 2009-2010 influenza season for businesses, employers, childcare groups and institutions of higher education. The CDC 2009 H1N1 influenza and seasonal influenza vaccination campaign was made up of multiple outreach efforts including placement of articles geared to conclusion, numerous audiences like parents and young adults, in high-profile media outlets. Article placements led to nearly 403 million overall impressions. Other national outreach efforts made via social media tools, radio ads, two television public service announcements (PSAs), online media banners, and city bus ads.

Numerous print materials in multiple languages were made for partners to distribute and alexander an essay on criticism part were downloaded tens of thousands of times. Special audiences identified for additional print materials included Native Americans, African Americans, Hispanics, pregnant women, young adults, first responders, and health care workers. In addition to materials provided for the 2009 H1N1 and quote conclusion seasonal influenza vaccination campaign, CDC provided other key materials in multiple languages. For example, the entire English-language 2009 H1N1 web site was mirrored in Spanish. In addition, key tools and resources were created in Chinese, Vietnamese, Korean, French, German, Arabic, Russian, Amharic, Farsi, Somali, Karen, Burmese, Cambodian, and Kirundi.. In all, between April 2009 when 2009 H1N1 flu first emerged and apart April 2010, CDC held 60 related media events 39 press briefings and quote conclusion 22 telebriefings for a total of more than 35,000 participants. CDC also hosted its first ever two-day workshop for the news media on the subjects of both 2009 H1N1 influenza and and roman government seasonal influenza in late August. Originally conceived to include 12 members of the news media, the attendance grew to over 40 journalists from national, regional and quote in essay conclusion local news outlets representing radio, television, newspapers, magazines, and online news media. Speakers at essays, the event included the Secretary of quote conclusion, Health and Human Services, the CDC Director, influenza experts, vaccine safety experts, and laboratory experts.

The CDC hotline (1-800-CDC-INFO) responded to more than 211,000 related inquiries from the general public and fall health care providers, and quote in essay the CDC 2009 H1N1 web site had more than 219,595,000 page views. Also, the number of CDC Facebook fans rose to view, more than 55,000 fans and the CDC emergency profile on Twitter was tracked by more than 1,200,000 followers. To receive weekly email updates about this site, enter your email address:

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Abortion Pro-Choice Persuasive Paper. By: July • Research Paper • 3,404 Words • March 26, 2010 • 1,671 Views. Abortion Pro-Choice Persuasive Paper. Mrs. Lane Honors English 3. Mrs. Lane Honors English 3. Abortion Pro-Choice Persuasive Paper. In the last few decades, abortion has become a much-discussed subject. It has been a central point in quote in essay, many political affairs as in; selecting justices for the Supreme Court, it has also become an issue for candidates for state and of education essay local offices as well as for the U.S. Quote Conclusion! Presidency. What exactly is abortion anyway? Depending on who you ask one will always get different answers, but the dictionary defines abortion as the worst types termination of a pregnancy after, accompanied by, resulting in, or closely followed by the death of the quote in essay conclusion embryo or fetus.

The moral question has always been whether or not it should be a womans decision to get an abortion. The other side of that question is whether the government should have control over a womans body and forbid her to get an abortion. Pro-Choice, though it does take the side of legalizing abortion, it does not mean Pro-abortion. Pro-choice is the right in choosing whether to reproduce, adopt, or abort. Music! I believe a woman should have the right to choose whether to in essay conclusion keep the baby if she knows that she is willing to lack of education essay take up such a huge responsibility. The fundamental issue that Pro-choice focuses on is whether anyone-including the government, the church, and in essay pro-life protesters- can tell a woman what to do with their bodies. Pregnancy carries many obligations, and one will lose many privileges. One of those privileges is the essay on things apart right to pursue happiness. A baby can sometimes disrupt a woman's pursuit of happiness.

Having the in essay option to perform an abortion can solve that obstacle. Most of the time the mother of the unwanted child is very young and inexperienced or too poor to take care of the types of college essays child. The child is usually malnourished, has no medical care, and gets very little attention or love. When talking about abortion, there are many different ethical questions involved. Ethics is what one uses to distinguish what is right from in essay, wrong, good from bad, etc. Since people come from different backgrounds, they have a different code of ethics, therefore answering the question of right and essay on things wrong can not be easily answered, and who knows if it can ever be answered? There is no correct ethical or moral code for one specific time period, or group of people, so one must decide what they believe on the issue of abortion, by quote in essay conclusion, examining there own code of ethics. Without a woman's right to do what she chooses with her body, her freedom and liberty are taken away. If for greek essay, personal reasons, a woman wants an abortion, as is, currently, her constitutional right, she has the freedom to do so.

A child needs to be loved and wanted. Quote Conclusion! A baby, whose mother resents his birth, will not receive the proper care and nurturing he deserves. Perhaps, he would be better off not to have been born. For these reasons, I support the resume search Pro-Choice movement. A fetus is tissue growing inside the body of a woman. Since a fetus has no right to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness, it has no right to be inside the body of quote another human being that does not want it. However, the fetus needs to be inside a woman's body to exist. To give the government fetus the right to exist in a womans body would make the woman a slave.

Slavery is not a right. It is not morally or legally a right. Quote! In fact slavery is a horrible act that was outlawed due to the Civil War. Abortion is a moral right--which should be left to the sole discretion of the woman involved; morally, nothing other than her wish in the matter is to be considered. Pro-choice is the sole belief in the right to on things fall apart chose an alternative, whether is be adoption or abortion. It is quote conclusion not the an essay 2 summary belief in murder, since abortion does not take the life of a human being. Asking a woman to give up her life for something that is not even a human being, is asking her to make herself a slave. Conclusion! Abortion is an issue of women, and lack essay so it should be the woman's right to choose. She has the free will to consider others views and morals such but it is her ultimate decision. In 1973 the American Supreme Court ruled that Americans right to privacy included: the right of a woman to decide whether to have children, and quote in essay conclusion the right of a woman and her doctor to make that decision without state interference (abortion).

The Constitution says we have a right to privacy; so taking away a womans chance to make decisions about 2 summary her own body violates that right. The closure of abortion clinics will be done with the purpose to reduce the number of abortions. This raises the question whether this. In Essay! An abortion is the procedure taken to end a pregnancy either medically or surgically. Like many topics of great controversy, abortion has its positive. In the argument of abortion , there are many sides to be seen. There's the pro -life side, which is the side that is against abortion . The.

Abortion is the termination of a pregnancy. Since 1973 abortion has been an important controversial issue within the United States. 1973 marks the year that. Abortion - Pro Life and Pro Choice. There are many controversies about abortion . Types! Many people in the world feel differently about this topic. Some are pro -life, the others are pro -chioce. Pro life. Quote In Essay Conclusion! Pros Cons Differentiated Instruction.

Persuasive Paper Against Portfolio Diversification. Lack In Africa! Get Access to 87,000+ Essays and Term Papers Join 179,000+ Other Students High Quality Essays and Documents. Free Essays, Book Reports, Term Papers and in essay Research Papers.

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contest cover letter Keep scrolling for more contest ideas. HOW WELL DO YOU KNOW YOUR WHITE INGREDIENTS?? 12 numbered baggies filled with white ingredients from the quote kitchen. program and game sheet. Vi Witt, Jeanne Weaver and June Wolter, members of #CA2311, Lucerne, try guessing. what each white ingredients is.

YIPPEE. Another Octopus Contest. This time. MI1736 Dexter is types, getting into the act. THE RESULTS ARE IN. THE RESULTS ARE IN. Quote In Essay! THE RESULTS ARE IN. THE RESULTS ARE IN. Daniel Kionka, Leader CA0981, San Jose.

I don't know where I got this. CONTEST submitted by: Carlene Wellington. Click on all four links for worst types essays Game Board, Instructions, Team Tally Sheet and Individual Tally Sheet. If you have any questions, call Carlene at: 253-845-8693 or email: CONTEST GAME BOARD.

ONE IS FOOTBALL and the other is called FINAL HUNT FOR LOSSES. CLICK ON IMAGE OF EACH CONTEST FOR RULES. Click on image for rules. Click on image for rules. WA1503, Port Orchard Octopus Contest.

The multicolored one is quote, Aleta Belvin's, pink one is in africa essay, Dana Suttel's, the conclusion white one is Karen Fortner's. and the greek government red one is Barb's. They all donated two gifts to a basket that will go to the winner or winners in the case of a tie. TAPE MEASURE CONTEST. Submitted by PA 0858, Terre Hill's COLEADER.

Click on Link below. This is our new contest (CA2311, Lucerne) which started in April. It's fairly simple. Lose weight. move your marker one space. per quarter pound. Gain, move back. Caterpillar is worth ten pound loss. GET ACQUAINTED BINGO. Each contestants pays a fee to join contest. Depending on in essay what area you live in, your chapter members can decide which type of race to play. Some choices include: race cars, dog sleds, boats, horses, whatever.

Get a bulletin board or cork board and greek put a racetrack poster on it with sections marked off. Have each member cut out a cardboard game pieces (dogs sleds, cars, etc. Quote In Essay! ) with their name written on in africa essay them. Use tacks or pushpins to quote in essay conclusion, attach them to the starting line on the board. Losses move game pieces forward, gains move pieces backwards. Each section may represent 1/4 pounds, or whole pounds. whatever the chapter decides.

The first to cross the finish line wins. If your chapter is large, you may have second and third place place winners. If the game is played correctly, the member who loses the most weight will win. Penalties for being absent may be having to apart, move back two sections. Pretty much the same as the Off to the Races Contest. Each contestant receives a dart as a game piece. Everyone starts on the outer ring of the target.

Loses result in moving towards the bullseye. Gains result in moving away from the center. If member has a gain the first week, they must lose that weight before putting their dart on the starting ring. The rules are that the first person who hits the bullseye MUST stay there for conclusion two more weeks before claiming their prize. Prize is determined by music, the chapter members.

KOPS rules may be included to help Kops stay in leeway, or below goal. Each member makes their own small clothespin bag (or purchases one) and brings it to the chapter the week of the contest. Each member receives 12 clothespins, provided by conclusion, the chapter, to put into their bag. Weekly losses. take one pin out. Ghostwriter! Gains. In Essay! place a clothespin into your bag. After so many weeks, the member with the least clothespins wins, or you may continue until a member empties their bag completely. Prize determined by the chapter BEFORE the start of the contest. The Halloween Contest based on points was enjoyed by PIEDMONT TOPS, Alabama (1968 TOPS NEWS) The chapter divided into teams and view search received points for attendance, exercising and losing weight. The losing team would have to dress in quote funny costumes and in africa essay be greeted at quote in essay the next meeting with a trick or treat from the members of the worst types winning team. The tricks or treats could be raisins, pickles, carrots, or cantaloupe on toothpicks, or small diet cookies, or sugar free penny candies that were prepared at home and quote in essay brought into the chapter on platters. (the magazine reports that this competition netted a 48 pound loss from the 12 members who participated.) or backwards: TSETNOC TNIOP MAET.

Members are assigned to teams. For five weeks, each member earns points for attending the entire meeting, submitting a completed food chart, sending a card or calling someone that week, and losing weight. To add to the suspense, however, on the last week, members must weigh in worst types of college essays backwards and quote conclusion aren't told if they lost or gained. This way, no one knows ahead of time who the of college essays winning team will be until the weight report is read at the meeting. Volunteer who doesn't want to do the contest, is given money from the treasury, to buy a great prize to quote conclusion, wrap beautifully will bring it to the chapter to music, display in full view for quote in essay all the members to see. Any member wishing to alexander on criticism 2 summary, join contests will write their name on a piece of small paper and attach it to quote conclusion, the wrapped gift. Chapter members decide how many weeks they want the contest to run.

If member gains, their name comes off the essay on things fall apart gift. Last name on the gift wins. Kops rules need to be included. Or chapter can have a separate gift for the KOPS to quote conclusion, compete for. TO SEE END RESULTS OF THIS CONTEST click here: END OF CONTEST RESULTS. BUILDING A TOPS HOUSE - TEAM CONTEST. This contest was played by government, Lucky Belles TOPS, North Hollywood, CA. A house was constructed out of paper and cut into many pieces. This is determined by the chapter before the quote in essay conclusion contest starts. Each piece of the house is worth a certain number of points which are earned by the team members for attendance and weight loss.

The first team to complete the of education construction of the house wins. Quote Conclusion! The losing team must entertain the winning team by preforming a skit, or singing songs, or other type of entertainment. These little contest ideas were taken from the September TOPS NEWS 1968. b. Strickly voluntary to join. c. At the last weigh-in of the lack of education in africa essay month members have to decide if they want to be in the contest the next month. d. It cost $5 to join. e. Each weigh in of the month TOPS must have a loss. If they have a gain or turtle or miss the meeting they owe $5. KOPS must be at quote in essay conclusion or below goal, if they are above goal, even if they lost, or they miss a meeting, they owe $5. It could cost you as much as $25 if you don't lose and there are 5 weigh-in that month. Of Education In Africa Essay! Thus the quote in essay reason we call it Big Bucks.

f. At the last weigh in for search the month, the money is in essay, awarded to the TOPS/KOPS that had the most # of losses or weigh ins at or below goal. An Essay On Criticism Part! If there is more than one, the money is split among all winners. b) KOPS and TOPS are kept separate and just compete against their own. c) Each members quarters are put into a little container with their name on conclusion it. The TOPS names are done in a different color then the KOPS to make it easy to keep them separated. d) Each week that a TOPS has a loss they get to take 1 quarter out of lack in africa, their jar.

If the TOPS has a gain or a turtle or misses the meeting they have to add a quarter to their jar. e) Each week that KOPS are at quote or beow goal they get to take a quarter out of their jar. If a KOPS is above goal or misses a meeting they have to add a quarter to their jar. f) The first TOPS to empty their jar wins all the quarters in the remaining TOPS jars. The first KOPS to empty their jar wins all the remaining quarters in the KOPS jars. For multiple winners the ghostwriter money is split equally. g) This can go as short as 8 weeks or as long as it takes for conclusion someone to empty their jar. Leader, CA 0515, Santa Clarita. This song was entertainment by a contest losing team to an essay part, the winning team. We supplied decorated small bags with one favorite thing in each, as a congratulatory gift for winners to take home.

Pants that have latex 'n. slippers so fuzzy, Tops with bright colors; no bulge on in essay my tummy. Giggles at music meetings. fun contests to quote in essay conclusion, bring. These are a few of. my favorite things. Sweet and tart apples.

Grapes that we suckle. Salads that crunch, and veggies to juggle. Beans and brown rice. all will lead me to sing, These are a few of. my favorite things. Weight down today, I feel light as a feather. I skip and then pause to pick. frag-rant blue heather.

More pounds lost next week. will lead me to Queen, These are a few of. my favorite things. When the part scale tips. When my mood dips. When I ate petite fours. I simply remember my favorite things. And then Im jazzed up. once. more!! Decorated by Leader. TOPS CA 0379 Thousand Oaks.

LOSE OR CONSEQUENCES CONTEST. All members worked a shift. I was there all day taking in in essay conclusion money. It was lots of work, but also lots of fun. Very organized drop off procedure by essay on things apart, the center. We had the advantage of LOTS of shoppers. In Essay! We took in essay on things fall over $200 for our chapter and had fun walking around looking at quote in essay conclusion everyone else's stuff too.

(submitted by member Judy Sander) (submitted by chapter's Treasurer, Judy Sander) Paper Doll Contest by essay on things, Karen Jacobs-Elton for quote in essay TOPS WA276 Silverdale. * Personal paper doll for each member. * Eight (8) pieces of clothing (paper pieces) such as: Hair, Shirt, Pants or Dress, Shoes (2), Socks (2), and a Hat. Lack In Africa Essay! (1 piece per week). Each member gets their own Paper Doll to attach items of clothing to. Conclusion! A weekly weight loss is all that is needed to music, play. One item of clothing per week for 8 weeks will be put on your personal paper doll with a loss of weight each week. Turtles do not count. Members will also be voting on the cutest decorated doll at the end of the quote in essay conclusion contest, winner gets a special prize! To cover your Paper Doll with clothing and win the contest.

Member who has the most clothes on his/her paper doll wins the contest and all proceeds from the contest. Ghostwriter! If there is a tie, prize monies will be divided accordingly. LOVE YOUR HEART CONTEST. submitted by Glorya Neitzel. HEART AWARENESS Contest.

submitted by Glorya Neitzel. (not an actual contest for you to enter) Submitted by: Rhonda Madison WA1147, Graham. It is called: Stay FREE with me For SRD! Rhonda says, This contest was for quote in essay conclusion my chapter only. It has really motivated quite a few members.

One is going to try and achieve her KOPS status losing those final difficult pounds, and another wants to regain her KOPS status. A few others whod like to go to SRD are motivated to work a little harder on Taking Off Pounds Sensibly. I presented this contest to my chapter, as I have a Time Share near the Ocean Shores SRD, but can only invite a few members to stay free with me. So instead of picking and ghostwriter music choosing and in essay someone feeling slighted, I made it a contest. A few people who need to get back their KOPS status and and roman government one who has struggled for years to get there, but been 10-12 pounds away tell me they are super motivated by this. I cant wait to see who gets to GO FREE WITH ME TO SRD by ending the year with big weight losses. BE THANKFUL, NOT A TANKFUL . Poster with dollars, and dollars with names.

RULES: Everyone in the chapter joins by having their name put on a dollar. If a member comes back after Thanksgiving with a loss or maintain, they get a $1.00 from the quote conclusion chapter If a member comes back after Thanksgiving with a gain, their $1.00 is worst types of college essays, put in quote in essay a pot. And Roman Government Essay! The member who comes back with the greatest loss-gets the pot of money. (Can't remember where I got this one, but I think it is cool. Quote In Essay! -Deb) WA 1503, Port Orchard. Any member gaining during the essay apart contest is automatically out of the contest. One absence is okay. Quote In Essay! Turtles are okay, member just cant count it as a loss.

Whichever team winds up with the most charms on their bracelet wins. Prize is chosen by the chapter before the contest begins. From WA 765, Spokane. Click on links below for more ideas. Have the an essay on criticism part 2 summary chapter buy a couple boxes of paper clips. Each person who enters the contest may earn a paper clip for each quarter pound they lose. If they gain, they have to give back the paper clips. A chain is in essay conclusion, made by each member and ghostwriter music prizes may be given out for the first person to have a long enough chain to go around their waist, or for the first person who has a chain as long as their height in inches, etc. Conclusion! (make up certain lengths as short goals as the contest progresses) Finally, after a six week period, whoever has the longest chain of paper clips wins the grand prize.

Kops rules may be added in of college essays a different category such as, at or below goal, two paper clips, in leeway over goal, one paper clip. KOPS: Kops must stay for quote conclusion the meeting, be in leeway or at lack or below goal or their octopus will get one leg cut off. At end of 8 weeks every member gets a chance in a drawing for every leg they have left or the chapter may run the contest til all but one member's octopus has more legs left than anyone else. Prize can be whatever you wish. A basket with multiple items or a single item, money, whatever. Dana explains: We are currently running a contest called Don't Pop Your Bubble. For Wii fans, you will recognize this idea.

We all paid $1.00 to get into the contest for conclusion the first month. At the end of the month, to stay in your bubble you have to have a net loss or turtle. On Things! If you remain in your bubble you pay another $1.00 and continue for another month. If you have a gain you have to quote in essay conclusion, pop your bubble and pope on criticism part sink into the river. Quote! The cash prize is awarded to the last member in their bubble. Both our TOPS and KOPS are participating in this contest since maintaining will keep you in your bubble. Lack Of Education! We hope this will run for many months and there will be a fun cash pot at the end. Linda Zahnow, who is a KOPS, designed the in essay board. (There is a picture of our members in essay fall apart each bubble) No one wants to pop their bubble and quote sink so it has been a fun incentive to lose weight or stay in leeway.

Taken from January 1963 Tops News. Calorie Countdown as played by the Dearborn, Michigan, Cal-Cutters TOPS emphasizes the fact that to lose weight one must know calories and count them everyday. Last player standing wins for their team. Generally speaking, it's the member that is view resume, losing weight who will remain standing the longest. Conclusion! says the leader. Each member who wishes to participate pays $1.00 to and roman government essay, join Card Contest. One person in chapter my be designated as the dealer . In order for members to draw one card, they must have a loss of quote conclusion, one pound. (quarter pounds each week that total a pound qualifies) If member loses one pound, they draw once. Essay! If a member loses two pounds or more, they have the option to keep their first card, or discard it and draw another.

GAINERS must pay into conclusion the kitty a fine of 50 cents. Ghostwriter! Members keep their cards throughout the contest. Quote! (if they lose their cards, they are disqualified) (KOPS rules may be included) After seven weeks member with the best hand containing 5 cards wins. If member gets to of education in africa, draw each week for 7 weeks, they must discard 2 cards. Member with best hand wins the kitty. From the Archives. This is a 6 week contest. WA 1503, Port Orchard.

Lost weight or turtled. (Kops loss or at/below goal) Filled out quote in essay, food chart and brought to chapter. Exercise 20 minutes five different times during the week. Write, email, or call a fellow Tops member. Once you have completely filled in all sections your prize will be awarded. From the Contest Archives. I believe we got this one from Nancy Marasco years ago. If you have formed the habit of checking on every new diet that comes along, you will find that, mercifully, they all blur together, leaving you with only one definite piece of information:

WA 1503, Port Orchard. *If you have a loss the greek and roman government essay first week, you get to pick out your favorite pet and quote in essay conclusion take it home with you for incentive to work for a loss the ghostwriter next week. *If you gain you don't get a pet this week and in essay conclusion need to essay, work for a loss next week to receive one. *Each following week if you lose you may keep your pet or exchange it for a new one. If you gain your pet goes back to pound and becomes available for adoption. *This contest is great for quote 4-6 weeks. (or however long your chapter wants to do it.) *At the end of the contest you can award prizes to the owner with the greatest loss, most weeks lost, etc. Also anyone that ends the contest with a loss can keep their adopted pets. *Any pets still in the pound are donated to a local charity. Our chapter actually collected many additional animals and enjoyed the music resulting donation. THE LAST ROSE OF SUMMER. (taken from October 1961 issue of Tops News)

WA 1503, Port Orchard. This contest costs $1.00 to join. Each participant draws their hands onto a blank piece of paper making sure to include fingernails. Submitted by Aleta Belvin. WA 1503, Port Orchard. KOPS will put a garbage bag in one square for being at or below goal or for having a loss to quote in essay, get back below goal.

1 prize will be given for TOPS. 1 prize will be given to KOPS. idea taken from 1961 issue of Tops News. * Make each member a “rider” as seen in above picture. * Have each member write their name on their rider. * Choose teams of two by putting everyone's name in a hat. Music! Draw out two names. Those two members become a “team“ and conclusion get to choose a name for their horse. * Make enough horses so each team has one.

Place riders on horse. * Place horses at the “starting line” on a poster board marked by “lengths”. * Horses advance by earning lengths. Earn 1/4 of a length by having both team members: 1) Keep and bring in their food charts. 2) Attend and stay for the meeting. 3) Write at greek and roman essay least one note to someone other than their teammate. 4) Exercise at least 20 minutes three times that week. Earn a 1/4 length per quarter pound lost. For instance, if member loses 1/4 pound, they earn a quarter length. If they lose 1/2 pound, they get a 1/2 length. etc.

If BOTH team members gain that week, they must go back to the starting line and quote conclusion start over. Lack Of Education Essay! The team that crosses the conclusion finish line first wins grand prize (EITHER THEY SPLIT THE MONEY, OR EACH OF THEM WILL WIN A SPECIFIC PRIZE DECIDED BY CHAPTER BEFORE CONTEST STARTS) Submitted by:Janis Rogers-Secretary. TOPS WA 324, Colville. Being present for lack of education in africa essay the entire meeting = 1 degree. 1 degree for a loss of 1/4 to 1 pound. 2 degrees for a loss of 1 1/4 to 2 pounds. 3 degrees for a loss of 2 1/4 to 3 pound and in essay conclusion so on. Weight must be recorded with the weight recorder.

1 degree for attendance of the entire meeting each week. 1 degree for being within leeway each week. 1 degree for a loss of 1/4 to 1 pound. 2 degrees for a loss of 1 1/4 to 2 pounds. 3 degrees for a loss of music, 2 1/4 to 3 pounds.

If you are above or below leeway you may not count losses. You must get back within leeway to count losses. You may count being present for the entire meeting if you are or are not in leeway. This article was found in the September 1961 issue of the Tops News. At the end of a weight losing contest, this chapter held a party honoring the team showing the most weight lost. Pictured left to right: Mrs. In Essay Conclusion! Mildred Gerardy, leader, Mrs. Lois Stevenson, Mrs. Willa Babcock, KOPS, Mrs. Ruth Clagg, and resume Mrs.

Margaret Hilton. Quote In Essay! Losers all wore bibs, with smiling pig faces with the caption I'm a pig. Tables were centered with a “pig pen” complete with various sizes of ceramic pigs. A colorful fruit plate, with favors of cookies in pig shape, together with place cards of worst types of college essays, small pigs made the quote low calorie luncheon most attractive. Games and on things fall appropriate songs added to the enjoyment of all present. Another article from the September 1961 issue of the quote in essay Tops News. If there is any question in your mind as whether you are or are not overweight, here is a quick, fairly satisfactory evaluation of your status. It is called the height-girth ratio and is quoted from the question and answer column of music, TOPS' good friend, Dr. William Bolton in the August issue of Today's Health.

“Subtract the quote measurement in inches about your waist from your height in inches. Worst Of College! If the resulting figure is in essay, 35 or less you are on your way to obesity. The optimum (the most favorable) is considered to lack of education essay, be about 38.” Taken from the February 1962 issue of the Tops News (verbatim) And on your diet are you cheating? Grab a carrot-celery too. That will add five points to quote in essay conclusion, you. +5 points if you had a carrot/celery stick today.

-5 points if you didn't. Minus 10 points, how about that? -10 points if you didnt exercise. +10 points if you did. Ill get in new shape-I know I will. +1 point for each 1/4 lb lost at the last weigh-in. Clouds float over the sea. Smart members stick to their diets. To see how slim they will be. +5 points for ghostwriter sticking to conclusion, it today.

-5 points for slipping off it today. I just ate a doughnut hole. But from the doughnut I refrained. And not a single pound I gained. +10 points for not gaining at the last weigh-in. Tops pals will get you on the track, Discuss your problems without fear, For problems we all have, my dear.

+5 points for sharing with a Tops pal today. Down the view scale will go, youll see. For counting calories is quote, a must, If in your scale you will again trust. +5 points for counting calories/exchanges today.

-5 points if you didnt. Easter Egg Basket Contest. Each member who wants to play will put a quarter in each of 5 plastic eggs. These eggs will be stored in lack in africa essay a large zip lock baggie along with the members name. If member is absent or gains any of the 5 weeks they must give up one of their eggs and put it into the main Easter basket. Whoever has any eggs left by the end of the quote contest, each of these members will get an equal portion of the eggs that are in the basket. It has been decided that this contest will run for worst 5 weeks before Easter. Any changes in these rules after the contest starts should be discussed and voted upon by quote in essay conclusion, the membership before doing anything otherwise stated in the above rules. submitted by Charlie Mason.

WA 1080, E. Ghostwriter Music! Wenatchee. This contest runs for seven weeks. The game consists of quote, a board, containing all the member's names, (for photo click here: Chapter Highlights and scroll down) and one deck of on things fall apart, cards or for a larger chapter, two decks. (Used decks from the casinos work just fine.) The cards are scattered, face down on a table. Quote Conclusion! Each week, when a TOPS loses weight or stays the same and of education essay a KOPS is at or below goal, they get to draw one card from the pile. That card is glued below their name. In Essay! At the end of ghostwriter, seven weeks, the best poker hand displayed by in essay, a TOPS and a KOPS, wins the contest. In case of identical hands, which is and roman government essay, rare, two prizes are awarded. You do not have to have drawn seven cards to win.

Note that Evelyn S. in the upper right corner only has three cards, two jokers and quote in essay conclusion a seven of essay, spades. No other TOPS had a better hand, so she won the TOPS prize. In the case ofthe KOPS there were three members that were at or below, drawing six or seven cards, throughout the contest. Even then, Loretta L. and Bonnie W. both ended up with only a pair of aces, but Bonnie had a king kicker and Loretta had a queen, so Bonnie won. Charlie says, We play this contest a couple or more times a year as it holds the conclusion members interest, not knowing who wins, until the last one or two cards are drawn.

As this contest turned out, there was only one three of a kind who won the TOPS prize and just one pair won the KOPS prize. We just scrape the fall apart cards off to start a new game, adding new names as needed.