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Fmcg resume sample

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Fmcg resume sample - Template

A Sample Amusement Park Business Plan Template. Are you about fmcg resume sample starting an amusement park? If YES, here is a complete sample amusement park business plan template feasibility report you can use for FREE . Okay, so we have considered all the federal bank of chicago, requirements for starting an amusement park. We also took it further by fmcg resume, analyzing and essay labour, drafting a sample amusement park marketing plan template backed up by actionable guerrilla marketing ideas for amusement parks. So let#8217;s proceed to the business planning section. An amusement park is a place that has lots of attractions for kids and adults, such as roller coasters, water rides, and all kinds of entertainments. Depending on the size, an amusement park can also contain shops, entertainment outlets like a cinema as well as restaurants. Starting an amusement park business is a huge deal, as it requires land, huge capital and a unique innovation for it to become successful. Resume Sample! To become successful in studies for enrollment system thesis this business, you would need to first understand how the business is run and resume, this is only possible if you conduct a feasibility study, that will not only show you how the business is run but will also help you determine what type of amusement park you should go into and if the venture you intend going into is worth your resources. This is definitely not a business for the fainthearted, as you would likely be going against several large entrepreneurs and phd dissertation, corporations that are already established in the industry.

Because this business is a huge one in terms of startup cost, you would need to fmcg sample hire a business consultant who has the resume, required knowledge in this industry to help you write a business plan that will guide you in running the business. The business plan is essential as it will show you what directions you would need to resume sample take to be able to compete favorably with other established competitors in the field. This is why a sample amusement park business plan prepared below. Below is the canada, sample amusement park business plan: A Sample Amusement Park Business Plan Template. Sample! Amusement parks usually operates a variety of attractions such as games, shows, water rides, mechanical rides, theme exhibits as well as picnic grounds and refreshment stands. There are more than 400 amusement parks in the United States of America that receive about essay labour 375 million guests annually.

As at 2011, amusement parks in conjunction with all similar industries in the United States of America generated a total $55.4 billion. The industry accounts for 600,000 jobs all year round for seasonal employees and directly employs more than 1.3 million people. Fmcg Resume Sample! According to a report by the International Association of Amusement Parks and Attractions (IAAPA) in 2011, 25% of essay breath, Americans had visited an sample amusement park, with 43% making plans to for enrollment system thesis visit an amusement park within a year. 26% of those that visited the amusement parks stayed overnight, while the remaining percent went on a days trip. Demand in resume this industry is highly dependent on federal reserve bank essay the income of the consumer. Most companies usually make their money by having good marketing strategies. The is industry is highly concentrated in the United States of fmcg resume, America as 85% of the total industry revenue are generated by the 50 largest companies. In the United States, states that had a large local population and international visitors got higher revenue than other states.

The Southeastern states in the United States for instance are a major tourists attraction and therefore accounts for more of the revenue in the overall industry. Majority of the revenue in essay company this industry usually come from admissions and the rest from resume sample, sale of template, merchandise and fmcg resume, other products. Other revenue generating ways for the amusement parks include advertising, earning of commission from third party exhibitors, parking fees, fees from hosting events, and coin-operated games. Globally, the market for amusement parks is company, estimated to reach $44.3 billion by 2020 especially as the global economy is improving which has caused an increase in leisure spending as well the rise of more tourists internationally. Globally, the United States of America represents the largest market with China closely following behind with a projected growth of 12.2%. However by 2020, it is expected that United Arab Emirates (UAE) will overtake both countries as it breaks new grounds in resume the attraction industry. Amusement Park Business Plan Executive Summary. Yippy Yap Amusement Park LLC is one of nations leading amusement park that will be based in bank of chicago essay Burlington Washington State to serve our large local population as well as international visitors with all our unique core services and resume, additional services. We intend to favorably compete with other amusement parks in our location and in the whole of the preface, United States of America as well. Fmcg Resume Sample! To achieve this, we are willing to invest in essay silver company canada competent and experienced professionals who would help run our business from the start to an enviable position in the industry. We intend to continually train our employees so as to ensure that they are updated as regards new ways in running the business and also to fmcg sample update their skills which will lead to higher productivity for essay labour our business.

We intend to combine as many attractions as possible in our park so as to keep the fmcg sample, customers attracted and willing to refer us to others. Part of our selling point is the fact that we intend to provide excellent customer care to our various customers by ensuring that all our employees are trained to listen politely to customers and preface, also promptly resolve any complaints. Yippy Yap Amusement Park LLC is sited in a strategic location that will ensure that it is resume sample, convenient for not only our customers to get to us but also our employees as well. Essay Breath Eyes! We have several sustainable and expansion strategies in place to ensure that our business continues to grow strong. Yippy Yap Amusement Park LLC is being run by entrepreneur and businessman, Mr.

Jack Cuba who has the required business experience, having several businesses of his own, to ensure the success of the amusement park. Yippy Yap Amusement Park LLC, we intend to fmcg resume sample be involved in all forms of services asides offering the basic entertainment services for memory all our various customers. Because we know how capitally intensive this business is, we intend to create multiple sources of income in addition to our core business offerings. This is because we want to shore up our revenue base and fmcg resume sample, make more profit for essay our amusement park business as is legally possible by the laws of Washington State and that of the United States of America as a whole. Some of the services we intend to fmcg sample offer include; Sale of admission tickets to studies system thesis customers seeking entry into the park Development of fmcg, on-site accommodation such as resorts Sale of federal reserve bank of chicago, spaces to commercial businesses and stores Merchandise sales Advertising Coin-operated games Commission income from third party exhibitors Fees for hosting parties and other events Parking fees Consultancy services Franchise Training. Our vision is to be the resume, preferred amusement park for children, young adults and company canada, adults who want something exciting and resume sample, unique, and to be amongst the top five amusement parks in the whole of the United States of America. Our mission is to ensure we are above the bank resume template, regular amusement parks by offering all visitors exciting entertainment different from the regular amusement parks in Burlington Washington State and fmcg, the in the whole of the United States as well. We know how valuable it is having a business structure as having the right structure in place will enable us start our amusement park with as little hitches as possible. We have put certain plans in place that will ensure that we have only the best hands with several years of experience working in various positions at Yippy Yap Amusement Park LLC.

Also, we would ensure that our employees understand the vision of the company, so that it would help them remain focused towards attaining the goals and objectives of the company. Foreign System! Because we know how competitive the industry is, we are ready to pay our workers pay packages that are of enviable standard, while also ensuring that there are welfare packages in place. Ensuring that the two conditions are in place will improve work efficiency as well as productivity at the amusement park. Sample! Due to the fact that we intend to offer a wide range of services asides the usual admission service into the park, we would need to carry out breath eyes memory a thorough scrutiny of those we would like to resume fill in these various positions on behalf of Yippy Yap Amusement Park LLC. Below is the intended business structure that we intend to build at Yippy Yap Amusement Park LLC; Chief Executive Officer General Manager Park Manager Games Manager Human Resources Manager Business Development Manager Sales and Marketing Team Accountant Customer Service Executives Security Guard Cleaners.

Roles and Responsibilities. Bank Resume! Responsible for generating capital and creating the overall budget for the amusement park Engages in high negotiation deals with clients and investors on behalf of the resume sample, amusement park Creates a strategic direction for the company and ensures that it is communicated to the management staff Continually evaluates the federal reserve bank of chicago essay contest, success of the organization. Sees to sample the overall daily operations of all the aspects of the amusement Coordinates with the park and games manager to ensure that the overall policy of the company is being adhered to Takes important decisions on behalf of the amusement park Crosschecks with the CEO as regards certain aspects of the business. Responsible for overseeing the federal bank of chicago essay contest, smooth running of fmcg sample, all the daily activities that goes on in the amusement park Maps out the strategies that would be needed to lead to a better productivity of the employees at the park Responsible for appraisals of essay labour, each employees and making decisions affecting employees in the park Ensures that the amusement park meets the expected safety regulations of the authorities. Responsible for reviewing games and other fun activities at the amusement park to sample know which would attract customers Creates and implements budget for foreign studies system games in the park Responsible for training and assessing all game workers Crafts strategies that would influence all activities in the gaming section. Responsible for sourcing, recruiting and training all workers needed in the amusement parks in conjunction with the different managers Is responsible for the welfare of all the workers at the amusement park Carries out induction for new employees Defines job positions in relation to recruitment. Business Development Manager. Resume Sample! Responsible for developing new business ideas for the amusement park Create strategies to ensure that the amusement park makes revenue from other services.

Sales and essay breath eyes, Marketing Team. Constantly carries out research to determine best ways customers can be retained Identifies new target markets and opportunities Develops and implements new plans for increasing sales Create and maintain a reliable database of customers. Handles all the financial transactions on behalf of the amusement park In charge of fmcg sample, employee payrolls Carries out financial forecasting and risks taking on behalf of the essay labour, amusement park Prepares accurate tax information on behalf of the amusement park and submit to the tax authorities. Fmcg Resume! Customer Service Executives. Takes bookings from customers on behalf of the customers Listen to studies system all customer complaints by ensuring that the complaints get to the right department and are resolved as quickly as possible Keep an resume accurate database of customers on behalf of the amusement park Stays updated about new information and bank resume, services on Yippy Yap amusement Park LLC, to ensure that customers that call for inquiries get accurate information. Ensure that the amusement park is safe and secure for customers and employees Patrols the amusement park during the resume, day to check for any signs of troubles or incidents Ensures that lost objects and personal items are kept safe Pass along security tips to the employees. Responsible for ensuring that the environment is kept clean before park is federal bank of chicago essay contest, open for visitors everyday Ensures that the resume sample, restrooms are kept clean at all times Keeps inventory of preface phd dissertation, cleaning supplies Keeps administrative areas and complexes clean. Amusement Park Business Plan SWOT Analysis. Running a standard amusement park requires that all influencing factors be looked into.

In determining if we were best suited to run an amusement park business in resume Burlington Washington State, we hired business consultants who had the bank resume template, responsibility of looking through our business and fmcg, determining if the odds were in our favor in running this business. A SWOT (Strength, Weakness, Opportunity, Threat) analysis was used to determine what would become of our business and if it was worthwhile expending the huge amount of resources financial and labor in starting this business. Even though this area is deemed a tough area for any entrepreneur to embark on, the analysis assured us that our strengths and resume, the opportunities available to us would give us leverage over our weaknesses and sample, threats as well as our competitors as well. Below is the result from the SWOT analysis conducted on behalf of Yippy Yap Amusement Park LLC; Our strengths lies in the various other services added to our core unique services that we intended to essay labour introduce to our wide range of customers. We have hired competent employees who know the value of work ethics and are well attuned to fmcg resume sample our corporate culture in studies for enrollment delivering excellent services to our customers. Our management team all have several years of experience in running an fmcg sample amusement park and therefore have what it takes to run this business from the ground up to resume an enviable position in the industry. Also, the business is bring run by fmcg resume, a seasoned entrepreneur Mr. jack Cuba who has the necessary experience required in taking strategic decisions that would set the business on its right course. The amusement park business is a tough industry to break into especially as strong competitors abound in bank of chicago this field, also, the fact that we are located in Burlington Washington State might be a weakness for fmcg resume sample us but we have plans in place to combat this weakness and essay company canada, turn it into strengths. Sample! People seek entertainment o a daily basis, some want a sense of adventure, others are looking for something dreamy, and others want something fun, whilst some are on the lookout for essay labour challenges. We know how perfectly poised we are in ensuring that we tap into the many available opportunities by ensuring that customers have their needs met. The threat we are likely to face in this business is the threat of new competitors launching a similar business in the location we would be operating from.

Another threatening factor might be a downturn of the economy which would mean that people would spend less than they usually do to come to resume amusement parks. We however have strategies in place to combat these threats. Amusement Park Business Plan MARKET ANALYSIS. Studies Thesis! Amusement parks have a constant demand that changes depending on the season, however, changes are not unusually low for this kind of business as it is for other businesses. However, any amusement park that intends to be in business for a very long time and favorably compete with other established amusement parks will need to stay creative in bringing forth new ideas and also be unique for the overall benefit of the business. Fmcg! This includes continually exploring ideas that will be fascinating for the wide range of customers who visit the phd dissertation, amusement parks. Another trend for amusement parks is the fact that most amusement parks do not only sell admission rates for visitors who intend to gain entry into the park to sample see the various attractions that the park has to offer; it also sells spaces to shops, restaurants, event places and other commercial outlets. Also, huge amusement parks also have accommodation on the site like resorts for people who like to essay labour stay for a while and experience all the pleasures and fmcg resume, attractions that the park has to offer.

Lastly, technology through the federal of chicago contest, internet has played a major role in ensuring that more people are aware of the various services an amusement park can offer. Amusement parks can now interact with potential and existing customers via their websites which have been uniquely designed to showcase all the attractions that the amusement park has to resume offer. In this industry, one has to network with a whole lot of people in the entertainment industry so that sales can be increased for the overall healthy bottom line of the business. The target market for amusement parks is huge, as there are a variety of people that visit and make use of the essay labour, facilities at sample, the amusement parks. Essay Labour! This means that our target market cannot be limited to a certain group of resume sample, people, but all those who have always seen the amusement park as a place to visit. Our strategic location in Burlington Washington State is likely o enable us tap into all the available target market in foreign this industry. Because we know how big this sort of project is, we have in conjunction with several reputable business consultants have conducted our market research just so as to be able to fmcg resume sample properly define our target market, which will then enable us draft specific strategies that can be applied. Our business is to essay offer entertainment and other services to the following group of people: Our Competitive Advantage. Having a competitive advantage is resume sample, very important for every business. This industry is one that is filled with huge established amusement parks and our intention to essay company become one of the top five amusement parks in the whole of the fmcg sample, United States of America isnt going to critical essay breath be achieved if we do not come up with strategies that will not only help us compete favorably with our competitors but also ensure that our goals and objectives are achieved. First off, we are going to ensure that we offer unique services and fmcg resume sample, will recruit the for enrollment system thesis, best creative minds to always remain proactive as regards developing new unique games for our customers that will keep us above our nearest and even far off competitors.

Asides, ensuing that we keep our customers thoroughly entertained in fmcg resume sample our amusement park, we also intend to offer other unique services that are rarely seen in other amusement parks. We intend to resume template offer on-site accommodation to guests that would want to live in our amusement park for fmcg sample a week or more so as to be able to see as many attractions as possible. All our workers irrespective of essay labour, assigned position will be trained in the area of fmcg resume, customer care and so we will top our competitors in this regards by offering excellent customer care in all ramifications. The welfare packages for our employees across board will be better than the standard package as we intend to create an atmosphere where efficiency and effectiveness is the norm. Foreign Studies System! Lastly, we intend to ensure that our equipments and game machines are up to the required standards at fmcg resume sample, all times. Our maintenance team will continually carry out regular maintenance of all our working equipment as this would be a way of detecting defective equipment, and keeping accidents at the amusement park up to the lightest and barest minimum. Amusement Park Business Plan SALES AND MARKETING STRATEGY. Federal Reserve Bank! Yippy Yap Amusement Park, LLC is established with the sole aim of making profit in Burlington Washington State and the whole of the United States of America, which we intend to fmcg resume do through different factors by ensuring that we offer different services to foreign for enrollment system our wide range of customers which is intended to shore up revenue for us. Yippy Yap Amusement Park, LLC intends to generate income through direct and indirect revenue generating methods via the resume, following services; Sale of admission tickets to customers seeking entry into the park Development of on-site accommodation such as resorts Sale of spaces to commercial businesses and stores Merchandise sales Advertising Coin-operated games Commission income from reserve of chicago, third party exhibitors Fees for hosting parties and other events Parking fees Consultancy services Training Franchise. The amusement park business is a thriving business that receives a large number of customers daily.

However, there is always a demand surge during certain seasons. Due to our strategic positioning in Burlington Washington State, we are well positioned to meet our target market in fmcg the state as well as around its environs as well. We are optimistic that our target of generating enough revenue that will cover costs of running operations as well as little profits will be achieved during the second year of operations. Our sales forecast was as a result of a critical evaluation carried out on behalf of Yippy Yap Amusement Parks by our business consultants that we hired. These business consultants who are the best in the field and are well versed regarding the amusement park industry thoroughly analyzed our chances of survival and growth. The information for the sales projection was gathered based on our location in silver Burlington Washington State, and similar start-ups especially those in the same industry as ours. Below are the sales projection for fmcg sample Yippy Yap Amusement Park LLC depending on the above listed factors and several others; N.B: As mentioned above, the bank resume template, above projections are based entirely on what is obtainable in the industry and also based on the facts that the factors used to base the fmcg, assumptions such as location, stable economy and lack of competitor in the same area of operation remained same. A change in any of essay company canada, these factors will definitely cause a positive or negative change in fmcg sample the sales projections. The intention of marketing a product and or service is very straightforward; however marketing itself serves a dual purpose for every business.

The importance of marketing for any business especially those with the intention of making profit is to generate revenue for the business whilst also increasing awareness about the products and critical essay memory, or services a business has to fmcg offer and even for the business itself as a whole. However, the old way of marketing products which was through distribution of fliers as well as placing adverts in print and in essay breath memory television might not be as effective especially as technology has not only resume sample made it easier for businesses to gain their customers but is studies for enrollment system thesis, also a faster way of resume, generating income for any business, especially amusement parks. Without marketing, any business no matter how fantastic it looks would likely fail. Because of how huge the essay labour, amusement park project is, we were careful in deciding what our marketing and sales strategy would be and for this purpose we hired marketing consultants that conducted a thorough marketing survey and feasibility study on our behalf as regards who our target customers are and fmcg resume, how we should penetrate the available market so as to draw customers to our business. The marketing experts we hired have a thorough knowledge of the amusement park business and so would also help in drafting effective marketing strategies in conjunction with our sales and marketing team so that our corporate goals can be achieved. Yippy Yap Amusement Park LLC intends to foreign for enrollment system thesis adopt the following marketing and sales strategy in providing service to our various customers; Throw a grand opening party to resume sample showcase what our amusement park has to offer Give huge discounts for the first two weeks of opening our amusement parks Advertise our amusement park in magazines, newspapers and on television Massively market our amusement park through our website and social media platforms such as Facebook , instagram and bank template, Google Plus Engage in resume sample direct marketing Advertise on popular forums and traffic pulling websites. Amusement Park Business Plan Publicity and Advertising Strategy. Every business that intends to grow needs to preface intensify its publicity and advertising strategies, if they intend to favorably compete with other similar businesses in the same industry.

The amusement park business is no different and resume sample, if we intend to preface phd dissertation secure our lead amongst the top five in the industry, we would need to intensify publicity for our business and fmcg resume, the services we offer at Yippy Yap Amusement Park, LLC. Essay Eyes! Other ways we intend to ensure that we publicize our amusement park are offering of trainings for those who intend to fmcg sample start their own amusement park business and consultancy services for those who are already in the business. These services will ensure that the awareness for our brand in Burlington Washington State and in the whole of the United States of America increases so that our customers can readily identify us amongst others. Listed below are some of the platforms we intend leveraging on in order to promote our Yippy Yap Amusement Park Business LLC; Creating customized tee-shirts with our logos and giving to loyal customers as free Placing adverts on radio and television as regards our brands Placing advert via Google and other traffic pulling sites Participating and preface phd dissertation, sponsoring relevant programs in the community Making use of our social media platforms like Instagram, Facebook, Twitter, Snapchat and other such avenues to publicize our business. Ensuring that our billboards are installed in various strategic locations in Burlington and resume, around the whole of Washington State Design flexi banners and place in different conspicuous locations to increase awareness Distribute our unique fliers in target areas Sponsor school high school, college, and universities entertainment shows. Our Pricing Strategy. We intend to offer admission rates that are affordable to our different customers such as children, adult, senior citizen or a family unit. Bank! Our admission rate is resume, usually all-inclusive and reserve bank of chicago contest, allows customers see attractions, use rides and enjoy live entertainment. Resume! Customers who want extra services such as specialty rides and attractions, merchandise, concessions and preface phd dissertation, arcades will definitely have to pay more. Fmcg Sample! Pricing in admission parks usually boils down to two categories such as physical and non-physical choice categories. Even though both categories need an admission ticket, they offer different services.

The physical choice usually includes admission packages that are based on the type of amenities and inventory to resume be used, while the non-physical choice usually includes rates for different usage times. During our first one month of operations, we intend to ensure that all rates for different admission categories are discounted so that more customers can patronize our services. Yippy Yap Amusement Park LLC intends to ensure that all our customers have different payment options that suit them. Our payment policy will be broad and fmcg resume, inclusive of all the categories of customers we are likely to get. The payment options that we will make available to federal reserve bank our wide range of customers include; Cash payment Credit Card payment Payment via Point of Sale (POS) Machine Payment via online transfer Payment via mobile app transfer. Fmcg Sample! The above payment options were carefully chosen in conjunction with our bank which we believe offer the best baking platforms that will ensure that all payments go through with few hitches as possible. The amusement park business is one that requires a whole lot of start-up capital that is usually spent on getting the machineries and equipment to use in starting the silver company canada, business.

Asides from fmcg resume sample, getting the machineries and equipment, the bulk of the capital is also used to pay employees and pay other bills till the business starts making its own money to pay for preface phd dissertation these aspects itself. The key areas where the start-up capital will be spent on are; Total fee for registering business and handling other legalities in the United States of America $2,000 Zonal licenses and resume sample, permits $30,000 Cost of hiring several business consultants $500,000 Insurance policy (workers compensation, general liability, property and equipment liability) $1,000,000 Operational costs for the first one year (employee salaries, utility payments and silver, other running costs) $5,000,000 Cost of leasing land for amusement park $5,000,000 Cost of acquiring and installing equipment and sample, machineries $40,000,000 Cost of building several facilities $10,000,000 Cost of equipping each building with necessary gadgets $3,000,000 Other start up expenses (installations of essay labour, phones, computers, printers, security cameras and furniture) $2,000,000 Cost of store facilities (ventilation, shelves, cleaning supplies) $1,000,000 Marketing expenses (promotion for grand opening as well as marketing for the first one year) $2,000,000 Cost of building and launching an official website $20,000 Cost of start-up inventory $3,000,000 Cost of hosting launch party $1,000,000 Miscellaneous $500,000. From the above estimation, we would require the sum of $75,000,000 to be able to successfully launch and sample, operate an amusement park in Burlington Washington State. The amount is inclusive of capital expenditures such as land and building and critical breath eyes, running costs such as employees salaries and utility bills payment for at least a year of operation. Sample! Generating Funding / Startup Capital for silver canada Yippy Yap Amusement Park Business. Yippy Yap Amusement Park LLC is a business owned by several investors but run by an entrepreneur and business man, Jack Cuba. Knowing how huge this project is, Jack intends to source for the start-up capital from the following five major sources. The below listed areas are where we intend to fmcg sample start generating capital from; Part capital generation from personal savings and sale of stocks Sourcing capital from angel investors Sourcing capital from venture capitalists Apply for loan from a bank Source for capital from wealthy friends and family members.

N.B: From the following five major sources, we were able to generate $10,000,000 from personal savings and sale of bank template, stocks. We generated $10,000,000 from wealthy friends and family members. From angel investors, we were able to generate the sum of $20,000,000 . From venture capitalists, we were able to generate the sum of $10,000,000 . We are currently seeking for a loan of sample, $25,000,000 from our bank and have all documentations in place. We know the loan will be approved within a month as we have met all the conditions from the bank. Amusement Park Business Plan Sustainability and Expansion Strategy. Essay Labour! Every business that has gone through the rigors of fmcg resume sample, establishing itself to make profit as well as favorably compete against its competitors in the same industry always has plans in essay labour place to ensure its sustainability. Not having a sustainability strategy would mean that the business might not last for very long before failing. Fmcg Resume! While we intend to offer unique services at Yippy Yap Amusement Park LLC, we also intend to ensure that the feedback from our customers guide us all the bank of chicago, time. Fmcg Sample! We know how important customers are to any business especially to our kind of business and so we would ensure that asides offering the bank template, best services possible to our customers.

We would also ensure that the lines of communication between our customers and us are always opened. We also intend to keep our customers happy by ensuring we promptly attend and resolve all complaints in a timely manner. Asides taking good care of our customers, we know that keeping the employees happy as they are our internal customers is very important too. We would pay our employees with what is obtainable across the industry. We also would ensure that staff welfare is available for all our employees and fmcg sample, that incentive packages are kept in place to resume template reward hard working employees. Our employees would also undergo trainings periodically so that it would enhance their skills on the job and also ensure that they stay updated as regards new improving technologies in the work place. These two factors are very important and of a huge concern to sample us and we know that with the right plans in place in hiring a competent workforce that is committed to essay labour our goals and objectives, we would attain our vision of becoming amongst the top five well known amusement park in the whole of the United States of America.

Business Name Availability Check: Completed Business Registration: Completed Opening of Corporate Bank Accounts: Completed Securing Point of Sales (POS) Machines: Completed Opening Mobile Money Accounts: Completed Opening Online Payment Platforms: Completed Application and Obtaining Tax Payers ID: In Progress Application for business license and permit: Completed Purchase of sample, Insurance for essay memory the Business: Completed Conducting Feasibility Studies: Completed Generating capital from family members: Completed Applications for Loan from the bank: In Progress Writing of Business Plan: Completed Drafting of Employees Handbook: Completed Drafting of Contract Documents and other relevant Legal Documents: In Progress Design of The Companys Logo: Completed Graphic Designs and Printing of Packaging Marketing / Promotional Materials: In Progress Recruitment of employees: In Progress Creating Official Website for the Company: In Progress Creating Awareness for fmcg the business both online and around the essay labour, community: In Progress Health and Safety and Fire Safety Arrangement (License): Secured Opening party / launching party planning: In Progress Establishing business relationship with vendors wholesale suppliers / merchants: In Progress Purchase of trucks: Completed.

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of cannibals essay Achebe, Chinua. An Image of fmcg sample, Africa: Racism in Conrad's 'Heart of Darkness' Massachusetts Review. 18. 1977. Phd Dissertation? Rpt. in Heart of Darkness, An Authoritative Text, background and fmcg resume sample Sources Criticism. Essay Memory? 1961.

3rd ed. Ed. Robert Kimbrough, London: W. Fmcg Resume? W Norton and Co., 1988, pp.251-261. In the preface fall of 1974 I was walking one day from the English Department at the University of Massachusetts to sample a parking lot. It was a fine autumn morning such as encouraged friendliness to passing strangers. Brisk youngsters were hurrying in all directions, many of them obviously freshmen in phd dissertation their first flush of enthusiasm. An older man going the same way as I turned and remarked to me how very young they came these days. I agreed. Then he asked me if I was a student too. I said no, I was a teacher.

What did I teach? African literature. Now that was funny, he said, because he knew a fellow who taught the same thing, or perhaps it was African history, in a certain Community College not far from resume sample, here. It always surprised him, he went on to say, because he never had thought of Africa as having that kind of stuff, you know. By this time I was walking much faster. Oh well, I heard him say finally, behind me: I guess I have to take your course to find out. A few weeks later I received two very touching letters from high school children in Yonkers, New York, who -- bless their teacher -- had just read Things Fall Apart . One of them was particularly happy to learn about the customs and superstitions of an African tribe. I propose to draw from these rather trivial encounters rather heavy conclusions which at first sight might seem somewhat out of proportion to them. But only, I hope, at first sight. The young fellow from Yonkers, perhaps partly on critical account of his age but I believe also for much deeper and more serious reasons, is obviously unaware that the life of sample, his own tribesmen in Yonkers, New York, is full of odd customs and phd dissertation superstitions and, like everybody else in his culture, imagines that he needs a trip to Africa to encounter those things. The other person being fully my own age could not be excused on the grounds of his years.

Ignorance might be a more likely reason; but here again I believe that something more willful than a mere lack of information was at work. For did not that erudite British historian and fmcg resume Regius Professor at Oxford, Hugh Trevor Roper, also pronounce that African history did not exist? If there is bank resume template something in these utterances more than youthful inexperience, more than a lack of factual knowledge, what is it? Quite simply it is the desire -- one might indeed say the need -- in Western psychology to set Africa up as a foil to Europe, as a place of negations at once remote and vaguely familiar, in comparison with which Europe's own state of spiritual grace will be manifest. This need is not new; which should relieve us all of considerable responsibility and perhaps make us even willing to look at this phenomenon dispassionately. I have neither the wish nor the fmcg resume competence to embark on the exercise with the tools of the social and biological sciences but more simply in the manner of a novelist responding to one famous book of company canada, European fiction: Joseph Conrad's Heart of Darkness , which better than any other work that I know displays that Western desire and need which I have just referred to.

Of course there are whole libraries of books devoted to the same purpose but most of them are so obvious and so crude that few people worry about them today. Conrad, on fmcg resume sample the other hand, is undoubtedly one of the great stylists of breath eyes, modern fiction and a good storyteller into the bargain. His contribution therefore falls automatically into a different class -- permanent literature -- read and resume sample taught and constantly evaluated by essay labour, serious academics. Heart of Darkness is indeed so secure today that a leading Conrad scholar has numbered it among the half-dozen greatest short novels in the English language. I will return to this critical opinion in due course because it may seriously modify my earlier suppositions about fmcg who may or may not be guilty in some of the matters I will now raise. Heart of preface phd dissertation, Darkness projects the image of Africa as the other world, the antithesis of fmcg sample, Europe and therefore of civilization, a place where man's vaunted intelligence and refinement are finally mocked by triumphant beastiality. The book opens on the River Thames, tranquil, resting, peacefully at the decline of day after ages of bank, good service done to the race that peopled its banks. But the actual story will take place on fmcg resume the River Congo, the very antithesis of the essay labour Thames. Fmcg? The River Congo is quite decidedly not a River Emeritus. It has rendered no service and enjoys no old-age pension. We are told that Going up that river was like traveling back to the earliest beginnings of the essay labour world.

Is Conrad saying then that these two rivers are very different, one good, the other bad? Yes, but that is not the real point. It is not the fmcg differentness that worries Conrad but the of chicago essay lurking hint of kinship, of common ancestry. For the Thames too has been one of the dark places of the earth. It conquered its darkness, of course, and is now in daylight and at peace. But if it were to visit its primordial relative, the Congo, it would run the terrible risk of hearing grotesque echoes of its own forgotten darkness, and falling victim to an avenging recrudescence of the fmcg resume mindless frenzy of the first beginnings. These suggestive echoes comprise Conrad's famed evocation of the African atmosphere in phd dissertation Heart of Darkness . In the fmcg sample final consideration his method amounts to no more than a steady, ponderous, fake-ritualistic repetition of two antithetical sentences, one about for enrollment system thesis silence and the other about frenzy.

We can inspect samples of this on sample pages 36 and 37 of the present edition: a) it was the essay breath memory stillness of an implacable force brooding over resume sample, an inscrutable intention and b) The steamer toiled along slowly on the edge of a black and incomprehensible frenzy. Of course there is a judicious change of adjective from time to time, so that instead of inscrutable, for example, you might have unspeakable, even plain mysterious, etc., etc. The eagle-eyed English critic F. R. Leavis drew attention long ago to bank of chicago essay Conrad's adjectival insistence upon inexpressible and incomprehensible mystery. That insistence must not be dismissed lightly, as many Conrad critics have tended to do, as a mere stylistic flaw; for it raises serious questions of artistic good faith. Fmcg Resume Sample? When a writer while pretending to record scenes, incidents and their impact is in foreign for enrollment system reality engaged in inducing hypnotic stupor in his readers through a bombardment of emotive words and other forms of trickery much more has to be at stake than stylistic felicity. Generally normal readers are well armed to detect and resist such under-hand activity. But Conrad chose his subject well -- one which was guaranteed not to put him in conflict with the psychological predisposition of his readers or raise the need for him to contend with their resistance. He chose the fmcg resume sample role of purveyor of comforting myths.

The most interesting and revealing passages in Heart of Darkness are, however, about bank of chicago essay people. I must crave the indulgence of my reader to resume quote almost a whole page from about the middle of the stop/when representatives of Europe in a steamer going down the federal bank of chicago essay Congo encounter the resume denizens of Africa. We were wanderers on a prehistoric earth, on an earth that wore the essay labour aspect of an unknown planet. Fmcg Sample? We could have fancied ourselves the first of men taking possession of an federal reserve essay, accursed inheritance, to be subdued at the cost of profound anguish and of excessive toil. But suddenly as we struggled round a bend there would be a glimpse of rush walls, of peaked grass-roofs, a burst of fmcg resume sample, yells, a whirl of black limbs, a mass of reserve bank of chicago, hands clapping, of feet stamping, of bodies swaying, of resume, eyes rolling under the droop of heavy and motionless foliage. The steamer toiled along slowly on the edge of foreign studies for enrollment thesis, a black and incomprehensible frenzy. The prehistoric man was cursing us, praying to fmcg resume sample us, welcoming us -- who could tell? We were cut off from the comprehension of our surroundings; we glided past like phantoms, wondering and secretly appalled, as sane men would be before an enthusiastic outbreak in essay a madhouse. We could not understand because we were too far and could not remember, because we were traveling in the night of first ages, of those ages that are gone, leaving hardly a sign -- and no memories. The earth seemed unearthly. We are accustomed to look upon fmcg resume, the shackled form of a conquered monster, but there -- there you could look at essay company, a thing monstrous and resume free.

It was unearthly and the men were . No they were not inhuman. Well, you know that was the worst of essay labour, it -- this suspicion of their not being inhuman. It would come slowly to one. They howled and leaped and spun and made horrid faces, but what thrilled you, was just the thought of their humanity -- like yours -- the thought of your remote kinship with this wild and passionate uproar. Ugly. Yes, it was ugly enough, but if you were man enough you would admit to fmcg yourself that there was in you just the faintest trace of phd dissertation, a response to the terrible frankness of fmcg sample, that noise, a dim suspicion of there being a meaning in it which you -- you so remote from the essay labour night of fmcg, first ages -- could comprehend. Herein lies the essay labour meaning of Heart of Darkness and the fascination it holds over the Western mind: What thrilled you was just the thought of their humanity -- like yours . Ugly. Having shown us Africa in the mass, Conrad then zeros in, half a page later, on a specific example, giving us one of his rare descriptions of an African who is not just limbs or rolling eyes: And between whiles I had to look after the resume sample savage who was fireman. Federal Bank Of Chicago Essay? He was an improved specimen; he could fire up a vertical boiler.

He was there below me and, upon resume sample, my word, to look at him was as edifying as seeing a dog in a parody of breeches and a feather hat walking on thesis his hind legs. A few months of training had done for that really fine chap. He squinted at the steam-gauge and at the water-gauge with an evident effort of intrepidity -- and he had filed his teeth too, the resume sample poor devil, and the wool of his pate shaved into queer patterns, and three ornamental scars on bank template each of sample, his cheeks. He ought to preface have been clapping his hands and fmcg stamping his feet on the bank, instead of which he was hard at studies for enrollment thesis, work, a thrall to strange witchcraft, full of improving knowledge. As everybody knows, Conrad is a romantic on the side. He might not exactly admire savages clapping their hands and stamping their feet but they have at fmcg resume, least the merit of being in their place, unlike this dog in a parody of breeches.

For Conrad things being in their place is of the phd dissertation utmost importance. Fine fellows -- cannibals --in their place, he tells us pointedly. Fmcg? Tragedy begins when things leave their accustomed place, like Europe leaving its safe stronghold between the policeman and the baker to like a peep into the heart of darkness. Before the story likes us into the Congo basin proper we are given this nice little vignette as an example of things in their place: Now and then a boat from the shore gave one a momentary contact with reality. It was paddled by black fellows. You could see from afar the white of their eyeballs glistening. They shouted, sang; their bodies streamed with perspiration; they had faces like grotesque masks -- these chaps; but they had bone, muscle, a wild vitality, an intense energy of movement that was as natural and hue as the surf along their coast. They wanted no excuse for being there.

They were a great comfort to essay memory look at. Towards the end of the story Conrad lavishes a whole page quite unexpectedly on an African woman who has obviously been some kind of mistress to Mr. Kurtz and now presides (if I may be permitted a little liberty) like a formidable mystery over the inexorable imminence of fmcg sample, his departure: She was savage and superb, wild-eyed and magnificent . She stood looking at us without a stir and like the wilderness itself, with an air of brooding over an inscrutable purpose. This Amazon is drawn in considerable detail, albeit of a predictable nature, for two reasons. First, she is in her place and so can win Conrad's special brand of approval and second, she fulfills a structural requirement of the story: a savage counterpart to the refined, European woman who will step forth to foreign studies for enrollment end the story: She came forward all in black with a pale head, floating toward me in the dusk. She was in mourning . She took both my hands in hers and murmured, I had heard you were coming.. She had a mature capacity for fidelity, for resume sample, belief, for suffering. The difference in the attitude of the essay silver company novelist to these two women is conveyed in fmcg resume too many direct and subfile ways to need elaboration.

But perhaps the most significant difference is the one implied in the author's bestowal of foreign thesis, human expression to the one and the withholding of it from the other. It is clearly not part of Conrad's purpose to confer language on the rudimentary souls of Africa. In place of speech they made a violent babble of uncouth sounds. They exchanged short grunting phrases even among themselves. Resume? But most of the reserve of chicago contest time they were too busy with their frenzy. There are two occasions in the book, however, when Conrad departs somewhat from his practice and confers speech, even English speech, on the savages. The first occurs when cannibalism gets the better of sample, them: Catch 'im, he snapped with a bloodshot widening of his eyes and a flash of sharp teeth -- catch 'im. Give 'im to us.

To you, eh? I asked; what would you do with them? Eat 'im! he said curtly. Essay Labour? . . . The other occasion was the famous announcement:Mistah Kurtz -- he dead. At first sight these instances might be mistaken for unexpected acts of sample, generosity from Conrad. Bank Resume? In reality they constitute some of his best assaults. In the case of the fmcg resume cannibals the incomprehensible grunts that had thus far served them for speech suddenly proved inadequate for Conrad's purpose of letting the European glimpse the unspeakable craving in their hearts. Weighing the eyes necessity for consistency in fmcg resume sample the portrayal of the dumb brutes against the sensational advantages of critical breath memory, securing their conviction by clear, unambiguous evidence issuing out of fmcg resume sample, their own mouth Conrad chose the latter.

As for the announcement of Mr. Kurtz's death by preface phd dissertation, the insolent black head in the doorway what better or more appropriate finis could be written to fmcg resume the horror story of that wayward child of civilization who willfully had given his soul to essay eyes the powers of darkness and taken a high seat amongst the devils of the land than the resume sample proclamation of his physical death by the forces he had joined? It might be contended, of bank of chicago, course, that the attitude to the African in Heart of fmcg resume, Darkness is not Conrad's but that of his fictional narrator, Marlow, and that far from endorsing it Conrad might indeed be holding it up to irony and criticism. Certainly Conrad appears to go to preface considerable pains to set up layers of insulation between himself and the moral universe of his history. He has, for example, a narrator behind a narrator. Fmcg Sample? The primary narrator is Marlow but his account is given to us through the filter of a second, shadowy person. But if Conrad's intention is to draw a cordon sanitaire between himself and the moral and psychological malaise of his narrator his care seems to me totally wasted because he neglects to hint however subtly or tentatively at an alternative frame of reference by which we may judge the actions and opinions of his characters.

It would not have been beyond Conrad's power to resume make that provision if he had thought it necessary. Fmcg Resume? Marlow seems to me to enjoy Conrad's complete confidence -- a feeling reinforced by the close similarities between their two careers. Marlow comes through to us not only as a witness of truth, but one holding those advanced and of chicago contest humane views appropriate to the English liberal tradition which required all Englishmen of decency to be deeply shocked by atrocities in Bulgaria or the Congo of King Leopold of the Belgians or wherever. Thus Marlow is able to toss out such bleeding-heart sentiments as these: They were dying slowly -- it was very clear. They were not enemies, they were not criminals, they were nothing earthly now, nothing but black shadows of disease and starvation lying confusedly in the greenish gloom. Brought from all the recesses of the coast in all the legality of time contracts, lost in uncongenial surroundings, fed on unfamiliar food, they sickened, became inefficient, and were then allowed to crawl away and rest.

The kind of fmcg sample, liberalism espoused here by Marlow/Conrad touched all the best minds of the age in bank resume template England, Europe and America. It took different forms in the minds of different people but almost always managed to sidestep the ultimate question of equality between white people and sample black people. Essay Labour? That extraordinary missionary, Albert Schweitzer, who sacrificed brilliant careers in music and theology in Europe for a life of service to Africans in much the same area as Conrad writes about, epitomizes the ambivalence. In a comment which has often been quoted Schweitzer says: The African is indeed my brother but my junior brother. And so he proceeded to build a hospital appropriate to the needs of junior brothers with standards of hygiene reminiscent of medical practice in the days before the germ theory of disease came into being. Naturally he became a sensation in Europe and America. Pilgrims flocked, and I believe still flock even after he has passed on, to witness the prodigious miracle in Lamberene, on the edge of the primeval forest.

Conrad's liberalism would not take him quite as far as Schweitzer's, though. He would not use the word brother however qualified; the fmcg sample farthest he would go was kinship. When Marlow's African helmsman falls down with a spear in his heart he gives his white master one final disquieting look. And the intimate profundity of that look he gave me when he received his hurt remains to this day in essay breath eyes memory my memory -- like a claim of distant kinship affirmed in a supreme moment. It is resume important to note that Conrad, careful as ever with his words, is concerned not so much about distant kinship as about someone laying a claim on it.

The black man lays a claim on the white man which is well-nigh intolerable. Essay Labour? It is the laying of this claim which frightens and at the same time fascinates Conrad, . the thought of their humanity -- like yours . Ugly. The point of my observations should be quite clear by now, namely that Joseph Conrad was a thoroughgoing racist. That this simple truth is glossed over in criticisms of his work is due to the fact that white racism against fmcg sample Africa is such a normal way of thinking that its manifestations go completely unremarked. Students of Heart of Darkness will often tell you that Conrad is concerned not so much with Africa as with the deterioration of one European mind caused by solitude and sickness. They will point out to you that Conrad is, if anything, less charitable to the Europeans in the story than he is to the natives, that the point of the story is to ridicule Europe's civilizing mission in Africa. A Conrad student informed me in Scotland that Africa is merely a setting for the disintegration of the mind of Mr. Phd Dissertation? Kurtz.

Which is partly the point. Fmcg Sample? Africa as setting and backdrop which eliminates the African as human factor. Africa as a metaphysical battlefield devoid of all recognizable humanity, into which the wandering European enters at his peril. Can nobody see the preposterous and perverse arrogance in thus reducing Africa to the role of memory, props for the break-up of one petty European mind? But that is not even the point. The real question is the dehumanization of Africa and Africans which this age-long attitude has fostered and continues to foster in the world. And the question is whether a novel which celebrates this dehumanization, which depersonalizes a portion of the human race, can be called a great work of art. My answer is: No, it cannot. Fmcg? I do not doubt Conrad's great talents.

Even Heart of studies system, Darkness has its memorably good passages and moments: The reaches opened before us and closed behind, as if the forest had stepped leisurely across tile water to bar the fmcg way for our return. Its exploration of the minds of the European characters is often penetrating and full of insight. But all that has been more than fully discussed in the last fifty years. His obvious racism has, however, not been addressed. Essay Labour? And it is high time it was! Conrad was born in 1857, the very year in which the resume first Anglican missionaries were arriving among my own people in template Nigeria. It was certainly not his fault that he lived his life at a time when the reputation of the resume black man was at a particularly low level. But even after due allowances have been made for all the influences of contemporary prejudice on his sensibility there remains still in Conrad's attitude a residue of antipathy to black people which his peculiar psychology alone can explain.

His own account of his first encounter with a black man is very revealing: A certain enormous buck nigger encountered in Haiti fixed my conception of blind, furious, unreasoning rage, as manifested in the human animal to federal bank of chicago the end of my days. Of the nigger I used to dream for years afterwards. Certainly Conrad had a problem with niggers. His inordinate love of fmcg resume, that word itself should be of interest to psychoanalysts.

Sometimes his fixation on blackness is equally interesting as when he gives us this brief description: A black figure stood up, strode on long black legs, waving long black arms. . Silver Canada? . . as though we might expect a black figure striding along on fmcg black legs to wave white arms! But so unrelenting is Conrad's obsession. As a matter of interest Conrad gives us in A Personal Record what amounts to silver company a companion piece to the buck nigger of Haiti. At the age of fmcg sample, sixteen Conrad encountered his first Englishman in Europe. He calls him my unforgettable Englishman and phd dissertation describes him in the following manner: (his) calves exposed to the public gaze . . . dazzled the beholder by the splendor of their marble-like condition and their rich tone of young ivory. Fmcg Resume? . . . Foreign For Enrollment System Thesis? The light of a headlong, exalted satisfaction with the world of men. . . illumined his face. . . and triumphant eyes. Resume? In passing he cast a glance of kindly curiosity and a friendly gleam of big, sound, shiny teeth. . . his white calves twinkled sturdily. Irrational love and preface irrational hate jostling together in the heart of that talented, tormented man.

But whereas irrational love may at worst engender foolish acts of indiscretion, irrational hate can endanger the fmcg life of the federal reserve bank essay community. Naturally Conrad is a dream for psychoanalytic critics. Perhaps the most detailed study of him in fmcg resume sample this direction is by Bernard C. Meyer, M.D. In his lengthy book Dr. Meyer follows every conceivable lead (and sometimes inconceivable ones) to explain Conrad. As an example he gives us long disquisitions on silver company canada the significance of hair and hair-cutting in resume Conrad. And yet not even one word is spared for his attitude to black people. Not even the discussion of Conrad's antisemitism was enough to spark off in Dr. Meyer's mind those other dark and explosive thoughts. Which only leads one to essay canada surmise that Western psychoanalysts must regard the kind of racism displayed by Conrad absolutely normal despite the profoundly important work done by Frantz Fanon in fmcg sample the psychiatric hospitals of French Algeria.

Whatever Conrad's problems were, you might say he is for enrollment system now safely dead. Quite true. Resume? Unfortunately his heart of darkness plagues us still. Which is why an offensive and deplorable book can be described by a serious scholar as among the phd dissertation half dozen greatest short novels in sample the English language. And why it is essay labour today the most commonly prescribed novel in twentieth-century literature courses in English Departments of American universities. There are two probable grounds on which what I have aid so far may be contested. The first is that it is no concern of fiction to please people about whom it is written. I will go along with that. But I am not talking about pleasing people.

I am talking about a book which parades in the most vulgar fashion prejudices and insults from fmcg, which a section of mankind has suffered untold agonies and atrocities in the past and continues to do so in many ways and many places today. I am talking about a story in which the very humanity of black people is bank resume called in question. Secondly, I may be challenged on fmcg the grounds of actuality. Conrad, after all, did sail down the Congo in 1890 when my own father was still a babe in bank template arms. Fmcg? How could I stand up more than fifty years after his death and purport to federal bank of chicago contest contradict him? My answer is that as a sensible man I will not accept just any traveler's tales solely on the grounds that I have not made the journey myself. I will not trust the evidence even off man's very eyes when I suspect them to be as jaundiced as Conrad's. And we also happen to know that Conrad was, in resume sample the words of his biographer, Bernard C. Meyer, notoriously inaccurate in the rendering of critical essay, his own history. But more important by far is the abundant testimony about Conrad's savages which we could gather if we were so inclined from fmcg sample, other sources and which might lead us to essay silver company canada think that these people must have had other occupations besides merging into the evil forest or materializing out of it simply to fmcg sample plague Marlow and his dispirited band. Foreign Thesis? For as it happened, soon after Conrad had written his book an event of far greater consequence was taking place in the art world of Europe. This is how Frank Willett, a British art historian, describes it:

Gaugin had gone to Tahiti, the most extravagant individual act of turning to a non-European culture in the decades immediately before and after 1900, when European artists were avid for new artistic experiences, but it was only about 1904-5 that African art began to make its distinctive impact. One piece is still identifiable; it is a mask that had been given to Maurice Vlaminck in 1905. Fmcg Sample? He records that Derain was 'speechless' and 'stunned' when he saw it, bought it from Vlaminck and in turn showed it to Picasso and Matisse, who were also greatly affected by it. Ambroise Vollard then borrowed it and had it cast in bronze. . Bank Template? . The revolution of twentieth century art was under way! The mask in question was made by other savages living just north of resume, Conrad's River Congo. They have a name too: the company Fang people, and resume sample are without a doubt among the world's greatest masters of the sculptured form. Preface Phd Dissertation? The event Frank Willett is referring to resume marks the beginning of cubism and the infusion of bank template, new life into European art, which had run completely out of strength. The point of all this is to suggest that Conrad's picture of the people of the Congo seems grossly inadequate even at the height of their subjection to the ravages of King Leopold's lnternational Association for the Civilization of Central Africa. Travelers with closed minds can tell us little except about themselves.

But even those not blinkered, like Conrad with xenophobia, can be astonishing blind. Let me digress a little here. Fmcg Sample? One of the greatest and studies system most intrepid travelers of all time, Marco Polo, journeyed to the Far East from the fmcg resume Mediterranean in essay breath memory the thirteenth century and spent twenty years in the court of fmcg, Kublai Khan in silver canada China. On his return to Venice he set down in his book entitled Description of the World his impressions of the peoples and places and customs he had seen. But there were at least two extraordinary omissions in his account. Fmcg Resume Sample? He said nothing about the art of printing, unknown as yet in eyes memory Europe but in full flower in China. He either did not notice it at all or if he did, failed to see what use Europe could possibly have for fmcg, it. Whatever the reason, Europe had to wait another hundred years for Gutenberg. But even more spectacular was Marco Polo's omission of any reference to the Great Wall of China nearly 4,000 miles long and already more than 1,000 years old at the time of his visit.

Again, he may not have seen it; but the Great Wall of China is the only structure built by preface phd dissertation, man which is visible from the moon! Indeed travelers can be blind. As I said earlier Conrad did not originate the fmcg resume image of Africa which we find in his book. It was and is the canada dominant image of Africa in the Western imagination and Conrad merely brought the fmcg resume sample peculiar gifts of his own mind to bear on it. For reasons which can certainly use close psychological inquiry the West seems to essay labour suffer deep anxieties about the precariousness of its civilization and to fmcg have a need for constant reassurance by comparison with Africa. Critical Essay Breath? If Europe, advancing in civilization, could cast a backward glance periodically at Africa trapped in primordial barbarity it could say with faith and feeling: There go I but for the grace of God. Africa is to Europe as the picture is to Dorian Gray -- a carrier onto whom the master unloads his physical and moral deformities so that he may go forward, erect and immaculate. Consequently Africa is something to be avoided just as the picture has to be hidden away to safeguard the man's jeopardous integrity. Keep away from Africa, or else! Mr.

Kurtz of Heart of Darkness should have heeded that warning and the prowling horror in his heart would have kept its place, chained to its lair. But he foolishly exposed himself to the wild irresistible allure of the jungle and lo! the darkness found him out. In my original conception of this essay I had thought to conclude it nicely on an appropriately positive note in which I would suggest from my privileged position in African and Western cultures some advantages the West might derive from Africa once it rid its mind of old prejudices and began to look at Africa not through a haze of distortions and cheap mystifications but quite simply as a continent of people -- not angels, but not rudimentary souls either -- just people, often highly gifted people and often strikingly successful in their enterprise with life and society. But as I thought more about the stereotype image, about its grip and pervasiveness, about the willful tenacity with which the West holds it to its heart; when I thought of the West's television and cinema and newspapers, about books read in its schools and out of school, of churches preaching to fmcg empty pews about the need to send help to the heathen in Africa, I realized that no easy optimism was possible. And there was, in any case, something totally wrong in offering bribes to the West in return for preface phd dissertation, its good opinion of Africa. Ultimately the abandonment of unwholesome thoughts must be its own and only reward. Although I have used the word willful a few times here to fmcg resume sample characterize the West's view of Africa, it may well be that what is happening at this stage is more akin to reflex action than calculated malice. Which does not make the situation more but less hopeful.

The Christian Science Monitor, a paper more enlightened than most, once carried an interesting article written by its Education Editor on the serious psychological and critical essay breath learning problems faced by little children who speak one language at home and fmcg then go to school where something else is spoken. It was a wide-ranging article taking in Spanish-speaking children in America, the children of migrant Italian workers in Germany, the quadrilingual phenomenon in Malaysia, and so on. And all this while the article speaks unequivocally about language. But then out of the blue sky comes this: In London there is an enormous immigration of children who speak Indian or Nigerian dialects, or some other native language. I believe that the introduction of dialects which is technically erroneous in the context is almost a reflex action caused by an instinctive desire of the writer to downgrade the discussion to the level of Africa and India. And this is critical essay eyes memory quite comparable to Conrad's withholding of language from his rudimentary souls. Language is too grand for these chaps; let's give them dialects! In all this business a lot of violence is inevitably done not only to the image of despised peoples but even to words, the very tools of resume sample, possible redress. Look at the phrase native language in the Science Monitor excerpt.

Surely the only native language possible in London is Cockney English. Foreign Studies For Enrollment System Thesis? But our writer means something else -- something appropriate to the sounds Indians and Africans make! Although the work of redressing which needs to be done may appear too daunting, I believe it is not one day too soon to begin. Conrad saw and condemned the resume sample evil of essay silver company canada, imperial exploitation but was strangely unaware of the racism on which it sharpened its iron tooth. Sample? But the victims of racist slander who for centuries have had to live with the inhumanity it makes them heir to bank have always known better than any casual visitor even when he comes loaded with the gifts of a Conrad.

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Short essay on Lawyers Duty to His Client. In the words of Blackstone legal profession is a science which distinguishes the criterion of right and wrong which teachers to establish the one and resume prevent, punish or redress the critical essay other. Fmcg. The legal profession is the most independence one. Critical Breath Eyes. A member of the legal profession never hesitates to condemn tyranny or injustice. A lawer stands for justice more than a judge, as he pleads for it. It is a wrong belief that the lawers promote dispute and difference in the society. The work of the legal profession is not to sample, create disputes but settle the disputes whenever they arise. In fact lawers are peace makers in the society. It is often said by other professionalisms that the profession of law exploits the society and involves dishonesty and untruthfulness. Again this is a wrong notion prevalent in the society of the simple reason that it is not the lawer who practices dishonesty and untruthfulness. Image Source: unitedlawyers-redsea.com.

It is his clients compelling necessity which he proves by his art of advocacy and reasons. The charge of insincerity against a lawer disappears once it is realized that the critical essay breath eyes memory advocate is engaged not in express his own views of the case but he is presenting and marshalling all can be said of his client view of it. Furthermore, legal profession is criticized that it does not add to the economic prosperity of a nation; and consequently a lawer is not an resume sample essential member of society. There is no doubt that it is peace which brings prosperity for a country and peace is the result-of law and the lawyer. Had there been no law and lawyers there would have been chaos in society. However the Indian lawyers is a role specialist that is, he confines his occupational role to federal reserve of chicago essay, that of resume, dispute processing in the court. The role specificity of the Indian lawyer promotes him to essay canada, prolong and fmcg resume perpetuate dispute processing. Federal Reserve Bank Essay. The reason is because they hardly have any other role to pick on.

The profession of fmcg sample, law is noble calling. It is one of the most brilliant learned and attractive professions. It needs not only high depth of learning but also a sense of social responsibilities which calls for the high and noble conduct. The legal profession is an important limb of the breath memory machinery for administration of justice. Without the resume presence of a well developed and organised profession of law, the courts would not be in essay labour a position to administer justice.

Law is a noble profession, but it is also an elitist profession. Its ethics, in practice, (not in theory though), leave much to be desired, if viewed as a profession for the people. But laws nobility as a profession lasts only so long as the members maintain their commitment to integrity and services to the community. The profession of lawyers ordains a high level of ethics as much as in the means as in the ends. Justice cannot be attained without the stream being pellucid throughout its course and fmcg resume sample that is of great public concern, not merely professional care. The profession of law has been recognized as profession, a trade or a business; nor is an attorney, a trader or a businessman.

A lawyer has got to remember that he is expected to be a gentleman in the true sense of the resume term in every little or big act in his profession. In fact, no government can function without law and without the services of the legal profession. In other words, legal profession is an honourable profession, as ancient as magistracy, as noble as virtu and as necessary as justice. A lawyer, as part of fmcg resume, a learned profession, has many obligations and duties of a honourable nature. It was not expected of a lawyer to silver, bargain for any fee or to speculate on the result of litigation so as to determine his fees. Sample. The contingent fee is an phd dissertation innovation of modern legal profession. The legal profession in India, which exists today is the outcome of the legal system introduced by the British during the eighteenth century. The legal profession in India as elsewhere is largely creature of statutes, though in some measures, customs, convention and usages also play an important role. It is, therefore, necessary to have an acquaintance with the legal framework in order to appreciate the provisions relating to professional ethics and fmcg resume professional responsibility vis-a-vis the Indian Bar. Duty to His Client: In India, the lawers relations with his client are primarily a matter of contract.

The relation is in the nature of agent and principal. The agreement determines to what extent the counsel can bind his client by his acts and statements; what extent shall be his remuneration, whether he will have a lien on studies system his clients property etc. It is evident, however, that as lawyer is also to fmcg resume sample, conform to the ethical code prescribed for him by law and usage, he cannot be a mere agent or mouthpiece of bank of chicago, his client to carry out his bidding. A special responsibility rests on the members of the Bar to see that the parties do not mislead the court by false or reckless statements on sample material matter. An advocate is not the servant of the federal bank of chicago contest client that engages him, but the fmcg resume sample true position is that he is the servant of justice itself. He is thus in a sense a member of the body judicial and hence it follows that he can commit no graver betrayal of his function than to phd dissertation, deceive the court by means direct or indirect.

An advocate Stands in a loco parent is towards litigant. A member of the Bar undoubtedly owes a duty to his client and must place before the court all that can fairly and reasonably be submitted on behalf of his client. It is the duty of an fmcg advocate to welcome his client in the chamber. The client must also not feel that his presence is unwanted. The advocate must give a patience hearing to the client and whenever necessary must make enquiries. He must reply to the clients letter and preface he must not hesitate to communicate to his client even an unfavourable result as promptly as one would like to communicate a favourable result. An advocate should treat his client with much importance and sincerity. Resume. While giving opinions to the client the counsels duty is to act as a judge, responsible to God and man, he should advice sincerely and honestly to the best of his ability though its consequences may be loss of prospective gains. If a pending dispute is federal essay contest, likely to resume, be settled either by the opponents counsel or it is the desire of the presiding judge, the preface phd dissertation counsel must put his all sincere efforts without bringing any pressure on his client to resume sample, bring about reserve essay, settlement. Resume. But if the client is ready to stand a risk and though he is advised settlement, he desires the case to be fought to an end it is the duty of the bank template advocate to do to the best of his ability, skill, understanding and legitimate means to bring about success.

When the litigation ends the lawyer should return the brief to the client and sample he should not betray the confidence of the client even if he is not engaged in the appellate court. Though it will amount to repletion it will not be out of place to make mention in that the relation in that the relation between the advocate arid the client is here utmost good faith and confidence. So, it is the duty of an advocate not to accept retainer from other clients who had furnished him with confidential reports. The advocates duty is to argue in the court the strong as well as the weak points of the case. Fixation of fees is yet another duty. He shall fix such fees as reasonable and justifiable. It is common practice that if the case is to be tried in a court of far off place or different jurisdiction the clients would incur the essay memory expenses of fmcg resume, conveyance.

The advocate should not utilize this for meeting his own expenses. In the same way the money received from the client, other than fees and expenses, for the purpose of procuring any documents or proof shall be reasonable. Trough Indian Vakalatnama form empowers the advocate to do all that is necessary including com pro essay labour mi seethe case, but it does not mean that in view of the express authority his clients concern is endorsable. He should be prompt in communicating to the client the happening of the court, reply to his queries and the result of the case, irrespective of the defeat or success. He should also act judiciously and wisely like a judge while handling the clients case. One must not forget that an advocate is a .representative of the client and not an agent. After the case is fmcg resume, over, it is the duty of the advocate to carefully return the breath brief to the client with all documents and certificates. The Bar Council of India has laid down the following duties of an advocate to his client: 1. An advocate is sample, bound to accept any brief in bank resume the courts or tribunals or before any Authority in or before which he professes to fmcg sample, practice at a fee consistent with his standing at the bar and the nature of the case. He may refuse to accept a particular brief provided that his refusal is justified in the special circumstances.

2. An advocate shall not ordinarily withdraw from engagements once accepted, without sufficient cause and unless a reasonable and sufficient notice is given to foreign for enrollment system thesis, the client upon his withdrawal from a case he shall refund such part of the fee as has not been earned. 3. An advocate should not accept a brief or appear in a case in which he has reason to believe that he will be a witness; and if after being engaged in a case, it becomes apparent that he is a witness, he should not continue to appear as advocate. It is his duty to retire, if he can without jeopardizing his clients interests. 4. An advocate should at the commencement of his engagement and during the continuance thereof, make all such full and frank disclosures to fmcg resume, his client relating to his connection with the parties and any interest in or about the controversy as are likely to affect his clients judgement in either engaging him or continuing the engagement. 5. It shall be the phd dissertation duty of an advocate, fearlessly, to uphold the interests of his client by all fair and fmcg honourable means without regard to any unpleasant consequences to himself or any other. He shall defend a person accused of a crime regardless of his personal opinion as to the accused, bearing in mind that his loyalty is to the law which requires that no man should be convicted without adequate evidence. 6. An advocate appearing for the prosecution in a criminal trial shall so conduct the critical breath eyes memory prosecution that it does-not lead to conviction of the innocent. The suppression of sample, material capable of establishing the innocence of the accused shall be scrupulously avoided. 7. An advocate shall not directly or indirectly, commit a breach of the obligations imposed by section 126 of the essay labour Indian Evidence Act. 8. An advocate shall not, at fmcg resume any time, be a party to fomenting of litigation. 9. An advocate shall not act on the instruction of any person other than his client or his authorized agent.

10. An advocate shall not stipulate for a fee contingent on the results of litigation or agree to share the proceeds thereof. 11. An advocate shall not buy or traffic in or stipulate for or agree to receive any share or interest in any actionable claim. Nothing in this Rule shall apply to stock shares and preface phd dissertation debentures or government securities, or to any instruments which are, for the time being, by law or custom negotiable or to any mercantile document or title to goods. 12. An advocate shall not, directly or indirectly, bid for or purchase, either in his own name or in any other name, for fmcg resume sample his own benefit or for the benefit of any person, any property sold in the execution of a decree or order in any suit, appeal or other proceeding in which he was in any way professionally engaged. This prohibition however, does not prevent an advocate from bidding for breath eyes or purchasing for his client any property which his client may himself legally bid for or purchase provided the advocate is expressly authorized in writing in this behalf. 13. An advocate shall not adjust fees pays payble to him by his client against fmcg resume his own personal liability to the client, which liability does not arise in the course of his employment as an advocate.

14. An advocate shall not do anything whereby he abuses or takes advantage of the confidence reposed in him by his client. 15. An advocate should keep accounts of the clients money entrusted to him, and the accounts should show the amounts received from the client or on his behalf, the expenses incurred for him and the debits made on account of fees with respective dates and all other necessary particulars. 16.

Where money are received from or an account of a client, the entries in the accounts should contain a references, and during the resume course of the proceedings, no advocate shall, except with the consent in writing of the resume client concerned, be at liberty to deliver any portion of the expenses towards fees. 17. Where any amount is received or given to him on behalf of essay labour, his client the fact of such receipt must be intimated to the client as early as possible. 18. Where the fee has been left unsettled, the advocate shall be entitled to deduct, out of any money of the fmcg sample client remaining in his hands, at essay the termination of the proceeding for which he had been engaged, the fee payable under the rules of the courts in force for the time being, or by then settled arid the balance if any, shall be refunded to the client.

19. After the termination of the proceeding the advocate shall be at liberty to appropriate towards the fmcg resume sample settled fee due to him any sum remaining unexpected out of the amount paid or sent to him for expenses, or any amount that has come into his hands in that proceeding. 20. A copy of the company client s account should be furnished to him on demand provided the necessary copying charge is paid. 21. An advocate shall not enter into arrangements whereby funds in his hands are converted into loans. 22. An advocate shall not lend money to his client, for the purpose of fmcg resume, any action or legal proceedings in which he is engaged by essay labour, such client. 23. Fmcg Resume. An advocate who has, at any time, advised in connection with the essay labour institution of a suit, appeal or other matter or has drawn pleadings or acted for a party, shall not act, appear or plead for the opposite fmcg sample party. 24.

Lastly, an advocate should never make use of any weak points or material facts of his former client for winning the case of another client. In all circumstances the resume advocate should strive to earn the good faith and confidence of the client by fmcg resume, his honest, sincere and effective discharge of duties. Welcome to Shareyouressays.com! Our mission is to provide an silver company online platform to help students to sample, discuss anything and everything about essay labour, Essay. This website includes study notes, research papers, essays, articles and resume sample other allied information submitted by visitors like YOU. Before publishing your Essay on this site, please read the essay labour following pages:

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2 Readme Information for Oracle Database 11 g Release 2 (11.2.0.4) If you are on Oracle Database 11 g Release 2 (11.2.0.4), this is the Readme section that you need to sample read. This section of the Readme contains the following sub-sections: 2.1 Compatibility, Upgrading, Downgrading, and Installation. For late-breaking updates and resume template best practices about preupgrade, post-upgrade, compatibility, and interoperability discussions, see Note 785351.1 on My Oracle Support (at https://support.oracle.com ) that links to the Upgrade Companion web site for fmcg resume sample, Oracle Database 11 g Release 2. After installation is complete, do not manually remove or run cron jobs that remove /tmp/.oracle or /var/tmp/.oracle directories or their files while Oracle software is running. Essay Company. If you remove these files, then Oracle software can encounter intermittent hangs. Sample. Oracle Grid Infrastructure for a cluster and breath eyes Oracle Restart installations fail with the following error: 2.1.1 Upgrading to Release 11.2.0.4 Generates Suboptimal Plans for CHAR or NCHAR Data Type Columns. After upgrading to Oracle Database 11 g Release 2 (11.2.0.4), the optimizer generates suboptimal plans for fmcg resume, CHAR or NCHAR data type columns that have histogram statistics and when the essay labour OPTIMIZER_FEATURES_ENABLE parameter is fmcg resume sample, set to a value of 11.2.0.4 (which is the foreign studies for enrollment system default value in Oracle Database 11 g Release 2 (11.2.0.4)). One workaround for this issue is to apply the patch for bug 18255105. For CHAR or NCHAR data type columns that have histogram statistics, this patch marks them as stale. This patch also helps if you are using automatic statistics gathering or if you are using manual statistics gathering (with either the sample GATHER AUTO or GATHER STALE option) to gather statistics on the problematic tables. Essay Labour. Another workaround is to find the tables that have CHAR or NCHAR data type columns that have histogram statistics (using the fmcg resume sample DBA_TAB_COL_STATISTICS view) and execute the GATHER_TABLE_STATS procedure on phd dissertation, them.

Instead of using the GATHER_TABLE_STATS procedure on the production system, gather statistics on a test system, export the statistics to fmcg resume a user statistics table, and then import the resume statistics into resume sample, the production system. This workaround eliminates the need for the patch for reserve essay, bug 18255105. When you collect statistics, set the NO_INVALIDATE parameter to FALSE so that the existing cursors (with suboptimal plans) are not shared when SQL statements are executed again. Gathering statistics for fmcg, tables that have all of the following scenarios can also cause suboptimal plans: The tables have CHAR or NCHAR data type columns. The OPTIMIZER_FEATURES_ENABLE parameter is set to a value of of chicago contest, 11.2.0.4 . Fmcg Resume. The tables have histograms. Later, you change the OPTIMIZER_FEATURES_ENABLE parameter value to less than 11.2.0.4 (for example, you downgraded Oracle Database and set the phd dissertation OPTIMIZER_FEATURES_ENABLE parameter to a smaller value). Fmcg. In this scenario, you need to template regather the fmcg sample statistics for those tables after changing the OPTIMIZER_FEATURES_ENABLE parameter. 2.1.2 Downgrading Release 11.2.0.4 to 11.2.0.2 Results in an Error When You Run catdwgrd.sql. Studies For Enrollment Thesis. When downgrading from release 11.2.0.4 to 11.2.0.2, the following error is raised when you run @catdwgrd.sql (reference Bug 11811073): Apply patch 11811073 for release 11.2.0.2 which provides an updated version of sample, catrelod.sql . Applying this patch must be done prior to executing @catdwgrd.sql in the 11.2.0.2 environment. 2.1.3 Downgrading a Database Having Database Control Configured. Consider the following when downgrading the database while having Database Control configured (reference Bug 9922349): If you are upgrading from 11.2.0.1 to for enrollment 11.2.0.4 and fmcg resume sample then plan to downgrade to 11.2.0.1, you need to apply the 11.2.0.1 PSU2 bundle patch in order to downgrade Database Control as part of the database downgrade.

Without this patch, the essay labour emdwgrd utility would fail with IMPORT ( impdp ) errors when restoring Database Control data. When running emdwgrd on fmcg sample, 11.2.0.1 Oracle RAC databases, you may need to pass an additional parameter, -serviceAlias , if you do not have system identifier (SID) aliases defined in tnsnames.ora . This is also needed for single instance if SID and database names are different. For example: In the case of in-place downgrade from 11.2.0.4 to 11.2.0.1 using the same Oracle home, you do not need to run emca -restore before running emdwngrd -restore . 2.1.4 Performing -force Upgrade Results in an Incorrect Grid Home Node List in Inventory. When a node crash occurs during an upgrade, a -force upgrade can be performed to upgrade a partial cluster minus the unavailable node (reference Bug 12933798). After performing a -force upgrade, the node list of the Grid home in inventory is not in sync with the studies actual Oracle Grid Infrastructure deployment. The node list still contains the unavailable node. Because the node list in inventory is incorrect, the next upgrade or node addition, and resume any other Oracle Grid Infrastructure deployment, fails.

After performing a -force upgrade, manually invoke the following command as a CRS user: 2.1.5 ora.ons Status May Show UNKNOWN. After upgrading from release 11.2.0.3 to 11.2.0.4, you may see ora.ons status showing UNKNOWN with the explanation being CHECK TIMED OUT (reference Bug 12861771). The workaround is to kill the Oracle Notification Services (ONS) process and run srvctl start nodeapps . For Enrollment. 2.1.6 Purge the Database Recycle Bin Before Upgrading. If the following error is seen during the upgrade process, this may indicate that the recycle bin was not purged: Prior to upgrade, empty the database recycle bin by fmcg sample running the following command: If you anticipate downgrading back to release 11.1.0.6, then apply the patch for foreign studies thesis, Bug 7634119.

This action avoids the following DBMS_XS_DATA_SECURITY_EVENTS error: Apply this patch prior to running catrelod.sql . Sample. 2.1.8 Upgrading a Database With Oracle Data Mining (ODM) If you upgrade a database with the preface phd dissertation Data Mining option from 11.2.0.1 to 11.2.0.4, make sure that the DMSYS schema does not exist in your 11.2.0.1 database. Fmcg. If it does, you should drop the DMSYS schema and its associated objects from the database as follows: If the above SQL returns non-zero rows, create and run a SQL script as shown in the following example: If you upgrade a database from 10 g to 11.2, all Data Mining metadata objects are migrated from essay labour DMSYS to SYS . After the upgrade, when you determine that there is no need to perform a downgrade, set the resume sample initialization parameter COMPATIBLE to federal reserve of chicago contest 11.2 and resume sample drop the DMSYS schema and its associated objects as described above. 2.1.9 catrelod.sql Fails if the Time Zone File Version Used by the Database Does Not Exist in foreign system Oracle Home. The following error is returned when catrelod.sql is fmcg sample, run as part of the downgrade process if you previously installed a recent version of the time zone file and used the DBMS_DST PL/SQL package to upgrade TIMESTAMP WITH TIME ZONE data to that version (reference Bug 9803834): See Step 2 of 'Downgrade the Database' in Chapter 6 of the essay eyes Oracle Database Upgrade Guide for more details. If you previously installed a recent version of the time zone file and used the DBMS_DST PL/SQL package to sample upgrade TIMESTAMP WITH TIME ZONE data to that version, then you must install the of chicago contest same version of the time zone file in the release to which you are downgrading. For example, the latest time zone files that are supplied with Oracle Database 11 g Release 2 (11.2) are version 14. If, after the database upgrade, you had used DBMS_DST to upgrade the TIMESTAMP WITH TIME ZONE data to version 14, then install the fmcg resume version 14 time zone file in the release to which you are downgrading. This ensures that your TIMESTAMP WITH TIME ZONE data is not logically corrupted during retrieval.

To find which version your database is using, query V$TIMEZONE_FILE . Essay Labour. Also see the Oracle Database Globalization Support Guide for more information on installing time zone files. Oracle Automatic Storage Management (Oracle ASM) rolling upgrade check does not allow rolling upgrade to resume sample be done from 11.1.0.6 to any later release (reference Bug 6872001). The following message is reported in foreign studies for enrollment the alert log: ORA-15156 is signalled by LMON which will then terminate the instance. Fmcg Resume. When trying to upgrade Oracle ASM from 11.1.0.6 to a later release of Oracle ASM, apply the patch for federal reserve bank contest, this bug to 11.1.0.6 instances before rolling upgrade starts. This patch can be applied to 11.1.0.6 instances in a rolling fashion. 2.1.11 Oracle ACFS Registry May Be in an Inconsistent State After Installing or Upgrading to 11.2.0.3.0 or After An Oracle Clusterware Restart. If Oracle ASM is resume, not used as the voting disk and quorum disk, the Oracle Automatic Storage Management Cluster File System (Oracle ACFS) registry resource will report OFFLINE after an install (reference Bug 9876173 and Bug 9864447).

This occurs because the Oracle ACFS registry requires that Oracle ASM be used in order to provide Oracle ASM Dynamic Volume Manager (Oracle ADVM) volumes. 2.1.12 Multiple Interconnects and Oracle ACFS. If you have Oracle ACFS file systems on Oracle Grid Infrastructure for a cluster 11g release 2 (11.2.0.1), you upgrade Oracle Grid Infrastructure to 11 g release 2 (11.2.0.2), 11 g release 2 (11.2.0.3), or 11g release 2 (11.2.0.4) and you take advantage of Redundant Interconnect Usage and add one or more additional private interfaces to the private network, then you must restart the essay labour Oracle ASM instance on each upgraded cluster member node (reference Bug 9969133). A materialized view has a status of INVALID after both @catupgrd.sql and @utlrp.sql have been run (reference Bug 12530178). You can see this using the following command: If, after running both @catupgrd.sql to fmcg upgrade the database and federal essay @utlrp.sql to recompile invalid objects, there still exists an invalid materialized view, then issue the following SQL statement:

2.1.14 Tablespace and Fast Recovery Area Sizing. Fast Recovery was previously known as Flash Recovery. Resume Sample. The Oracle Database 11 g Pre-Upgrade Information Utility ( utlu112i.sql ) estimates the essay labour additional space that is required in the SYSTEM tablespace and in any tablespaces associated with the components that are in the database (for example, SYSAUX , DRSYS ) (reference Bug 13067061). Fmcg Resume Sample. For a manual upgrade, be sure to run this utility on your existing database prior to upgrading. Essay Silver Company. The tablespace size estimates may be too small, especially if Oracle XML DB is installed in your database. However, to avoid potential space problems during either a manual upgrade or an upgrade using the Database Upgrade Assistant (DBUA), you can set one data file for each tablespace to fmcg resume AUTOEXTEND ON MAXSIZE UNLIMITED for the duration of the upgrade. If you are using file systems for phd dissertation, data file storage, then be sure there is adequate space in the file systems for fmcg sample, tablespace growth during the upgrade.

If you are using a Fast Recovery Area, then check that the size available is sufficient for the redo generated during the resume upgrade. If the size is inadequate, then an ORA-19815 error will be written to the alert log, and the upgrade will stop until additional space is made available. The following sections describe deinstallation and deconfiguration restrictions. See Section 2.21.2, Deinstallation Tool Known Bugs for additional information. 2.1.15.1 Deinstall Upgraded 11.2 Oracle RAC and Oracle Grid Infrastructure for a Cluster Homes. Resume Sample. After you deconfigure and deinstall an upgraded Oracle Database 11 g Release 2 (11.2) Oracle RAC home and to deconfigure and deinstall an essay labour, 11.2 Oracle Grid Infrastructure for a cluster home, you must detach any pre-11.2 Oracle RAC software homes from the central Inventory (reference Bug 8666509). Detach the pre-11.2 Oracle RAC homes from the central inventory with the following command: 2.2 Features Not Available or Restricted in resume 11.2.0.4.

The following is a list of components that are not available or are restricted in Oracle Database 11 g Release 2 (11.2.0.4): Certain Oracle Text functionality based on third-party technologies, including AUTO_LEXER and reserve bank contest CTX_ENTITY , have been disabled in 11.2.0.4 (reference Bug 12618046). For BASIC_LEXER , the usage of the resume sample INDEX_STEMS attribute values that depend on third-party technologies, is also affected. If this impacts an existing application, contact Oracle Support Services for essay breath memory, guidance. You cannot use the rootcrs.pl script to delete nodes in Oracle Clusterware 11 g Release 2 (11.2.0.1) or 11 g Release 2 (11.2.0.2) (reference Bug 13712508). Oracle Database release 11.2.0.1, 11.2.0.2, or 11.2.0.3 upgrade to Oracle Clusterware release 11.2.0.4 is not supported if the 11.2.0.1, 11.2.0.2, or 11.2.0.3 release of Oracle Grid Infrastructure for a cluster is installed in a non-shared Oracle home and the 11.2.0.4 release of fmcg, Oracle Grid Infrastructure for a cluster is installed in a shared Oracle home (reference Bug 10074804). The original and upgraded releases of Oracle Clusterware should both be installed in either a shared or non-shared Oracle home. All Oracle Grid Infrastructure patch set upgrades must be out-of-place upgrades, in studies for enrollment thesis which case you install the patch set into a new Oracle Grid home (reference Bug 10210246).

In-place patch set upgrades are not supported. 2.3 Deprecated and Desupported Features for Oracle Database. Oracle Database 11 g Release 2 (11.2) introduces behavior changes for your database in addition to fmcg resume new features. Changes in behavior include deprecated and desupported initialization parameters, options, syntax, and essay labour the deprecation and desupport of fmcg resume sample, features and components. For more information, see the Oracle Database Upgrade Guide. This section describes some of the differences in behavior between Oracle Database 11 g Release 2 (11.2) and previous releases. Foreign For Enrollment System Thesis. The majority of the information about upgrading and downgrading is resume, already included in the Oracle Database Upgrade Guide . 2.4.1 Configure and Use SSL Certificates to Setup Authentication. This affects the security in the connection between the Oracle Clusterware and the mid-tier or JDBC client. Federal Reserve Bank Of Chicago Contest. JDBC or Oracle Universal Connection Pool's (UCP) Oracle RAC features like Fast Connection Failover (FCF) subscribe to notifications from the Oracle Notification Service (ONS) running on the Oracle RAC nodes. The connections between the ONS server in the database tier and the notification client in the mid-tier are usually not authenticated.

It is possible to configure and use SSL certificates to setup the authentication but the steps are not clearly documented. The workaround is as follows: Create an Oracle Wallet to store the SSL certificate using the resume sample orapki interface: orapki wallet create -wallet sslwallet -auto_login. Essay Silver Canada. When prompted, provide ONS_Wallet as the password. Fmcg Resume Sample. orapki wallet add -wallet sslwallet -dn CN=ons_test,C=US -keysize 1024 -self_signed -validity 9999 -pwd ONS_Wallet. Essay Silver Canada. orapki wallet export -wallet sslwallet -dn CN=ons_test,C=US -cert sslwallet/cert.txt -pwd ONS_Wallet. Copy the wallet created in Step c to fmcg sample all other cluster nodes at the same location.

Stop the ONS server on all nodes in the cluster: Update the preface ONS configuration file on all nodes in the database tier to specify the location of the wallet created in Step 1: Open the file ORA_CRS_HOME /opmn/conf/ons.config. Add the walletfile parameter to the ons.config file: walletfile= ORA_CRS_HOME /opmn/conf/sslwallet. Restart the ONS servers with the srvctl : If you are running a client-side ONS daemon on the mid-tier, there are two possible configurations: ONS started from OPMN (like in OracleAS 10.1.3. x ) which uses opmn.xml for its configuration. ONS started standalone (like using onsctl ), which uses ons.config for its configuration. For case (1), refer to the OPMN Administrator's Guide for the Oracle Application Server release. This involves modifying the opmn.xml file to specify the fmcg wallet location. For case (2), refer to essay canada the section titled Configuration of ONS in Appendix B of the Oracle Database JDBC Developer's Guide . The client-side ONS daemon can potentially run of different machines. Copy the wallet created in Step 1 to those client-side machines and fmcg resume sample specify the path on that client-side machine in the ons.config file or in preface phd dissertation the opmn.xml file. If you are running remote ONS configuration without a client-side ONS daemon, refer to the Remote ONS Subscription subsection of the Configuring ONS for Fast Connection Failover subsection of the Using Fast Connection Failover section of the fmcg sample Fast Connection Failover chapter in the Oracle Database JDBC Developer's Guide . For Enrollment. Copy the wallet created in Step 1 to those client-side machines and specify the path on that client-side machine in the ons.config file or in the opmn.xml file.

Alternatively, you can specify the following string as the setONSConfiguration argument: The Java properties file should contain one or more of the ONS Java properties listed below, but at least the oracle.ons.nodes property. The values for resume sample, these Java properties would be similar to those specified in the Remote ONS Subscription subsection previously noted in this step: 2.4.2 Use of the Append Hint Runs Out of studies for enrollment thesis, Memory When Loading Many Partitions. Use of direct-path INSERT to load a large number of partitions can exceed memory limits, especially when data compression is specified (reference Bug 6749894). Starting in fmcg 11.2, the number of partitions loaded at the same time will be limited, based on essay canada, the PGA_AGGREGATE_TARGET initialization parameter, to resume preserve memory. Rows that are not stored in the partitions that are currently being loaded are saved in the temporary tablespace. After all rows are loaded for the current set of resume, partitions, other partitions are loaded from rows that are saved in the temporary tablespace. This behavior helps prevent the direct-path INSERT from terminating because of insufficient memory. 2.4.3 Use Bloom Filter for Serial Queries on Oracle Exadata.

Bloom filter can be used for resume sample, serial queries on Oracle Exadata to push its evaluation into resume, the storage cells. Resume. In previous 11.2 releases, bloom filter was used for serial queries in very limited scenarios. In this 11.2.0.4 release, Oracle allows bloom filter in more scenarios on Oracle Exadata only. Essay Silver. This improves performance of the affected queries since, even though the query runs in serial on the server nodes, the pushed bloom filter to the storage cells runs in parallel. Fmcg Resume Sample. 2.4.4 FILE_ACCESS_ROLE Default Behavior Change. The default behavior of the CTX system parameter FILE_ACCESS_ROLE has changed (reference Bug 8360111).

Customers with existing Oracle Text indexes that use the file or URL datastore must take action to continue to use the indexes without error. The changes are as follows: If FILE_ACCESS_ROLE is null (the default), then access is not allowed. Essay Labour. By default, users who were previously able to create indexes of this type will not be able to create these indexes after the change. FILE_ACCESS_ROLE is now checked for index synchronization and document service operations. By default, users will not be able to synchronize indexes of this type or use document service calls such as ctx_doc.highlight who were allowed to prior to this change. Only SYS will be allowed to modify FILE_ACCESS_ROLE . Calling ctx_adm.set_parameter (FILE_ACESS_ROLE, role_name ) as a user other than SYS will now raise the new error: Users can set FILE_ACCESS_ROLE to PUBLIC to explicitly disable this check (which was the fmcg sample previous default behavior). 2.4.5 Non-Uniform Memory Access Optimizations and Support Disabled in 11.2.

With Oracle Database 11 g Release 2 (11.2), non-uniform memory access support is disabled by default. This restriction applies to all platforms and operating systems (reference Bug 8450932). Non-uniform memory access optimizations and support in the Oracle Database are only available for specific combinations of Oracle version, operating systems, and platforms. Work with Oracle Support Services and your hardware vendor to enable non-uniform memory access support. Note the following items when working with Java. Oracle Database 11 g Release 2 (11.2) includes a fully functional Java Virtual Machine (JVM), as well as the Java class libraries for Sun's Java Development Kit (JDK) 6.0. Bank Resume Template. When combined with Oracle's JDBC and SQLJ, release 11.2.0.4 provides an enterprise class platform, Oracle JVM, for developing and deploying server-based Java applications. Refer to the Oracle JVM Readme file located at: For environments that consist of resume, a single server, Oracle offers Oracle Secure Backup Express to back up your Oracle Database and critical breath eyes other critical Oracle infrastructure to tape.

Oracle Secure Backup is fmcg resume sample, fully integrated with Recovery Manager (RMAN) to provide data protection services. For larger environments, Oracle Secure Backup is bank contest, available as a separately licensable product to back up many database servers and resume file systems to tape. Oracle Secure Backup release 10.4 is preface, shipping with this Oracle Database 11 g Release 2 (11.2.0.4). Fmcg Resume. For more information on resume template, Oracle Secure Backup, refer to. 2.6.1 Globalization Restrictions Within Oracle Secure Backup. The following globalization restrictions apply to Oracle Secure Backup: The Oracle Secure Backup Web Tool and command line interface are available in English only, and are not globalized. All messages and documentation are in English. Fmcg. Oracle Secure Backup does not support file names or RMAN backup names that are encoded in essay labour character sets that do not support null byte termination, such as Unicode UTF-16.

Note that this restriction affects file names, not backup contents. Oracle Secure Backup can back up Oracle databases in any character set. 2.8 Oracle Automatic Storage Management (Oracle ASM) The following sections describe information pertinent to Oracle Automatic Storage Management (Oracle ASM). 2.8.1 Oracle Homes on fmcg resume, Oracle ACFS Supported Starting With Release 11.2. Placing Oracle homes on Oracle ACFS is supported starting with Oracle Database release 11.2 (reference Bug 10144982). Oracle ACFS can result in unexpected and inconsistent behavior if you attempt to essay labour place Oracle homes on Oracle ACFS on database versions prior to 11.2. 2.8.2 Storing Oracle RAC Database-Related Files on fmcg, an Oracle ACFS File System. Starting with Oracle Automatic Storage Management 11 g Release 2 (11.2.0.3), Oracle ACFS supports RMAN backups ( BACKUPSET file type), archive logs ( ARCHIVELOG file type), and Data Pump dumpsets ( DUMPSET file type). Note that Oracle ACFS snapshots are not supported with these files.

In addition, starting with Oracle Automatic Storage Management 11 g Release 2 (11.2.0.3), Oracle ACFS supports transient files in the flash recovery area (such as, archived redo logs, flashback logs, and RMAN backups (data file and control file)). Note that Oracle ACFS snapshots are not supported with these files. Permanent files, such as online redo logs and reserve of chicago contest copies of the resume current control files, are not supported. Silver Canada. 2.9 Oracle Grid Infrastructure for a Cluster. Fmcg Resume Sample. Note the following items when working with Oracle Clusterware and Oracle Automatic Storage Management (Oracle ASM), which are installed with an Oracle Grid Infrastructure for a cluster installation. 2.9.1 Oracle ACFS and Oracle Clusterware Stack Shut Down. Essay Labour. When attempting to shut down Oracle Clusterware, the Oracle Clusterware stack may report that it did not successfully stop on resume, selected nodes (reference Bug 8651848).

If the preface phd dissertation database home is on resume sample, Oracle ACFS, then you may receive the following error: This error can be ignored. Alternatively, the Oracle Clusterware stack may report that it did not successfully stop on critical essay breath eyes, selected nodes due to the inability to shut down the Oracle ACFS resources. If this occurs, take the following steps: Ensure that all file system activity to Oracle ACFS mount points is resume sample, quiesced by shutting down programs or processes and resume retry the shutdown. If the ora.registry.acfs resource check function times out, or the resource exhibits a state of UNKNOWN or INTERMEDIATE , then this may indicate an fmcg, inability to access the system Oracle Cluster Registry (OCR). Fmcg Resume. The most common cause of this is a network failure. Essay Labour. The commands acfsutil registry and fmcg sample ocrcheck may give you a better indicator of the foreign for enrollment system specific error. Clear this error and fmcg sample attempt to stop Oracle Clusterware again. The Oracle Multimedia Readme file located at: The Oracle ODBC Driver Readme file is located at: 2.12 Oracle Real Application Clusters. Note the following items when working with Oracle RAC. 2.12.1 Moving root Owned Binaries That Need setuid to Local Nodes From NFS.

If you install an company canada, Oracle RAC database into a shared Oracle home on an NFS device, then you must copy the ORADISM binary ( oradism ) into a local directory on each node (reference Bug 7210614). To move oradism , take the following steps: Copy the ORACLE_HOME /bin/oradism binary to an identical directory path on all cluster nodes. The path (for example, /u01/local/bin in the example in Step 2) must be local and not NFS. For example: Run the following commands, as the root user, to set ownership and permissions of the oradism executable: Create a symbolic link from the NFS shared home to the local oradism directory path. This needs to be done from one node only. Each node can then reference its own oradism using the symlink from the shared Oracle home. For example: If the Oracle home is an Oracle Database home directory, then repeat steps 1-3 for other binaries such as extjob , jssu , nmb , nmhs and nmo . You do not need to resume perform this step if the Oracle home is an Oracle Grid Infrastructure home directory.

The Oracle SQL Developer readme file is located at: Note the essay canada following items when working with Oracle Text. You should also check entries for the Oracle Text Application Developer's Guide in the Documentation Addendum. 2.15.1 Change to Supported Features. Certain Oracle Text functionality based on third-party technologies, including AUTO_LEXER and CTX_ENTITY , have been disabled in fmcg resume sample release 11.2.0.4 (reference Bug 12618046). For BASIC_LEXER , the usage of the essay company INDEX_STEMS attribute values that depend on third-party technologies, is also affected. If this impacts an existing application, contact Oracle Support Services for guidance. Fmcg Resume Sample. 2.15.2 Oracle Text Supplied Knowledge Bases. Federal Reserve Essay Contest. An Oracle Text knowledge base is sample, a hierarchical tree of concepts used for preface, theme indexing, ABOUT queries, and deriving themes for document services. The following Oracle Text services require that a knowledge base be installed: Index creation using a BASIC_LEXER preference where INDEX_THEMES=YES.

SYNC ing of an index where INDEX_THEMES=YES. CTX_QUERY.EXPLAIN , if using ABOUT or THEMES with TRANSFORM. CTX_DOC.SNIPPET (if using the ABOUT operator) CTX_DOC.POLICY_SNIPPET (if using the resume ABOUT operator) CONTAINS queries that use ABOUT or THEMES with TRANSFORM. The Knowledge Base Extension Compiler, ctxkbtc. Clustering and classification services, if themes are specified.

If you plan to use any of these Oracle Text features, then you should install the supplied knowledge bases, English and French, from the Oracle Database Examples media, available for download on OTN. Note that you can extend the supplied knowledge bases, or create your own knowledge bases, possibly in languages other than English and French. For more information about creating and essay labour extending knowledge bases, refer to the Oracle Text Reference . For information about resume, how to install products from the Oracle Database Examples media, refer to the Oracle Database Examples Installation Guide that is specific to your platform. Consider the following when working with Oracle XML DB. 2.16.1 VARRAY Storage Default Change. In Oracle Database 11 g Release 1 (11.1), the essay silver canada default value for fmcg resume sample, xdb:storeVarrayAsTable changed from FALSE to TRUE for XMLType object-relational storage. This default applied to the default table, but not when creating XMLType object-relational tables and columns after the schema registration (reference Bug 6858659). Template. In Oracle Database 11 g Release 2 (11.2), all VARRAY data elements are created as tables by default. This provides a significant performance increase at query time.

In addition, note the resume sample following: Tables created prior to 11.2 are not affected by this. The upgrade process retains storage parameters. This only affects tables created in 11.2 or later. You can retain the essay canada pre-11.2 default of VARRAY storage as LOBs if you have small VARRAY data elements and you read and resume sample or write the full VARRAY all at breath memory, once. You have two options to revert to the pre-11.2 behavior: Re-register the schema with xdb:storeVarrayAsTable=FALSE . This affects the default and non-default tables. Or, when creating the resume sample table (for non default tables), you can use the STORE ALL VARRAYS AS LOBS clause to override the essay default for all VARRAY data elements in the XMLType.

This clause can only be used during table creation. It will return an error if used in the table_props at schema registration time. For schemas registered prior to 11.2 (when the default storage for VARRAY data elements was LOB ), you can use STORE ALL VARRAYS AS TABLES clause to override the default for all VARRAY data elements in the XMLType. Sample. 2.16.2 Change in Semantics of xdb:defaultTable Annotation. There is a change in behavior in the semantics of xdb:defaultTable annotation while registering Oracle XML DB schemas in company canada 11.2 as compared to 11.1 (reference Bug 7646934). If you specify xdb:defaultTable=MY_TAB without specifying xdb:sqlInline=false , Oracle XML DB creates the table as requested and implicitly marks it as an out-of-line table. Resume Sample. This behavior is different from 11.1 where the defaultTable annotation was ignored when the sqlInline setting was missing. For additional information about Oracle Warehouse Builder (OWB) in preface Oracle Database 11 g Release 2 (11.2), refer to resume the Oracle Warehouse Builder Release Notes. The Pro*C readme file is located at: The Pro*COBOL readme file is located at: For additional information regarding SQL*Plus, see the SQL*Plus Release Notes . This section lists known bugs for preface, release 11.2.0.4.

A supplemental list of sample, bugs may be found as part of the essay labour release documentation specific for your platform. 2.21.1 Database Configuration Assistant (DBCA) Known Bugs. Depending on the number of server instances running on a host and its utilization of sample, memory resources, the essay eyes Database Configuration Assistant (DBCA) may run into resume sample, out-of-memory issues, and may fail with the preface following error: Workaround: Increase the Java heap size for DBCA from 128 MB to 256 MB. For example: If a 10.2.0.4 database is coexisting in an 11.2.0. x Oracle Grid Infrastructure environment and the owners of the 11.2 and fmcg resume sample 10.2 Oracle homes are different, 10.2.0.4 Database Configuration Assistant (DBCA) will not be able to parse Grid home listeners due to a permission issue. Workaround: Provide write permissions to the Gridhome/network/admin directory on all nodes during configuration of the database from the 10.2.0.4 Oracle home.

2.21.2 Deinstallation Tool Known Bugs. When using the deinstallation tool to preface phd dissertation deinstall a shared Oracle RAC home, some of the files or directories may not get deleted. Workaround: To remove the ORACLE_HOME , run the rm -rf $ORACLE_HOME command after the deinstallation tool exits. If Grid_home is created directly under a root-owned directory, the deinstallation tool cannot remove the resume top-level home directory. An empty Oracle home directory remains at the end of the deinstallation.

Workaround: Run rmdir ORACLE_HOME using the root user on all nodes. A deinstallation of Oracle Clusterware should ask you to detach any pre-11.2 Oracle RAC homes from the Oracle inventory. Foreign For Enrollment System Thesis. Workaround: After you deconfigure and resume deinstall an upgraded 11.2 Oracle RAC home and federal want to continue with deconfiguration and deinstallation of the fmcg resume sample Oracle Grid Infrastructure for a cluster home, first detach any pre-11.2 Oracle RAC software homes from the central Inventory. When running the deinstallation tool to deinstall the database, you will be prompted to expand the essay Oracle home and to select a component. If you select the top level component, Oracle Database Server , and do not select the Oracle home, OUI does not show the message to run the deinstall utility and proceeds with the deinstallation of the fmcg resume sample database. Workaround: Run the deinstallation tool to deinstall the Oracle home. Resume. If you are running the deinstall tool from ORACLE_HOME that is installed on shared NFS storage, then you will see errors related to .nfs files during ORACLE_HOME clean up. Resume Sample. Workaround: To remove the ORACLE_HOME , run the rm -rf ORACLE_HOME command after the deinstall tool exits.

Alternatively, you can use the standalone deinstall.zip and specify the location of the critical eyes ORACLE_HOME . 2.21.3 Oracle Automatic Storage Management (Oracle ASM) Known Bugs. During an upgrade of fmcg resume, Oracle ASM release 10.1.0.5 to Single-Instance High Availability (SIHA) release 11.2.0.4, the essay labour rootupgrade.sh script returns the following error: Workaround: This error can be ignored. Fmcg Resume Sample. Oracle Automatic Storage Management (Oracle ASM) loses the rolling migration state if Cluster Ready Services (CRS) shuts down on all nodes. If this occurs, one of the Oracle ASM versions will fail with either the essay ORA-15153 or ORA-15163 error message. Workaround: Consider the following scenario of 4 nodes ( node1 , node2 , node3 , and node4 ) that are at release 11.2.0.3 and being upgraded to release 11.2.0.4: node1 and node2 are upgraded to 11.2.0.4 and running. node3 and node 4 are still at 11.2.0.3 and running. Now consider that there is an fmcg sample, outage where all CRS stacks are down which leaves the cluster in a heterogeneous state (that is, two nodes at 11.2.0.3 and two nodes at 11.2.0.4). To proceed with the essay labour upgrade, run one of the following steps (depending on the node that was started as the first node): If node3 or node4 was started as the first node (for example, as an fmcg, 11.2.0.3 node), you need to run the ALTER SYSTEM START ROLLING MIGRATION TO '11.2.0.4' command on the Oracle ASM instance on node3 or node4 before you can bring up an 11.2.0.4 node.

If node1 or node2 was started as the essay labour first node, you need to the ALTER SYSTEM START ROLLING MIGRATION TO '11.2.0.3' command on the Oracle ASM instance on sample, node1 or node2 before you can bring up any 11.2.0.3 node. Continue the upgrade procedure as already documented from bank template this point forward. Fmcg Sample. Note that before executing one of the above steps to bring the Oracle ASM cluster back into rolling migration, you cannot start two nodes of different versions in the cluster. If you do so, one of the Oracle ASM versions will fail with either the ORA-15153 or ORA-15163 error message. Foreign Studies For Enrollment System Thesis. An 11.2.0.1 Oracle Clusterware rolling upgrade to 11.2.0.4 fails when Oracle Cluster Registry (OCR) is on resume, Oracle ASM. Workaround: Apply the patch for bug 9413827 on 11.2.0.1 Oracle Grid Infrastructure for a cluster home before performing the upgrade. Cannot permanently stop the Oracle ASM instance. Preface. Workaround: If the Oracle ASM instance is resume, disabled using SRVCTL, you must unregister Oracle ACFS-related resources to avoid restarting the Oracle ASM instance. Do this by executing the following command as root: 2.21.4 Oracle ASM Dynamic Volume Manager (Oracle ADVM) Known Bugs. Oracle ADVM does not support mounting ext3 file systems over Oracle ADVM with the mount barrier option enabled.

The mount barrier option is enabled by default on SLES11. Workaround: Mount ext3 file system with -o barrier=1 . For example: After a rolling upgrade with Oracle Automatic Storage Management Cluster File System (Oracle ACFS) replication configured, it is possible that not all replication daemons are running in the cluster. This can be verified by running the following command: If the breath memory transport daemon is not running on the nodes where the replicated Oracle ACFS file system is mounted, then the file system must be unmounted and remounted on all nodes after the upgrade is complete. Sample. Run the same command again to verify that the canada daemon is fmcg resume, running. On the fifth attempt to resize an Oracle ACFS file system, the following error is returned: Workaround: Set the compatible.advm attribute to 11.2.0.4. Setting the compatible.advm attribute to 11.2.0.4 enables support for breath memory, unlimited resizes to Oracle ACFS file systems. In releases prior to 11.2.0.4, it is possible to resume put the database home on preface, an Oracle Automatic Storage Management Cluster File System (Oracle ACFS). Fmcg Resume Sample. If the silver company canada database home is on an Oracle ACFS file system, the database will have a hard start and stop dependency on the corresponding Oracle ACFS file system. Fmcg Sample. After upgrading Oracle Grid Infrastructure or Oracle RAC to release 11.2.0.4, the dependency between the bank resume database and the Oracle ACFS file system, which stored the previous version's database home, is not deleted.

If using a different Oracle ACFS file system than was used to store the previous version's database home, the fmcg sample database fails to start. Workaround: After a database upgrade, if using a different Oracle ACFS file system for the database home, Oracle recommends that you review the list of Oracle ACFS file systems that you are using for the database, and preface phd dissertation update the database dependencies on the file systems using the srvctl modify database -d db_unique_name -j acfs_path_list command (instead of the srvctl modify filesystem -j filesystem-list command). An ls command of sample, a very large shared Oracle ACFS directory can hang, even if the files have been removed from the directory. Workaround: Set the compatible.advm attribute to 11.2.0.4. After upgrading the compatible.advm attribute, the performance improvements will be available on any newly created directories. If desired, files created prior to the change to the compatible.advm attribute can be copied into the newly created directories. In a cluster with a password-protected key store, when an Oracle ACFS file system using encryption is mounted through the canada Oracle ACFS mount registry, the fmcg sample administrator is not prompted to enter the key store password. Foreign For Enrollment System Thesis. Although the process of mounting the file system succeeds, not all information required for Oracle ACFS encryption to work correctly is made available to the file system. In this case, encryption is not operational on this file system and sample any encrypted files in bank the file system are not available for read or write. Workaround: In a cluster with a password-protected key store, do not use the resume Oracle ACFS mount registry for mounting any file systems that are using encryption.

If some file systems are already mounted through the phd dissertation Oracle ACFS mount registry, unmount them and remove any such file systems from the fmcg resume sample mount registry to avoid possible unavailability of bank resume template, encrypted data in the future. Then, remount these file systems without using the Oracle ACFS mount registry, providing the correct password when requested. When creating an Oracle ACFS mount point and adding it to the registry, the mount point is not mounted automatically if the following conditions are met: The mount point directory was previously registered with the Oracle ACFS Registry. The mount point directory had been previously mounted. The mount point had then been unmounted and removed from the Oracle ACFS Registry. The ora.registry.acfs resource has not been restarted since the mount point was deleted from the registry. Workaround: Remove the mount point directory from the file /tmp/ .usm_state_file . 2.21.6 Oracle Clusterware Known Bugs. Fmcg Resume Sample. If the JAVA_HOME environment variable is set in the user environment when root.sh or rootupgrade.sh runs as part of the clusterware install, then Oracle Trace File Analyzer (TFA) will fail to install. The following message is critical eyes memory, returned:

Workaround: This issue can be avoided by ensuring JAVA_HOME is not set prior to running the fmcg sample root scripts for clusterware installation or upgrade or customers can download the latest TFA from My Oracle Support Note 1513912.1 (at https://support.oracle.com ). The Oracle Trace File Analyzer (TFA) uses a date and time stamp when naming collection directories and files. In some non-English language environments, the use of the operating system date command may return unexpected characters which are then used to company name the directory and resume sample files. Workaround: This issue can be avoided by either exporting the environment variable LC_ALL=C before calling tfactl diagcollect or by downloading the latest TFA from My Oracle Support Note 1513912.1 (at https://support.oracle.com ). Canada. Service resources for pre-11.2 releases may be OFFLINE after Oracle Grid Infrastructure is upgraded to release 11.2.0.4. Workaround: Use the following command to manually start the OFFLINE service resources: Cluster Ready Services Daemon (CRSD) on a non-PE master node may hang and stop processing Oracle Cluster Registry (OCR) requests if the OCR master failed while it was sending a message to it.

Workaround: Restart the CRSD process. Upgrading the Oracle Grid Infrastructure from resume Oracle Database 11 g Release 2 (11.2.0.4) to Oracle Database 12 c Release 1 (12.1) fails due to Oracle ACFS or Oracle ADVM resources being unable to stop. Workaround: Manually stop the resources using SRVCTL or CRSCTL, and retry the phd dissertation upgrade. If an attempt is made to relocate the Cluster Health Monitor (CHM) Repository to a directory that has previously contained it, the following error is returned: Workaround: Archive or delete the previous subdirectories ( hostname, hostnamebkp ) and resume sample try again. Phd Dissertation. During upgrade of Cluster Ready Services (CRS) from resume sample 10.1.0.5 to 11.2.0.4, patch 3841387 is essay labour, mandatory but the Cluster Verification Utility (CVU) prerequisite check does not enforce the requirement. Consequently, CVU does not issue an error if the patch is fmcg resume sample, not applied. Workaround: Manually ensure that patch 3841387 is applied to the 10.1.0.5 source home using the opatch lsinventory command before proceeding with the upgrade. While installing Oracle RAC software on a cluster configured with Grid Naming Service (GNS), the Prerequisite's page might show a warning status for the GNS Integrity check even when GNS is working fine.

The message appears to be of the following type: Workaround: Run nslookup on the fully qualified names that are listed in the error message. If nslookup returns an IP address for the name with a non-authoritative answer, then this warning can be ignored. If the name does not resolve to an IP address, then follow the steps mentioned in Action part of the essay company error message. Service resources for fmcg resume sample, pre-11.2 releases may be OFFLINE after Oracle Grid Infrastructure is upgraded to release 11.2.0.4. Workaround: Use the following command to start the studies for enrollment thesis OFFLINE service resources manually: After an upgrade from Oracle ASM 10.2. x to Oracle Grid Infrastructure 11.2. x or Oracle ASM 11.2. Resume. x in an Oracle RAC environment, you must move the resume PFILE to an SPFILE in a disk group before running the add node operation, otherwise the correct initialization parameter file cannot be found. If you are preparing to upgrade Oracle Clusterware, and you use the Cluster Verification Utility (CVU) command runcluvfy.sh stage -pre crsinst -upgrade , then you may encounter the following error: The cause of this error is that olsnodes cannot return a list of fmcg resume, nodes when Oracle Clusterware is down.

Workaround: Run the cluvfy.sh stage crsinst -upgrade command using the -n flag, and provide a comma-delimited list of cluster member nodes. For example: In release 11.2.0.3, the essay silver canada default RETENTION_TIME size of a Cluster Health Monitor (CHM) repository in number of seconds is 30823 for a 4-node cluster or is (30823*4) divided by the number of nodes for other clusters. Fmcg Resume Sample. When upgrading from 11.2.0.3 to bank resume template 11.2.0.4, the RETENTION_TIME is 6311 for a 4-node cluster. Workaround: Oracle recommends changing the RETENTION_TIME size from 6311 to resume sample 30823 for a 4-node cluster after upgrading from 11.2.0.3 to 11.2.0.4 by breath using the following oclumon command: Due to fmcg sample a problem in Oracle Clusterware starting with release 11.1.0.7, with the bank resume patches required for Oracle Exadata support or 11.1.0.7 CRS bundle Patch 1, in some cases the CSS daemon may fail when the clusterware is brought down on another node, either due to a shutdown command or a failure. The symptom is an ASSERT in the CSSD log indicating that a maximum value has been exceeded.

For example: Workaround: Oracle recommends that customers running with the sample Oracle Exadata support patches or 11.1.0.7 CRS Bundle Patch 1 apply the patch for preface phd dissertation, this bug to avoid this problem. This problem may also be seen during an fmcg, upgrade from 11.1.0.7 with patches as indicated above. To eliminate the potential of an 11.1.0.7 node failing during upgrade, the patch for essay silver company canada, this bug may be applied to the 11.1.0.7 nodes prior to upgrade. When upgrading, it is recommended that the resume upgrade be completed on all nodes without restarting any non-upgraded nodes during the upgrade. If an 11.1.0.7 node does fail while performing the upgrade, it should be upgraded as opposed to restarted. If two network interfaces are configured as public network interfaces in bank the cluster, the failure of one public interface on a node does not result in automatic VIP failover to the other public interface.

Workaround: If multiple public networks interfaces are present, then use interface bonding for high availability. At the Oracle Clusterware installer Specify Network Interface Usage screen, choose only one (bonded) interface as public. When configuring public networks with srvctl add nodeapps or srvctl add vip , specify only fmcg resume sample, a single network interface name in the -A or -S argument. Note: Also reference Bugs 3841387, 8262786, 8373758, 8406545, and 8441769. Oracle resources for 10.1, 10.2 and 11.1 Oracle RAC databases may not operate properly after upgrading Oracle Clusterware to 11.2.

Workaround: Apply the patches for any of the bugs listed here to the Oracle Database home. 2.21.7 Oracle Database Upgrade Assistant (DBUA) Known Bugs. The custom network configuration is not carried forward for Oracle RAC database upgrades to release 11.2.0.4. Workaround: The custom network configuration needs to be redone by manually copying the settings from the source Oracle home to federal reserve bank of chicago essay contest the target Oracle home. 2.21.8 Oracle Database Vault Known Bugs. Fmcg Sample. The ACTION_NAME entry in the DVSYS.AUDIT_TRAIL$ table displays Realm Authorization Audit for a failed realm enforcement if the audit option is set to audit on success and failure. Essay. The RETURNCODE will show the resume correct error code that was triggered. Workaround: Use the RETURNCODE value to determine whether a violation has occurred and the ACTION_NAME column to identify whether the audit was generated by a realm enforcement or command rule enforcement. Before Oracle Database 11 g Release 2 (11.2.0.4), there was no mechanism to control the usage of for enrollment thesis, ORADEBUG in fmcg resume sample the Oracle Database Vault environment.

Workaround: The DVSYS.DBMS_MACADM.ENABLE_ORADEBUG and DVSYS.DBMS_MACADM.DISABLE_ORADEBUG procedures can be used to resume template restrict the ORADEBUG usage. 2.21.9 Oracle Database QoS Management Known Bugs. This bug applies to resume sample recommendations for CPU resources managed by Oracle Database QoS Management. If the number of configured CPUs for all instances on a server is less than the critical essay breath memory number of physical CPUs for that server, then the nonallocated, or free, CPUs are not detected by Oracle Database QoS Management and no recommendation is made to increase the number of configured CPUs. Only those slices that host databases are considered as donors for resume sample, the target slice. Adding one of the non-allocated CPUs should be the first-ranked Move CPU action.

Workaround: Make sure the sum of CPU counts configured for each database instance on each server is the same as the number of physical CPUs. If a user creates a performance class with two or more services in its classifier(s) and these services are not all specified to run in the same server pool, the essay labour metrics graphs for that performance class on the Enterprise Manager Quality of Service (QoS) Management Performance Class details page are incorrect. The Resource Use Time and fmcg Resource Wait Time graphs will only federal bank essay contest, display metrics from one server pool. The other graphs will correctly display metrics for all server pools. Workaround: This bug will not affect the correct management or recommended actions associated with this type of performance class. 2.21.10 Oracle Database Enterprise Edition Known Bugs. The installer copies files to fmcg resume the temporary bootstrap location, usually in /tmp , using the -p option to preserve permissions on the source files. The source and bank essay the target file systems are not mounted with the same ACL options so the copy fails with the following error because the permissions cannot be preserved on the target file system: Workaround: There are three possible workarounds: Mount the fmcg resume source file system and the file system on bank contest, which the /tmp directory resides using the same ACL options. Mount the file system on which the source software exists using the noacl option. Copy the installation software to the /tmp directory and retry the installation.

This issue is fmcg sample, also observed when the software (zipfile 1 and phd dissertation 2) is not extracted in the same location or the sample OSOPER group is specified during the installation. Current implementation of node-specific network interfaces requires complete definition of all networks used by preface phd dissertation Oracle RAC for that node (that is, either node abides by global network configuration or it defines its own node-specific network configuration). As a corollary, once the first node-specific network interface is defined for a given node, Oracle RAC will not consider any configured global network interfaces that are already configured and may have applied for sample, the same node. Preface. While this is correct, it presents a problem. If the cluster had a working global network configuration, the moment a user updates it (using oifcfg ) to define a node-specific public interface, a global configuration will not be considered for this node, and it will have only one newly-defined public interface. Any cluster interconnects that existed in the global network configuration, and may still resolve fine for this node, will not be considered valid.

Thus, the resume node loses cluster interconnects and PCW stack goes down on that node. Workaround: If the essay labour node belongs to fmcg sample a global cluster network configuration, then if there is an company, intent to make network configuration node-specific, the fmcg resume first defined node-specific interface must be cluster interconnect, so that node never loses interconnect with other cluster nodes. Then, other node-specific interfaces can be defined as necessary. When using 11.1 DBCA to remove a database on a cluster running 11.2 Oracle Clusterware, a PRKP-1061/CRS-2524 error may be displayed because the database resource is federal bank contest, locked. Workaround: You can ignore the message. Click OK to continue.

2.21.11 Oracle Enterprise Manager Database Control Known Bugs. The Oracle home value for the Cluster Target is not changed after a Cluster Ready Services (CRS) upgrade for Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control (Cloud Control). Workaround: Modify the Cluster Target properties in Oracle Enterprise Manager Grid Control or in Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control for fmcg sample, the cluster and its related targets as shown in silver the following steps: Go to fmcg resume sample the Targets page and bank click All Targets. Fmcg. Select the target. Select a target menu item, click Target Setup, and critical click Monitoring Configuration. On the Monitoring Configuration page, set the Oracle Home Path to upgraded Clusterware Oracle Home. When attempting to upgrade Cluster Ready Services (CRS) or Oracle ASM to release 11.2 using the Oracle ASM Configuration Assistant (ASMCA), the sample upgrade succeeds, but it may fail to update the new clusterware home for cluster targets in existing agent homes due to permission issues. As a result, Oracle Enterprise Manager Grid Control and Database Control cannot monitor the Oracle ASM and CRS targets. Workaround: Modify OracleHome property of Oracle ASM and Cluster targets using the Monitoring Configuration link on ASM and federal reserve bank of chicago essay Cluster home pages, respectively. Resume. emctl commands did not return valid results as expected.

Workaround: The emctl command needs to be run from an Oracle Database home. Do not invoke this command from the Oracle Grid Infrastructure for a cluster home. If the silver company canada installation owners for the Oracle Grid Infrastructure for fmcg, a cluster and studies for enrollment thesis Oracle Database are different, then the owners of Oracle ASM binaries and Oracle Enterprise Manager Agent binaries are also different. When you start Support Workbench, the error message Error Operation failed - Operation failed might appear, because the Oracle Enterprise Manager Agent is running as a different user, and Support Workbench does not have permissions for fmcg, the Oracle ASM target. If the database is installed using the seed provided in the installation kit, and the OLAP option is not selected, then either at the end of the essay installation or some time later, the resume sample OLAP Analytic Workspace and OLAP API components will be reported as invalid. This will not affect the foreign studies system running of the fmcg sample instance in essay any way, other than the error messages. Workaround: Do one of the sample following as a workaround: Ignore the error. Enable OLAP (or the template offending option). Create and use your own seed database that does not include OLAP.

Importing an materialized view-enabled cube or cube dimension whose source table is not part of the target schema fails with an fmcg resume sample, Object not found error. Workaround: Disable materialized views for critical breath eyes, the failing object prior to the import, then reenable them when the source tables are present. 2.21.13 Oracle Real Application Clusters (Oracle RAC) Known Bugs. The Oracle Real Application Clusters (Oracle RAC) Configuration Audit Tool (RACcheck) returns a space availability error even if there is enough space available on the /tmp directory when it is being run in a non-English installation. Workaround: Download the latest RACcheck from My Oracle Support, Note 1268927.1 (at https://support.oracle.com ) to avoid this issue.

When upgrading from 11.2. x.x to resume 11.2.0.4, if any customized listener configuration is set (such as a remote listener), Database Upgrade Assistant (DBUA) will set it back to the default. Workaround: Run ALTER SYSTEM SET REMOTE_LISTENER= user_remote_listener_setting , . SCOPE=BOTH from federal of chicago essay SQL*Plus after the database upgrade. 2.21.14 Oracle SQL*Loader Known Bugs. When external table code reads very large files on disks served by NFS, the I/O performance of the read can slow down over fmcg resume sample time. This is caused by NFS caching blocks from the template file in resume memory as it is read. Since these blocks are not re-read, the time spent maintaining the cache slows down the I/O operations. Workaround: The current behavior (of not using the O_DIRECT flags) remains the default. You can enable the use of the O_DIRECT flag in the following ways: Enable fix control for this bug and essay labour set it to ON with the following command: When fix control is enabled, the external table code looks at the FILESYSTEMIO_OPTIONS configuration parameter and if it is fmcg resume, set to either DIRECTIO or SETALL , then the ORACLE_LOADER access driver will specify the O_DIRECT flag when opening data files for reading.

If the critical breath eyes memory FILESYSTEMIO_OPTIONS parameter is fmcg, not set or if it is phd dissertation, set to other values, then the access driver will not attempt to use O_DIRECT unless you choose the following option. Use the new IO_OPTIONS clause in the access driver to specify direct I/O. The clause is part of the larger RECORDS clause. Resume Sample. The syntax is: If DIRECTIO is bank, specified, then the access driver uses O_DIRECT flag when opening the fmcg file. If NODIRECTIO is specified, then the access driver does not use the preface O_DIRECT flag. Fmcg Resume. Note that the action specified by IO_OPTIONS is performed regardless of the foreign setting of _fix_control for this bug.

Note that the first option is a way to enable the use of O_DIRECT for all external tables while the fmcg second option allows DIRECTIO to be used or not used for specific external tables. 2.21.15 Oracle Universal Installer Known Bugs. When installing 32-bit Oracle Database Client software on a 64-bit architecture server, the essay eyes Oracle base cannot be the same as the fmcg resume secured Oracle base of canada, any other 64-bit Oracle Database product software. When installing 64-bit Oracle Database product software, the fmcg Oracle base cannot be same as the secured Oracle base of 32-bit Oracle Database client software. During the local node only deinstallation, the following message can be ignored: The deconfig command below can be run in resume parallel on fmcg resume sample, all the remote nodes. Run the command on essay labour, the local node after the resume sample execution completes on all the remote nodes. When installing 11.2.0.4 Oracle Grid Infrastructure, the bank resume template Oracle Universal Installer (OUI) does not verify and report if Oracle ASM disks with insufficient permission on remote nodes are selected due to root.sh failing on the nodes where the disks reside that have insufficient permission. Workaround: Ensure that the Oracle ASM disks with the insufficient permission on remote nodes are not selected. The Cluster Verification Utility (CVU) tool can be used to verify that disks on resume sample, remote nodes have sufficient permission.

During an upgrade from 11.2.0.2 or 11.2.0.3 Oracle Grid Infrastructure to 11.2.0.4.0 and when there are more than 1,000 database service resources registered, the upgrade fails because the root script fails on the first node while trying to upgrade the Server Management (SRVM) model. Workaround: Manually apply the patch for bug 16684285 on 11.2.0.2 or 11.2.0.3 Oracle Grid Infrastructure home before starting the upgrade. If the database is configured using the Oracle Universal Installer (OUI), the essay labour VKTM/LMS process runs with the wrong priority. Workaround: Stop and start the resume database after the installation is complete. Secure Shell (SSH) setup code is changing the essay labour user's home directory permission to 755 only on the current or local node. Fmcg Resume Sample. Workaround: This is expected behavior because SSH requires this permission to do some SSH-related operations on the local node. Cloning of an foreign system thesis, Oracle home that was added with Oracle Database Client or Oracle Database Examples software results in a database creation failure. Resume Sample. Workaround: During the federal bank of chicago clone operation, supply the values for the privileged operating system groups ( OSDBA_GROUP and OSOPER_GROUP ) as specified in the Oracle Database Installation Guide for Linux . If the central inventory location is different on different nodes of a cluster, addnode.sh does not update the inventory correctly on remote nodes of the cluster.

Workaround: Adding nodes to a cluster requires the fmcg resume sample central inventory location to template be the resume same on all the nodes of the cluster. Eyes. Please ensure that this is the case prior to running addnode.sh . If Oracle Universal Installer (OUI) crashes during a node reboot or crashes while you are executing the resume rootupgrade script, OUI cannot resume post-upgrade tasks. Workaround: You have to manually take care of the following tasks and complete the upgrade: If you are upgrading from a pre-11.2 to 11.2.0.4 release: Orace Net Configuration Assistant. Critical Breath Eyes Memory. Automatic Storage Management Configuration Assitant. Enterprise Manager Configuration Upgrade Utility.

Oracle Cluster Verification Utility. Fmcg Sample. If you are upgrading from a post-11.2 to 11.2.0.4 release: Enterprise Manager Configuration Upgrade Utility. Oracle Cluster Verification Utility. When upgrading to essay labour 11.2 Clusterware, the Installer invokes ASMCA in silent mode to resume sample upgrade Oracle ASM into Oracle Grid Infrastructure for a cluster home. Oracle ASM upgrade is handled in essay labour rolling fashion when upgrading from resume sample 11.1.0.7. Prior versions of Oracle ASM instances are upgraded in non-rolling fashion and Oracle ASM-based databases are bounced without any prior warning. Workaround: You can plan your database outage to be the point where you acknowledge the Installer prompt after executing root.sh on all nodes.

At this point, CRS is upgraded in rolling fashion and the Installer will be calling ASMCA to upgrade Oracle ASM, which will bounce databases as part of critical essay eyes, Oracle ASM upgrade. Resume Sample. The Oracle Universal Installer (OUI) runInstaller script that resides in the Oracle home ( ORACLE_HOME /oui/bin/runInstaller ) cannot be used to install the 11.2.0.1 releases of Oracle Database, Oracle Grid Infrastructure for foreign studies for enrollment system thesis, a cluster, and Oracle Database Client. Workaround: Use Oracle Universal Installer on the respective 11.2.0.1.0 product media to install each product. Fmcg Sample. If you select the essay eyes database configuration Desktop Class in Oracle Universal Installer (OUI), listener and database control are configured with 'localhost' as the host name. Fmcg Resume Sample. The Oracle Enterprise Manager Database Control start and stop operations using emctl may fail.

Workaround: For Database Control start and stop operations that use emctl in that home, set the ORACLE_HOSTNAME environment variable to 'localhost' . After adding a new node to a shared Oracle database home using addNode.sh , the essay silver /etc/oratab on the newly added node gets an entry of the source database name that exists on the source node from where addNode.sh was run. The /etc/oratab file on the new node is supposed to get the database entry after the database instance is added for the new node using DBCA. Workaround: Before invoking DBCA from the source node to fmcg add a new database instance for the new node, open the /etc/oratab file on the new node using an editor and remove the entry made for bank, the source database name. Fmcg. 2.21.16 Oracle XML Database Known Bugs. You may run into the following error: Workaround: If you use the essay breath eyes XMLTABLE() query and run into this error, you can request the BLR for this bug fix or use the following command: Using Transportable Tablespaces (TTS) to fmcg resume sample export or import tables with Binary XML data is not supported. Bank. Workaround: Use the Oracle Data Pump conventional path to move data. Fmcg Resume Sample. Starting with release 11.2.0.3, the MOVEXDB_TABLESPACE and REBUILDHIERARCHICALINDEX procedures were moved from the DBMS_XDB package to essay company canada the DBMS_XDB_ADMIN package. These procedures are no longer available in the DBMS_XDB package. In order to fully optimize some XMLQUERY or XMLTABLE queries, OPTIMIZER_FEATURE_ENABLE should be set to 11.1.0.6 or above. 2.21.17 Vendor and Operating System Known Bugs.

A connect using SCAN and EZCONNECT on one client machine can be requested to use a specific SCAN listener. Therefore, load balancing by round-robin DNS is not possible.

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Resume/CV Sample Format - FMCG

Conclusion Of Common Law Essays and fmcg resume, Research Papers. The term common law originally derives from the preface phd dissertation 1150s and 1160s, when Henry II of England established the fmcg resume secular English . tribunals. The common law was the law that emerged as common throughout the realm (as distinct from the various legal codes that preceded it, such as Mercian law , the Danelaw and silver company, the law of Wessex)[43] as the fmcg resume king's judges followed each other's decisions to create a unified common law throughout England. The doctrine of precedent developed during the 12th and silver company, 13th centuries. Case law , Common law , Contract 1140 Words | 4 Pages.

Question A- states the similarities and differences between legislation and sample, subsidiary legislation. What is legislation? Legislation knows as statutory . Essay Labour. law which is has been enacted or promulgated by sample, any kind of essay labour, governing body or even parliament. It refers to fmcg resume sample, a single law or even a group body of enacted law . Template. In the history, it is called as bill which is more often than not projected by a member of the legislature. Examples of legislation are Statutes or Acts of Parliament, Ordinance and sample, Enactments. Common law , England , English law 1351 Words | 4 Pages. court system is.

This paper will cover which of the three main functions of the courts; protecting peoples rights, resolving disputes, or upholding the . law , is resume template, most important to the American people. The Court and its Purpose The courts serve as a legal representation for of society, enforcing, and upholding the law against offenders in fmcg sample America. According to the United States Justice Department a court is an agency or unit of the judicial branch of government, authorized. Common law , Criminal justice , Judge 903 Words | 3 Pages. Common Law The development of Common Law in England in federal reserve bank of chicago 1066 by William the resume sample Conqueror who defeated . Preface Phd Dissertation. King Harold has some importance in the Australian Legal System today as some of its characteristics have been replicated into our legal system. Before the Norman Conquest of England in 1066 there was no unitary, national legal system. Sample. Prior to resume, 1066 the England legal system involved a mass of oral customary rules, which varied according to region. Each country had its own local court dispensing its.

Common law , Court , English law 1002 Words | 3 Pages. between the fmcg resume sample role of criminal law and civil law in relation to memory, the legal system and fmcg resume sample, analyse the purpose of the law . . Criminal law is the body of law that relates to crime. It might be defined as the body of phd dissertation, rules that defines conduct that is fmcg resume, prohibited by the state because it is held to essay breath memory, threaten, harm or otherwise endanger the safety and welfare of the public, and that sets out the punishment to be imposed on those who breach these laws . [1] The criminal law serves several purposes and benefits. Case law , Common law , Criminal law 1669 Words | 5 Pages. ? Common Law Assignment Answer 1: There is fmcg sample, no enforceable contract between Joanna and Rita because under Contract . Law it is stated that the first requirement for bank any valid contract to become existent is an agreement that contains the elements of resume sample, offer and an acceptance. In the case provided, Joanna did put forth an offer for Rita who then laid a condition of accepting the offer, therefore a counter-offer; also Rita had not yet accepted the offer completely. Essay Labour. She stated in her response, that. Breach of contract , Common law , Contract 1178 Words | 4 Pages. Common Law Law developed through conclusions of courts and similar committees by the judges is fmcg resume sample, . known as common law , it is also known as case law . Common law binds upcoming decisions and it is the body of practice. Common law delivers compensation in monetarist value of the damages due to violation of federal reserve bank essay contest, contract and approves the fmcg resume sample legal owner of the property. Certain amount of money presented as compensation by a court for essay silver canada a breach or trot of agreement is known as damages, it is also famous as lump.

Common law , Contract , English law 1185 Words | 4 Pages. Equity has brought benefits to many litigants who would otherwise have been severely disadvantaged by fmcg resume sample, the common law . Essay Labour. Discuss, . with reference to fmcg sample, decided cases. Essay. William the Conqueror found England with no single system of law common to the whole country. The law was mainly sets of customary rules which differed from area to fmcg resume, area. For example, in one area you could get away with stealing, in another it would be seen as crime. There was no such thing as The English Legal System until Williams. Anton Piller order , Common law , Equitable remedy 990 Words | 3 Pages. Civil and Common law countriesContents TOC o 1-3 h z u Introduction PAGEREF _Toc383004748 h 4Historical development of . Civil law PAGEREF _Toc383004749 h 4The source of critical essay eyes, Civil law PAGEREF _Toc383004750 h 5The historical development of Common law PAGEREF _Toc383004751 h 6The source of Common law PAGEREF _Toc383004752 h 7The main differences between Civil law and Common law PAGEREF _Toc383004753 h 7Conclusion PAGEREF _Toc383004754 h 8Reference List PAGEREF _Toc383004755 h 9 Discuss.

Civil law , Common law , Law 1996 Words | 3 Pages. Common Law Reasoning and Institutions. University of London Common Law Reasoning and Institutions Essay Title: Judicial precedent is best understood as a . practice of the courts and not as a set of binding rules. As a practice it could be refined or changed by the courts as they wish. Student Number: 090500532 Candidate Number:L8000 The declaratory theory of fmcg sample, English common law is that the for enrollment thesis function of the judge is to declare what has always been the correct legal position at common law . In carrying out fmcg resume, this task. Appeal , Case law , Common law 1640 Words | 5 Pages.

constitution is supreme within the state's borders. True A state law that conflicts with the essay labour U.S. Constitution will be deemed . unconstitutional. TRUE A substantive law creates or defines legal rights and obligations. True As a judge, Jay applies common law rules. These rules develop from sample, decisions of the courts in legal disputes. Breath Eyes. As a judge, Nina decides cases that involve principles of various sources of law . Common law is case law . Sample. Brian's pick-up truck collides with Miranda's semi-trailer. Administrative law , Case law , Common law 1609 Words | 6 Pages. diligence should be codified.

The law need to be develop through the evolving law . And the Legislative Council formed a Bills . Essay Labour. Committee to scrutinize the Companies Bill. Directors duties can be divided into two parts: fiduciary duties and the duties of care, diligence and skill. Companies bill just rewrite on the part of the directors duty of care, diligence and skill when the fmcg fiduciary remain unchanged and follow under the common law as usual. Foreign Studies For Enrollment. In the common law position regarding directors duty. Board of directors , Common law , Corporation 1330 Words | 4 Pages. Common Law vs.

Civil Law There are nearly 200 nations in resume sample the world, each with their own distinct legal . system based on studies for enrollment system thesis, one of the four major legal systems: common law , civil law , socialist law , and religious law . The majority of countries today follow either common law or civil law . Here in fmcg resume the United States we practice common law , as opposed to countries like France and Germany, which practice civil law . Foreign Studies For Enrollment Thesis. There are several differences between these two legal systems, however, common law in. Civil law , Codification , Common law 1472 Words | 5 Pages. Common Law and fmcg, National Consumer Law. did common law become so rigid and inflexible? Answer: By the reign of henry II, the practice of sending the royal justice . throughout the country on circuit began to result in fairly uniform body of law developing around the country- the common law . Eyes Memory. The judges were assisted in finding an agreement among them by fmcg resume sample, keeping records known as plea rolls. They set out reserve bank essay, not only the facts of each case and judgement, but often the reasoning behind the fmcg resume sample judgement, in much the same way as the modern law reports. Civil law , Common law , Law 1553 Words | 5 Pages. heritages of Africa, Europe, India and elsewhere.

Three of phd dissertation, these family forms are the family based on common law unions, the . matrifocal family and the extended family. Some theorists such as Melville Herskovits (1958) attribute the resume sample prevalence of certain types of Caribbean family forms to African society and bank contest, some of the social institutions and fmcg resume, social dynamics of those societies. A common law union is similar to foreign for enrollment thesis, the unit of the sample nuclear family i.e. comprising of husband, wife and essay canada, children living. Caribbean , Extended family , Family 1265 Words | 4 Pages. nations in the world nowadays, and each has a different set of laws that govern its people and its relations with the rest of the fmcg world. Bank Resume Template. . Fmcg. Whereas, international law governs relations between states, institutions, and individuals across national boundaries, municipal law governs this same person within the boundaries of bank resume, a particular state. The comparative law , which is the study, analysis, and comparison of the different municipal law systems, classifies countries into legal families. Fmcg. The two widely. Burgerliches Gesetzbuch , Civil code , Civil law 2200 Words | 6 Pages.

have studied and suggested what factors drive growth. Due to the important role played by the law in the finance sector, economist and bank of chicago, policy . Fmcg. makers argued that the legal system can have a major influence on system thesis, a countrys economic prosperity. This leads us to the main topic of fmcg, this research essay. The aim of this essay is to compare the strengths and weaknesses of the common law system with the phd dissertation civil law system with reference to economic prosperity. The first section will explain the connection between.

Civil law , Common law , Economic growth 2117 Words | 6 Pages. Comparison of fmcg sample, Common Law and Civil Law. COMMON LAW V CIVIL LAW COMMON LAW (characteristics)for comparing or contrast purpose . Common law systems are mostly found in former british colony and protectorate including US, it is less prescriptive than civil law system,citizens are benefited by enactment and essay breath eyes, legislation in specific fields.more often are the fmcg resume sample implied terms usage. 1)represents the law of courts as expressed in judicial decision 2)based on precedents provided by past judicial decisions,no written statues or prescribed texts . Administrative law , Appeal , Civil law 1231 Words | 4 Pages. Sources of common law I. Sources of the Common Law A. Court Decisions The principal source of . positive law in the common law system is customary law . The common law system has some analogies to French medieval law : trial by jury, the binding nature of precedent. Essay Labour. B. Statutes and treaties Statutes and resume sample, treaties are the other source of law in the anglo-saxon world.

However to be enforced even statutes and treaties must be ultimately interpreted by breath eyes memory, judges. Statutes are however controlling; that. Appeal , Civil procedure , Common law 1003 Words | 3 Pages. The Development of Common Law and Equity Common Law has been functioning in fmcg England since the . 1250s, two centuries after William the Conqueror defeated Earl Harold Godwinson in the Battle of Hastings in essay labour 1066 and became King. Sample. It was then in 1066 that Law began to be standardised. There were, however, problems with the reserve bank of chicago Common Law system and people were becoming dissatisfied with the remedies distributed by the Court.

As a result, the Court of Chancery was established and fmcg sample, could provide whatever. Appeal , Common law , Court 1532 Words | 4 Pages. Development of Common Law and Equity. of common law and equity Introduction I have been asked to write a essay on the development of common . Federal Essay Contest. law and equity. Common law refers to the law created by judges that was historically significant but has been since replaced by parliament common law is the basis of fmcg resume, our law today it is an preface unwritten law that developed from customs and judicial decisions. Sample. It is parallel with equity which refers to the source of law created by the Lord Chancellor which was designed to supplement the thesis common law.

Appeal , Common law , Equity 1093 Words | 3 Pages. Distingtion Between Equity and fmcg sample, Common Law. UNIVERSITY SCHOOL OF LAW LAW OF EQUITY ASSIGNMENT IAN NDUNGU WAWERU DLAW/112/00101 DISTINGUISH BETWEEN EQUITY AND . COMMON LAW LECTURER: MARK WAGIA Common law , defined by Oxford Dictionary, is law that is essay labour, derived from custom and judicial precedent instead of statutes. Equity, on the other hand, is a branch of law , which developed alongside common law , and is focused on resume, fairness and justice. Federal Bank Of Chicago Essay Contest. But aside from fmcg, their descriptions, there are other differences between common law and equity. . Common law , Contract , Court 2061 Words | 6 Pages. Equity is frequently referred to preface phd dissertation, as a supplement to the common law . Cruzon defines Equity as a system of law . developed by the court of chancery in parallel with the common law . It was designed to fmcg sample, complement it, providing remedies for situations that were unavailable at Law . Because of this, Equity provided a dimension of flexibility and essay labour, justice that was often times lacking because of the common law's rigidity.

This rigidity stems from the fact that, while courts sometimes altered their jurisdictions. Appeal , Common law , Court 1708 Words | 4 Pages. Outline the development of fmcg resume, common law and equity. A The Law in England didn't come about all at once, but has . developed over the centuries. There are 5 different sources of law : Customs, Judicial decision, Acts of Parliament, Delegated Legislation and, most recently, European Law . Essay Canada. However, new law is still being created today.

The law as we know it today all started in 1066, when William the Conqueror invaded England. He found a country with no single system of law , just sets of customary rules. Appeal , Common law , Court 2484 Words | 7 Pages. COMMON LAW AS A LEGAL SYSTEM Common Law and Civil Law When defined in this way . the term ? common law ?? is used to refer to a type of legal system called the common law legal system. The legal systems of various countries are modeled on the English legal system and these countries are said to fmcg, have a ? common law legal system??. This includes most of the studies for enrollment British Commonwealth and the United States. The common law legal system involves such matters as trial by jury, presumption of innocence etc. Civil law , Common law , Court 1876 Words | 6 Pages. 1.Rule of LawThe rule of fmcg sample, law , upheld by an independent judiciary, is one of Hong Kongs greatest strengths. This refers to some of the . fundamental principles of law that govern the way in bank which power is exercised in Hong Kong. The rule of law has several different meanings and fmcg resume, corollaries.

Its principal meaning is that the power of the Government and all of essay labour, its servants shall be derived from law as expressed in legislation and the judicial decisions made by resume, independent courts. At the heart of Hong. Common law , Criminal law , Judge 1063 Words | 4 Pages. HNC BUSINESS COMMON LAW 1 ASSIGNMENT 1 Darina Byrne Explain why it is important to have an intention to bank, create legal . Fmcg Resume Sample. relations when making a contract and why is consideration of the essay labour parties to the agreement necessary-: Intention to create legal relations can be defined as follows. An agreement will only become a legally binding contract if the parties intend this to be so. This will be strongly presumed in fmcg resume the case of business agreements but presumed otherwise if the agreement is. Common law , Consideration , Contract 1545 Words | 4 Pages. Fusion or no fusion of equity and the common law at a substantive level.

and the common law at foreign studies a substantive level Since the administrative fusion of the Common Law and . Equity Courts after the 1873 and 1875 Acts, there has been a lot of fmcg resume, controversy over phd dissertation, whether to fuse both equity and common law . There are valid arguments both for and against fusion. Those arguing for the fusion of Equity and Common Law at a substantive level often comment on the inconsistency created by equitys intervention in law . There would sometimes be arbitrary gaps in the common law , that is. Common law , Equitable remedy , Equity 923 Words | 3 Pages. ?Legal System of fmcg resume, HK Seminar 2: Common Law System and Ideology (9/9/13) Substantive justice VS procedural justice Influence . of external forces on foreign system, legal system, they interact in the law making processes and affect what is morally right or wrong, law is not the only tool responsible for maintain social order, people have private life and fmcg, other systems (social control, culture, religions) to phd dissertation, guide peoples life and fmcg resume sample, behaviours LAW : Certainty, predictability, there should be an bank resume authorities to. Common law , Constitution , Judiciary 1171 Words | 5 Pages. university, graduate from an accredited law school, take and pass a state bar examination, and pass an extensive background investigation in . order to: Student Answer: Be directly regulated Obtain a license to practice law Be indirectly regulated All of the above Points Received: 5 of 5 Comments: 7. Question : Attorney Chapman assigns paralegal Hughes a complex brief, tells her to research the law , prepare the brief, proofread it, and.

Academic degree , Bachelor's degree , Bar association 529 Words | 4 Pages. Silence is fmcg resume, not a form of acceptance as was held in Felthouse Vs Bindley (1862) 11 CBNS 8693. The case clearly indicates that a person who makes an offer, . cannot impose a bargain on the other merely by stating that silence indicates consent4. In conclusion as Matt did not in anyway, shape or form accept the offer, and was silent when the offer was made the contract between Michael and system, Matt is invalid. As between Michael and Matt, is promissory estoppel relevant? Give reasons.

Is promissory. Breach of fmcg resume sample, contract , Contract , Contract law 1241 Words | 5 Pages. between Grocery, Inc. and its vendors? Do common law contracts apply? Explain your answer in detail. Your answer should compare . and contrast law contracts and UCC Article 2 contracts. The Uniform Commercial Code (UCC) Article 2 applies only to contracts for the sale of goods. The definition of reserve of chicago essay contest, goods is defined as goods that are tangible, movable, or personal property. However, UCC Article 2 does not apply to real estate contracts or employment contracts.

Common law contracts are for the sale of services. Breach of contract , Common law , Consumer Protection 1491 Words | 4 Pages. Common Law And Equity Prior To The Judicature Act 1873. ? Common Law and Equity Prior to the Judicature Act 1873-75 on Fusion Fallacy The early development of resume, equity categorized it as a . separate system from the then existing common law . However, Lord Chancellors intervention gradually developed a distinct body of law called equity which was well established by the fifteenth century. From then on, the Chancellors jurisdiction was exercised via what later becomes court of Chancery. The existence of these two systems at essay labour times conflicted because of the. Appeal , Common law , Court 1296 Words | 5 Pages.

Common Law Versus Civil Law Systems. Common law versus civil law systems The two principal legal systems in the world today are those of sample, civil . law and common law . Continental Europe, Latin America, most of critical breath eyes memory, Africa and many Central European and Asian nations are part of the civil law system; the United States, along with England and other countries once part of the British Empire, belong to the common law system. The civil law system has its roots in ancient Roman law , updated in the 6th century A.D. by the Emperor Justinian and adapted. Civil law , Common law , Judge 2235 Words | 6 Pages. Business Law Common Law Assignment Hayley Gramson Student No.

17004217 Word Count 1003 . a) In a letter dated 14/02/2011, the manager (Dave) of Excellent Foods (EF) outlined conditions in resume writing to the manager (Ben) of Safe Foods (SF) in essay labour relation to the purchase of EF. These conditions were that SF must pay the valued amount of resume, EF, which totaled $120,000, $30,000 more than the original amount that SF had been prepared to pay and stipulated. Breach of foreign studies for enrollment, contract , Contract , Contract law 1097 Words | 4 Pages. Differences between Common Law and Civil Law 1. ?Legal Systems of the World: Differences between Common Law , Civil Law , Customary Law Theocratic . Law Globalization is the shift toward a more interdependent and integrated global economy, fueled by declining trade and investment barriers and new technologies, such as the internet, which creates greater opportunities for international business. Fmcg Sample. International business encompasses a full range of companies, from a large multinational firm with thousands of employees doing businesses in bank template many. Civil law , Codification , Common law 1476 Words | 5 Pages. Common and sample, Civil Law Legal Systems. Common and Civil law legal systems According to Zimmermann there are as many legal systems as there are national states. . Every country has its own unique legal system. However, we can allocate among them three main legal systems. These are: Civil Law , Common Law and Islamic Law . Civil and Common Laws are the most influential legal systems in the world, especially in foreign studies for enrollment system thesis its Western part.

All three of these legal systems have existed and developed for many centuries. Further will follow the description. Civil law , Common law , English law 1969 Words | 7 Pages. Traditional Common Law Marriage Essay. Traditional Marriages Compared to Common Law Relationships - Law Individual Position Paper - . Fmcg Resume Sample. Name: xxx Course Code: CLU3M Teacher: Mr. Logan Submission Date: January 11, 2013. The Benefits of Traditional Marriages Compared to Common Law Relationships Living in a society with freedom comes with many choices to be made, some better than others. Common law relationships are becoming more common than ever, where lovers or cohabiters. Alimony , Common law , Common-law marriage 1233 Words | 4 Pages. ? LST2BSL Common Law Assignment Word count 844 Question one A . The issue is its unclear whether Jessie is bank resume template, making an offer to sell or an offer simply as a gift as they have been friends for 15 years.

In order to resume, determine if a valid offer has been made application of the objective test would be applied1. Essay Labour. Would a reasonable person in fmcg resume these circumstances believe there to be a valid offer and what is the relative importance of the statement. Common law , Consideration , Contract 761 Words | 4 Pages. How Does Equity Fulfil the Common Law. Does Equity Fulfill the Common Law Common Law . Company. Equity fulfils the common law , although it does not endeavour to displace it with a moral code. Resume. In order to be influential, the essay labour law is to be professed as both certain and predictable, and also flexible and fair. Specifically, it needs clear rules on the one hand, but flexibility on the other to produce exceptions to cases that lead to apparently incongruous or unjust conclusions if the rules are applied. Appeal , Common law , Court 1981 Words | 6 Pages.

CONCLUSION Angiosperms (flowering plant) include in phylum Anthophyta.Angiosperms are plant that have flowers and fruit. Sample. Their part of . the flower is a carpel which surrounds and protects the essay breath eyes memory ovules and seeds. The fruit surrounds the embryo and aids seed dispersal. The great majority of resume sample, angiosperms are classified either as monocots or eudicots.Monocot embryos have a single seed leaf (cotyledon), and pollen grains with a single groove while eudicots (true dicots) have two cotyledons, and pollen. Dicotyledon , Flower , Flowering plant 719 Words | 3 Pages. NATIONAL LAW INSTITUTE UNIVERSITY BHOPAL An Analysis of Sonu v. State of M.P. (MANU/MP/0088/2010) Submitted by:- . Anugrah Pratap Singh Rajawat Roll No. 2010 B.A.LL.B.

11 Enrolment No. A- 0961 1st Trimester Table of contents S. Bank Resume Template. No. Fmcg Resume Sample. Page No. 1. Breath Eyes Memory. Introduction 3 2. Concrete facts of the Case 4 3. Material facts of the Case.. Fmcg. 5 4. Immaterial facts of the Case.. 6 5. Concrete Decision. Court , Dictum , Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution 1417 Words | 5 Pages.

Common law refers to the law created by judges that was historically significant but has been since superseded by . parliament. It is in parallel with equity which refers to the source of law created by the Lord Chancellor which was designed to supplement the common law and allow people the opportunity to avoid the inherent problems. Equity is essay labour, the gloss on fmcg, the common law . The following report will go through step by step on federal reserve bank contest, how common law and equity have developed between the years 1066 to fmcg sample, our present. Common law , Court , Equitable remedy 2519 Words | 8 Pages. Common law 1 Common law Common law , also known as case . law or precedent, is law developed by judges through decisions of courts and similar tribunals rather than through legislative statutes or executive branch action. A common law system is a legal system that gives great precedential weight to common law ,[1] on essay labour, the principle that it is unfair to treat similar facts differently on different occasions.[2] The body of precedent is called common law and it binds future decisions. Resume. In cases. Appeal , Common law , Court 14781 Words | 40 Pages. Outline Paper Title: the Common Law Tradition and essay silver, Sources of Law. BUSN-420-61326 Business Law Hazel G. Sturdebant OUTLINE PAPER TITLE: the . common law tradition and sources of resume, law I. THESIS STATEMENT: A. Bank. Common law is a legal system that is largely formed by fmcg sample, the decisions previously made by courts and not imposed by legislatures or other government officials.

The reasoning used to interpret this type of law is known as casuistry, or case-based reasoning. It is a strict, principle-based. Common law , Constitution , Law 1366 Words | 5 Pages. OBJECTIVE: To understand what the essay breath eyes memory Case Law is and fmcg resume sample, what is the importance,purpose and history of the studies for enrollment system same and thereby getting a better . understanding of the role and relevence of Case Law in India. HYPOTHESIS: Case Law or Common Law is a reported decision given by a court of first instance i.e.

Supreme Court or High Court in which there are new interpretations of law and can be cited as precedent in sample the process of Stare Decisis. Case Law is law developed through decisions of Appellate Courts. Case law , Civil law , Codification 592 Words | 3 Pages. impact of common law on critical eyes, Indonesia?s legal tradition. ?BIPAS UDAYANA UNIVERSITY Law Midterm test The influence of Common Law and Civil Law on resume, . Bank Resume. Indonesia?s Legal Tradition Natascha Krauss 3.11.2014 Table of content 1. Development of Indonesia?s Legal Tradition 2. Civil Law 3. Resume Sample. Common Law 4. Influences and Impacts of Civil and Common Law 1. Development of Indonesia?s Legal Tradition This paper is supposed to essay canada, outline how civil law and common law influenced Indonesia?s Legal tradition. In order to be able to analyze. Civil code , Civil law , Codification 2235 Words | 10 Pages. Common law and fmcg resume, equity: the reasons behind the creation of equity. What is breath eyes memory, it and how is it different from common . law ? What is the resume sample present relationship between common law and equity? Methodology In order to provide a broader image of the principles applied by equity and the common law , secondary research was carried out. The process involved both gathering information from the internet websites and Business Law textbooks.

Findings The development of English. Common law , Contract , English law 1789 Words | 5 Pages. Poor or middle income group people 5. Businessmen 6. Creating Brands 7. Adds and promotions 8. Low price strategy 9. Varieties available . for different age groups 10. Various schemes for pre-paid and post paid customers Conclusion and Recommendation. Bharti Airtel , Cellular network , GSM 827 Words | 5 Pages. The law of equity came about to remedy the defects of the common law system.

Do you agree with this statement? Elaborate. 1.0 Introduction The common law courts only essay silver canada provided the fmcg remedy of damages, which in some cases was an inappropriate remedy. The . writ system was also slow to respond to new types of action and studies for enrollment system, had many loopholes. (Keenan, 1993) This weakness in the common law system lead to the development of resume, equity. (Kelly, 2002) Ways in which the law of equity supplements the common law will be further discussed in bank this assignment. 2.0 Common Law Prior to the Norman Conquest of England in 1066, there was no. Common law , Contract , Court 1097 Words | 4 Pages. Problem 1 Issue1 Is the La Rochelle website, including the slogan, protected by resume, copyright law ? Law Copyright . Federal Bank Contest. law protects text, images and fmcg sample, other forms of expression.

The requirements for protection are as follows: (1) The creation is a work or subject matter other than works; (2) The creation is preface, original; (3)The creation is expressed in a material form. Application The slogan is sample, not a work or subject matter because Single words, names, titles, slogans are too short to be protected. Copyright , Expression , Fair dealing 591 Words | 3 Pages. For other uses, see Common law (disambiguation). Common law , also known as case . law or precedent, is law developed by judges through decisions of preface phd dissertation, courts and resume sample, similar tribunals, as opposed to statutes adopted through the legislative process or regulations issued by the executive branch[1].

A common law system is bank resume template, a legal system that gives great precedential weight to common law ,[2] on the principle that it is unfair to treat similar facts differently on different occasions.[3] The body of precedent is. Appeal , Case law , Common law 438 Words | 2 Pages. Equity Should Supplement the Common Law Not Supplant It. Equity came to supplement not supplant the common law The Common Law includes the fmcg resume sample term equity. Federal Essay Contest. . Equity is a system of law which is based on fairness and justice and conscience right and sample, justice which means conscience right and what was just. It is a set of legal principles which follows the common law . It is not subject to strict rules of procedure, Equity had no strict rules or procedure and it was not bound by resume, the principles by Stare Decisis, which means stand by your decision. It all began. Common law , Court of Chancery , Equity 1955 Words | 5 Pages. International College of resume, Business and Human Resources Development Common Law Assignment 1 BMT: . 387-09-09 Task 1(P1) A contract may be defined as an bank resume agreement which legally binds the parties. A party to a contract is bound because he has agreed to be bound. Fmcg Resume Sample. The underlying theory then is that a contract is the outcome of consenting minds. Parties are not judged by what is in their minds what they have said, written or done.

Contracts are. Breach of contract , Common law , Contract 3552 Words | 13 Pages. ? Assignment On Common Law Submitted To: Dr. Simon Palmquist Word Count: 1,919 Table of . Contents Question 1. Bank Contest. 02 Question 2. 04 Question 3. Breach of sample, contract , Common law , Contract 2033 Words | 11 Pages. Conclusion In part A of this experiment, we transformed the breath bacteria into resume sample an antibiotic resistant form by inserting a plasmid into it. Company. We . used heat shock in order to make the bacteria capable to uptake a plasmid in the presence of calcium ions that help disrupt the cell membrane (heat shock is the resume combination of altering hot and essay labour, cold). When they are capable of accepting plasmids, the resume sample bacteria are incubated with plasmids that carry the resistance to a particular antibiotic, in this case ampicilin.

Agar plate , Antibiotic resistance , Bacteria 970 Words | 3 Pages. Differences between Common Law And Civil Law This paper is aimed analysing the differences . between common law and civil law in the UK and other European countries. It will also explore the theory behind the development of these laws and the segments of society that they cater to. Collin put forth a viewpoint that the increased collision between public law and contractual practices has led to a disintegration of the former, resulting in phd dissertation the need to revise the private. Civil law , Common law , Judge 1960 Words | 6 Pages. Coming to Conclusions The conclusion of an resume essay is a key factor of the overall effectiveness of an essay essay. Often seen as a . brief summary of the paper, the conclusion frequently revisits the thesis of the paper, sometimes repeating lines or words from the introduction verbatim. This almost textbook-like format can be effective but is by no means the only option there is when a writer concludes an sample essay. In fact, the title of the conclusion can be quite misleading.

Many types of conclusions do not. Conclusion , Essay , Reader 979 Words | 3 Pages. There are four main types of legal obligation within Australia, namely, legislation, common law , awards and collective . agreements, and international standards. This discussion will however only provide coverage on two of the four sources of legal obligation, legislation and common law in canada relation to a typical Australian workplace. 2.0 Legislation Legislation in relation to employment refers to law passed by both federal and state parliaments dealing with employment relationships.

The. Australia , Common law , Contract 1335 Words | 6 Pages. 5 < Definition of Law < Classification of Law Classification of Civil Law < Definition of . Contract Law < Types of Contract BODY 6-15 < Essentials of A Valid Contract < Definition of Vitiating Factors < Types of Vitiating Factors < Description of the fmcg sample different Vitiating Factors < Discharge of critical breath memory, a Contract < The types of Discharge < Remedies of Breach of Contract CONCLUSION ..15 . Breach of contract , Common law , Contract 4851 Words | 15 Pages.