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Bosnia Genocide Essays and Research Papers. Genocide in Bosnia By the latex annotated, End of the Cold war the world had already seen the end of hundreds of read, wars and countless violations . of human rights. With witnessing, these events substantial progress had been made to defining what human rights are and what constitutes a violation to human rights. The first of theses inalienable human rights being the biblical right to latex life. Several Non- governmental organizations dedicate their time and energy to maintaining a close watch over the world to report on. Bosnia and Herzegovina , Bosniaks , Bosnian War 1434 Words | 4 Pages. ? Genocide in Bosnia The Bosnian genocide is often referred to as the hidden genocide , yet it had . catastrophic effects on humanity.
Over 100,000 people were killed and it displaced millions of people. The genocide occurred between 1992 and 1995. Pattern Research Paper? The Social Federal Republic of Yugoslavia was made up of six nations under the leadership of Josip Broz Tito. Once Tito passed away in 1990, there was a power vacuum, and bibliography, politicians began a nationalistic campaign pitting Serbs, Croats and Bosniaks. Bosnia and Herzegovina , Bosnian War , Ethnic cleansing 2457 Words | 9 Pages.
Genocide in Bosnia-Herzegovina and Kosovo. Genocide in Bosnia -Herzegovina and Kosovo Abstract As a criminal investigator, I choose to view the . genocide that occurred in Bosnia -Herzegovina and Kosovo as plain ordinary murder, albeit murder on a massive scale and murder that has many different types of victims. In this paper I tried to outline some of the background of the country and its people attempting to show these events as a crime scene. Introduction The purpose of this paper was to inform of the genocides that took. Bosnia and Herzegovina , Bosniaks , Ethnic cleansing 1481 Words | 5 Pages. ? Genocide is generally defined as “the intentional destruction of day of, a particular race, ethnicity, religious group, or nationality” 1 and it is . probably as old as human beings. We can be sure that somewhere way back in the beginning of humans, some primitive people picked up their stone axes and spears and set off to wipe out latex bibliography, another tribe. In fact, many anthropologists think this is online probably what happened to Neanderthals. Was it the differences between our species and the Neanderthals that caused us. Bosnia and Herzegovina , Ethnic cleansing , Genocide 1314 Words | 4 Pages. Phoebe Wu Ehrfurth 9H2 23 February 2012 Rough Draft Bosnian Genocide According to congresswomen Allyson Schwartz, The 20th century . taught us how far unbridled evil can and will go when the world fails to latex annotated bibliography confront it. It is time that we heed the lessons of the teacher job application essay, 20th century and stand up to these murderers.
It is annotated bibliography time that we end genocide in the 21st century. The world was confronted with a disastrous destruction when six million Jews were shamefully persecuted under the cruel leadership of. Bosnia and teacher essay, Herzegovina , Ethnic cleansing , Genocide 1216 Words | 4 Pages. ? Genocide : For the Dead and Living We Must Bear Witness Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights states: Everyone has the . right to latex life, liberty and research, security of person. Bibliography? The right to life seems like the most basic right; a person is born, and they have the right to breathe air, drink water, and make any other necessary decisions to live. However, every now and then someone (or a group of mabuting, people) decides that a person, or an entire race, does not deserve to latex bibliography live. Genocide , the.
Genocide , Human rights , Million 1110 Words | 3 Pages. ?MD Rahatin Hassan English- 1302- 15 October 2014 Genocide Millions of people have been killed all the way through history by online, their government . or rulers. Bibliography? There are many reasons to hate them like nationality, race, diversity, religion and ethnicity. Essay? Global problems have many causes and latex bibliography, effects as well. One of the global problems that have affected the world history is my life genocide . In 1941 Raphael Lemkin a polish Jewish created the latex annotated, term genocide by combining Greek words “genos” which means race and “cide”. Genocide , Hutu , Nazi Germany 1834 Words | 7 Pages.
What do you think is the best definition of genocide ? Justify your answer in relation to the scholarship and arguments that have most . influenced your thinking. Genocide is a term defined by legal, scholar and social professionals in research paper, vastly different views ranging from board to latex annotated narrow. The trail to adequately define this complex act has dominated discussions and debates since the term’s development in 1943 by Polish lawyer Raphael Lemkin in his publication Axis Rule in Occupied Europe 1944. By reading. Acts of the essays by alice, Apostles , Bosnia and Herzegovina , Definition 1179 Words | 4 Pages. “ Genocide in Darfur” Why should the latex bibliography, United States have to be the country that has to help save everyone?
The genocide in . Darfur, a region in online, Sudan, has been happening since 2003 and not much attention or effort has been put on the crisis. Latex Annotated? It has been stated that the Arabs in Darfur think that they are the only good race and are murdering everyone else. The United States is the main leader in giving the Darfurians the aid and support they need. Read? Although the United States has not yet given military. Genocide , International Criminal Court , Iraq War 1499 Words | 4 Pages. Latex Bibliography? humanity that shows our capacity for hatred and essays walker, ignorance.
Unfortunately, genocide is a real part of our history and is still occurring in a . Annotated? world that should not allow this type of atrocity to my resume online happen. There are four events in our history where a mass murder of a people happened and although it is in our human nature to label these murders as genocide , I will explain why I think only some of these events can be called genocide . During the bibliography, times of essays honoring, exploration of annotated bibliography, our world, travelers from faraway. Adolf Hitler , Crusades , Genocide 946 Words | 3 Pages. Thousands of Dead Bodies is it a Genocide ? No Not really “Darfur is more than an occasional headline in the newspaper or 20 seconds on a . Essays? forgotten nightly newscast. Bibliography? It is where genocide continues to happen while the rest of the world goes through the motions of concern but does nothing of substance to stop it. Will the world ever wake up?” (Steidle) Rape, murder, and destroying villages are happening in read by alice, Darfur, Sudan. The Africans of Darfur having nowhere to latex annotated go, and ang katangian mabuting mamamayan essay, almost the whole population in. Darfur , Darfur conflict , Genocide 2440 Words | 6 Pages.
Unjustified Bosnian Genocide, Argumentative Essay. Annotated? Bosnian Genocide Essay “History repeats itself” is teacher a phrase commonly heard and used by latex annotated, many people. After World War I, The . League of Nations was formed as an international organization to preserve world peace. However, after World War II it became evident that the League was ineffective in its prevention, so it was replaced by pattern research, The United Nations in 1945. The purpose was to become a collective international organization of latex, countries to prevent events such as war and genocide from occurring. Pattern Research? Bosnia and Herzegovina , Bosnian Genocide , Ethnic cleansing 2354 Words | 6 Pages.
Period 10 Genocide in Darfur In 2003, a genocide began in the Darfur region of Sudan. Latex? According to the website, “World Without . Genocide ” the day of my life, Sudanese government armed arab militia groups to attack ethnic affair groups. This has escalated to the mass slaughter of 480,000 people. The Sudanese government called this campaign “getting at the fish by latex bibliography, draining the sea”. This is why countries around the world should open up their eyes and help a country that is going through a genocide . The genocide is occurring. African Union , Darfur , Genocide 734 Words | 3 Pages. one example of genocide and explain how and essay, why this event occurred. You will gather evidence to prove WHY genocide still happens . today OR HOW people gain enough power to inspire a genocide like the Holocaust. You will locate at least 3 types of sources and use 5 sources total.
Your job as a researcher is to gather evidence to support your claim (thesis). Use source materials to prove your theory of why genocide happens today or how people gain enough power to inspire genocide . You may also. Latex? Bibliography , Citation , Genocide 1489 Words | 5 Pages. ? The Genocide of Darfur Darfur is pattern paper a region of Sudan that lies in the outermost locality of the Republic of Sudan, where it borders the . Central Africa. The total area of Darfur is around 580000 (km) (Johnson, 2006). This area is immensely large and can be considered bigger than the annotated, total area, which is occupied by read essays, Austria, Netherland, Switzerland and Germany, all together. Often heard, a common fallacy is propagated regarding the merciless event that had occurred in Darfur. It is commonly said.
Antisemitism , Genocide , Khartoum 2187 Words | 6 Pages. this extermity with me, you hope for some understainding, some insight, some flicker of self-knowledge---a moral, or a loesson or a clue about how to annotated behave . in this world: some such information. I don't discount the possibility, but when it comes to genocide , you already know right from wrong. The best reason I have come up with for looking closely into the luckiest day of my life, Rwanda's stories is that ignoring them makes me even more uncomfortable about latex annotated bibliography existence and my place in mabuting mamamayan, it. . Latex Annotated Bibliography? . . (At p. 19.) Gourevitch tells in. Burundi , Democratic Republic of the Congo , Human 1504 Words | 5 Pages. Essays Honoring? Rwanda Genocide * Rwanda officially known as the Republic of Rwanda is a sovereign state in bibliography, central and east Africa. * The term . ‘ genocide ’ did not exist before 1994. It is a very specific term referring to violent crimes committed against members of my resume online, a national, ethical, racial or religious group with the intention of destroying the existence of the group. Geno- comes from the Greek word for latex annotated bibliography race or tribe and –cide comes from the Latin word for read essays by alice walker killing. Bibliography? Genocide came into general use only.
Burundi , Hutu , Juvenal Habyarimana 1477 Words | 4 Pages. getting a lot of attention lately due to an ongoing armed conflict called Genocide . The genocide , meaning, “deliberate and . systematic destruction of a racial, political, or cultural group” (Merriam -Webster), has been ongoing for quite some time now, and has proved to be a deadly war. This Genocide has been described as the “first great episode of genocidal destruction in the 21st century” (Reeves, 2005). Discussion The genocide in Darfur began in essay, February 2003 when the Sudan Liberation Army (SLA). Darfur , Darfur conflict , Genocide 1213 Words | 4 Pages. ?Kochanek English 1-period 1 04 March 2013 Darfur, Sudan Genocide Atrocities such as genocide could very well be considered . an ethnic cleansing in some cases. But why do people debate whether or not the situation is one or the other? What exactly is the latex, difference between the two? Well, what's the difference between a brown and honoring, yellow banana? A ripe, red strawberry or a black, shriveled one? An ethnic cleansing, yellow banana, and ripe red strawberry all have one thing in latex, common: they look. Aegis Students , Darfur , Genocide 1082 Words | 4 Pages. The Colonization of America: Genocide. | The Colonization of America: Genocide | Historiography Paper | DE AMH 2041 | Adrian Perez | 12/21/2012 | | History . proves to us time and time again that there can be many sides to the luckiest day of my life essay a story based upon one thing—perspective.
Throughout the 15th and 16th century as European nations began to colonize the New World, millions of Native Americans died in latex annotated bibliography, the efforts of the invading countries. According to some scholars, the story of the colonization in read, America is a glorified, anglocentric. Americas , Christopher Columbus , Genocide 1731 Words | 5 Pages. Nazi Germany and Genocide Incidents. definitely possible. The word genocide , which is also known as ethnic cleansing, is certainly not uncommon to anyone living in bibliography, this not so . Essays Walker? perfect world, full of violence, hatred and discrimination.
Throughout the latex annotated, decades, genocide has taken place in ang katangian ng isang mabuting mamamayan, more than one occasion, causing wars, slaughters and mass destruction of cities and towns. I think that genocide is by far the worst crime in humanity. Hatred, superiority and latex bibliography, personal memories are all behind genocide . Ang Katangian Mabuting Mamamayan Essay? Everyday, I get more surprised. Ethnic cleansing , Genocide , Germany 1014 Words | 3 Pages. Latex? Bosnian Rwandan Genocide Comparison Essay. similarities and differences between the genocide committed in Rwanda and Yugoslavia in the 1990s.
The Rwandan and Bosnian . Genocides were more similar than different due to the fact that both were supported by the governing force at the time, and pattern paper, both were ignited due to past tensions between two separate ethnicities. The Rwandan and Bosnian Genocides were similar in the fact that both were supported by the ruling force at annotated, the time. Day Of My Life? The Rwandan Genocide , was organized by the newly created Hutu. Bosnia and Herzegovina , Croatia , Montenegro 828 Words | 3 Pages. The Genocide of the Native Culture. The Genocide of the Native Culture The thinking of bibliography, a dominant white society and the savageness of Native culture is the background of the . on-going struggle against cultural genocide of First Nations people all across Canada.
The first European settlers in research, Canada viewed the inhabiting First Nations people as uncivilized, and they felt that they needed to be educated in annotated bibliography, their “civilized” ways. This thinking started the cultural genocide of the Native culture. This paper will focus on the ways in which. The Luckiest My Life? Culture , First Nations , Genocide 2236 Words | 6 Pages. Global Issues in Crime and Justice The war and genocide in Darfur (Sudan) (2003-2010) The conflict in Darfur officially started . in February of latex annotated bibliography, 2003 when a rebel group launched an day of attack on Golo. Annotated? This rebel group refers to themselves as Sudan Liberation Army (SLA). Not long after, another Darfur rebel group arose, identifying itself as the essays veterans, Justice and annotated bibliography, Equality Movement (JEM). The uprisings from the rebel groups, however, did not draw immediate reaction from the Sudanese Government. Darfur , Darfur conflict , Genocide 2402 Words | 6 Pages.
Can you believe some people don't consider the mabuting, extermination of latex bibliography, Native Americans an act of genocide ? Native Americans once lived in peace, . but then European colonists such as Christopher Columbus began to invade their land. At first, the Natives and them treated each other with respect, but soon after, Columbus turned on the Natives' and used their generosity to his advantage. Aside from brutal acts of abuse, murder, and thief, they also brought diseases such as small pox and measles which slowly. Americas , European colonization of the Americas , Genocide 1013 Words | 3 Pages. 1,071,000 people were killed in three months due to the luckiest the genocide . This genocide is considered as the conflict between the two . Annotated Bibliography? tribes in Rwanda---Hutus, carrying out the genocide , and Tutsis, having been massacred. Since it was really an amazing unfortunate event, many people in the world sympathized with that sad incidence. However, most people today think that we, as the citizen of the teacher job application essay, democratic society, are inconsequential to that genocide ; it just happened because of the conflict of those two. Genocide , Juvenal Habyarimana , Kigali 820 Words | 3 Pages. Bibliography? relatively unknown country.
It was during this period that the genocide in Rwanda began, and nearly 800 000 people were deprived of teacher essay, their . life’s. The intense media coverage gave us the opportunity to behold one of modern time’s worst human disasters since the holocaust. The world witnessed when schoolchildren were killed by their teachers and women of latex annotated bibliography, their men, these were mainly Tutsis who were killed by Hutus by using all available tools. Honoring? The genocide meant that about 9 percent of the latex bibliography, population died in. Genocide , Hutu , Jean Kambanda 2020 Words | 5 Pages.
In 1994, there was a mass genocide between the Hutus and the Tutsis of Rwanda. Rwanda is located near Uganda, Congo, and Tanzania. These . Essays? countries are located in Africa. Due to the location of Rwanda it caused controversy because many countries surrounding it wanted to take control over latex, it. It caused tension between multiple countries and sparked a war which lead to a genocide . There are three groups in Rwanda – Hutu, Tutsi, and Twa.
The Twa group was initially the first group to settle in Rwanda. My Resume? Burundi , Genocide , Hutu 2598 Words | 7 Pages. Extradition and Deportation Views of Bosnia/Herzegovina. Chuck Knollman Valmeyer High school Bosnia -Herzegovina 6th Legal Extradition/Deportation Bosnia -Herzegovina, formally . known as Yugoslavia, has been addressing many pressing issues; however, extradition and deportation has been gaining large amounts of attention from Bosnia -Herzegovina’s government. Bosnia -Herzegovina’s government consists of a tripartite presidency which is divided mainly between Croatian, Serb, and Bosnian political parties. During World War II, the Kingdom of Yugoslavia. Bosnia and Herzegovina , Bosniaks , Chetniks 1157 Words | 4 Pages. ? “What is Genocide ?” The term genocide has been one of the annotated, most used terms in my resume online, many on-going debates since the early 20th . century. The Holocaust, which took place during World War II, is one of the latex bibliography, most common cases of veterans, acts of genocide and is a main reason why the term genocide exists. Other widely known cases of genocide are the Rwandan genocide and the Armenian genocide . Annotated Bibliography? The question, however, that many historians and those with interests in genocide ask, is exactly what is genocide ? Since first. Armenian Genocide , Bosnia and Herzegovina , Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide 1620 Words | 5 Pages. of genocides There have been many genocides throughout history, and most of them have been mass killing fields such as Rwanda, . Cambodia, the Nazi holocaust, the Belgians against the Congolese, and the African slave trade. Day Of Essay? “No problem is latex annotated bibliography as profound and no evil as prevalent as state power”(Sartwell 232). In this quote Sartwell infers that the walker, cause of latex bibliography, all genocides or at least the ones described on top are derived from one and only cause; and online, that is the state itself (government).
Genocide is inevitable. Genocide , Hate speech , Nazi Germany 1506 Words | 4 Pages. Miss C/Mrs. Jordan AP World History Period 6 7 June 2013 Genocide : The Holocaust vs. the Rwandan Genocide The word . genocide comes from the Greek word genos meaning race or clan and annotated, cide meaning killing. In Raphael Lemkin’s words, genocide is the crime of ang katangian essay, destroying a specific group of religious and/or racial people.
Some areas in which genocide may occur is Africa, the Middle East, or any other third-world countries. Bibliography? Genocide tends to occur in recently collapsed areas of infrastructure. Adolf Hitler , Genocide , Hutu 1694 Words | 5 Pages. Walker? ?Oliver Goschow The Bosnian Genocide and How It Changed Society The Bosnian Genocide is one of the most horrific events . of our modern history. Latex? Under the former Yugoslavia, different ethnicities were all compressed under the regime of Josip Broz “Tito”, who managed to keep them united for 35 years, however after the death of Tito, violence escalated. Under General Ratko Mladic’s leadership, neighbors started killing neighbors, and changed the way Serbs, Bosnians and Croats treat each other. Belgrade , Bosnia and Herzegovina , Croatia 1041 Words | 3 Pages. Standing with the International Community Against Genocide. A reigning topic of discussing in the United States is our involvement in veterans, the International Community and the prevention of genocide . Many . options have been considered, but there is currently no official solution for the debate of joining or not. Some of the deciding factors regard whether or not it will assist the economy, military, and legal standpoints of the United States.
If the United States joins together with the International Community, the economy will benefit from the annotated bibliography, support efforts. Genocide , Human rights , International Criminal Court 1502 Words | 4 Pages. Genocide and Cruelty Throughout history people have taken actions which show us that some people are cruel and participate in outrageous . acts. We can go back and look at the United States and their use of slaves from Africa. In Germany, less then 100 years ago, Adolf Hitler and the Nazis orchestrated one of the most hateful and dehumanizing acts with their concentration camps with the killings of millions of Jews, Gypsies, gays and research paper, others. Following these devastating acts the United Nations. Genocide , Hutu , Nazi Germany 1738 Words | 5 Pages. post-World War II illusion that the world would no longer stand idly by while genocide was openly occurring.
Unlike the genocide . of the Khmer Rouge in bibliography, Cambodia that took the lives of nearly two million people in the 1970s while Cambodia was rigidly closed to the outside world, the atrocities in the luckiest essay, Rwanda were recorded on annotated bibliography nightly television reports. The 1948 International Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide was shamelessly violated. Several countries, including the the luckiest day of my life essay, United States. Genocide , Hutu , Peacekeeping 1553 Words | 5 Pages. Us Military Endeavor in Bosnia 1993-1995.
US Military Endeavor in Bosnia 1993-1995 | | 08.12.2009 | | Introduction: With Josip Broz‘s (Tito) death in 1980 the former . Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia has lost its political leader. Bibliography? Tito supported a wide ethnic representation in his country and a division of power. Without his strong leadership Yugoslavia would have broken up years before the Balkan war in 1992. Yugoslavia was politically weak without Tito and the country was hard hit by an economic crisis in my resume online, the early. Bosnia and Herzegovina , Montenegro , Serbia 2126 Words | 6 Pages. Darfur and annotated bibliography, the Crime of Genocide Book Report. Essays Veterans? In the latex, book Darfur and the Crime of my resume online, Genocide by latex annotated, John Hagan and Wenona Rymond-Richmond, the authors discuss the atrocities in the luckiest day of essay, Darfur from a . criminological viewpoint. The book is split up into 8 chapters, all discussing very important topics and issues. The prologue to the book introduces the problems in Darfur by use of a testimony from former Secretary of State Colin Powell before the Senate Foreign Relations Committee calling the massacre in bibliography, Darfur genocide . Essays? From this point on, the book discusses. Criminology , Genocide , Human rights 1569 Words | 4 Pages.
Conflicts in Sudan: Genocide in Darfur. The Republic of Sudan, or Sudan as it more commonly known, is currently in a state of crisis. Annotated? Darfur, in western Sudan, is in the middle of the worst . Ang Katangian Ng Isang Mabuting? humanitarian crisis in the world right now. They are on annotated bibliography the brink of genocide , the deliberate killing of a very large number of people from a particular ethnic group or background. Like Most civil wars the research paper, incidents have been occurring for bibliography over twenty years. The armed conflict began to get serious in February of 2003. It was then that the Sudanese.
Chad , Darfur , Genocide 1548 Words | 4 Pages. Could Genocide Have Been Prevented. Proposal for paper Could Genocide have been prevented? Introduction - The meaning of Genocide , and the impact it has on a . Pattern Research Paper? single person and society. - Start out latex bibliography, with a few interesting facts about the war in Bosnia - Information on the key players that were involved in the war and genocide - Talk about how the my life essay, war began/ conflict of interest and religion in area. Thesis - Specifically state to annotated the reader if there was U.N. intervention, could genocide have been avoided? - What were. Bosnia and Herzegovina , Internet , Literature 707 Words | 3 Pages. Genocide in the 20th Century; the Factors That Ignite and Sustain Such Atrocities. Genocide in the 20th Century; The Factors that Ignite and Sustain such Atrocities Contemporary History 410 Professor K, Muir October 20, . 2007 When will these atrocities ever stop? Throughout history there have been occurrences and essays, reoccurrences of acts of genocide . During the twentieth century, these incidents of genocide have become more apparent; due to the fact that communication and media have advanced so far there have been more specific details that have come to light. Bibliography? Cambodia , Genocide , Khmer Rouge 2431 Words | 7 Pages. The U.S.
Involvement in Bosnia: Positive or Negative? The United States Involvement in Bosnia ; is it positive or negative. After a lifetime of war in pattern paper, Bosnia , can the United States . really offer positive change? To truly get a feel for the conflict in this region we must first look at the long-standing hatred between the occupying ethnic groups: Serbs, Muslims, and Croats. From 1481 to 1903 the Ottoman Empire was the latex bibliography, ruling body over the entire Balkan region. By the teacher, early nineteen hundreds the Ottoman Empire had collapsed.
In 1918, at annotated bibliography, the end of World. Balkans , Bosnia and Herzegovina , Montenegro 2096 Words | 5 Pages. Nancy Throughout history and to my life essay this day, we have witnessed discrimination in some form or another. Mass genocides have taken . place during the past such as the Holocaust, the Rwandan Genocide , the Nanking Massacre and many more. But what exactly is genocide ? Genocide is a systematic destruction of a racial, political, or cultural group. Such tragic events have caused the death of millions of innocent people, a ruined nation, poverty as well as many psychological disorders the.
Elie Wiesel , Genocide , Hutu 1905 Words | 5 Pages. Annotated Bibliography? March 2012 Extermination in Genocide All genocides that have occurred in teacher job application essay, human history include various stages that . are usually present; however, extermination, the 7th stage of genocide , is latex bibliography one that is present in all genocides . From the Armenian genocide and Darfur genocide , to the Rwandan and Jewish genocides , extermination is ang katangian mamamayan ever present in all of these. Extermination is explained to be mass killings of people, which defines the legal term “ genocide ”, and is caused when the killers. Armenian Genocide , Armenians , Ethnic cleansing 1105 Words | 4 Pages. The Genocide in Rwanda: Who is to Blame? By Maria Chiara Billones Lucatello February 3, 2010 International Relations Mr. Latex? Conzemius . “A small boy of 11 years, was curled up in a ball of fresh flesh and blood, in his eyes was a glance of lost hope, abandonment, and my resume, defeat. He was without vision; A little girl at latex annotated, nine years of age, was pinned up against a tree…her legs apart, and essay, she was covered in things even hell can’t imagine; excrement, urine and blood . Latex Annotated? . . in her mouth was cold fresh. Genocide , Hutu , Kofi Annan 1503 Words | 4 Pages.
Rwandan Genocide DBQ Genocide , and act that said to never occur again by the Genocide Convention, has come . through time and time again. Each genocide , including the job application essay, Rwandan Genocide , leaving countless numbers of men, women, and children wounded and lifeless. Latex Bibliography? The imperialism brought by the Belgian empire onto Rwanda was the start of the deadly massacre. The lack of international aid from the rest of the world caused the genocide to last longer and longer eventually ending after 100 days. Finally. Burundi , Genocide , Hutu 954 Words | 3 Pages. Never Forget the Genocides Although the Holocaust ended in 1944 with the deaths of millions, the genocide in Darfur claimed . the lives of 400,000 people and displaced over 2,500,000 in ng isang mabuting mamamayan, 2003 and is still going on to this day (Document G). With so many lives lost in the tragic genocides people wonder if there is annotated bibliography anything that can be done to prevent more from occurring.
The basic concept of genocide developed in 1915 with the Armenian Genocide (Document H). In 1944 the term genocide was formed based. Adolf Hitler , Genocide , Nazi Germany 857 Words | 3 Pages. Rwanda: The Aftermath of the Genocide. Veterans? Aftermath of the Genocide By taking a closer look at Rwanda and its people, I came to realize that despite the genocidal violence that . occurred, Rwanda was its' own country with its' own unique traditions, customs, and latex annotated bibliography, cultures. The Luckiest My Life Essay? Nonetheless the media attention surrounding the genocide in Rwanda is unavoidable. Bibliography? By researching Rwanda I have come to find out that one thing the media does not cover is the aftermath of the genocide . I will take a closer look into why the genocide happened, what we. Genocide , Hutu , Juvenal Habyarimana 2299 Words | 7 Pages.
Genocide : Rwanda, Darfur, and the Holocaust “I can’t go on. It’s over” (Wiesel 56). This quote from Elie Wiesel’s Night is the thought . pattern of Wiesel and the captives of the pattern research, concentration camps who faced, and are still facing genocide . Genocide is latex defined as “the deliberate and my resume online, systematic extermination of a national, racial, political, or cultural group” (Dictionary.com). Through mutinous acts of genocide , the concept of latex, exterminating ethnic groups thrives in the region of Darfur in Sudan. Teacher Job Application Essay? Genocide , Hotel Rwanda , Hutu 973 Words | 3 Pages.
Genocide As stated by the United Nations Genocide Convention, genocide is a coordinated plan to destroy, in . whole or in part, a national, ethnic, racial, or religious group, by killing, causing serious bodily or mental harm, inflicting conditions designed to bring about its destruction, preventing births within the group , or removing children from the group. Bibliography? The term did not exist until Raphael Lemkin devised the word in 1944. Therefore there was no legal mechanism for the international community. Essays Honoring Veterans? Adolf Hitler , Genocide , Nazi Germany 586 Words | 2 Pages. Rwanda Genocide Throughout modern history there have been numerous attempts to annotated kill and control specific targeted populations for various . political, social, economic, and cultural reasons. This is known as modern day genocide . Although many may have suffered at the hands of these more powerful, wealthy genocides . Few small, isolated countries like Rwanda were nearly eradiated through intentional and government sponsored genocides . In 1994 Rwanda was divided into three groups: Hutu, Tutsi. Teacher? Genocide , Hutu , Paul Kagame 1532 Words | 3 Pages. Why the United Nations Hesitated in Bosnia-Herzegovina. May 5, 2013 Why the latex annotated, United Nations Hesitated in by alice, Bosnia -Herzegovina The United Nations (UN) faces many problems, both internally and . externally, as the monitor of world order. Bibliography? Many of these problems were highlighted in essays honoring, the Bosnia -Herzegovina conflict.
In July 1995, the Srebrenica massacre resulted in the death of over 7000 Bosnian Muslim men and latex bibliography, boys in the alleged UN sanctioned “safe haven” from the ethnic cleansing that had persisted in Bosnia since 1992. Srebrenica had been under the safeguard. Bosnia and Herzegovina , Bosniaks , Peacekeeping 2910 Words | 7 Pages. Raphael Lempkin coined the term ‘ genocide ’ in 1944 and some of his ideas on genocide were adopted in the United Nations . Genocide Convention in 1948. The UN definition of genocide is very important because it is the internationally accepted definition. It defines genocide as; acts which are committed with the intent to destroy the whole, or part of a national, ethical, racial or religious group through killings, serious bodily and mental harm, deliberately inflicting conditions onto the group intended. Convention on job application essay the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide , Genocide , Jews 2411 Words | 7 Pages. The Perils of Regionalism: Genocide in Rwanda. its people. For instance genocide , in nearly all examples, has been started by a power-hungry national figure who has an latex annotated bibliography agenda in teacher, mind that . Latex? never takes into honoring veterans, account what a local area's wish might be for latex their future.
Hitler is an example of the luckiest day of my life essay, this type of authoritarian oppressor who had a very complex national strategy in latex annotated bibliography, place to exterminate the Jews. He certainly did not consider or recognize regional differences in Europe, but rather put forth his own agenda. Teacher Job Application? Genocide is on a whole different. Burundi , First Congo War , Genocide 1035 Words | 3 Pages. Informative Speech on Rwandan Genocide Outline. Ben Johnson Intro to Comm. 1320-04 11/8/12 Rwandan Genocide General Purpose: To Inform Specific Purpose: To share . with the latex, class that the Rwandan Genocide was a brutal genocide that most people know little about.
Thesis: The Rwandan Genocide is one of the lesser known, quickest, and most inhumane genocides this world has ever seen, and it is paper still affecting the people of Rwanda till this day. Organizational Pattern: Topical Introduction I. Attention Getter. Latex Bibliography? Burundi , First Congo War , Genocide 1293 Words | 5 Pages. ? Genocide in Rwanda (Culminating Task) Lynch Alcala a.) Summary Rwanda is mabuting mamamayan separated into two major ethnic groups, the Huts and the . Tutsis. Majority of bibliography, Rwandans are Hutus who make up about 80 per cent of the population, and only about 15 per my resume cent are Tutsis. Annotated Bibliography? These two ethnic groups shared the same language and culture, but there had been conflicts between the two groups that occurred during the colonial period. Rwanda was colonized by Belgians after the first World War. There had been racism. Burundi , Hutu , Juvenal Habyarimana 830 Words | 3 Pages. Armenian Genocide and essays by alice, the Rape of Nanking. English 12 Period 3 29 April 2013 Armenian Genocide and The Rape of Nanking There have been far more genocides in our . world’s history than there ever should have been. It is latex annotated bibliography astounding to me that our world does not learn from the terrible mistakes others have made, and that our world has allowed for so many terrible hate crimes to keep happening.
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The Sudanese army and the Janjaweed are set out to the luckiest day of destroy the livelihoods of Darfur’s Non-Arab peoples. To prevent people from returning, they poison the water supply by dumping dead bodies in bibliography, the village wells. “These. Darfur , Genocide , International Criminal Court 965 Words | 3 Pages. The Un Us Mishandling of the ang katangian mabuting mamamayan essay, Rwandan Genocide. The United Nations United States’ Mishandling of the annotated, Rwandan Genocide Philip Gourevitch’s We Wish to Inform You that Tomorrow We Will be . Killed with Our Families is an account of the Rwandan genocide and his observation of its aftermath. One of the major problems that occurred which allowed this genocide to happen was the failure of the ang katangian ng isang mamamayan, United Nations and United States to take action. The U.N. came into existence immediately following the end of the Second World War. The creation of this organization. Genocide , Hutu , Peacekeeping 1367 Words | 4 Pages. |Root Factors of a Genocide : A Comparison Between Sudan and Rwanda . |4/8/2013 As humans we all have moral and latex annotated, legal obligations, and since none of us can succeed on our own, we need to invest in each other, in order to pattern research paper fully reap our potential. The following.
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Literatuur. Filosofie. Nieuwe / media. door Miriam Rasch. Zwemmen in de oceaan: Berichten uit een postdigitale wereld. ‘Een diepzinnig boek over bibliography, de grote verleiding om langs de oppervlakte te blijven scheren.
Miriam Rasch laat zien dat die oppervlakte in honoring de digitale cultuur van de eenentwintigste eeuw meer te bieden heeft dan verstrooiing en degradatie tot consument. Latex Bibliography. Ze tovert er een eigentijds soort hevigheid tevoorschijn.’ – Maxim Februari. Alles is online, online is online, alles. In een paar decennia zijn alle aspecten van het leven door het internet getransformeerd, van onderwijs tot werk, van vriendschap en liefde tot lijden en dood. Bibliography. Een grens tussen een ‘echte’ en een virtuele wereld is job application, al lang niet meer te trekken: het leven is annotated bibliography, door en door gemedialiseerd. Toch lijkt de digitale revolutie zich haast geruisloos te hebben voltrokken; wie staat er nog bij stil? Gegidst door schrijvers en filosofen vraagt Miriam Rasch zich af wat het betekent om mens te zijn in teacher job application essay een door data geregeerde wereld. Hoe vind je de weg in de uitgestrektheid van het internet, in een oneindige wereld die overweldigend en tegelijkertijd prachtig is? Miriam Rasch studeerde literatuurwetenschap en filosofie en werkt bij het Instituut voor Netwerkcultuur van de Hogeschool van Amsterdam. Latex Annotated Bibliography. Ze schrijft essays en kritiek voor onder meer De Gids , De Groene Amsterdammer en Revisor . Pattern. In 2015 won ze de Jan Hanlo Essayprijs Klein.
Over de twijfel, of: waar ik ’s nachts van wakker schrik, bij wijze van spreken. Uitgesproken bij de uitreiking van de Jan Hanlo Essayprijzen 2017 in latex annotated De Balie, 17 mei 2017. Over de twijfel, of: waar ik ’s nachts van wakker schrik, bij wijze van spreken. Want, hoe heeft het zo ver kunnen komen dat het relativeren van de waarheid, het opvatten van feiten als constructies, de werkelijkheid zien als hoogstens intersubjectief, al die waarden waarmee iemand die is opgeleid in teacher de geesteswetenschappen zo rond de millenniumwisseling zich identificeert – iemand zoals ik dus – hoe kan het dat dat uiteindelijk in latex bibliography ons gezicht is geexplodeerd? En is day of, het toeval dat het essay in annotated bibliography de lift zit juist in essays by alice walker deze tijden, het zo geliefde essay, waarin je persoonlijk mag zijn, en grappig, het niet hoeft te weten, een eigen wereld op kunt bouwen? Het lijkt haast wel alsof dit fundament van essayistische waarden wordt ingepikt en misbruikt voor eigen gewin door mensen die diametraal tegenover diezelfde waarden staan. Latex Bibliography. Ik kom er niet uit. Essays By Alice Walker. Moeten we nu houden van die persoonlijke waarheid of bibliography, haar verafschuwen? “Over de twijfel, of: waar ik ’s nachts van wakker schrik, bij wijze van spreken” verder lezen. Denken over the luckiest day of my life essay, het kwaad met Bettina Stangneth.
De Duitse filosofe Bettina Stangneth weet hoe ze de gemoederen moet bezighouden. Zo’n zes jaar geleden zorgde ze voor opschudding met haar boek over annotated bibliography, Adolf Eichmann, Eichmann in Argentinie. Eichmann was geen voorbeeld van Hannah Arendts these van ‘de banaliteit van het kwaad’, betoogde ze daarin, maar juist een overtuigd misdadiger die met behulp van zijn intellect het kwaad zo doelmatig mogelijk wist uit te oefenen. In haar nieuwste boek Het kwade denken (vertaling Rene van Veen) werkt ze deze intellectuele vorm van immoraliteit nader uit. Niemand ontsnapt daarbij aan haar gesel. Lees verder hieronder of bij Athenaeum: Het kwaad van ons allemaal. Lees ook mijn column Over de twijfel, of: waar ik ’s nachts van wakker schrik, bij wijze van spreken, uitgesproken bij de uitreiking van de Jan Hanlo Essayprijzen 2017 in De Balie, 17 mei 2017, waarin Stangneth ook voorkomt. Het redelijke kwaad is mabuting mamamayan essay, universeel. ‘Het academische kwaad’ noemt Stangneth deze tweede categorie van het kwaad waarin het instrument van de verlichting – de rede – niet ten goede wordt aangewend maar juist om het tegendeel te bewerkstelligen. Latex Annotated Bibliography. We kunnen er allemaal wat van; in job application de meest onschuldige vorm gaat het om de smoesjes die je aanvoert terwijl je wel weet dat je verkeerd hebt gehandeld, en die je afstemt op degene die je tegenover je hebt. In het ergste geval gaat het om wereldleiders die recht lullen wat krom is latex, om zo hun misdrijven te verbergen.
Juist in pattern research paper die universaliteit zit ’m de crux, zoals we van Kant weten: als mens zijn we met de rede begiftigd en die verschaft ons toegang tot de universele morele wet. Bibliography. Maar als de rede ook tot het tegendeel in mabuting staat is, dan delen we als mensen net zozeer een aanleg tot het academische kwaad. Latex Annotated. Daarom is essay, de mens volgens Kant ‘radicaal kwaad’ en daarom is de banaliteit van het kwaad, zoals beschreven door Hannah Arendt en in latex bibliography Het kwade denken hernomen door Stangneth, zo belangrijk om te onderkennen, ook als Eichmann daar niet echt iets mee te maken heeft. My Life. Een derde categorie dus: ‘“Radicaal kwaad” is annotated, de benaming voor het inzicht dat de mens niet alleen kennis nastreeft om met behulp daarvan zich een weg te vinden in essays by alice de wereld, maar ook een tactische houding tegenover die kennis in annotated kan nemen, waarbij hij die alleen wanneer hij dat wil bij zijn handelingen betrekt.’ Toch ligt juist in pattern paper het denken – helder denken dat uit jezelf voortkomt, zelfdenken – de remedie, want uiteindelijk vindt het kwaad ‘zijn oorsprong in het niet-denken, dus in latex een toestand waarin dit individu ervan overtuigd is teacher job application essay, dat er geen alternatief is latex, voor zijn handelen’. My Resume. Denken moet collectief bevorderd, uitgeoefend en getoetst worden, maar is latex, vooral een individuele verantwoordelijkheid.
Het moreel goede, ‘de moraliteitseis’, ligt immers voor iedereen onder handbereik, onze rede wijst instinctief aan wat het juiste is. Read Essays By Alice Walker. ‘De smoesjes zijn op,’ stelt Stangneth, er zijn geen geldige redenen om je niet met het kwaad bezig te willen houden. Annotated. Hetzelfde kun je zeggen tegen wie zich excuseert door onwetendheid, een slechte jeugd, misschien zelfs zijn brein: geen smoesjes meer, je zult het zelf moeten doen. Vooral journalisten, filosofen en wetenschappers krijgen ervan langs in my resume Het kwade denken : zij die alles wat ernstig is bibliography, weglachen onder het mom van ironie, zij die verlekkerd breinspelletjes doen met analytische constructies, en zij die doen alsof objectieve theoretische kennis zonder enige morele grondslag mogelijk is. Stangneth slaat met de moker in online op zulke nietsnutten die niet inzien dat denken altijd moreel geladen is, dat slimmigheidjes meestal verborgen bedoelingen hebben (anderen imponeren, bijvoorbeeld). Tegelijk blijft Stangneth vaag en algemeen. Annotated. Zouden er niet wat namen en rugnummers genoemd kunnen worden?
Waar gaat het nu precies over? Zit er achter de mokerslagen niet ook een verborgen bedoeling? Vanwege die vaagheid gaat de controverse over dit boek vooral over teacher, de kwaliteit. Annotated. ‘Misschien wel het belangrijkste boek van het jaar,’ vermeldt de omslag. Ang Katangian Ng Isang Mamamayan Essay. Bas Heijne schreef een lovend artikel in latex NRC Handelsblad , maar Hans Achterhuis, Marjan Slob en Carel Peeters hadden in research hun besprekingen zo hun bedenkingen, vooral bij de uitwerking van het concept ‘academisch kwaad’. Dat komt door die bij tijd en wijle moeilijk te doorgronden manier van schrijven van Stangneth. Annotated. Nu mag dat vaker zo zijn (of lijken) bij filosofische teksten, maar wat inderdaad opvalt is de discrepantie tussen de boodschap die Stangneth met zoveel urgentie en felheid verkondigt, en de vorm waarin die is my resume, verpakt. Latex Annotated Bibliography. Het gaat haar juist erom te laten zien dat het denken in pattern suboptimale vorm veel kwaad kan aanrichten. Waarom dan niet meer klaarheid van gedachten nagestreefd in latex annotated bibliography dit boek zelf? Waarom ook hier de ironie er soms duimendik bovenop gelegd, zodat de boodschap niet meer serieus kan worden genomen? Een hersenkraker van jewelste, waar misschien maar een antwoord op te geven is. ‘Waarom houden we ons niet aan onze eigen morele eis,’ zo vraagt Stangneth in haar inleiding.
Kant wist het al: ‘Omdat de mens daar nu eenmaal toe in essays by alice staat is.’ Baas in eigen tuin: recensie Kris Pint – De wilde tuin van de verbeelding. In De Groene Amsterdammer mijn recensie van Kris Pint – De wilde tuin van de verbeelding: ‘Het is de paradox van deze tijd: we zijn vrij om ons leven in te richten zoals we willen, maar alleen als het past binnen het ‘kader van het marktdenken’ zoals de Vlaamse cultuurfilosoof Kris Pint dat noemt. Bibliography. En al weten we nog zo goed dat elke foto vijf keer over read essays by alice walker, moest voor hij Instagram-waardig werd bevonden, het blijft moeilijk om niet zo’n glossy leventje voor jezelf te wensen – dat is latex bibliography, immers hoe succes eruitziet. Teacher Job Application. Een ieder wordt zijn eigen marketeer.’ Wat is annotated bibliography, een volk? Badiou, Bourdieu, Butler, Didi-Huberman en Ranciere #recensie. Het volk is the luckiest day of, terug van weggeweest, kun je wel stellen. Annotated Bibliography. De ene politicus na de andere zegt ‘het volk’ te representeren, en het wordt min of meer aan de intuitie overgelaten om te begrijpen wat dat volk dan is. Pattern Paper. Dat het niet zo simpel is, blijkt wel uit de aanhoudende debatten over wie tot een volk behoren, waardoor het zich kenmerkt en of er wel echt naar geluisterd dient te worden.
In Wat is latex, een volk? ( Qu’est-ce qu’un peuple? , vertaald door Joost Beerten) zijn vijf reflecties bijeengebracht over dat zogenaamd eenduidige maar eigenlijk veelvormige wezen waar we allemaal op de een of andere manier toe behoren. De term ‘volk’ staat in een lange geschiedenis van politiek denken, en de waardering ervan beslaat een breed spectrum. Essays By Alice Walker. Met bijdragen van achtereenvolgens Alain Badiou, Pierre Bourdieu, Judith Butler, Georges Didi-Huberman en Jacques Ranciere is latex annotated, de denkrichting van deze uitgave wel enigszins te voorspellen. Ng Isang Essay. Een volk, zo valt te concluderen, is latex, een verzameling mensen die zich organiseert en hopelijk ook emancipeert; tot het volk behoren zij die normaal gesproken niet doordringen tot de echelons van de macht en daarom achtergesteld zijn en blijven. My Resume Online. Optreden als een volk kan dat soort machtsverhoudingen aan het schuiven brengen. Zoals de (niet aan iemand toegeschreven) opening stelt: ‘In al hun verscheidenheid hebben de hier bijeengebrachte teksten gemeen, dat ze laten zien op welke wijze het begrip volk stevig aan de kant van de emancipatie verankerd blijft.’ De ‘verscheidenheid’ in teksten weerspiegelt precies ook de veelvormigheid van het onderwerp. Badiou betoogt in de eerste tekst scherp dat het volk een politieke fictie is die gebruikt (eigenlijk: misbruikt) wordt om macht te vergaren: ‘Het zijn uitdrukkingen waarin “Frans volk” in annotated feite niets meer betekent dan: “futloos geheel van al degenen aan wie de staat het recht heeft toegekend om zich Frans te noemen.”’ Het zou zichzelf weer nieuw leven in teacher job application essay moeten blazen om die staat anders te kunnen inrichten. Latex Bibliography. Het levert bij de actualiteit van de Franse verkiezingen een fascinerende lezing op (de oorspronkelijke Franse uitgave verscheen in teacher job application 2013, maar dat is annotated bibliography, niet aan de teksten af te lezen).
Ook het stuk van Judith Butler zet aan het denken over de actualiteit. The Luckiest My Life Essay. Butler richt zich op de taalhandeling ‘Wij het volk’, die mensen letterlijk bij elkaar brengt, en benadrukt het lichamelijke aspect van zo’n vergadering: het werkt pas als al die mensen ook de straat op gaan. Annotated. Didi-Huberman onderzoekt vervolgens in ang katangian ng isang mabuting mamamayan essay een invoelend essay de moeilijkheden van representatie van de veelvormige aard van een volk. Latex. Juist het vangen van allerlei verschillende mensen onder een zo’n noemer is my resume online, wat opnieuw doordacht moet worden, stelt hij, onder verwijzing naar onder andere de foto’s van Walker Evans en de wijze van geschiedschrijving van Walter Benjamin. Latex. Zij weten het volk ‘tastbaar’ te maken zoals hij het noemt, en dat is wat hem betreft de taak van de historicus. My Resume Online. Ranciere ten slotte, gaat in annotated op het populisme en de vooroordelen daarover, die hij binnen een bestek van zes bladzijden uiteenzet.
Blijft over read walker, Pierre Bourdieu, wat mij betreft de vreemde eend in annotated de bijt. Essays By Alice. Sterker nog, waarom het stuk ‘“Volks”, zei u?’ deel uitmaakt van deze verder boeiende bundeling, is latex annotated, me een raadsel. Het stamt uit 1983 en vertoont serieuze ouderdomskwalen. Zonder context of rationale begint de lezer aan dit als tweede opgenomen essay, waarin het draait om taal en de barriere die slechte taalbeheersing kan vormen bij het zich opwerken uit een lagere (volkse) klasse naar een hogere. Read. Voor een artikel over bibliography, de sterke invloed van taal is essays honoring veterans, de hoeveelheid cliches over annotated, arbeiders en migranten niet zonder hoofdschudden te lezen. Pattern. Het werkt zo onbedoeld als een illustratie van hoe praten over latex annotated, ‘het volk’ ondanks het toegenomen populisme en racisme van de eenentwintigste-eeuw toch veranderd is – ten goede.
Wie heeft het nog over ‘met name de beroepsmooipraters en radde tongen die straatventers en marktkramers zijn, maar ook slagers en, al is day of, het in latex annotated een andere stijl die met andere interactiestructuren overeenstemt, kappers’? In deze Nederlandse vertaling ontbreekt de bijdrage van Sadri Khiari, een Tunesische activist, die wel in my resume online de Franse (en Engelse) uitgave is latex bibliography, opgenomen. Job Application. Een zoektocht online leert dat Khiari schrijft over het perspectief van ‘het derde volk’ (zoals hij de bevolking van niet-Franse, niet-witte en niet-christelijke oorsprong noemt in latex annotated bibliography zijn stuk). Ng Isang Mabuting Mamamayan Essay. Khiari’s essay is bibliography, sterk gericht op de Franse context, maar toch denk ik dat het een welkome aanvulling was geweest. Juist in read essays walker een bundel over annotated bibliography, populistische tendensen en het uitsluiten van ‘de ander’, is de stem van de (niet-westerse, niet-witte en niet-christelijke) ander gewenst. Het mag paradoxaal heten dat juist deze bijdrage als ‘te Frans’ kan worden bestempeld.
Over het essay en de toekomst ervan. Op 30 maart organiseerde Spui25 in pattern samenwerking met De Groene Amsterdammer een avond over latex, de toekomst van het essay. Jan Postma en Marja Pruis werden geinterviewd door Roel Bentz van den Berg. Ik had de eer een inleiding te mogen verzorgen, die je op de website van De Nieuwe Garde terug kunt lezen: Het paradijs voor de schrijver, Miriam Rasch over read walker, de toekomst van het essay. Mini-lecture written for the G10 for latex annotated, Economics and ang katangian Philosophy, which in the end I did not attend. The reason why can be found here. William Turner – Sunrise with Sea Monsters (1845) Tonight’s theme is latex bibliography, ‘Respect’. My Resume Online. I will not give an exegesis of the term, but instead want to latex, reflect a little on mabuting mamamayan, a broader topic, which in latex my view comes prior to teacher job application, the notion of annotated, respect. Honoring Veterans. That is: how do we relate to ourselves and to the Other, in annotated bibliography times that can be characterised as ‘post-digital’?
I write about this question in essays honoring veterans my forthcoming essay collection, ‘Swimming in latex annotated the ocean, Texts from honoring, a post-digital world’, which is due in annotated June from De Bezige Bij publishing house. Pattern Research. Since finishing the manuscript, around last November, I have been thinking a lot about what a post-digital ethics could mean in bibliography our times, and I want to essays veterans, share some of these thoughts with you tonight. We might then be better equipped to consider how ‘respect’ might fit in this framework. Latex Bibliography. “Thoughts on teacher essay, a post-digital ethics” verder lezen. Recensie: Kwame Anthony Appiah, De erecode. ‘Hoe morele revoluties plaatsvinden’ – dat klinkt als de belofte van een inzicht waar de wereld naar op zoek is. Bibliography. Het antwoord dat Kwame Anthony Appiah geeft in De erecode is dat zulke revoluties plaatsvinden door een verschuiving in my life wat eervol wordt geacht in latex een zekere situatie. Eer is de hoofdrolspeler in zijn analyse van een aantal historische voorbeelden – het verbod op duelleren in Engeland, het einde van de voetinbinding in China en de afschaffing van de Trans-Atlantische slavernij.
Als we de rol van eer doorzien, stelt de filosoof, is het mechanisme misschien ook wel in my resume te zetten als een soort aanjager van vooruitgang, bijvoorbeeld om de praktijk van eerwraak in latex annotated bibliography India te doen stoppen. Is er dan toch vooruitgang in pattern research paper de wereld? Een geruststellende boodschap, zeker in tijden als deze waarin geen enkele zekerheid, laat staan een morele, houdbaar lijkt. En Appiah is latex bibliography, een uitstekende brenger van die boodschap, met zijn indrukwekkende intellectuele staat van dienst, maar ook vanwege zijn interculturele, Brits-Ghanese achtergrond die hem zowel nabijheid als distantie geeft tot de culturen en tradities waar hij over schrijft. De erecode past in essays de lijn van Steven Pinkers Ons betere ik over latex annotated, de menselijke beschaving, die toe blijkt te nemen als je er maar van voldoende afstand naar kijkt. Pattern Paper. Dat is bibliography, vooral gemeten naar de afname van geweld; kijken naar morele revoluties vraagt denkelijk een andere benadering. Essays Walker. Want wat is een morele revolutie? Ook daarbij gaat het vaak om gewelddadige praktijken die een halt worden toegeroepen, maar die zijn minder eenduidig en moeilijker te meten dan bijvoorbeeld oorlog of latex annotated bibliography, moordcijfers. Hoe dat kernbegrip te definieren of interpreteren is my resume, de grote vraag die Appiah op de achtergrond opwerpt, zonder er een bevredigend antwoord op te geven. Latex Bibliography. Kenmerkend aan een morele revolutie lijkt vooral te zijn dat we haar pas achteraf herkennen.
Een bepaalde gewoonte wordt eerst volkomen normaal gevonden, waarna binnen korte tijd de perceptie ervan 180 graden draait. Paper. Na de omwenteling is latex bibliography, juist het afkeuren van de gewoonte vanzelfsprekend. ‘Als mensen daarna terugkijken, en dat geldt zelfs al voor de volgende generatie, vragen ze zich af: “Wat dachten we wel niet? Hoe konden we dat al die jaren toch zo doen?”‘ Je kunt je inderdaad goed voorstellen dat we dat in de toekomst zeggen over mabuting essay, bepaalde gewoontes die nu bezig zijn te veranderen, zoals de traditie van Zwarte Piet of roken. Maar kan zo’n verandering van moraal niet voor verschillende individuen, bevolkingsgroepen of culturen iets totaal verschillends betekenen?
Voor Appiah is het duidelijk wat vooruitgang inhoudt. Zelfbeschikking, menselijke waardigheid en lichamelijke integriteit zijn cruciale onderdelen ervan, maar vooral: het uitbannen van nodeloos lijden. Slavernij, eerwraak, en ook de Chinese praktijk van voetinbinding waren om die redenen diepgaand immoreel. Nog aan het eind van de negentiende eeuw was voetinbinding een wijdverspreide, duizend jaar oude traditie, die vervolgens binnen een decennium van de aardbodem verdween. ‘In hun strijd tegen het voetinbinden wezen ze erop dat het een gebruik was dat het [sic] in annotated bibliography de tijd van Confucius onbekend was, sterker nog, dat gedurende duizend jaar na zijn dood onbekend bleef. My Resume Online. Sommigen zeiden ook dat de argumenten en publicaties van de zendelingen en missionarissen, en ook van de Tianzu Hui, grote invloed hadden op hun denken – vooral omdat die lieten zien hoezeer het voetinbinden minachting inboezemde voor China en haar cultuur.’ Niemand zou er nu nog aan denken om de voeten van z’n dochter in latex annotated bibliography te binden, net als voorheen niemand het in zijn hoofd haalde om het niet te doen. Honoring. Wie garandeert echter dat zo’n gebruik niet weer terugkomt, in latex annotated deze of by alice, een andere vorm?
Vooruitgang is in latex annotated die zin nooit klaar, en niet alleen omdat er altijd nog wel een strijd te strijden is, maar vooral ook omdat zogenaamde morele overwinningen niet als vanzelf tot in teacher job application het einde der tijden zullen blijven bestaan, maar actief beschermd moeten worden. Als tegenvoorbeeld is het morele gevecht over abortus te noemen, zoals dat weer in latex annotated alle hevigheid oplaait in the luckiest day of my life de Verenigde Staten nu de Republikeinen met de scepter zwaaien. Latex Annotated. Dat gevecht wordt op allerlei oneigenlijke manieren ingezet, om zo bepaalde zwakkere groepen extra hard te treffen. Walker. Het heeft te maken met verschillen tussen rijk en arm, machthebbers en machtelozen. Annotated Bibliography. De discussie is ook terug te brengen tot het morele kader zoals Appiah dat vormgeeft: zelfbeschikking, lichamelijke integriteit, waardigheid. Honoring. Het heeft te maken met eer, en met nodeloos lijden. Latex Annotated Bibliography. Maar van welke kant? Ja, het kan voor mij wel duidelijk zijn dat in de eerste plaats de vrouw autonomie verdient, maar voor anderen is het nodeloos lijden, de integriteit, enzovoorts, juist van toepassing op de foetus en zou de morele revolutie dan ook inhouden dat die de bescherming krijgt die er nu niet is.
Een boek zoals dit, dat een grote verklarende theorie poneert, ontkomt natuurlijk niet aan de tegenvoorbeelden van recensenten. Misschien gaat het er ook niet in read essays walker de eerste plaats om wie bepaalt wat moreel verantwoord is latex annotated bibliography, en wat niet. Appiah stelt namelijk dat de strijd hoe dan ook niet wordt beslecht met morele argumenten. Paper. Die argumenten bestaan namelijk al lang voor de revolutie zich daadwerkelijk voltrekt, zonder enig effect te sorteren. Bibliography. Het is essays veterans, de eer die uiteindelijk verandering bewerkstelligt. Latex Annotated. Bij nader inzien is dat een ontnuchterende, beangstigende conclusie voor de wereld van nu.
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Will Paper Books Exist in latex annotated bibliography, the Future? Yes, but They’ll Look Different. What Will Become of the the luckiest day of my life essay, Paper Book? Book designed by Sara De Bondt Studio/Visual Editions. The change has come more slowly to books than it came to music or to business correspondence, but by now it feels inevitable. Annotated! The digital era is upon us. The Twilight s and Freedom s of 2025 will be consumed primarily as e-books.
In many ways, this is good news. Books will become cheaper and pattern more easily accessible. Hypertext, embedded video, and other undreamt-of technologies will give rise to new poetic, rhetorical, and narrative possibilities. But a literary culture that has defined itself through paper books for centuries will surely feel the loss as they pass away. In the past several years, we’ve all heard readers mourn the latex, passing of the printed word. The elegy is familiar: I crave the smell of a well-worn book, the weight of essays by alice walker it in my hands; all of my favorite books I discovered through loans from a friend, that minor but still-significant ritual of latex annotated bibliography trust; I need to see it on my shelf after I’ve read it (and I don’t mind if others see it too); and what is pattern research, a classic if not a book where I’m forced to rediscover my own embarrassing college-age marginalia? Luddites can take comfort in the persistence of vinyl records, postcards, and photographic film. The paper book will likewise survive, but its place in the culture will change significantly. Bibliography! As it loses its traditional value as an essays honoring, efficient vessel for text, the latex bibliography, paper book’s other qualitiesfrom its role in essays, literary history to its inimitable design possibilities to its potential for physical beautywill take on more importance.
The future is yet to be written, but a few possibilities for the fate of the latex annotated, paper book are already on ang katangian mamamayan essay, display on bookshelves near you. We’re warned from an early age not to be taken in by the sensuous aspects of a paper book’s design, such as its cover. Yet the visual effect of a well-made book, even an inexpensive paperback, unquestionably shapes our interpretation and appreciation of the latex, text. Consider this Penguin UK collection of essays by the German critic Walter Benjamin. The front cover comments on the book’s status as a manufactured object. This is in harmony with Benjamin’s text: “[T]hat which withers in the age of mechanical reproduction is the aura of the ang katangian ng isang mabuting mamamayan, work of art. By making many reproductions it substitutes a plurality of copies for a unique existence.” Book designed and photographed by David Pearson. Now, as we move into bibliography, the digital age, the well-made copy has come to occupy a familiar, almost nostalgic middle ground between the aura of an ng isang mabuting, original and the ghostly quality of a computer file. A mass-produced paper book, though bulkier and latex annotated bibliography more expensive, may continue to by alice walker, be more desirable because it carries with it this material presence. And presence means somethingor it can, at least, in the hands of annotated a good book designer.
The mechanical reproduction of literary texts is a very old storymore than 500 years old. Printed books were an early experiment in the luckiest essay, the mass production of art. Out of that successful venture, among other literary advances, the novel was born. Latex! Writers like Cervantes recognized and realized the mabuting mamamayan essay, potential of the printed book, that ingenious device for delivering stories and ideas to bibliography, an idle provincial reader. The story of ng isang essay Don Quixote features countless printed books, and the entire novel can be read as a commentary on and intellectual advancement of latex annotated bibliography that revolutionary technology. Is it any more appropriate to consume Quixote on an e-reader than it is to, say, watch a colorized, 3-D Citizen Kane ? This question points to job application essay, a second possible mode of survival for the paper book in the digital age. Latex Annotated! Purists will argue that some important texts ought to be read in ng isang mabuting mamamayan essay, their original form.
This may be especially convincing when it comes to the novel, a literary form so bound up in the history of the printed bookand, by many accounts, well past its golden age as the digital transition begins. Of course, advances in book technology often add to texts as much as they take away. For example, innovations in wood engraving led to Gustav Doré’s famous 1863 illustrations of Quixote . Plate 1 of Gustave Dore's illustrations to Miguel de Cervantes' Don Quixote via Wikimedia Commons. When we speak of latex bibliography illustrations, book covers, typesetting, and other features specific to a given print edition, we’re analyzing what the French theorist Gérard Genette calls “paratexts.” In Paratexts: Thresholds of Interpretation , he writes, “[A]lthough we do not always know whether these productions are to be regarded as belonging to pattern paper, the text, in latex annotated, any case they surround and extend it, precisely in my life essay, order to present it, in the usual sense of this verb but also in the strongest sense: to bibliography, make present , to ensure the text’s presence in essay, the world, its ‘reception’ and consumption in latex, the form (nowadays, at least) of a book.” As e-books overhaul and re-present many long-standing paratextual categories, we trade off layers of established meaning. Read Essays By Alice! The typescript page shown here, from James Joyce’s Ulysses , is a famous example of a paratext with clear authorial intent. Joyce asked the printer to latex annotated bibliography, enlarge the final, redundant period at the end of the “Ithaca” chapter. On a Kindle, the reader can adjust the font size herself.
Joyce wanted his free-floating period to be especially visible because it meant more than the the luckiest my life essay, average punctuation markit gave a full stop to the long “sentence” that was Ulysses . Recently, several young writers have further cultivated paratextual elements like punctuation, typesetting, and binding as arenas of authorial expression. Dave Eggers prints body text on the cover of latex annotated his book; Mark Z. Danielewski uses colored, upside-down, and Braille fonts; Salvador Plascencia crosses out pattern research, words and blacks over latex annotated bibliography, whole columns of the luckiest day of my life text. Laurence Sterne’s 1759 novel Tristram Shandy , with its blank, black, and latex annotated bibliography marbled pages, stands as an my resume online, early precedent for these sorts of explorations. Tree of latex Codes , Jonathan Safran Foer’s 2010 novel-by-erasure, is one example of a paratextually audacious paper book that would lose much in translation to an e-book. Foer picked through the pages of the luckiest his favorite novel (Bruno Schulz’s Street of Crocodiles ), pulling out words to latex bibliography, create a new narrative composed entirely from Schulz’s raw material. Paper! Foer’s originality can be questioned (Tom Phillips’ A Humument tried the same trick 40 years ago), and annotated his finished product arguably fails to bridge the divide between conceptual art and literature, but the mabuting essay, design work is unimpeachable.
Substantial portions of each page are die cut, creating evocative, three-dimensional wells of latex annotated bibliography negative space. Schulz was killed in the Holocaust at teacher job application essay the age of 50 with several good works likely left in him. Foer’s tribute gives paratextual emphasis to this loss. Tree of Codes designed by annotated Sara De Bondt Studio/Visual Editions. Unlike Cervantes, Joyce, and ng isang mabuting essay Schulz, living writers can raise objections when their work is annotated, adulterated to fit new forms of literary consumption. For example, Salvador Plascencia, author of the 2005 McSweeney's novel The People of Paper , has been vocal in teacher, asking that readers enjoy his book in printed form and bibliography not on veterans, Kindle, Nook, iPad, or other e-readers. He points to the title of latex bibliography his novel by way of an explanation. “Readers would be missing an essential material metaphor if they were on a pixel reader,” he says. “That, and I don't want hapless readers enlarging my fonts and thinking that the book lives in this androgynous space that is neither recto nor verso,” Plascencia adds. “The book is sexed: on your left you have a verso, in paper, the middle your gutter, and to the right your recto. E-readers are neutering and spaying our sexy novels.” In The People of Paper , for example, different storylines play out in latex bibliography, verso and recto, respectively, with odd-numbered pages following one set of characters and even-numbered pages another. Salvador Plascencia/The People of Paper/Published by McSweeney’s/Image via Nashville Review/Vanderbilt University.
This is teacher essay, one future for the paper book in the age of digital proliferationa select group of design-conscious authors will continue to address their creations specifically to latex bibliography, the printed medium. Their themes, like Plascencia’s and veterans Foer’s, will likely revolve around the history and practice of writing books, but that’s nothing out latex annotated, of the ordinaryone of literature’s greatest themes has always been itself. Other writers go even further, making over the entire paratextual edifice, as Anne Carson does for her recent New Directions publication, Nox . “When my brother died I made an epitaph for him in the form of a book,” she writes on the back cover. Read By Alice! “This is a replica of it, as close as we could get.” The book is indeed a facsimile of a handmade original, bound accordion-style and bibliography boxed. Verso pages “translate” a Catullus elegy by offering long Latin-English dictionary entries for the luckiest my life, each word in the poem. Recto pages tell the story of Carson’s relationship to her brother through fragments of lyric essay and primary materials like photographs and letters. Nox /New Directions Books. Carson, a classicist, is well aware of the ways texts evolve or disappear when confronted with changes in modes of transmission. For instance, her Autobiography of Red (1999) purports to complete a once-famous ancient Greek epic of bibliography which only a few fragments now survive.
She must have been thinking in that long view, embracing the uncertain future of the book, as she assembled this tribute to essays, her brother in a mortal coil of paperfragile, tactually sensuous, and fully incarnate in its physical form. Carson’s approach fits into the burgeoning category of “artist’s book”meaning roughly that the design and paratextual elements of the book are at least as artistically significant as the text. William Blake is often regarded as the father of the genre. To separate his text from its setting is to lose an essential dimension of meaning and expression. So his images, the product of an archaic process of engraving and hand-coloring, have survived through centuries of changing print technologies. Though students often first encounter Blake’s poems stripped of their illustrations in paper anthologies, facsimile editions of his major works remain available in bibliography, bookstores to pattern, this day. The tendency to read Blake in facsimile will likely survive the digital transition as wella testimony to Blake’s unique and annotated successful blending of literary and visual arts. Plate with The Tyger poem by William Blake via Wikimedia Commons.
Along the veterans, same lines, a first-edition Blake boasts an aura equal to bibliography, that of a great painting or sculpture. Paper! This opens another possibility for the paper book in the digital age: As paper books lose their use value and become collector’s objects, writers gain access to the speculative art market. If Blake were alive today, he would find an art market primed and ready to pay vast sums for limited edition copies produced in his studio. This could become an enticing alternative for art- and latex annotated bibliography prestige-oriented writers squeezed by a declining publishing industry. Andrew Hoyem’s San Francisco-based Arion Press can be thought of my life essay as a sort of laboratory for annotated bibliography, fine-art approaches to publishing literature. Arion’s catalog features a 50-pound Monotype folio Bible; an elegant Moby Dick with commissioned wood engravings; a radical, two-dimensional Flatland that folds out to form a 30-foot plane of text; and a Pale Fire with John Shade’s meta-fictional poem printed on index cards in a separate volume. A common Arion approach is to pair a hand-setting of a text with new work by a contemporary artist. Pictured below are Kiki Smith’s illustrations of “I Love My Love” by the early Beat poet Helen Adam. Only 101 copies were printed. I Love My Love /Arion Press.
Many fine presses around the country put out similarly handcrafted products, often featuring new fiction or poetry. Absent the contributions of my resume online well-known artists like Smith, these publications are often labors of love, driven more by an ascendant creative-class interest in pre-digital technologies than any existing profit model. However, as mass-market paperbacks give way to e-books, fine press editions seem poised to latex annotated bibliography, appeal to the nostalgic consumer of paper books. Photograph by Lorika13 via Flickr. Who will buy these new, well-made paper books? One likely result of the transition to e-books is the luckiest day of my life, that paper book culture will move further out of reach for those without disposable income. Debt-ridden college students, underemployed autodidacts, and the everyday mass of bargain-hunters will find better deals on the digital side of the divide. (Netflix for books, anyone?)
As paper books become more unusual, some will continue to buy them as collectors’ items, others for the superior sensory experience they afford. There’s reason to think this is happening already: Carl Jung’s Red Book , a facsimile edition featuring hand-painted text and illustrations, sold well in America in 2010 despite its $195 price tag. When readers believe that a book is special in itself, as an object, they can be persuaded to pay more. Bookshelves will survive in the homes of serious digital-age readers, but their contents will be much more judiciously curated. The next generation of paper books will likely rival the art hanging beside them on the walls for beauty, expense, and “aura”for better or for worse. There’s a whole class of paper books we haven’t discussed yetthe paratextually unremarkable, unimaginatively designed rows of paperbacks and late-edition hardcovers that line most of our shelves.
These are headed for the same place most manufactured objects go eventuallythe scrapheap. In its own way, even the well-made paper book may someday reach a similar fate. The art market may have deep pockets, but historically it hasn’t been very hospitable to literature. Latex! As far as the “artist’s book” is concerned, the first term in the phrase has tended to take precedence, in research paper, the past century at least. A lover of latex literature can’t help feeling thatas the conventions of the paper book have come under the interrogation of the visual artspoetry, rhetoric, narrative, and meaning have often suffered.
Dieter Roth's Multiple Literaturwurst (Martin Walser: Halbzeit). Dieter Roth Foundation, Hamburg c/Dieter Roth Estate courtesy Hauser und Wirth. German artist Dieter Roth’s Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel’s Work in 20 Volumes (1974) is an ominous example. Roth ground up the philosopher’s complete works and used them as a substitute for meat in a recipe for homemade sausage. The result is literaturwurst a final possible future for the paper book in the age of digital proliferation. Slate is published by The Slate Group, a Graham Holdings Company.
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Abortion Pro-Choice Persuasive Paper. By: July • Research Paper • 3,404 Words • March 26, 2010 • 1,682 Views. Abortion Pro-Choice Persuasive Paper. Mrs. Lane Honors English 3. Mrs. Lane Honors English 3. Abortion Pro-Choice Persuasive Paper. In the last few decades, abortion has become a much-discussed subject.
It has been a central point in many political affairs as in; selecting justices for the Supreme Court, it has also become an issue for candidates for state and local offices as well as for annotated the U.S. Presidency. What exactly is abortion anyway? Depending on who you ask one will always get different answers, but the dictionary defines abortion as the job application essay, termination of a pregnancy after, accompanied by, resulting in, or closely followed by annotated bibliography, the death of the embryo or fetus. The moral question has always been whether or not it should be a woman’s decision to get an abortion. The other side of research paper, that question is whether the government should have control over a woman’s body and latex, forbid her to get an abortion. Pro-Choice, though it does take the side of legalizing abortion, it does not mean Pro-abortion. Pro-choice is the right in essays choosing whether to reproduce, adopt, or abort. I believe a woman should have the right to choose whether to keep the annotated bibliography, baby if she knows that she is willing to take up such a huge responsibility. The fundamental issue that Pro-choice focuses on is whether anyone-including the government, the church, and read essays by alice walker, pro-life protesters- can tell a woman what to do with their bodies. Pregnancy carries many obligations, and one will lose many privileges.
One of those privileges is the right to pursue happiness. A baby can sometimes disrupt a woman's pursuit of latex, happiness. Having the option to perform an abortion can solve that obstacle. Most of the time the mother of the unwanted child is very young and inexperienced or too poor to take care of the read by alice, child. The child is usually malnourished, has no medical care, and gets very little attention or love. When talking about abortion, there are many different ethical questions involved. Ethics is annotated what one uses to distinguish what is right from wrong, good from bad, etc. Since people come from different backgrounds, they have a different code of ethics, therefore answering the question of right and day of, wrong can not be easily answered, and latex annotated bibliography, who knows if it can ever be answered?
There is no correct ethical or moral code for one specific time period, or group of people, so one must decide what they believe on the issue of abortion, by examining there own code of teacher essay, ethics. Without a woman's right to do what she chooses with her body, her freedom and liberty are taken away. Latex Annotated Bibliography! If for personal reasons, a woman wants an veterans abortion, as is, currently, her constitutional right, she has the freedom to do so. A child needs to be loved and wanted. A baby, whose mother resents his birth, will not receive the proper care and nurturing he deserves. Perhaps, he would be better off not to have been born. For these reasons, I support the Pro-Choice movement. A fetus is tissue growing inside the body of a woman.
Since a fetus has no right to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness, it has no right to be inside the body of another human being that does not want it. However, the fetus needs to be inside a woman's body to exist. To give the fetus the right to exist in a woman’s body would make the woman a slave. Slavery is not a right. It is not morally or legally a right. In fact slavery is a horrible act that was outlawed due to the Civil War.
Abortion is a moral right--which should be left to the sole discretion of the woman involved; morally, nothing other than her wish in annotated the matter is to be considered. Pro-choice is the teacher, sole belief in the right to chose an latex bibliography alternative, whether is be adoption or abortion. It is not the belief in murder, since abortion does not take the ang katangian ng isang mabuting mamamayan, life of latex, a human being. Job Application! Asking a woman to give up her life for something that is not even a human being, is asking her to make herself a slave. Abortion is an issue of bibliography, women, and so it should be the woman's right to choose. She has the free will to consider others views and morals such but it is her ultimate decision. In 1973 the American Supreme Court ruled that Americans’ right to privacy included: “the right of a woman to decide whether to have children, and pattern research, the right of a woman and her doctor to make that decision without state interference” (“abortion”). The Constitution says we have a right to privacy; so taking away a woman’s chance to make decisions about her own body violates that right.
The closure of abortion clinics will be done with the purpose to reduce the number of annotated, abortions. This raises the online, question whether this. An abortion is the annotated bibliography, procedure taken to end a pregnancy either medically or surgically. Like many topics of great controversy, abortion has its positive. In the argument of the luckiest day of, abortion , there are many sides to latex, be seen. There's the pro -life side, which is the side that is against essays, abortion . The. Bibliography! Abortion is the termination of a pregnancy. Since 1973 abortion has been an important controversial issue within the United States. 1973 marks the year that.
Abortion - Pro Life and Pro Choice. There are many controversies about abortion . Ang Katangian Mamamayan! Many people in the world feel differently about this topic. Some are pro -life, the others are pro -chioce. Pro life. Pros Cons Differentiated Instruction.
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Leadership Styles And Productivity. There have been as many definitions of Leadership as many have tried to define it. The sheer complexity of the concept can be understood by the magnitude of the number of research articles available on the internet today. There has been none universally accepted definition however though there are a few definitions which are most sought after. According to Bass (1990), 'Leadership is an interaction between two or more members of a group that often involves as structuring or restructuring of the situation and the perceptions and expectations of the latex bibliography members. Leadership occurs when one group member modifies the pattern paper motivation or competencies of the annotated bibliography other in pattern, the group. Any member of the group can exhibit some amount of leadership (pp. 19-20)'. Pfinffner and Preshtus define leadership as 'a kind of moral spirit and latex annotated bibliography responsibility in the leader, which is led to unifying the efforts of the employees in order to achieve goals which exceed personal interests' (Hamadat, 2006: 16).
Leadership can be explained as the ability of an individual to have power that focuses on how to establish directions by adapting forces (Go et al., 1996). From an organisational perspective, Schermerhorn (1999) believed that leading is a process used to motivate and to influence others to teacher work hard in order to realize and support organisational goals, while Hersey et al. (2001) believed that leadership influences individuals' behaviour based on both individuals' and organisational goals. Robbins (2001) defined leadership as the ability of an individual to bibliography influence the behaviour of a group to achieve organisational goals. Most, if not all definitions are circumferenced around two aspects of Leadership, one being the traits that the leaders elicit and other happens to be the ang katangian ng isang mamamayan organisational or group goals as the situation may be which clearly exemplifies the fact that leadership has a significant influence on the results achieved by the group or the organisation. However, it is important to understand that situations and contexts vary in varied organisations and annotated one kind of leadership may not work effectively in all the situations. Hence, it is important for organisations and pattern research paper the Leaders themselves to understand the expectations of the subordinates and then try to accommodate the same in latex annotated bibliography, their style of Leadership.
Before we delve deeper into the relationship of Subordinate Performance and Leadership Styles, it is job application important to understand the different kinds of Leadership styles. One of the latex bibliography early work done by research, Kurt Lewin in 1939 along with a group of researchers identified three types of Leadership Styles ' Authoritarian, Democratic and annotated bibliography Laissez 'fair. Most of the researches have been focussed of the first two styles since the my life essay third style is considered as lack of latex annotated, any specific leadership style which plays a dominant part only veterans when the subordinates are motivated and knowledgeable at the given tasks. With the context in place of an Indian manufacturing company where the workmen are more or less at annotated bibliography the mercy of their supervisors in veterans, decision making the study takes only the former styles of latex annotated, leadership to assess the relationship of ng isang mamamayan, productivity and leadership style. 2.1.1 Authoritarian or Autocratic Leadership. There has been lot of annotated bibliography, discussion about Hitler regarding their leading style which necessarily involved a lot of close supervision, maintaining legitimate power (Hughes, Ginnett, and Curphy). Essay. Hitler projected a personalized charismatic leadership, a style that is 'exploitative, non-egalitarian, and annotated bibliography self-aggrandizing' (Choi). He was extremely focused on pattern paper, his personal control, insisting that the 'ultimate authority rested with him and extended downward' (BBC). Hitler was known for heavily critiquing those who reported to him and became angry and frustrated with mistakes.
He did not trust others, particularly the generals who reported to him during the Second World War. Without establishing a two-way relationship, Hitler could not, and would not, rely on the opinions of others, resorting to annotated bibliography his instincts and opinions (Geoffrey). This kind of leadership falls well within the boundaries of Authoritarian Leadership. Autocratic leadership has four major characteristics: ' The leader makes all important decisions. ' The leader is primarily concerned with task accomplishment and not the subordinates satisfaction or well being.
' The leader maintains a considerable social distance from the subordinates. ' The leader employs punishment as a means of motivation rather than rewards. Looking at walker the psychological perspectives of the above mentioned style of leadership tests reveal that Autocratic Leaders score high on Abasement, Aggression and Achievement. However they score low on bibliography, Intraception, Nurturance and Social Values. With respect to the organisational perspective, it is imperative to understand that there is online no certain answer to annotated bibliography which leadership style will produce the best results in an organisation. Teacher Essay. It largely depends on latex annotated, the organisational culture and the kind of task at hand for the leader.
For example, in a war, the leaders are required to make quick decisions and don't have all the time for a democratic process, which puts forward the essays veterans argument that has been made above. Autocratic leadership can bring about exceptional results by latex annotated, more accurate decision making when the leader has good subject expertise and can improve the teacher productivity, however only when the leader is around. It is also suitable in situations where the workforce is new and bibliography untrained or where economies of scale is research being tried to be achieved which leaves little time for a democratic process to be followed in decision making. This style of leadership though most common has started to lose its shine in the present context over the democratic form of leadership. However, many still have bat in favour of this kind of leadership citing that it is the annotated context which determines which kind of leadership will be effective and not the ng isang mamamayan absolute style per se.
2.1.2 Democratic Leadership. Kurt Lewin and his colleagues presented what has become the classic formulation of democratic leadership (Lewin Lippitt, 1938; Lewin, Lippitt, White, 1939; White Lippitt, 1960). They distinguished democratic leadership from autocratic and laissez-faire styles, arguing that democratic leaders relied upon group decision making, active member involvement, honest praise and annotated bibliography criticism, and a degree of job application, comradeship. By contrast, leaders using the other styles were either domineering or uninvolved. Latex. Unfortunately. Lewin and his colleagues never developed the definition beyond this rough sketch, leading some critics to find undemocratic implications in their ostensibly democratic model of leadership. Despite this lack of conceptual precision, Lewin and teacher job application others have identified the central element of the term: democratic leadership is behaviour that influences people in a manner consistent with and/or conducive to annotated bibliography basic democratic principles and processes, such as self-determination, inclusiveness, equal participation, and deliberation (Dahl, 1989; Fishkin, 1991). Democratic leadership has three major characteristics: ' Distributing responsibility within the subordinates ' According to Krech et al. (1962) 'The democratic leader seeks to evoke maximum involvement and the participation of every member in the group activities and in the determination of objectives. In organisational settings it is imperative for leaders to delegate tasks and decision making within their subordinates since it helps in building a pool of future leaders for the organisation. Nagel (1987), argues that to avoid the free riding issues, democratic leader should not only essays honoring veterans ask subordinates to latex bibliography take on ng isang, responsibility, rather be demanding in reminding them of their collective responsibilities. ' Empowering the members ' Democratic leadership can augment members' skills by setting high but reasonable standards and latex asking members to challenge themselves (Tead, 1935).
Members' abilities may develop through taking on new responsibilities, but leaders can also play a direct role by offering instruction or suggestions, particularly when asked to do so (Busch, 1934; Lewin et al., 1939). Good leaders can expand their ranks by becoming 'role models' to change novices from 'followers' to leaders (Baker, 1982, p. Essays Walker. 325). Bibliography. This has particularly significant implication since shortage of paper, talent pool is an important concern for organisations in latex bibliography, the today's era. The organisations are looking at drawing leaders from the available talent pool from within the organisation first and then resorting to lateral hire. The organisation which has leaders who in turn can create leaders are thriving in the cut throat competition and narrowed margins. ' Aiding the subordinates in teacher job application, their deliberations ' Its' not enough for a leader to only delegate and empower subordinates but has to take the relationship to the next level through appropriate deliberation methodology. Democratic leaders must distribute responsibility appropriately and empower other group members, but they must devote the bulk of their time and energy to bibliography ensuring productive and my resume democratic decision making. Democratic leadership aids the deliberative process through constructive participation, facilitation, and the maintenance of healthy relationships and a positive emotional setting. Having talked about the facets of democratic leadership, it has be borne in mind that the style of latex, leadership cannot by day of essay, any means be categorized as the better of the two leadership styles i.e.
Autocratic and Democratic. Though the positives are there with democratic leadership, still previous writings on democracy and democratic leadership suggest that people often reject this form of leadership for at least four reasons. First, some people oppose a democratic leadership structure because it directly threatens their undemocratic authority. Moving toward democracy would strip them of some of their status, power, and, in some cases, wealth (Slater Bennis, 1990). Second, some people have authoritarian values and are not easily swayed from a strong belief in the justness and efficiency of powerful, directive authorities (Bell, 1950; Lassey 1971; Tead, 1935). Third, most people have, to some degree, an unconscious or conscious desire for a hero, a charismatic figure capable of solving our problems and sweeping away our confusion (Abse Jessner, 1962; Smith, 1926). Finally, some reject the notion of democratic leadership for the opposite reason, having no faith whatsoever in leaders of any kind and no belief in their necessity (Nagel, 1987; Tead, 1935)
However, Lippitt (1983) identifies a number of bibliography, promising trends in the 1970s and early 1980s that are probably still present today: expectations of shared power and responsibility are increasing; there is a greater degree of collaboration and communication; and people have an increasing awareness of the need for ang katangian ng isang mamamayan, organizational openness and flexibility. With the latex baby boomers towards the ang katangian ng isang mamamayan essay end of the tenure and entrance of Gen Y, who thrive in responsibilities and accountabilities, into latex annotated the workforce democratic leadership could be more widespread than what the present situation unveils. Thus it is clearly evident from the by alice above discussion that there is contextual effect to annotated bibliography which kind of leadership style will suit a given situation and essays will be effective. It depends on many factors all of which hasn't been unearthed yet, however a few common factors affecting leadership effectiveness are the organisational culture, the time frame available for decision making for the leader, the task itself, the capabilities of the subordinates and of course not to miss out the country in which the organisation operates. The study will now aim to understand Global and Indian manufacturing outlook which significantly is a reason for organisations employing productivity up scaling drives and at arriving at a definition of Productivity. With so much available on the term today with each organisation defining productivity in latex bibliography, its own way it becomes really important to have a clear understanding of the definition and factors involved in the term 'Productivity'. 2.2 Manufacturing Outlook ' Global and read walker Indian context. The global manufacturing sector has undergone a boisterous decade: large developing economies leaped into the first tier of manufacturing nations, a severe recession choked off demand, and manufacturing employment fell at an accelerated rate in advanced economies. Latex Bibliography. Still, manufacturing remains critically important to both the developing and the advanced world. In the former, it continues to provide a pathway from subsistence agriculture to rising incomes and teacher essay living standards. In the latter, it remains a vital source of innovation and latex annotated competitiveness, making outsized contributions to ang katangian ng isang mabuting mamamayan research and development, exports, and productivity growth.
But the manufacturing sector has changed'bringing both opportunities and challenges'and neither business leaders nor policy makers can rely on latex annotated, old responses in the new manufacturing environment. Amidst the online volatility and uncertainty in bibliography, the manufacturing sector, its role in the world economy has continued to progress. Day Of My Life Essay. According to a research by Mc Kinsey and Co., the next decade and half will see the entry of approximately 1.8 billion consumers which will lead to worldwide consumption of close to $ 64 trillion. Developed economies will remain major consumers, however the share of developing economies will rise which will enhance the living standards of the residents. The GDP share of manufacturing in the Indian economy is poised to grow from 16% to latex bibliography 25% by 2022 according to India's national manufacturing policy release. Globally the manufacturing output is growing at about 2.7% annually in developed economies in contrast to 7.4% in the developed economies (2002-2007). When economies industrialize, manufacturing employment and output both rise rapidly, but once manufacturing's share of GDP peaks at 20 to 35 percent of GDP, it falls in an inverted U pattern, along with its share of employment. The reason is that as wages rise, consumers have more money to spend on my resume online, services, and that sector's growth accelerates, making it more important than manufacturing as a source of latex, growth and employment. The focus then shifts from mere output to the efficiency, utilization of resources and cost aspect of production which the impacts the hiring plans for the industry as well. For example manufacturing share of US employment declined from read essays by alice 25% in bibliography, 1950 to ang katangian ng isang mabuting essay about 9% in 2008.
The figure below depicts how the share of manufacturing follows the inverted U shape as the economy matures. However, the situation in developing economies is far from the annotated bibliography above mentioned point and can be safely assumed that the outlook of manufacturing looks positive in a global context with the read by alice developing economies leading the way. In FY13, India's manufacturing sector grew slower than the rest of the economy, with GDP growth itself having slowed down. Concerns regarding the stability of some of the Eurozone economies, sluggish growth in the US and the slowdown in key emerging economies have affected the Indian manufacturing sector's view of the global economy. The manufacturing sector has been moving at a slower pace than the overall economy for some time now. As a result, the sector's contribution to GDP has declined marginally from 16.1 to 15.2% in the five years till March 2013. Growth rate in manufacturing reduced from annotated bibliography 9.7% in 2010-11 to 2.7% in 2011-12 and 1% in research, 2012-13. Annotated Bibliography. In FY13, only 3.3% of the country's growth was generated by manufacturing as opposed to 83% contributed by essays, services, according to The Central Statistics Office, Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation. A research conducted by PWC indicates that the India, China and annotated the other developing economies will fare better than the rest of the world in regards to essay the growth of annotated bibliography, manufacturing industry. However, there will be concerns arising out of lack of domestic demand, increasing pricing pressure, interest rates and achieving cost efficiency primarily because of increase in wages. The global economic slowdown, slow growth rates except a few Asian countries and the persistent Euro Zone instability has continued to bother the manufacturing companies' across the globe.
The outlook for the manufacturing companies has not been great in the last half a decade and the volatility that the past has witnessed is there to stay. Along with that the increase in competition and consequently its impact on pricing strategies of the organisations have put even more pressure on the manufacturing companies to focus a lot on the output vis ' a ' vis costs. My Resume Online. With the enhancement in technology and e ' commerce becoming more and more prevalent the customers have a wider range of options to latex annotated bibliography choose from and with this competitive pricing becomes even more important to capture and sustain customer base. Mobile phone industry is a perfect example of the same. Read By Alice Walker. With the foray of low cost manufacturers like Micromax and Karbonn in latex bibliography, the mobile industry, the pressure on bigger players like Samsung, Sony, Nokia etc. to remain competitive with their pricing grows. No player in the industry can boast of being the monopolistic company like Nokia once had in the mobile phone industry. The above discussion unveils a harsh reality for manufacturing companies across the globe i.e. to monitor their costs and improve their output for the similar costs that they did earlier. Achieving better capacity utilization will also be at the back of the mind of the manufacturing community. The culmination of teacher essay, cost efficiency, capacity utilization, improving output at bibliography the same input resources and various other parameters including financial aspects collectively give rise to the term called 'Productivity' which the study tries to define in the manufacturing setup in the Indian context.
Productivity has normally been defined as the ratio of output available at disposal of the organisation to the input resources that is expended. Read. Productivity is the relationship between the quantity of bibliography, output and the quantity of input used to generate that output. Read Essays. It is basically a measure of the effectiveness and efficiency of your organisation in generating output with the resources available. Productivity = Output / Input. As it is evident that there are two variable involved in latex annotated, the determination of productivity. Mamamayan Essay. Output can be measured in either physical quantity like number of units produced or in financial value like revenue, value added etc. The input can be measured in annotated, human resources (number of essays walker, hours worked, number of labour engaged or the labour cost) or capital deployed to latex achieve the output. Various Metrics that are used to measure productivity at the organisational are profitability, value added, revenue generated, return on capital employed (ROI / ROCE), organisational growth rate etc.
The measures can be single factor or multifactor basis the need of the online organisation and the industry it operates in. At the bibliography operational level the commonly used metrics of productivity measurement are labour productivity, capacity utilisation etc. My Resume Online. In manufacturing companies across the globe the concept of OEE (overall equipment efficiency) / OLE (overall line efficiency) has been commonly used apart from the former productivity measures. In fact, the entire operations can be broken down into smaller elements like production, purchase, maintenance and allied and their productivity is latex being measured on an individual basis e.g. delivery lead time, production compliance, maintenance cost etc. This gives the organisation required control over the processes and more specifically the operations managers to have a closer look at the gaps in the system and take short interval controls. For the purpose of the study two productivity measures were analysed, one being OEE (overall equipment efficiency) and the other being Labour Productivity. 2.3.1 OEE (Overall equipment efficiency) Overall Equipment Effectiveness (OEE) is ang katangian mabuting mamamayan essay a way to monitor and improve the efficiency of a manufacturing process. Developed in the mid 1990's, OEE has become an accepted management tool to measure and evaluate plant floor productivity. The analysis of OEE starts with Plant Operating Time, a measure of the time available for equipment operation.
For a plant which is in continuous operation will thus have at least 720 hours for operation in a month under the premise that the annotated bibliography month consists of 30 days. For e.g. Steel making, glass making are continuous processes since the furnace cannot be shut down for any reason whatsoever as it will take long hours to reach the pattern temperature that is required for the processing. However the same is not true for many other industry like automotive, textile and many others which can have a break in the operations. From the Plant Operating Time, downtime which are planned by the unit (Planned Shutdown) is deducted to bibliography arrive at Planned Production time. Planned Shutdown can be taken due to various reasons ' lack of pattern research paper, demand of the product, strike, lockout and many others. Planned Production time is where OEE initiates since the other mentioned items are majorly out annotated of the control of the unit manager. From the job application essay Planned Production time three losses inherent in any product manufacturing are reduced to arrive at the Fully Productive Time where value is added during the latex process in a manufacturing operation.
The three losses are Down Time Loss, Speed Loss and Quality Loss which are categorized as Availability, Performance and Quality. Graphically OEE can be represented as (Illustrative): Fig 3. The table below shows the veterans three losses and their definitions. The productive time shown above is the latex bibliography final output that organisations want and teacher essay try to increase the same through various productivity improvement methods. Availability It is the ratio of latex bibliography, Operating Time to Planned Production Time (Operating Time is Planned Production Time less Down Time Loss) Performance It is the ratio of Net Operating Time to Operating Time (Net Operating Time is Operating Time less Speed Loss). Ang Katangian Ng Isang Mabuting Mamamayan Essay. It is also calculated as the ratio of latex annotated, Actual Production to Plant Production Capacity. Quality It is the ratio of essays veterans, Fully Productive Time to latex bibliography Net Operating Time (Fully Productive Time is read essays walker Net Operating Time less Quality Loss). This is also calculated as the ratio Quality Production to Total Production.
OEE = Availability x Performance x Quality. For example, if all three contributing factors are 90.0%, the OEE would be 72.9% where as if all the factors are at 80%, the OEE would be 51.2%. This illustration clearly shows that in individual parameters, plant may be performing well (80% is considered a good number) while when combined together in the form of OEE, the latex performance would be considered gloomy. Worldwide studies indicate that the average OEE rate in manufacturing plants is 60% while in world class manufacturing plants Availability factor is 90%, Performance is 95% and Quality is 99.9% thus making OEE to close to 85%. OEE is an effective tool to benchmark, analyse, and my resume improve the production process.
The OEE tool gives the managers the bibliography ability to measure machines for productivity improvements. OEE not only measures these inefficiencies but also groups them into categories which helps managers in analysing the machine and get a clear picture of the pattern entire manufacturing process. A truly comprehensive OEE solution provides machine operators and production managers with continual line notification and control so that actions can be taken to prevent events that can result in downtime, slower cycle speeds, and poor product quality. It's a complete manager's tool to assess and reassess the manufacturing processes or parts of it and take corrective actions in order to improve productivity and help the organisation remain sustainable in the ever increasing competitive environment. 2.3.2 Labour Productivity.
It is one of the popularly used metric for assessing the productivity of a plant in latex, a manufacturing company. Technically, it is calculated as the research paper ratio of Production in bibliography, units to the number of labour deployed for the achievement of the ang katangian mabuting mamamayan output. There are a few variants of the same as well where the numerator remains the latex annotated same however the paper denominator may vary as number of labour, total hours deployed by labour or the cost of wages of the labour engaged in the manufacturing process. As a formula, Labour Productivity = Quantity of Output in Units / Number of Labour deployed for the same output. Labour Productivity = Quantity of Output in Units / Number of Man-hours deployed for the same output. Labour Productivity = Quantity of Output in Units / Wages for latex bibliography, the number of labour deployed for the same output.
With different versions available at perusal, different companies use any or a combination of labour productivity metrics to assess their plant performance. While any one of the productivity measures should suffice the understanding of plants performance, still organisations are carefully choosing a set of indicators of productivity to assess their performance vis-??-vis competition. One of the reason can be that having multiple measures allows the managers to have an eye on the detailed performance of subsystems of the entire system and plan accordingly. Having defined all the elements of the relationship which the the luckiest day of my life essay study aims at establishing, it becomes imperative to look at annotated what the earlier researches have established between the illustrated variables. 2.4 Productivity and Leadership style. The supervisor behaviour (leadership style) is one of the key factors which impacts the performance of the pattern research paper frontline employees in the organisation. Quite some research has been done on annotated, the performance and leadership and the inter-linkages between the two. Numerous studies have demonstrated that such effective leadership behaviour is associated with the quality of work of subordinates in service organizations (Bettencourt Brown, 1997; Deluga, 1994; Pillai, Schriesheim, Williams, 1999; Podsakoffet al., 1990; Schaubroeck Fink, 1998). Leaders who develop a good relationship with their subordinates will in turn influence the level of discretionary behaviour of these subordinates (e.g. Settoon, Bennett, Liden, 1996).
In a field experiment, Lam and Schaubroeck (2000) found that using credible and influential people as service quality leaders could enhance the read by alice walker positive attitudes of annotated, bank tellers towards service quality initiatives, which result in a more favourable customer rating of service. MacKenzie, Podsakoff, and Rich (2001) found that transformational leaders could alter the service behaviour of ng isang mabuting mamamayan, frontline salespeople. Not only does effective leadership behaviour affect individual service quality, it also enhances team service quality. However, specific relationship between productivity measures of annotated bibliography, workmen and supervisor's leadership in the Indian manufacturing context with the teacher blue ' collar workmen hasn't received the requisite attention of the academicia which this study is latex annotated trying to aim at. Sauer (2011) confirms the pattern importance of annotated, leadership and its effect on the performance of employees. Sauer's study explained the importance of leadership behaviour and ng isang mabuting how the annotated bibliography leader's performance style will affect the organization. Danish et al. (2011) discussed the effect of leadership and pattern research a manager's style, showing that these had a significant effect on latex annotated, the administration and its effectiveness. According to a research done of 511 frontline service providers in 6 service organisations by Harry et al., the leadership style of the supervisor plays a dominant role in producing better service quality, which is the output in this case, when the ng isang essay work environment and organisation culture are not conducive for better efficiency. The leadership style used for the study were task oriented, people oriented and ethically oriented. However, in latex annotated bibliography, organisations where the work culture is good, leadership fails to make an impact.
An alternate viewpoint can be that leadership plays a key role in creating the kind of read by alice walker, environment where performance can be better (Dickson, Smith, Grojean, Ehrhart, 2001; Koeneet al., 2002; Litwin Stringer, 1968). Hence, the frontline employees may not be able to gauge the importance of leadership. The situation was worse when both work culture and supervisor leadership were lacking which is a clear indication that each factor present in a positive way nullifies the negative effect of the other factor. In short, the study aims to examine the relative contribution of service climate and effective leadership behaviour to employee service quality, and the interaction effect of these two independent variables on the service quality. Johannes et al., in their study of 161 pairs of supervisor-subordinate pair in 24 companies of latex bibliography, Germany revealed that transformational leadership related more strongly and positively to innovation for subordinates low in organization-based self-esteem. When subordinates were low in self-presentation propensity, active-corrective transactional leadership was negatively, and transformational leadership was positively associated with task performance.
This research again testifies the fact that leadership is my life essay a significantly affecting variable in subordinate's performance. This research also has interpretation on psychological aspects of the subordinates' i.e. self-esteem and self-presentation. It also testifies the fact that different demographics of employees may want different kind of leadership to be effective and efficient in latex, their task performance. This adds another dimension to the leadership performance relationship. A study conducted by Heba et al. among 320 heads of instructional departments from randomly selected schools show that the principals' leadership style has a significant impact on the teacher's motivation to achieve the desired task goals. Transformational leadership exhibited a positive correlation with the teacher's achievement motivation which is connected to performance excellence. Another research in the same area by Onne Janssen illustrates that when supervisors are perceived to be supportive of risk taking fosters innovation and the supervisors who are perceived as not supportive hinder the employees from carrying out innovative work in the luckiest day of essay, their task area or otherwise. The survey of 170 employees in a Dutch company reveals that when employees perceive that their supervisors respond to annotated bibliography employee innovation in a supportive and respectful manner, they feel stimulated to use their influence to persuade their subordinates and other actors to support the development and walker realization of their new ideas. LMX (Leader Member Exchange) embodies the annotated relationship between a leader (Supervisor) and follower (Subordinate) and was initially conceptualized by Graen and colleagues (Dansereauetal.1973, Graen 1976, Graen and Cashman, 1975). Teacher Job Application Essay. According to LMX theory the leader ' follower relation falls on a continuum where one of the ends is developed relationship i.e. high involvement and on the other end is exchange ' based relationship which has low involvement.
The managers should be able to understand these aspects of latex annotated, leadership since they have a significant impact on essays, the employee behaviours and consequently productivity and performance. However, Hofstede showed that high involvement / low involvement is also a characteristic of culture of the country which he defined as power distance. A research on 577 employees in 3 wood manufacturing companies in Pennsylvania illustrates that employees who are led by supportive leader display better organisational commitment, job satisfaction and have higher performance that the peers who have no supportive leader. Also, the intention to quit the organisation was far lesser which has cost and latex productivity implications in the longer run as well. Another study on the same lines was done by my resume online, Shahabuddin et al. on 80 employees working with IT in real estate and latex bibliography housing development industry in Bangladesh. The study reveals that leadership indeed has a role to play in job satisfaction of the employees which in turn leads to my resume higher productivity and performance on the job. It was found that supervisors who engaged in positive motivational behaviours tend to have more satisfied subordinates and bibliography better performance from their group members.
Through their education, training, and experience, managers develop their personal leadership style (Hersey et al., 2001). This leadership style is a fundamental concern of managers and researchers (Wood, 1994) due to its effect on read by alice, subordinates deliver more productive work when the leader have specific leadership styles (Mullins, 1998). If managers adopt their subordinates' preferred style giving employees the respect and fair treatment they deserve, then this is seen to lead to job satisfaction, which in latex bibliography, will affect the functioning of the organisation (Spector, 1997). Satisfied employees are absent less, show less job stress, stay at work longer, and make positive contributions to their organisations (Griffin, 2002). Furthermore, Yousef (2000) showed that leadership behaviour was positively related to online job satisfaction and therefore managers needed to latex adopt appropriate leadership behaviour in order to improve it. Leadership style affects a range of factors such as job satisfaction, performance, turnover intention, and stress (Chen and Silverthorne, 2005) and so contribute to organisational success (Rad and Yarmohammadian, 2006). A study of 220 Jonardian resort hotel employees consisting of 110 subordinates and 110 managers could not refute the possibility of a relationship between job satisfaction and leadership style of managers.
However, job satisfaction was found to be a function of demographical factors as well. Essay. The study also revealed that democratic leadership was most prevalent which again has been reinforced by latex, another study conducted on 300 employees across manufacturing and service organisations in teacher, the public and private setup. This study shows that participatory and altruistic management style were the most desirable among various management styles. Few key findings of the exploratory study are: ' Management styles vary from latex annotated bibliography culture to culture and within the specific culture from industry to industry. ' Participative management style is difficult to practice as sharing of power is not easy for teacher essay, managers. ' Excessive altruism in business organizations may negatively affect organizational effectiveness. ' A strong positive relationship between the management styles and the effectiveness of human resources in terms of their 'Productivity' and 'Adaptability' The various researches studies in varied industries and countries show a definite correlation between leadership and performance and/ or job satisfaction; many a times mediated by other factors like organisational culture, work environment etc. The correlation holds true for most of the industries and work settings whether it be a service industry or a manufacturing industry, same with public and private sectors as well. However, the studies need to be furthered for the blue collar employees who have a major role to play in the manufacturing setups since they are the ones responsible for generating the primary product of the company.
Their motivation, needs and job satisfaction needs to be taken care of their supervisors if they have to extract the maximum productivity out of them. The productivity and leadership relation is also affected by the country's culture wherein different countries respond differently to leadership styles. Meade (1967) noticed that morale, productivity and latex bibliography quality of product were superior in the groups which had authoritarian leadership, these results being opposite from those reported by read essays by alice, Lippitt and White (1943) and Lippitt (1940) who used a similar sample of boys in an American setting. This can be the output of the kind of annotated bibliography, culture the sample was exposed to in their upbringing. While American children learn democratic practices at an early age, Indian are subjected to hierarchy and authority right from the beginning of their life and hence they get used to it as they grow. Online. Another study by Meade (1967) established that Chinese college students demonstrated more group cohesion in decision making in presence of authoritarian leadership than they did to democratic leadership, while Chinese ' American demonstrated a balanced result to both authoritarian and democratic leadership. The studies in general have shown positive results in presence of leadership which has a human element imbibed in it rather to task orientation. Hence, participative, transformational and democratic leadership emerge to be favoured for job satisfaction and engagement of employees which in turn leads to higher productivity and better performance. A study by Robert et al. discloses negative effects of close and latex annotated bibliography punitive supervision style. The study of 24 groups of 4 females each in teacher job application, the age group 17-19 under controlled environment reveals substantial increase in aggressive feelings toward the supervisor and in indirect aggression toward the supervisor through lowered productivity, an insignificant increase in verbal aggression toward the supervisor, and latex annotated an increase of borderline significance in aggressive feelings toward co-workers in my resume, case of latex annotated bibliography, close supervision. When subjected to punitive supervision the test group displayed significant increase in indirect aggression through lowered productivity and in verbal aggression.
This kind of situation won't be favourable for research paper, the business when every organisation is vying for enhanced productivity and cohesiveness in group activities within and outside of the organisation. The study having established the latex annotated fact that there is honoring veterans a relationship between leadership style and productivity of employees, aims to find out the most appropriate style of bibliography, leadership for higher productivity of workmen in a manufacturing industry. It feels that democratic leadership style would fare better than authoritarian style since everyone would want to essays have a say in the decision making process which consequently affects them in annotated bibliography, one way or the other. My Resume Online. As many manufacturing organisations these days are practicing TPM, Lean, Quality Circles, 5S and Six Sigma concepts to annotated improve productivity all of which in some way or the pattern paper other lead to added responsibilities for latex annotated bibliography, the workmen and more say in the technical decision making of the plant. Essay. Organisations have realised that for growth to latex annotated be sustainable it has to be collaborative effort of each small unit in the organisation and not just top down approach.
However, with the education level, skill sets and imbibed Indian culture which is my life essay predominantly authoritarian it remains to annotated bibliography be seen if democratic leadership is correct approach for the workmen and not authoritarian/ autocratic leadership and vice versa. If this essay isn't quite what you're looking for, why not order your own custom Business essay, dissertation or piece of coursework that answers your exact question? There are UK writers just like me on hand, waiting to help you. Each of us is qualified to a high level in our area of expertise, and we can write you a fully researched, fully referenced complete original answer to your essay question. Just complete our simple order form and you could have your customised Business work in your email box, in as little as 3 hours. This Business essay was submitted to us by a student in order to help you with your studies. This page has approximately words. If you use part of this page in your own work, you need to provide a citation, as follows: Essay UK, Leadership Styles And Productivity . Available from: http://www.essay.uk.com/free-essays/business/leadership-styles-productivity.php [05-10-17]. If you are the ng isang mabuting mamamayan original author of this content and no longer wish to have it published on our website then please click on the link below to request removal: Essay UK offers professional custom essay writing, dissertation writing and coursework writing service.
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